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winter, and in possession of which was rather intricate, on abundance of food.

account of the many trees that Being informed that the were floating in it; we accepted savages were gathering in large his offer, and he acquitted himnumbers at the mouth of the self honourably. Having reach. river, and preparing to obstructed a small island, he ordered our progress along the coast in us to come to, and went on shore. every possible manner, it was He returned soon after, informresolved to build another boat, | ing us that there were many with which we might in the en- people on the island, who would suing spring ascend the river shoot at us if we attempted to as high as possible, and then, pass; he offered, therefore, to turning towards the south, en- take us through a narrow deavour to reach the river Co- channel, where we should be lumbia, about which the natives safe. We had nothing left but are less barbarous. The task to trust to his honour, and we was difficult, but it was exe were not disappointed. We cuted; and we only waited for reached the mouth of the river mild weather to enter upon our in safety, and landed on a spot hazardous expedition, when an opposite an Indian village. event occurred which frustrated Here our guide left us, after we the whole of our plan. Mr. had presented him with a shirt, Bulugin resumed his command ; a neckcloth, and a tin medal, and having embarked in our cast for the occasion, and which boats, we left our barrack on we requested him to wear susthe 8th of February 1809, and pended round his neck. Next sailed down the river. We morning we were visited by a stopped at the same spot where great many natives, and among the year before Mrs. Bulugin them we recognised the woman had been produced to us. We who had deceived us, and drawn now clearly perceived the object Mrs. B. and her companions of our captain; but so great into captivity. We immediately was our compassion for his suf- seized her, together with a ferings, that we silently resigned young man, and having fastourselves to the dangers to ened logs of wood to their which he was about to expose feet, we declared that they us.

should remain our prisoners 'Here we were visited by an till our people were restored to old man, with a water-tight bas Soon after the woman's ket made of branches, full of a husband made his appearance, species of root of which mariners and assured us that they were brew a kind of acid liquor. He not among them, having been showed himself very attentive, allotted to another tribe ; but and offered to pilot us down that he would go in search of the river, the navigation of them, and bring them to us in


four days, if we would only pro- but finding her immovable in mise not to kill his wife in the her resolution, I returned, and interval.

reported her answer to her hus“We now entrenched ourselves band. The poor man thought on a neighbouring hill; and at first that I was joking, and about a week after, a number would not believe me; but after of savages appeared on the a little consideration he fell into opposite shore of the river, ex- a complete fury, took up a muspressing to us a wish to enter ket, and swore he would shoot into treaty with us. I imme- her. But he had not gone diately went down to the water's many steps when he relented. edge, attended by several of He stopped, and bursting into our people. An elderly man, tears, begged me to go by mydressed in the European style, self and try again to bring her appeared as the leader of the to reason, and even to threaten opposite party, amongst whom that he would shoot her. I was Mrs. B. She immediately went and did as he bade me, told us that our female prisoner but the woman resolutely rewas the sister of the chief, that plied, “As to death, I fear it they were both kind people, to not. I will rather die than whom she owed the greatest wander with you again through obligations, and demanded that the forests, where we may fall we would instantly set her at at last into the hands of some liberty. On our telling her, cruel tribe, whilst now I live however, that her husband among kind and humane people. would not liberate her, unless Tell my husband that I despise she herself were first restored his threats.” This cruel answer to him, she replied, to our hor- almost deprived the unfortunate ror and consternation, that she and doting husband of his was very well contented to stay senses. He leaned against a where she was, at the same tree and wept bitterly. In the time advising us to deliver our meantime I reflected upon his selves also to her present pro- wife's words, and ultimately detectors. Their chief, she said, termined to follow her advice. was a candid and honourable I communicated my resolution man, well known on this coast, to my companions, who at first who would, without the least unanimously declared against doubt, liberate and send us on it; but on Mr. B.'s declaring board two vessels now lying in that he would follow my exthe Bay of St. Juan de Fuca. ample, they begged to be alAs to the other prisoners, she lowed to consider till the next said they were dispersed among morning. the tribes in the vicinity. I The morning came, and the tried for some time to persuade savages appeared again, renewher to a different determination; ing their demand for the restora

tion of the captives. This was and Mrs. B., who had become immediately agreed to, and at reconciled to each other, was the same time Mr. Bulugin, my- truly cruel ; sometimes they self, and three others of our party were united together, somesurrendered ourselves to their times they were separated, and discretion. The remainder of in constant fear of being so for our comrades, however, obsti- ever. At last death kindly renately refused to follow. Hav- leased them. The lady died in ing taken, therefore, a hearty August 1809, and in February farewell of each other, we de- of the following year her disparted with the tribe to which consolate husband followed her; we now belonged. The next but not to the grave, for his day we reached the village of wife had been at her death in the Koonishtshati (a tribe in the hands of such a barbarian, the vicinity of Cape Flattery), that he would not allow her a where my host, the above burial, but had her exposed in named chief, Yootramaki, had the forest. In the meantime I his winter residence. Mr. B. passed the greater part of my went to the master of his wife, captivity with the good Yoowhilst the three others fell into tramaki, who treated me like a various hands. The remainder friend. These people are like of our companions attempted children, and pleased with to reach the Island of Destruc- every trifle. I found, therefore, tion, but foundered upon a rock; no difficulty in ingratiating myand after losing all their gun self with them; and the conpowder, had some difficulty instruction of a paper kite and a escaping with their lives. They watchman's rattle spread my tried, therefore, to overtake us ; reputation, as well as that of but being intercepted by another the Russian nation in general, tribe, they were all taken pri- far among them. At last their soners and dispersed along the veneration for my abilities was coast.

carried so far, that in one of the At the end of about a month, general assemblies of the toëns, my master returned to his vil- it was resolved that they would lage near Cape Flattery, taking henceforward consider me as with him myself and Mr. B., one of their equals, after which whom he had purchased from I always enjoyed the same his master, with a promise of honours as my master or any purchasing his wife also. We other chief. They often wonlived for some time very com- dered how Bulugin, who could fortable; but afterwards our neither shoot birds flying nor situation frequently changed, use the hatchet, could have the savages sometimes selling, been our chief. During the ensometimes giving us to one suing winter, so great a dearth another. The fate of poor Mr. of provisions ensued, that one

beaver was paid for ten salmon. ately offered to ransom the With some chiefs the want was whole of us. The savages, who so great, that three of our thought this a good opportunity countrymen took refuge with for obtaining large quantities of me, and my master was kind European goods, made such exenough to support them till the orbitant demands, that Captain next spring, when they were Brown, to cut the matter short, demanded back by their owners, took one of their chiefs into and I had influence enough to custody, and declared that he ensure them immunity for their would detain him till all the flight.

Russians were delivered up to In the month of March, we him for a moderate price, for again removed to our summer which several of us had already village, where I built for my- been ransomed. This proceedself a hut, with embrasures for ing had the desired effect; in defence, and of so novel a con- less than two days he liberated struction, that the chiefs came thirteen of us. Seven had died from great distances in order to during our captivity, one had see and admire it. In the been sold to a distant nation, meantime, however, God had anong whom he remained, and heard our prayers, and provided one was ransomed in 1809, by for our deliverance. On the 6th another American vessel near of May, an American brig, the the river Columbia. On the Lydia, Captain Brown, visited 10th of May our vessel weighed this coast. I went on board, anchor, and after touching at and found one of our com- several points of the coast for panions, whom the captain had the purpose of barter, we were released near the river Colum- safely landed on the oth of bia. This honest tar immedi- June at New Archangel.'


LIFE ON THE MEDUSA RAFT. THE Medusa, of forty-four guns, i who was on board, should send in company with three other out a party to ascertain the vessels, sailed from Rochefort, possibility of establishing 2 on the 17th of June 1816, to settlement near Cape Verd, take possession of the French the expedition was accompanied settlements on the Gambia, by a number of scientific men, which had been restored to agriculturists, and miners. The France by the treaties of 1814 Medusa, on board of which and 1815. As it was intended were embarked about four hunthat the Governor of Senegal, dred persons, was commanded

by M. de Chaumareys, who As the boats were not suffiappears to have been wholly ciently capacious to contain the unworthy of his station. In the sailors and troops, a raft was course of the voyage the smaller hastily and unskilfully conships parted company, and the structed, while attempts were Medusa was left alone. In making to liberate the frigate. consequence of a most disgrace- When, by the bulging of the ful obstinacy and want of sea- frigate, all hope was at an end, manship on the part of the it became necessary to resort to captain, the vessel ran upon this clumsy contrivance. The the bank of Arguin, which lies same carelessness and want of off the northern part of the foresight, which had marked all Senegambian coast. The crew the past proceedings, still prewere immediately thrown into vailed at this important moment. the most dreadful consterna- No arrangements for embarking tion. But when they had partly were made, no care was taken shaken off the effects of the to secure a proper supply of first shock, they began to make provisions; all wasconfusion and efforts for getting the vessel off fear. Some boats had not above the reef; their exertions, how-twenty-four pounds of biscuit, ever, were awkward, ill-directed, a small cask of water, and very and consequently ineffectual. little wine. The raft, which They were continued for two was designed to carry 150 perdays, and were then relinquished sons, had a tolerably large in despair. On the night of the quantity of wine, and some third day a heavy gale arose, water, but not a single barrel the sea ran high, and the ship of biscuit. A bag containing bulged. The keel broke in twenty-five pounds of biscuit, two, the rudder was unshipped; which was thrown from the and as it still held to the stern vessel at the instant of deparby the chains, every wave made ture, and the contents of which it act as a battering-ram against were converted into paste by the vessel, to the destruction of the sea water, was the sole rewhich it materially contributed. source of the unfortunate naviAt this critical period, when gators on the raft. On board order and union were so need the six boats were two hundred ful, a mutiny broke out, ex- and thirty persons. On the cited by some of the soldiers, raft were a hundred and twenty who persuaded their comrades soldiers and officers, twenty-nine that it was intended to leave sailors and passengers, and one them in the frigate, while the woman. Seventeen were abancrew escaped in the boats. The doned on the wreck, some too governor and the officers, how- intoxicated to be moved, some ever, succeeded in bringing despairing of the safety of the back the soldiers to their duty. boats. The embarkation was

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