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animals very little superior to our machine, not to see, that our brutes. The Parliament too be- human means were unequal to our liered the stories of another foolish undertaking, and that if it had not general, I forget his name, that been for the justice of our cause, the Yankies never felt bold. Yan- and the consequent interposition key was understood to be a sort of Providence, in which we had of Yahoo, and the Parliament did faith, we must have been ruined. not think the petitions of such If I had ever before been an Athecreatures were fit to be received ist, I should now have been conand read in so wise an assembly. vinced of the Being and governWhat was the consequence of this ment of a Deity! It is he who monstrous pride and insolence ? abases the proud and favours the You first sent small armies to humble. May we never forget subdue us, believing them more his goodness to us,
and than sufficient, but soon found future conduct manifest our grayourselves obliged to send greater; titude! these, whenever they ventured to But let us leave these serious penetrate our country beyond the reflections, and converse with our protection of their ships, were usual pleasantry. I remember either repulsed and obliged to your observing once to me, as we scamper out, or were surrounded, sat together in the House of Combeaten, and taken prisoners. An mons, that no two journeymen American planter who had never printers within your knowledge, seen Europe, was chosen by us to had met with such success in the command our troops, and con world as ourselves.
You were tinued during the whole war. then at the head of your profession, This man sent home to you, one and soon afterwards became a after another, five of your best 'member of parliament. I was an generals baffled, their heads bare agent for a few provinces, and now of taurels, disgraced even in the act for them all. But we have opinion of their employers. Your risen by different modes. 1, as a contempt of our understandings republican printer, always liked a in comparison with your own ap- form well plained down; being peared to be not much better averse to those overbearing letters founded than that of our courage, that hold their heads so high as to if we may judge by this circum- hinder their neighbours from apstance, that in whatever court of pearing. You, as a monarchist, Europe a Yankey negotiator ap- chose to work upon crown paper, peared, the wise British minister and found it profitable ; whilst I was routed, put in a passion, worked upon pro patria (often inpicked a quarrel with your friends, deed called fools-cap) with no less and was sent home with a flea in advantage. Both our heaps hold his car.
But after all, my dear out very well, and we seem likely friend, do not imagine that I am to make a pretty good day's work vain enough to ascribe our success of it. With regard to public affairs, to any superiority in any of those (to continue in the same style) it points. I am too well acquainted seems to me that the compositors with all the springs and levers of in your chapel do not cast off their
the Hollanders; some of them are his time, his talents, and his purse, broad caricatures, which cannot for the promotion of the useful but excite a smile. They are found and the fine arts. One of the last in his port folio, and though in acts of his life manifested this disgeneral they are but sketches, position. By his will, which was they show that they are from the made but a few days before his hand of a master, guided by wit death, he devised that, in certain and genius.
events, his pictures, and one half Throughout the whole course of his property not otherwise disof his experiments, no opposition posed of, should go to an academy or contradiction, no failure or dis- of fine arts, when such an academy appointment, irritated, discourag- should be established, at the place ed, or discomposed him. When which may be the seat of the nahis machines were broken or dis- tional government. ordered, he, with the utmost calm Mr. Fulton was about six feet ness and composure, pointed out high. His person was slender, but their defects or the causes of his well proportioned, and well formdisappointment. If an experiment ed.-Nature had made him a genfailed, though it had cost him tleman, and bestowed upon hiin great pains and labour in the pre ease and gracefulness. He had too paration ; and although the failure much good sense for the least afwas frequently, and obviously, fectation; and a modest confidence owing to the awkwardness or un in his own worth and talents, gave skilfulness of those who assisted him an unembarrassed deportment him, his temper could not be dis- in all companies. His features turbed ; he would not hear the were strong, and of a manly scoffs of some of the numerous beauty : he had large dark eyes, bystanders, which were frequently and a projecting brow, expressive expressed in whispers intended to of intelligence and thought: his reach his ear. Not a fretful or temper was mild, and his dispoangry word ever escaped him, and sition lively :' he was fond of soafter a disappointment he recom- ciety, which he always enlivened menced his preparations with the by cheerful, cordial manners, and same ardour, and with the same instructed or pleased by his sensicalmness, with which he at first ble conversation :—He expressed began. Even when his physical himself with energy, fluency, and strength must have been exhausted correctness, and as he owed more by his corporeal exertions, and to his own experience and reflecthe excessive fatigue he would tions, than to books, his sentisometimes undergo through a-sul- ments were often interesting from try day, his spirits were never for their originality. a moment depressed. On these In all his domestic and social occasions he showed himself as relations he was zealous, kind, much a moral as a mechanical generous, liberal, and affectionate. philosopher.
He knew of no use for money but We have all witnessed with as it was subservient to charity, what zeal Mr. Fulton bestowed hospitality, and the sciences. But
what was most conspicuous in his cept an office, is an evidence of character, was his calm constancy, the disinterestedness of his polihis industry, and that indefatigable tics; but his zeal for his opinions patience and perseverance, which or party, did not extinguish his always enabled him to overcome kindness for the merits of his difficulties.
opponents. Society will long reHe was decidedly a republican. member and regret him ; but he The determination which he often will be most lamented by those, avowed, that he never would ac- by whom he was best known.
rious for the beauty of the im, however in its being believed, if pression, Please to aceept it for thạt belief has the good conse. your College library. I have sub- quence, as probably it has, of scribed for the Encyclopedia now making his doctrines more l'e, printing here, with the intention spected and more observed; «speof presenting it to the college. I cially as I do not perceive that the shall probably depart before the Supreme takes it amiss by diswork is finished, but shall leave tinguishing the unbelievers in his directions for its continuance to government of the world with any the end. With this you will re- peculiar marks of his displeasure. ceive some of the first numbers. I shall only add respecting myself,
You desire to know something that having experienced the goodof my religion. It is the first ness of that being in conducting time I have been questioned upon me prosperously through long it. But I cannot take your curi life, I have no doubt of its contiosity amiss, and shall endeavour nuance in the next, though within a few words to gratify it. Here out the smallest conceit of merit, is ny creed: I believe in one ing such goodness. My sentiGod, the creator of the universe. ments on this head you will see That he governs it by his Provi in the copy of an old letter dence. That he ought to be wor- inclosed, which I wrote in anshipped. That the most accep swer to one from an old reli. table service we render to him is gionişt whom I had relieved in a doing good to his other children. paralytic case by electricity, and That the soul of man is immortal, who being afraid I should grow and will be treated with justice in proud upon it, sent me his serious another life respecting its conduct though rather impertinent caution. in this. These I take to be the I send you also the copy of anofundamental points in all sound re ther letter, which will show someligion, and I regard them as you do thing of my disposition relating to in whatever sect I meet with them. religion. With great and sincere As to Jesus of Nazareth, my opie esteem and affection, nion of whom you particularly I am, &c. B. FRANKLIN, desire, I think the system of mo. PS. Had not your college some rals and his religion as he left present of books froo, the king of them to us, the best the world France ? Please to let me know if ever saw or is like to see ; but I you had an expectation given you apprehend it has received various of more, and the nature of that corrupting changes, and I have, expectation? I have a reason for with most of the present dissen. ihe inquiry, ters in England, some doubts as I confide that you will not exto his divinity ; though it is a pose me to criticisms and censures question I do not dogmatise upon, by publishing any part of this having never studied it, and think communication to you. I love it needless to busy niyself with it ever let other's enjoy their relin, now, when I expect soon an op- gions sentiments wiżhout reflect. portunity of knowing the truth ing on them for those that apwith less trouble. I see no harm peared to me yneupportable or
even absurd. All sects here, and in the power of the treasury. And we have a great variety, have ex- it will seem hard, while their perienced my good will in assist hands are tied, to see the profits ing them with subscriptions for of that article all engrossed by a the building their new places of few particulars. worship, and as I have never Enclosed I take the liberty of opposed any of their doctrines, I sending you a small piece of mine, hope to go out of the world in written to expose, in as striking a peace with them all.
light as I could, to the nation, the
absurdity of the measures towards To the ILONORABLE THOMAS
America, and to sprur the ministry, CUSHING, Esq.
if possible, to a change of those
measures. Project to aroid repealing the .4merican Tea Dury. — Pretended lloue, and respects to the com
Please in present my duty to the Prussi i Edict.
mittee. I have the honour to be, SIR,
London, Sept. 19, 1773. with much esteem, Sir, your most To avoid repealing the American obedient humble servant, tea duty, and yet find a vent for
B. FRANKLIS. tea, a project is executing to send it from this country on account of
[Enclosed in the foregoing Letter.] the East India Company, to be soli in America, agreeable to a late
A PRUSSIAX EDICT, &c. act empowering the Lords of the
Dantzic, Sept. 5, 1773 Treasury to grant licences to the We have long wondered here at company to export tea thither, the supineness of the English naunder certain restrictions, duty tion, under the Prussian imposifree. Some friends of governi- tions upon its trade entering our ment, (as they are called) of Bus- port. We did not, till lately, know ton, New Jork, Philadelphia, &c. the claims, ancient and modern, are to be favoured with the con that hang over the nation ; and mission, who undertake by their therefore could not suspect that it interest to carry the measure might submit to those impresions through in the colonies. How the from a sense of duty, or fron. other merchants thus excluded principles of equity. The followfrom the tea trade will like this, I ing edict, just made public, may, cannot foresee. Their agreement, if serious, throw some light upon if I remember righe, was not w this mailer:import tea, till the dut; shall be “ Frederick, by the grace of repealed. Perhaps they will think Gol, King of Prussia, äc &c &c. themselves s'ill obliged by that to all present and to come: health. agreeinent Diewithstanding this The piace bou e: joved througts ut temporary expedient ; which is our dominions, having atlerde us only to introduce the tra fuor the leisure to apply ourselves to the present, and may be droppeal text re rulation of commerce, the itse year, and the duty again required; provement of our finances, and if the granting or tefuring such li. the same time the easite our de cense from time to time remaining mestic subjects in their lunes fist