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Canned and Cured Fish Trade



During January, the production of canned tuna by California packers totaled 57,432 standard cases, according to information released by the California Division of Fish and

Compared with the 25,585 cases packed in January 1943, this was an increase of 124 percent. Tuna flakes and bluefin and yellowfin tuna composed 88 percent of the January pack. Substantial increases over January 1943 were reported in the packs of tuna flakes and bluePin and striped tuna.

Tho pack of canned mackerel, 69,994 standard cases, mas 10 percent larger than that of January 1943. It was, however, 38 percent below the production of December.

California Pack of Tuna and Mackerel--Standard Cases1/
January December January

Twelve months ending Item


with December 1943
Cases Cases




445,421 Bonito

279 1,972

35,955 Bluefin


6,676 31,842 1,593

383, 213 Yellow in 12,424 110,467 18,221

753,841 Yellowtail


58,303 makes

23,609 28,556


561,880 Tonno style


17.03 Total 57,432 178,623 25,585

2,426,545 Mackerel 69,994 113,064 63,411

831,457 1 Standard cases of tuna represent cases of 48 7-ounce cans, while those of meckerel represent cases of

48 l-pound cans.

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With only 3,006 standard cases of shrimp canned between December 25 and January 29, the season's canned shrimp production continued to lag far behind that of 1942-43 and other recent years, according to the Service's Market News office in New Orleans, For the SAVON months ending January 29, the pack was only 70.5 percent of the 1942-43 figure and 54.6 percent of the average for the five previous years for canneries operating under the supervision of the Food and Drug Administration,

Wet and Dry Pack Shrimp in all Sizes in Tin and Glass--Standard Case 8*

19 4 4
1 9 4 3
1 9 4 3

5-yr. average Dec. 25-Jan.29 Nov. 28-Dec. 25 Dec 26-Jan. 30 July 1-Jan.29 July 1-Jan. 31 July 1-Jan.29 3,006

381,165 540,637


All figures on basis of now standard case--48 No. 1 cans with 7 oz. per can in the wet pack and 6 oz. per can in the dry pack,

Canned shrimp quotations for wholesale quantities in plain No. 1 standard tins, 1.0.6. point of production, were reported by Gulf Coast packers as follows:

Canned Shrimp Prices--Per Dozer, sans Iten

February 1, 1944** Item




Large Small


Jumbo Medium

2.90 "Maximin prices established by OPA" in MPR-311, effective February 2, 1943 **7 oz. net weight for wet pack and 6 oz. net weight for dry pack,

February 1, 1944** TET PACK DRY PAGA $2.95 $3.05 3.05 3.15




The pilchard, or California sardine, season ended February 15 in the Northern and Central districts of California. Catches in these two districts, centered at San Francisco Bay and Monterey, were substantially higher than a year ago, according to preliminary figures furnished by the California Sardine Products Institute and the California Division of Fish and Game, Fishing for pilchard will continue in the Southern district, centered at San Pedro, until February 29. So far, the

So far, the Southern district has fallen behind last year's production totals,

As of January 29, the catch from all three districts for the season beginning in August totaled 454,566 tons. This compares with 458,903 tons for the same period in the previous season, The catch at San Francisco through January 29 was 125,721 tons as against 115,100 for the previous season; at Monterey, 204,551 as against 157,520; and at San Pedro, 124,294 compared with 186,283.

An innovation near the end of the season in the San Francisco area was the use of Navy blimps to spot schools of fish. Under a plan worked out by 0.E. Sette, OCF area coordinator, with the Navy and Coast Guard, experienced sardine fishermen, now members of the Coast Guard, have instructed crew members of blimps in how to recognize schools of pilchards from the air. The blimps do not make special surveys looking for fish, but crewmen keep a lookout on regular patrol duties. When a school is sighted the size and direction of the school is noted and radioed to port. In one of the first trials of spotting from blimps, a large school was sighted on January 15. Purse seiners hurried to the scene and that night took more than a thousand tons of fish. In less than a week, over 6,000 tons had been caught.

The January landings were considerably in excess of those of January 1943, permitting a sizable enlargement of the pack of canned sardines and the production of meal and oil over the earlier period. With this increase, the 1943-44 season was virtually at a par with the 1942-43 season at the end of January. A gain in the oil production was balanced by a slight reduction in canned sardine pack, while meal production remained virtually identical.





California Sardine Landings, Canned Pack and Byproducts



1944 1943-44 1943 1943-44 1942-43

Jan. 2-29 Nov. 28-Jan, 1 Jan, 1-28 Aug. 1-Jan. 29 Aug.1-Jan, 28 Tons



47,029 454,566 458,903 1b.ovals-48 per case 216,729

274,284 159,971 1,327,428 1,227,021 1 16, talls-48 per case 228,556


1,490,599 1,666,700 1b. Pillet-48 per case


17,106 lb,round-96 per case

5,370 13,099 15,293 77,655 106,910 5 oz.-100 per case



7,344 161,696 Unclassified


8,572 803 64,018 19.257 TOTAL, Std. 1 16.-48 per 465,090 651,507 391,104 2,973,034 3,151,594

January December


Aug, 1-Jan. 31 Aug. l-Jan. 31 Tons

10,572 11,994 8,032 71,200 Gallons

1,092,543 1.747,852 834,423 13,618,835 12,672, 800



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Government war requirements for canned fish during the 1944-45 pack year will be slightly less than during the year ended February 29, the War Food Administration said February 29. Approximately the same quantity of salmon, but less of other types of canned fish will be needed. Government war needs include those of u.s. armed forces, U.S. allies, other friendly nations, U. S. territories and liberated areas. During the period March 1, 1944 through February 28, 1945, canners will be required to set aside for government purchase 60 percent of their pack of each species of salmon, except chum and steelhead, and 45 percent of the pack of pilchards, Atlantic sea herring, Atlantic mackerel and Pacific mackerel. The new percentages effective March 1, are contained in Amendment 2 to Food Distribution Order 4h.

Although there is a 5 percent increase in the war requirements for types of salmon other than chum and steelhead, total war requirements for all salmon during the 1944-45 pack year will be approximately the quantity required in the 1943-44 pack year. The government quota for other types of canned fish specified in the amendment to the order is 45 percent of the pack, or 10 percent less than required from the 1943 pack. After March 1, no shrimp or tuna fish need be reserved for government purchase.

The remaining percentages of the pack may go to non-government agencies as soon as the availability for delivery of quota amounts reserved for government needs has been assured.

During the 1943-44 pack year, government agencies reserved 55 percent of all salmon species, pilchards, Atlantic sea herring, Atlantic mackerel and Pacific mackerel, and shrimp. The remaining amounts went to non-government agencies.

The quota period system has been dropped under the new amendment. The original order authorized packers to set their own quota periods during which the proper amounts were delivered to government and non-government receivers but the order amendment provides a means for concurrent deliveries of government and non-government quotas,

The production of canned fish during the 1944-45 pack year is expected to consist of 5,800,000 cases of salmon and 5,425,000 cases of pilchards, herring and mackerel. The amendment is intended to reserve 3,115,000 cases of salmon and 2,315,000 cases of pilchards, herring and mackerel for government war agencies. The quantities reserved, along with existing inventories, are sufficient to meet government requirements known at this time,

Excerpts from Amendment 2 to FDO-41 follow:



FISH Food Distribution Order No. 44 issued by the Secretary of Agriculture on April 1, 1943, as amended (8 F.R.4227, 8797), is further amended to read as follows:

§ 1465.20 Allocation of 1944 pack of canned fish-(a) Definitions. When used in this order, unless otherwise distinctly expressed or manifestly incompatible with the intent hereof:

(1) The term "canner" means any person who is the first owner of canned fish.

(2) The term "canned fish" means fish which have been packed in the Continental United States or in the Terri. tory of Alaska for commercial purposes in hermetically sealed metal or glass containers and sterilized in the containers by the use of heat.

(3) The term “person" means any individual, partnership, association, business trust, corporation, or any organized group of persons, whether incorporated or not.

(4) The term “pack” means the total amount, by net weight, of canned fish of the respective class of fish designated in (b) (1) hereof, packed during the period from March 1, 1944, to February 28, 1945, inclusive.

(5) The term "Director" means the Director of Food Distribution, War Food Administration,

(6) The term "governmental agency" means the Office of Distribution, War Food Administration, or any other agency or instrumentality of the United States designated by the Director.

(7) The term "delivery to governmental agencies" means the transfer of title of the canned fish to any governmental agency; and such delivery may be evidenced by execution of bini of lading, receipt, or other document acceptable to the Director or the designated governmental agency.

.b) Restrictions on canners. (1) NO may deliver 40 pounds of the same class canner may deliver any part of his pack of canned fish to persons other than of any class of the fish designated herein governmental agencies: Provided, That, packed by the respective canner at any prior to the time of each such tender, the time during the period from March 1, canner has obtained, with respect to the 1944, to February 28, 1945, inclusive, ex- canned fish so tendered, an inspection cept as permitted by the provisions of certificate, issued by an inspection service this order. The fish subject to the pro- approved by the governmental agency to visions of this order are, by classes, as which the tender has been made, which follows:

indicates that the respective quantity of

canned fish so tendered meets all the Class 1. Salmon: Red, sockeye, or blueback specifications set forth in the said can(Oncorhynchus nerka).

ner's contract for the respective class of Class 2. .Salmon: Pink (Oncorhynchus

canned fish so tendered.
Class 3. Salmon: Silver, silverside, me-

(4) For each 45 pounds of canned fish dium red, or coho ¡Oncorhynchus kisutch).

of each class numbered 5 to 8, inclusive, Class 4. Salmon: King, chinook or spring

designated in (b) (1) hereof, which a (Oncorhynchus tschawytscha).

canner has delivered to governmental Class 5. Pilchard (Sardina caerulea) by agencies or for which he has submitted whatever name known, including sardines. to a governmental agency a written Class 6. Atlantic herring (Clupea

tender of delivery in compliance with a harengus) by whatever name known, includ. ing sardines.

written contract between the canner and Class 7. Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scom

such governmental agency, such canner brus).

may deliver 55 pounds of the same class Class 8. Pacific mackerel (Pneumator- of canned fish to persons other than govphorus japonicus diego) and Pacific horse ernmental agencies: Provided, That, mackerel (Trachurus symmetricus).

prior to the time of each such tender, (2) Sixty percent of each canner's the canner has obtained, with respect to pack of canned fish of each class num

the canned fish so tendered, an inspecbered 1 to 4, inclusive, designated in (b)

tion certificate, issued by an inspection (1) hereof, and 45 percent of each can- service approved by the governmental ner's pack of canned fish of each class agency to which the tender has been numbered 5 to 8, inclusive, designated

made, which indicates that the respecin (b) (1) hereof, is hereby established tive quantity of canned fish so tendered as each canner's quota for delivery to meets all the specifications set forth in governmental agencies and no canner the said canner's contract for the respecmay deliver to governmental agencies a

tive class of canned fish so tendered. total quantity of his pack of any such

(5) Notwithstanding the provisions of class of canned fish which is in excess

any food distribution regulation, the of a'quantity equal to such percentage Office of Distribution, War Food Adminof his pack of the respective class of istration, is hereby allocated the quancanned fish, plus 60,000 pounds of such tities prescribed in (b) (2) of this order, class of canned fish.

and is authorized to purchase, for gov(3) For each 60 pounds of canned fish ernmental agencies, those quantities, of each class numbered 1 to 4, inclusive, designated as each canner's quota, and designated in (b) (1) hereof, which a

such other and further quantities as may canner has delivered to governmental

be allocated to it from time to time. agencies or for which he has submitted

(6) The Director may issue specificato a governmental agency a written

tions at any time relative to the packing tender of delivery in compliance with a

of the canned fish, the containers, conwritten contract between the canner and

tainer treatment, can marking, labeling, such governmental agency, such canner

boxing, and strapping in connection

therewith, or he may authorize any gov- audit or inspection of the books, records, would work an exceptional and unreaernmental agency to issue such specifica- and other writings, premises or stocks of sonable hardship on him may apply in tions. Each person subject to the pro- canned fish of any person, and to make writing for relief to the Director, setvisions of this order shall comply with such investigations, as may be necessary ting forth in such petition all pertinent such specifications, issued by the Director or appropriate, in his discretion, to the facts and the nature of the relief sought. or the governmental agency authorized enforcement or administration of the The Director may thereupon take such by the Director to issue such specifica- provisions of this order.

action as he deems appropriate, which tsons, applicable to the canned fish proc- (f) Applicability of order. Any per- action shall be final. essed by such person.

son doing business in one or more of the (1) Communications. All reports re(c) Inspection and grading. All 48 States, the District of Columbia, or quired to be filed hereunder and all comcanned fish subject to the provisions of

the Territory of Alaska, is subject to the munications concerning this order shall, this order shall be subject to inspection

provisions hereof, but the provisions unless instructions to the contrary are and grading at any time by the Director

hereof shall not apply to any person do- issued by the Director, be addressed to or any governmental agency authorized

ing business in any other Territory or the Director of Food Distribution, War by the Director to make such inspection Possession of the United States with re- Food Administration, Washington 25. and grading. spect to such business.

D, C. Ref. FD-44. (d) Records and reports. (1) The Di

(g) Violations. The War Food Ad- (j) Effective date. The provisions of rector shall be entitled to obtain such ministrator may, by suspension order,

this amendment shall become effective information from, and require such reprohibit any person who violates any

at 12:01 a. m., e, w. t., March 1, 1944. ports and the keeping of such records provision of this order from receiving,

With respect to violations, rights acby, any person, as may be necessary or making any deliveries of, or using canned

crued, liabilities incurred, or appeals appropriate, in his discretion, to the en

fish, or any other material subject to taken under Food Distribution Order forcement or administration of the pro

priority or allocation control by the War No. 44, as amended, prior to the effecvisions of this order.

Food Administrator and may recom- tive time of this amendment, all provi(2) Every person subject to this order

mend that any such person be prohibited sions of said Food Distribution Order shall, for at least two years (or for such from receiving, making any deliveries of, No. 44, as amended, in effect prior to period of time as the Director.may desig- or using materials subject to the priority the effective time of this amendment, nate), maintain an accurate record of his

or allocation control of other govern- shall be deemed to remain in full force transactions in canned fish.

ment agencies. In addition, any per- and effect for the purpose of sustaining (3) The record-keeping requirements

son who wilfully violates any provision any proper suit, action, or other proceedof this order have been approved by the

of this order is guilty of a crime and ing with respect to any such violation, Bureau of the Budget in accordance with

may be prosecuted under any and all right, liability, or appeal. the Federal Reports Act of 1942. Subse- applicable laws. Further, civil action

(E.O. 9280, 7 F.R. 10179; E.O. 9322, 8 quent record-keeping or reporting re

may be instituted to enforce any liability quirements will be subject to the approval or duty created by, or to enjoin any vi

F.R. 3807; E.O. 9334, 8 F.R. 5423; E.O. of the Bureau of the Budget pursuant to olation of, any provision of this order.

9392, 8 F.R. 14783) the Federal Reports Act of 1942.

(h) Petition for relief from hardship. Issued this 29th day of February 1944. (e) Audits and inspections. The DiAny person affected by this order who

WILSON COWEN, rector shall be entitled to make such considers that compliance herewith

Assistant War Food Administrator.


The War Production Board on February 29 issued Interpretation 2 to Conservation Order M-81 to implement the intent of the order that only foods designed for human consumption be packed under the provisions of the order. The purpose of the interpretation is to prevent the packing of pet foods in metal cans.


On February 20, the War Food Administration revoked Order FDO-58 which had limited the amount of animal protein, including fish or shellfish, to 8 percent by dry weight of any pet food, and the total protein content of pet foods to 244 percent by dry weight.


The War Manpower Comission in cooperation with the canning industry plans to recruit 500,000 workers this year to make sure that all available food is processed for military and civilian use, Paul V. McNutt, WMC chairman, announced February 3. Mr. McNutt said goals which have been fixed for canned fruits and vegetables will make it necessary to recruit half a million workers, full and part-time, at the height of the food processing season,

"We are submitting our recruiting plans to canners and to our own personnel of the WMC United States Employment Service in 25 States. We will be ready to supply workers when the earliest food processing begins in the spring. These plans will be submitted to the National Canners' Association at the convention which it will hold later this month in Chicago. Last season the USES worked in close cooperation with the canning industry, with 541,928 placements being made in food processing during the first 11 months of 1943. In some cases, workers were placed in more than one canning job during the season, so the number of individuals for whom employment was found was less than the placement total. At the height of the canning season of 1943 about 500,000 persons were employed in food processing. With larger goals of canned goods fixed for this year we shall need a greater number of workers at the height of the season. We propose to find those workers and to make sure that this year, as last, there is no wasting of food because manpower can not be supplied for the processors," Mr. McNutt said,


Iceland Matjes and Headless herring were placed under dollars-and-cents ceilings by the OPA February 16, in an action (Maximum Price Regulation No.512--Iceland Herring--effective February 21 ) which irons out the price differentials previously existing among importerwholesalers of these products. This leveling-out of prices prevailing prior to the new regulation has been determined by averaging out the March 1942 ceiling prices. While this action will be of value to the importer-wholesaler who has been operating under a low maximum selling price, prices to the consuming public will not be affected.

The March 1942 ceilings showed sufficient uniformity to permit OPA to establish a reliable average, The normal differentials between the 250-pound barrel and the 125-pound barrel, have been preserved in the new regulation.

On service and delivery sales to retailers the OPA has taken the average differential of $4.50 per barrel and arrived at the ceiling prices by adding this to the ceiling barrel prices, and by the addition of $2.25 to the ceiling on the half barrel. In addition, the OPA has established prices for cash and carry sales to retailers by importer-wholesalers. Though few of these sales ordinarily take place it wes deemed advisable to establish prices for this type of sale. Excerpts from the regulation follow:


HERRING ARTICLE 1-EXPLANATION OF THIS REGULATION Sec. 1. What this regulation does. 2. Relation to other regulations. 3. Applicability of this regulation.

ARTICLE II---PRICES AND PRICING METHODS 4. Maximum prices for Iceland herring. 5. Notification of new maximum price. ARTICLE 11-RECORD KARING REQUIREMENTS

AND COMPLIANCE Sec. 6. Records and reporte. 7. Prohibition against selling or buying

above maximum prices. 8. Evasion. 9. Enforcement. 10. Licensing.

11. Petitions for amendment.
12. Adjustable pricing.
13. Definitions.

SECTION 1. What this regulation does.
This regulation fixes maximum prices for
sales of Iceland herring by importers.

SEC. 2. Relation to other regulations. The provisions of this regulation supersede the provisions in the General Maximum Price Regulation' and Maximum Price Regulation No. 421 with respect to sales of Iceland herring by importers. Maximum Price Regulation No. 421 now applies only to sales of Iceland herring by wholesalers who are not importers.

Sec. 3. Applicability of this regulation. The provisions of this regulation shall not be applicable to sales or deliveries of Iceland herring to a purchaser, if prior to February 21, 1944, such Iceland herring have been received by a carrier other than a carrier owned or controlled by the seller for shipment to such purchaser. ARTICLE II-_PRICES AND PRICING BAKTHODS

SEC. 4. Maximum prices for Iceland herring. (a) The maximum prices for sales of Iceland herring by an importer are set out below. Except for service and delivery sales to retailers or purveyors of meals the prices are f. o. b. the seller's Warehouse. The prices for service and delivery sales are prices for sales to retailers and purveyors of meals on a delivered basis to the customers' usual re

ceiving point. The maximum prices are gross prices and the seller shall deduct therefrom his customary allowances, discounts and differentials to purchasers of different classes. An importer may add the actual cost of transportation from the port of entry to the importer's warehouse where his warehouse is not at that port. In no case may the rate exceed the carload rail freight rate.

(b) Containers. For container sizes not listed in paragraph (a) the price shall be a price determined by the Ofice of Price Administration. Such determination shall be made upon written request addressed to the Office of Price Administration, Washington, D. C. and accompanied by a sworn statement showing costs and usual differentials.

Sec. 5. Notification of new maximum price. With the first delivery after February 20, 1944, of any item for which & price is determined pursuant to this regulation, the seller determining his maximum prices under this regulation shall supply each wholesaler and retailer who purchases from him with the following written notice:

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Sales to persons Sales to retailers or

other than purI tem

purveyors of meals veyors of meals Service and T Cash and or retailers

delivery carry Matjes herring: (a) Berrels--containing 250 lbs, of herring



$36.25 (b) Half-barrels--containing 125 lbs. of berring


20.00 19.25 Headless herring: Barrels--containing 250 lbs, of herring



34.50 (b) Half-barrels--containing 125 lbs. of herring



18, 25 NOTICE TO WHOLESALERS AND RETAILERS made a purchase within that time, each have been removed without splitting Our OPA celling price for (describe item seller shall include in each receptacle (gibbed) and which has then been lightly by kind, variety, grade and container, type containing the item, the written notice salted (mild cured). and size) has been changed by the Ofice of set forth above, or securely attach it to

“Purveyor of meals" means a person Price Administration. We are authorized to the outside. However, for sales direct to

supplying meals for a consideration. inform you that if you are a wholesaler or

any retailer, the seller may supply the retailer pricing this item under Maximum

"Retailer” means a person who sells notice by attaching it to, or stating it on, Price Regulation No. 421, 422 or 423, you must

for the most part to the ultimate conthe invoice covering the shipment, in

sumer and who is not a commercial, inrefigure your ceiling price for this item on the

stead of providing it with the goods. first delivery of it to you from your customary

dustrial or institutional user.

SEC. 13. Definitions. When used in type of supplier containing this notification

“Wholesaler” means a person, the this maximum price regulation the term: after February 20, 1944. . You must refigure

larger part of whose business is the pur

"Headless herring" means Iceland her. your celling price following the rules in gec

chase of food products for resale and the ring which has been beheaded and evistion 6 of Maximum Price Regulation No. 421, cerated and then lightly salted.

distribution from his warehouse without 422, or 423 whichever is applicable to you.

“Iceland herring” means Atlantic sea

materially changing the form of such For a period of 60 days after determin

food products to independent retail stores herring which has been processed in and ing the new maximum price for the item, shipped from Iceland.

cr to commercial, industrial or instituand with the first shipment after the 60

“Importer” means any person who is

tional users. day period to each person who has not

Unless the context otherwise requires, the ultimate consignee in the United 18 F.R. 3096, 3849, 4347, 4486, 4724, 4978, States of Iceland herring.

the definitions set forth in section 302 of 4848, 6047, 6962, 8511, 0026, 9991, 11955.

"Matjes herring” means Iceland her

the Emergency Price Control Act of 1942 ring from which the gills and viscera

shall apply to other terms used herein.

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