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lidae ; cura (centre in); res Ilia; spes (rest on); regno incolumis (stand unharmed in his power); bene stat gratia (gratitude remains); comae (stand on end); lumina flammā (stand out); ferri acies; stetit ante pedes. -- Esp. of fighting and the like: acie; Iupiter hac stat (is on this side); stare contra (withstand, be opposed). Also, stop, stay, halt, be checked. Of weapons, stand fast, stick, stay, be fixed.· - Esp., cost.— Also, be fixed, be determined, one is resolved. Phrases: stare loco, remain in position, stand firm; stant causae belli, seeds of war are sown; caelum pulvere, the air hangs thick with dust. stomachus, -i, [Gr. σróμaxos], m.,

the stomach.

strāgēs, -is, [√ster, stra (in sterno) + unc. term.], f., devastation. - Esp. in battle, slaughter, havoc, carnage: confusae stragis acervus (a confused heap of slain). stramen, -inis, [√ster, stra (in sterno) + men], n., straw, leaves (spread for bedding). stratum, see sterno. strātus, -a, -um, p.p. of sterno. strepito, no perf., no sup., -āre,

[tstrepito- (p.p. of strepo)], 1. v. n., make a noise, clamor. strepitus, -ūs,[†strepi-(of strepo) +tus), m., a noise, a din, a sound (loud and confused), a roar, a busy hum (of a city), a murmur. strepo, -ui, no sup., -ere, [?], 3. v. n., make a confused noise, ring, clash, clang, sound, rattle, be noisy, resound. - Of animals, cackle, scream. strictūra, -ae, [strig (in stringo) +tura, but cf. pictura], f., a pressure.—a wrought bar (or mass of iron).

strictus, -a, -um, p.p. of stringo. strideo, strīdi, no sup., stridere, [+strido- (strid+us, cf. stridulus and strido)], 2. v. n., grate, rattle, roar, hiss, whiz,

twang, buzz, hum: vulnus (hiss); procella (howl).

strid, strīdī, no sup., stridere, [vstrid-, of unc. kin.], 3. v. n., same senses as strideo.

stridor, -ōris, [√strid (in strido) +or], m., a harsh noise, a creaking, a grating, a clanking, a rear, a whizzing, a buzzing, a humming: acuunt stridoribus iras (with noisy hum). strīdulus, a, -um, [†strido(whence strideo) + lus], adj., grating, harsh sounding, whizzing. stringo, strinxi, strictum, stringere, [strig (cf. σ7payyi(w)], 3. v. a., (orig. sense unc., poss. squeeze), bind, compress. -Esp. of weapons, bare, draw, unsheath. Also, graze, wound slightly: magno strinxit de corpore Turni (cut away a bit). So, fig., touch (the heart): ripas (of a river, wash, wear away). — Also, strip, gather, trim, cut away.

Strophades, -um, [Gr. Σtpopádes], f. plur., two islands off the Ionian Sea south of Zacynthus. To these islands the sons of Boreas pursued the Harpies.

structus, -a, -um, p.p. of struo. struō, struxí, structum, struere, [stru, remotely akin to sterno, 3. v. a., pile, heap up. Hence, build, erect, raise. — Also, dispose, arrange, prepare: penum (set forth).- Esp. of war, draw out, array. Fig., arrange, plot, design, purpose, aim at, accomplish. With changed point of view, heap up with: altaria donis (pile, load). Strymon, -Ŏnis, [Gr. Zтpvμúv], m., a river of Macedonia, near Thrace, famous for its cranes. Strymonius, -a, -um, [Gr. ΣTpvμóvios], adj., of the Strymon, Stry


Strymonius, -1, [same word as preceding], m., a Trojan. studium, -i, (-ii), [?, √/stud (in

studeo) + ium], n., zeal, eager

ness, diligence, care, earnestness, interest, desire, a favorite pursuit, a pursuit, a taste, fondness, curiosity (desire to see), an employment.-Also (in reference to some object), party spirit, favor, enthusiasm (for one side or the other), applause (expression of interest): studia contraria (different parties).

stultus, -a, -um, [√stol (in stolidus, of unc. kin.) + tus], adj., foolish. Masc. as subst., a sim

pleton, a blockhead. stūpa, see stuppa. stupefacio, feci, factum, -fa

cere, [†stupe (akin to stupeo) -facio, cf. labefacio], 3.v. a., stun, daze, stupefy, astonish, overwhelm (with surprise).

stupefactus, -a, -um, p.p. of stupefacio.

stupeō, -ui, no sup., -ēre, [†stupŏ

(stup+us, akin to stipes, etc.), cf. σTúros, stupidus], 2. v. n., be amazed, be dazzled, be dazed, be thunderstruck, be astonished, be charmed, marvel, wonder, gaze with wonder: hic stupet attonitus rostris (is dazzled and amazed); stupet in Turno (look with amazement upon).


stupor, -ōris, [√stup (in stupeo) +or], m., amazement. dullness, deadness.

stuppa (stūp-), -ae, [Gr. στúñπN], f., tow, hemp.

stuppeus, -a, -um, [†stuppa- (reduced) + eus], adj., of tow, hempen: flamma (burning tow, used as a means of warfare). Stygius, -a, -um, [Gr. ErÚYIOS], adj., of the Styx, Stygian. Also,

of the Lower world, of Hades: Iuppiter, rex (Pluto); vi soporatum Stygia (from the world below).

Styx, -ygis, [Gr. Zτú], f., the river that surrounded the world below. Less exactly, the world below, Hades.

suādeo, suāsī, suāsum, suādēre,

[tsuado- (suad +us, cf. malesuada), akin to doμar], 2. v. n. and a., advise, counsel, persuade, invite, suggest, prompt, impel: tibi haec litora Delius (warned you to seek).

suādus, see malesuada. suāvis, -e, [√suad (in suadeo) + us, with added i, cf. in gravis, cf. hous, Sk. svādu], adj., sweet, fragrant.-Neut. as adv., sweetly. sub (old subs, cf. obs and suspendo), [mutilated case-form, cf. super, akin to ró], prep. with abl., underneath, below, under, beneath. In various connections where the English conception is different, near (a high object), close to, just at, just behind, in (a lower place or of light and night conceived as above); hence, during, on (a particular night), in (an army, under arms), under the protection of, at (of the breast): sub falsa proditione (under a false charge of treason); sub sole (in the sunlight, under the light of the sun); sub arma (in arms, under arms). With acc. in same senses, also to the position indicated by the prep., under, beneath, down, towards, up to (up under), about: sub haec (upon this, in reply); subora (before the face, cf. "under the eyes"); sub auras (to the light of day, up, forth); sub noctem (towards night). — In comp., as adv., under, also up (cf. sub auras), in the place of (coming up to take a place), slightly (not the highest degree), by stealth, towards, after.

subāctus, -a, -um, p.p. of subigo. subditus, -a, -um, p.p. of subdo. subdo, -didi, -ditum, -dere, [subdo, put], 3. v. a., put under, put beneath, thrust down, apply: subdita flamma (kindled in, penetrating to).

subduco, -dūxi, -dūctum, dūcere, [sub-duco], 3. v. a., draw up: naves (beach, technical).

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Also, take from under, take away, withdraw, rescue. Also, steal, deprive one of (changing the construction). Also (cf. sub): subducere se colles (slope down, draw themselves down); subducta unda (slipping from beneath).

subductus, -a, -um, p.p. of subduco.

subeõ, -īvi (-ii), -itum, -ire, [subeo], irr. v. n. and a., go under, go beneath, take up, support, bear; fig., undergo. Also (lit. and fig.), come up, spring up, come forth, succeed, take the place of, come af ter, come next, follow, go near, go by, approach, enter, come to, come, come upon, come to one's aid: subibat nox (was climbing); mucronem (meet, fall upon). — Fig., occur, come to one's mind, suggest itself: subit ira (the angry desire comes over &c., anger prompts &c.). — subitus, -a, -um, p.p. as adj., (coming stealthily), sudden, unexpected.-Abl. subitō, as adv., suddenly, unexpectedly, of a sudden,

all at once.

sūber, -eris, [?], n., a cork-tree.Less exactly, cork.

subfero, see suffero.

sūbicio (subiiciō), -iēcī, -iectum, -icere, [sub-iacio], 3. v. a., throw under, place under, place beneath, put under :- hence, set (of fire), kindle: caudam utero (hang his tail, of a dog); cui rubor ignem (spread like fire in her cheeks).Also, throw up: se alnus (spring up); corpora saltu in equos (spring upon). -- Also, throw in : pauca furenti (throw in a few words amid her ravings). -— subiectus, -a, -um, p.p. as adj., lying beneath, -rising, shooting up.Masc. plur., subjects, the conquered. subiectō, -āvī, -ātum, -āre, [subiacto, cf. subicio], 1. v. a., throw up, cast up.

subiectus, -a, -um, p.p. of subicio,

subigo, -ēgi, -āctum, -igere, [sub

ago], 3. v. a., (force up or under), impel, shove. Also, subdue, bring under cultivation, till;— compel, force, constrain. - Esp.: in cote secures (sharpen, work down): scrobes subactae (sunken, dug down).

subitō, see subeo.

subitus, -a, -um, p.p. of subeo. subiunctus, -a, -um, p.p. of subiungo. subiungo,-iunxī, -iunctum,-iungere, [sub-iungo], 3. v. a., yoke. - Less exactly, attach;—hence, adorn, furnish. — Also, subdue, control, subject. sublabor, lāpsus, -lābi, [sublabor], 3. v. dep., fall down, fall back, fail, deteriorate. Also (cf. sub), glide stealthily, creep on, slip away (of time). sublapsus, -a, -um, p.p. of sub



sublātus, -a, -um, p.p. of suffero. sublego, -lēgi, lectum, -legere,

[sub-lego], 3. v. a., pick up by stealth, catch (secretly). sublevo, -āvi, -ātum, -āre, [sublevo], 1. v. a., raise up, lift up. subligo, -āvī, -ātum, -āre, [subligo], 1. v. a., bind beneath, bind on, fit on (of a shield). sublime [abl. of sublimus, collat. with sublimis], adv., on high, aloft, borne aloft.

sublime [sub-limen], adv., read by many for sublime, sublimis, which see (Geor. i. 242). sublimis, -e, [sub-limis (akin to limen, wh. see)], adj., high, lofty, -Esp., raised high, borne aloft, on high, mounted. Fig., elate, exultant. - Often like most adjec tives in adv. sense. sublūceo, no perf. no sup., -ēre, [sub-luceo], 2. v. n., shine dimly, glimmer.

sublustris, -e, [sub-lustris (unc. stem akin to lux + tris), cf. inlustris], adj., dim, glimmering, dimly-lighted.

submergō (summ-),-mersi,-mer

sum, -mergere, [sub-mergo], | subsido, -sēdi, -sessum, -sidere,

3. v. a., drown, overwhelm, sink: submersae puppes (foundered). submersus (summ-), -a, -um, p.p. of submergo.

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submissus (summ-), -a, -um, p.p. of submitto. submitto (summ-), -misi, -missum, -mittere, [sub-mitto], 3. v. a., (send under), put under, let down submissi petimus terram (on our knees).· Fig., subdue, repress, subject: animos amori (sacrifice).-Technical (in breeding), grow up, raise, keep. submōtus (summ-), -a, -um, p.p. of submoveo. submoveo (summ-), -mōvī, -mōtum, -movēre, [sub-moveo], 2. v. a., raise up, raise high. — Also, move away, remove, clear away: si quem tellus, etc. (keep afar); submota spelunca (hollowed out, with the inside cleared away). subnecto, -nexui, -nexum, -nectere, [sub-necto], 3. v. a., bind beneath, tie beneath, bind under, bind around, fasten, bind, confine: mentum mitra crinemque subnexus (binding under his chin and confining his locks). subnexus, -a, -um, p.p. of sub


subnīxus, -a, -um, [sub-nixus],

adj., supported by, resting on. subolēs (sob-), -is, [sub-toles, cf. indoles], f., (succeeding generation, in place of the old), a new race, a new stock, offspring, progeny, increase (of flocks), a stock, a breed, a child, an infant. subrēmigo (surr-), no perf., no sup., -are, [sub-remigo], I. v. n., row quietly along. subrideo (surr-), -rīsi, no sup., -ridere,[sub-rideo], 2.v. n., smile. subrigo (surr-), see surgo. subsidium, -i (-ii), [†subsidŏ- (or

†subsid)+ium, cf. praesidium], n., (sitting in reserve), a reserve. Hence, reinforcement, a reinforcement, aid, assistance.

[sub-sido], 3. v. n. and a., sink down, crouch down. Of things, sink, settle: Teucri (be absorbed, be lost); Acestes galea (remain at the bottom). — Fig., subside, abate: undae. - Act., lie in wait for, waylay. subsisto, stiti, no sup., -sistere, [sub-sisto], 3. v. a., stop behind, stay behind, stop, halt, stand still, resist, hold out, stand fast, stand in reserve: aper (stand at bay); Tibris (stay his course).

subsum, no perf., -esse, [sub-sum], irr. v. n., be under, be behind, underlie suberunt vestigia fraudis (there will remain some lurk ing traces, &c.) ; subest solo natura (there is a secret power in the soil).

subtēmen, -inis, [subtex (as if root of subtexo) + men], n., the woof, the filling, thread. subter [sub + ter (cf. inter)], adv.,

beneath, below, underneath.-Prep. (with acc. or abl.), under, beneath. subterlabor, -lāpsus, -lābi, (or separate), [subter-labor], 3. v. dep., glide beneath, flow under, flow below.

subtexo, -texui, -textum, -texere, [sub-texo], 3. v. a., weave underneath. With change of point of view, (underweave), line, cover with a veil, veil. subtraho, -traxi, -tractum, -trahere, [sub-traho], 3. v. a., withdraw: subtrahitur solum (the sea flies behind them). subulcus, -1, [akin to sus, cf. bubulcus], m., a swincherd. suburgeo, no perf., no sup., -urgē

re, [sub-urgeo], 2. v. a., force up to, force towards, drive close to. subvecto, -āvi, -ātum, -āre, [sub

vecto, cf. subveho], I.v. a., carry up, bring up.-Less exactly, transport, ferry over (by a regular conveyance).

subvectus, -a, -um, p.p. of subveho.

subvehŏ, -vexi, -vectum, -ve- succinctus, -a, -um, p.p. of suc

here, [sub-veho], 3. v. a., carry up, bring up. Pass., be borne up, ride up, sail up: nox bigis subvecta (driving her two-horse chariot).

subveniō, -vēnī, -ventum, -venire, [sub-venio], 4. v. n., come to one's relief (cf. subsidium), aid, help, relieve. subvolvo, no perf., no sup., -volvere, [sub-volvo], 3. v. a., roll up. succēdo, -cessi, -cēssum, -cēdere, [sub-cedo], 3. v. n. and a., go beneath, pass beneath, go down, come under, enter (beneath). Also, go under (a burden), take up, bear, draw (of a chariot drawn by a yoke). Also, go up, come up, go aloft to, rise to: huc succedunt (go to the top of this).-Also, go to, come to, repair to, go into, approach, enter (into), reach. Also, come up (instead of), take the place of, succeed (to), take up (in place of another), go instead of, come in (after something else): succedunt illi servant qui vices (come up, in place of the others); cura patrum cadere et succedere matrum (take its place); pro me hostili succedere dextrae (expose himself for me, &c.). — Also, prosper, succeed.

succendo, -cendi, -cēnsum, -cendere, [sub-tcando, cf. incendo], 3. v. a., set on fire beneath.-Fig, fire, inflame.

succēnsus, -a, -um, p.p. of succendo.

succēssus, -ūs, [sub-cessus, cf. incessus and succedo], m., advance, career. — Also, success. succido, -cidi, no sup., -cidere, [sub-cado], 3. v. n., fall down, sink, sink down.


succingō, -cinxi, -cinctum, -cingere, [sub-cingo], 3. v. a., bind under, gird about. Also of things put on by girding, clothe, surround, equip.-Poetically, of Scylla: succincta latrantibus monstris (girt about).

succisus, -a, -um, p.p. of succido. succumbo, -cubui, -cubitum,

-cumbere, [sub-cumbo], 3. v. n., fall under. Fig., yield to, give way to succurro, -curri, -cursum, -currere, [sub-curro], 3. v. n., run to aid (cf. subsidium), come to the rescue of, go to save, rescue, save, help, relieve, succor. Also, occur (to one's mind): succurrit pulchrum mori in armis (the thought occurs to me, &c.). Sucro, -ōnis, [?], m., a Rutulian. sūcus (succus), -1, [ √suc (sug?) +us, cf. sugo], m., juice, vital moisture, sap.— Less exactly, juice (as cause of flavor), flavor. — Fig., strength, vigor.

tsudis, -is, [?], f., a stake. sūdō, -āvi, -ātum, -āre, [√sud (prob. through adj.-stem †sudo-), akin to 18os, idpás, Eng. sweat], I. v. n. and a., sweat: aera (conceived as sweating). Less exactly, distil, flow with, be wet with.

Also, exude from. — Fig., reek sudor, -ōris, [sud (in sudo) + with sanguine. or], m., sweat, perspiration. — Also, toil.

sūdus, -a, -um, [prob. se-udus], adj., dry, clear, fair: per sudum (in fair weather).

suēscō, suēvi, suētum, suēscere, [tsue- (of sueo) + sco], 3. v. n. and a., be wont, be accustomed, be used. suētus, -a, -um, p.P., succido, -cidi, -cisum, -cidere, accustomed, used, wont. [sub-caedo], 3. v. a., cut beneath: suētus, -a, -um, p.p. of suesco. succiso poplite (cutting the ham-suffectus, -a, -um, p.p. of sufficio. strings, back of the knee); succi- suffero, sustuli, sublatum, sufsus flos aratro (cut off at the root). ferre, [sub (subs) -fero], irr. v. a.,

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