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cacumen, -inis, [unc. stem (cf. Sk. the kakud, mountain) + men], n., extreme end, extremity, or point of a thing; the peak, top, utmost point (whether horizontal or perpendicular).

Cacus, -i, [?, cf. Caca], m., a mythical monster of Italy who robbed Hercules of Geryon's cattle, and was on that account slain by him. cadāver, -eris, [akin to cado], n., a dead body, a corpse. Of beasts,

a carcass.

cadens, p. of cado.
cado, cecidi, cāsum, cadere,
[vcad], 3. v. n., fall down, be pre-
cipitated, sink down, fall: barba
(under the shears); vela (are low-
ered); de montibus umbrae (are
thrown by); imbres (drop). — Of
stars, &c., decline, set: sidera.
In death, fall, perish, be slain.-
Fig., happen, come to pass, befall
one, occur to one: cadit in quen-
quam tantum scelus (be con-
ceived); quocunque res cadent.

- decrease, diminish, perish, decay, cease, subside, abate: fragor; animi (sink).—p.p. as adj.: patria cadens (failing, going to ruin).

cadūcus, -a, -um, [lost stem in u
(from cad in cado) + cus],
adj., that falls or has fallen, fall-
ing: frondes volitare caducas.
-Esp., of those who fall in battle,
&c., falling or having fallen dead:
bello caduci Dardanidae. - Less
exactly, devoted to death, destined
to die: iuvenis.
cadus, -i, [Gr. káɔ̃os], m., a large
earthen vessel for containing li
quids (esp. wine), a bottle, flask,
jar. -a funeral urn: aenus.
Caca, see Cēa.

Caeculus, -î, [dim. of caecus,
tcaeco+lus], m., a son of Vulcan,
founder of Preneste.
caecus, -a, -um, [?], adj., blind.



Transferred, dark, invisible, concealed, secret, hidden caligo; fores; Mars (blind warfare). Fig., uncertain, dubious, blind: fata; undae (unknown); parietes (deceptive); ignes (meaningless, acting blindly); murmur (undistinguishable). — blind, heedless, reckless: auri amor. caedēs, -is, [V√cad +-es (-is), two stems], f., a cutting or lopping off. -Of persons, a cutting down, slaughter, murder. - Concretely, a person slain or murdered; the slain. blood shed in slaughter, gore.

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Caedicus, -ī, [?, cf. caedes], m., a
Rutulian warrior, perh. two.
caedo, cecidi, caesum, caedere,
[vead (increased, as causative)],
3. v. a., (cause to fall), cut, fell,
lop, cut down, hew, throw down,
cut off, cut to pieces. Fig.,
slaughter, slay, sacrifice.
ferred, shed (of blood).
caelatus, -a, -um, p.p. of caelo.
caelestis, -e (sometimes gen. plur.,
caelestum), [†caelit- (stem of
caeles, heavenly) + tis(cf. agres-
tis and adjs. in -ticus)], adj., (of
or pertaining to the heavenly), of
heaven, heavenly, celestial: animi
(souls of the gods).— Plur., comm.
gen., the inhabitants of heaven, the

caelicola, -ae, [√/caeli-†cola (cf.
incola)], comin. gen., inhabitant
of heaven, deity, god.
caelicolum, gen. plur.; see caeli-


caclifer, -fera, ferum, [†caelifer (ferus)], adj., supporting the heavens, heaven-supporting: Atlas.

caelo, -āvi, -ātum, -āre, [†caelŏ-], 1. v. a., emboss, carve in relief, engrave, carve: bipennis; Mavors caelatus ferro (embossed on steel).

caelum, -i, [?], n., the sky (cf. | caelo), the heavens, Heaven: ruina caeli (deluge of the sky, the whole heavens falling); quarta caeli hora (fourth hour, as indicated by the sky); de caelo tactae quercus (struck by lightning). -the air, atmosphere, temperature, weather: mores caeli (course of the weather). — Poetically, day. Caeneus, ei, [Gr. Kaweus], m., Caneus: I. A girl originally named Cænis, daughter of Elatus, changed by Neptune into a boy. Acc. to Virgil, he again became a female; 2. A Trojan warrior. caenum, -i, [?], n., dirt, filth, mud, mire (always with the access. idea of loathsomeness). Caere, n. indecl., (gen. Caeritis, abl. Caerēte, f.), Care, a very ancient city of Etruria, previously called Agylla (now Cervetere). caeruleus, -a, -um, [?], adj., dark blue, cerulean, sea-green, green: angues; colla; glacies. — Neut. plur., the sea. From similarity, of things connected with water, blue: Thybris.-Opposed to bright colors, dark, gloomy, black: vittae. Caesar, aris, [?], m., a family name in the gens Julia. - Esp.: 1. C. Julius Cæsar, the conqueror of Gaul, and the opponent of Pompey in the civil war, assassinated by Brutus and Cassius; 2. C. Octavius Cæsar, called Augustus, the Roman emperor, the friend and patron of Virgil.

caesaries, ēi-, [?], f., the hair of the head, the locks. caespes (cēs-), -pitis, [?], m.,

turf, sod, the turf (grassy plain): congestum caespite culmen. caestus (ces-), -ūs, [perh. vcaed +tus], m., a cestus (a kind of glove for boxing, made of a thong loaded with lead and worn round the hand).

caesus, -a, -um, p.p. of caedo. caeterus, -a, -um, caetra, -ae; incorrect for ceterus.

caetra (cē-), -ae, [borrowed word from native Spanish], f., a cetra (a short Spanish buckler), a buckler.

Caicus (Cay-), -ī, [Gr. Káïxos], m.: I. A river of Greater Mysia, which takes its rise on Mount Teuthras, passes near Pergamus, and falls into the sea at Lesbos (now the Mandragora); 2. One of the companions of Eneas.

Caiēta, -ae (-ē, -ēs), f.: 1. The nurse of Æneas; 2. A town and harbor in Latium (now Gaëta), supposed to have been named for her. Calaber, -bra, -um, [perhaps akin to caleo], adj., of Calabria, the country in Lower Italy from Tarentum to the promontory Iapygium (now Terra d'Otranto), Calabrian.

Calabria, -ae, f., Calabria. calamus, -i, [Gr. káλaμos], m., a

reed, cane. Fig., of things made of reeds, a reed-pipe, an arrow.Less exactly, a straw of grain, a stalk, stem, blade.

calathus, -ī, [Gr. káλaðos], m., a wicker-basket, a hand-basket (widening towards the top).- From similarity, a milk-bowl, milk-pail; a wine-сир.

calcar, -āris, [for calcare, neut. of calcaris (†calc + āris)], n., (a thing belonging to the heel), a spur.

Calchas, -antis, (acc. Gr. Calchanta), [Gr. Káλxas], m., a son of Thestor, the most distinguished seer among the Greeks at Troy. calco, -āvī, -ātum, -āre, [†calc(heel)], 1. v. a., tread something or upon something, tread under foot: mixtaque cruor calcatur arena (is trampled in the sand).— From the result, trample in, tread down, press, crowd, press together close or firm, press in: huc ager ille malus dulcesque a fontibus undae ad plenum calcentur (inka. this let this poor soil and fresh water be trodden down).

calculus, -i, [†calc- (stone) + ulus, | calor, -ōris, [√cal (in caleo) +

as if calco+lus], m. dim., a small stone, a pebble.— Collectively, in sing, gravel.

calefacio (calf-), -fēci, -factum, -facere, 3. v. a.; pass., calefio (calfio), -factus sum, fieri, [unc. form (akin to caleo) -facio], make warm or hot, warm, heat. — Fig., rouse or excite, fire, heat: calefactaque corda tumultu. flush, cause to glow (of blushing): ora calefacta (blushed). calefactus (calf-), -a, -um, p.p. of calefacio.

calefio, -ieri; see calefacio. caleo, -ui, no sup., -ēre, [lost stem †calo- (cf. calidus),] 2. v. n., be warm or hot, glow: ture (of an altar).— Pres. p. as adj., warm: membra (still unchilled, in death). Calēs, -ium, f., Cales, a town in southern Campania, celebrated for its wine (now Calvi). calidus (caldus), -a, -um, [lost stem fcalo- (cf. caleo) + dus], adj., warm, hot. - Fig., fiery, spirited, fierce.

1. caligo, -inis, [lost stem caligo +o(n), root in clam, celo], f., a thick atmosphere, a mist, vapor, fog, darkness.

2. caligo, no perf., no sup., -āre, [lost stem caligŏ (whence caligo, -inis), same root as clam, celo], I. v. n. and a. Neut., be involved in darkness, be dark, gloomy: caligans lucus. Act., veil in darkness, darken, obscure: mortales visus.

Calliope, -ēs, (-ēa, -ae), [Gr. Kaλλίσπη, Καλλίοπεια (having a beautiful voice)], f., the chief of the Muses, goddess of epic poetry, and, in the poets, sometimes of every other kind of poetry; the mother of Orpheus and of the Sirens. Calliopea, see Calliope. callis, -is, [?], m., a stony, uneven, narrow foot-way; a foot-path, a mountain-path, &c.; a path (of cattle).

or], m., warmth, heat, glow (of any kind, as in Eng.). calta (caltha), -ae, f., a strongsmelling flower of a yellow color, perhaps marigold. caltha, see calta.

calx, calcis, [?], f., the heel. Less exactly, the foot: calcemque terit iam calce.

Calybē, -ēs, f., priestess of Juno among the Rutuli.

Calydōn, -ōnis, (Gr. acc. Calydona),[Gr. Kaλvšάv], f., Calydon, a very ancient town of Etolia, on the river Evenus. It was the abode of Eneus, father of Meleager and Deianira, and grandfather of Diomedes. Camaena, see Camena. Camarina, see Camerina. Camēna (-aena, -oena), -ae, [†casmen (later carmen) + a, same root as cano], f., (goddess of song, cf. Pomōna), a muse (the proper Latin name, cf. musa borrowed from Greek). Camerina (Camar-), -ae, [Gr. Kaμápiva], f., a town of Sicily, by a marsh of the same name. Camers, -ertis, [lost stem †camer (whence also Camerinus)+ tis (reduced)], adj., of Camerinum (a town in Umbria, now Camerino). Name of an Italian warrior. Camilla, -ae, [cf. next word], f., a

Volscian heroine, killed in the war between Eneas and Turnus. Camillus, -i, [camillus, a young religious servant, probably akin to cano, carmen, Camēna], m., a name of several persons of the gens Furia, the most distinguished of whom was M. Furius Camillus, who conquered Veii, and delivered Rome from the Gauls. caminus, -i, [Gr. káμivos], m., a smelling furnace, a forge or smithy.

- Plur., chimneys, the crater of Etna, where were supposed to be the forges of the Cyclops.

Campānus, -a, -um, [†campo (re


duced) + anus], adj., Campanian, of Campania (a district of southern Italy) urbs (Capua). campus, -i, [?], m., an even, flat place; a plain, field: Mavortis (the Campus Martius, a plain at Rome outside the walls, once belonging to the Tarquins. Afterwards it was dedicated to Mars, and became the meeting-place of the Roman people. In it was the tomb of Augustus and his family).

Coll, land.-a level surface (of the sea or a rock): campi salis; immota attollitur unda campus.-Fig., a free, open space: liquentes (the fields of air). camurus (-erus), -a, -um, [akin to camera], adj., crooked, turned inwards: camuris sub cornibus


canalis, -is, [?], m., a channel,

canal; a pipe, a trough, a conduit: ilignis potare canalibus undam. cancer, -cri, [?], m., a crab, seacrab.- the Crab (the sign of the Zodiac).


candēns, -ntis, p. of candeo.
candeo, -ui, no sup., -ere, [lost
stem fcando (√can in cānus,
caneo), cf. candor, candidus],
2. v. n., be of brilliant or glittering
whiteness, shine, glitter, glisten. -
Fig., glow (with a glistening color),
be glowing hot: favilla.
dēns, -ntis, p., glistening, shin-
ing, white: vacca.
candidus, -a, -um, [†cando (noun-
stem, whence candeo) + dus],
adj., glistening, dazzling white, pure
white, white, clear, bright: can-
dida luna; Dido (fair); barba.
-Of the face of a divinity, di-
vinely fair.-populus (the white
or silver poplar).

candor, -ōris, [stem of candeo,
treated as root, + or], m., a daz
zling, glossy whiteness; a clear

2. v. n., be white, gray, or hoary. - canēns, ntis, p., white. aged: lumina.

canis, -is, [?], comm. gen., a dog. -the Dog (the constellation): major or Icarius, whose brightest star is the Dog-star (canicula); and minor, minusculus, or Erigoneius (commonly called antecanis). the sea-dog; plur., and mythically, of the dogs of Scylla. canistra, -ōrum, [Gr. Kávασтpа], n. plur., baskets woven from reeds, bread, fruit-, flower-, &c., baskets (esp. for religious use in sacrifices). cānitiēs, -em, -ē, [canus, through some intermediate stem], f., a gray or grayish-white color, hoariness. Fig., gray hair.

cano, cecini, no sup., canere, [can, orig. cas], 3. v. a. and n. Neut., of voice or instrument, sing, sound, play: frondator ad auras.

- With cog. acc., sing, recite, compose carmina; signum (sound). - Of subject of song, sing of, celebrate: reges et proelia; bella exhausta (lell of)—Of any religious or inspired utterance, repeat, recite, prophesy, foretell, interpret: vota Iunoni. Of things, forebode. Canopus, -1, [Gr. KávwBos, KávwTos], m., an island-town in Lower Egypt, on the western mouth of the Nile.

canor, -ōris, [√can + or], m., mel-
ody, tone, sound, song.
canōrus, -a, -um, [perhaps canor
+us, but cf. decorus], adj., of or
pertaining to melody, melodious,
harmonious, sounding: aves (tune-
ful); Threicia fretus cithara
fidibusque canoris.

cantharus, -1, [Gr. kávðapos], m.,
a cantharus (a large, wide-bellied
drinking-vessel with handles), a
tankard, pot (esp., used by Bacchus
and his followers).

lustre, clearness, radiance, bright-canto, -tāvi, -tātum, -tāre, [†can

ness, brilliancy, splendor.

cānēns, -ntis, p. of caneo.

canco, -ui, no sup., -ēre, [†cānŏ-],

to], I. v. n. and a. intens., produce (with energy) melodious sounds, sound, sing, play. - Neut.: Arca

des ambo, et cantare pares, etc. -Act. with cog. acc., sing, play, recite. - With acc. of the subject of song, sing, celebrate or praise in song, sing of: dignus cantari. – Esp., use enchantments; utter spells, charms, or incantations : frigidus in pratis cantando rumpitur anguis (by spells). cantus, -ūs, [√can+tus], m., tone, sound, melody, singing, song. - Of instruments, blast. cānus, -a, -um, [?], adj., gray, ash-colored, hoary, white fluctus; fides (clothed in white); mala (downy, quinces).

capella, -ae, [†capro- (cf. ager) +la], f. dim., a she-goat. Capēnus, -a, -um, adj., of Capena (a Tuscan town founded by the Veientes).

caper, -pri, [?], m., a he-goat, a goat.

capesso (-isso), -essivi or -essii,


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-essitum, -essere, [akin to capio through a noun-stem], 3. v. a. desider., seize, take, or catch at eagerly; lay hold of. Of place, strive after, make for, betake one's self to, endeavor to arrive at, go to, repair or resort to tuta (seek); Italas - Fig., take hold of any thing with zeal, take upon one's self, take charge of, undertake, enter upon, engage in iusзa; arma (take up); regna (take the throne). Caphāreus, -ei, [Gr. Kapapɛús], m., a rocky promontory on the southern coast of Euba (now Capo del Oro).

capiō, cēpī, captum, capere, [cap], 3. v. a. In the widest sense, take, lay hold of, seize: saxa manu. Of a position, take possession of, seize, hold, occupy: tumulum. - With ante, anticipate.


- Also, receive, hold, contain. Fig., comprise, contain, include, have space for: unda se capit (keep within its_bounds).- Fig., take, lay hold of, seize, resort to : orgia (begin). Of physical pow

ers (so only pass.), be injured, impaired, weakened: oculis captus (blinded).— Of the mind, win or gain by fair or foul means, captivate, ensnare, enchain; mislead, seduce, delude, deceive: imagine (deceive); capta, of Dido (betrayed). With the passions, &c., as subjects, seize, lay hold of, affect: captus amore; te dementia cepit.captus, -a, -um, p.p. as adj., captured, captive, captivated.-Masc., a prisoner, captive. capistrum, -i, [†capid- (akin to capio) + trum], n., (a means of holding), a halter, head-stall for animals.- Esp., a nose-piece or muzzle, with spikes to prevent young animals from sucking after they have been weaned. Capitōlium, -1, [developed from tcapit-], n., the Capitol at Rome. - Also plural.

capra, -ae, [f. of same stem as caper], f., a she-goat (either tame or wild).

caprea, -ae, [†caprò (reduced) + ea], f., a species of wild goat, a roe, roebuck.

Capreae, -ārum, [†capro- (reduced) + ea, cf. caprea], f., an island in the Tuscan Sea, off the Bay of Naples (now Capri). capreolus, -i, [†capreŎ- (cf. caprea) +lus], m., a species of wild goat, chamois, roebuck. caprigenus, -a, -um, [†caprogenus (genus)], adj., goatbegotten, goat-born, of the goat kind: pecus.

captivus, -a, -um, [stem akin to captus+vus], adj., taken prisoner, captive. - Masc., a prisoner, captive. Fem., a female prisoner or captive. — Of animals, caught or taken. Of things, captured, plundered, taken as booty, spoiled, taken by force: vestis. Less exactly,

that pertains or belongs to captives, captives: sanguis.

capto, -āvi, -ātum, -āre,[†capto-],' I. v. a. intens., strive to seize, lay

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