Billeder på siden
PDF
ePub

These levels of imports probably will

pounds went to France, Belgium, Holland, and Italy. not be reached in 1945, however,

No major increases in world export supplies can be expected until the Far Eastern sources of coconut, palm, soybean, and tung oils are again open to the Western nations. The prewar level of net exports of fats and oils from areas now controlled by Japan and from the Philippines was about 3-1/3 billion pounds annually.

Available World Supplies to Increase--During the next several years, world supplies of fats and oils will be augmented by resumption of exports from the Far East, which in pre-war years averaged about 3-1/3 billion pounds (net) annually. Expansion of whaling activities in the Antarctic to the pre-war level would add another billion pounds annually to world supplies. Additional supplies of oilseeds in Argentina will be available when more fuel can be shipped to that area. The 1934-38 average of net exports of whale oil from surplus-producing areas was approximately 1.0 billion pounds.

Peak demand for fats and oils to be supplied from the United States may be reached in 1945. By 1946, world supplies may be materially increased by exports from the Far East, by expanded production of whale oil, and by greater availability of supplies in South America. Table GooFactory and Warehouse Stocks of Specified Fats and Oils, Crude Basis,

August 31, 1942-44, June 30 and July 31, 1944

(Expressed in Millions of Pounds) Items grouped by

Aug, 31. Aug. 31

19 4 4 major use

1942 1943 June 30 July 31 Aug. 31 Fish oil .................

118.4 92.2

85.5
102.1

109.1 · Marine animal oil .....

41.0 55.7 53.3 51.7 Cod and cod-liver oil ............................

12.6 13.7

11.9

12,7 Other fish-liver oil ......

2.7

2.4 2.5 3.3 Grand Total for all Fats and Oils ....... ..... | 1,914.5 11,933.8 2,709.6 | 2,638.4 / 2,459.9

44.5

12.4

1.9

[ocr errors]

Most Fats and Oils Prices Continue at Ceilings--Sardine and menhaden oils were sold in October, as a month earlier, at moderate discounts under ceilings. Sales of crude menhaden oil were reported in mid-October at 8.25 cents per pound, 1.0.6. plant, Chesapeake Bay area, compared with the ceiling of 8.9 cents per pound. On the Pacific Coast, a large volume of crude sardine oil in tank cars was sold at 62 cents per gallon (equivalent to about 8.3 cents per pound) compared with the ceiling of 66.75 cents per gallon.

Foreign Fishery Trade

USCC WILL HELP U. S. POST-WAR FOREIGN TRADE

In the transition period, while the difficult adjustments from war to peace are being made, the United States Commercial Corporation will act as an aide and partner of private trade, according to a statement in the October 31 Trade Relations Supplement to the current Esport Bulletin. In the newly liberated countries, while trade and commerce are too disorganized to operate other than through a central agency, USCC can act where it is virtually impossible for private trade to deal.

In the war theaters, USCC has acted and will continue to act as agent for the military services in the handling and disposition of commodities which are acquired as an incident to occupation. In the procurement and distribution of its purchases, it will continue to use the services of private business. USCC is now distributing all non-strategic imports through members of the import trade on the basis of their pre-war importations from the particular area.

FEA PLANS FOR V-E DAY

Since WPB Chairman Krug's announcement of the War Production Board's Demobilization of Controls after Victory in Europe, the Foreign Economic Administration has been busy reviewing with WPB the coordination of the relaxation of domestic controls with export activities, according to the October 31 Trade Relations Supplement to the Current Export Bulletin.

Summation of the plan a's it affects exporters reveals the following:

1. For commodities in extremely short supply, the existing allocation and distribution

controls will be retained,
2. Commodities essential for the war activities of our Allies in the Pacific theater

will be eligible for the military M rating.
3. Export obligations of the U. S. Government, including supplies for the war-supporting

activities of our Allies and essential rehabilitation, may receive military rating

assistance if exceptional urgency is established.
4. All other essential exports are eligible for expediting assistance by means of WPB

Directives to individual manufacturers.
5. In general, except for the cases described above, supply assistance will not be

available to aid procurement for export.

Statistical Summaries

$14,241,000 IN FISHERY PRODUCTS SPENT BY WFA IN SEPTEMBER

Canned salmon and dry-salted fish were the main items in September purchases of fishery products by the War Food Administration, reports published by that agency indicate. During the month, $14,241,084 was spent on fishery products, bringing the total for 1944 through September to $35,407,322.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Dollars

27,093

[ocr errors]

Purchases of Fishery Products by W.F.A.
September 1944

January 1-September 30, 1944
Commodity

Unit
Quantity
F.O.B. Cost 1 Quantity

F.0.B. Cost FISH

Dollars Herring, canned Cases 27,639 116,844 56,733

282,835 Mackerel,

122,298
667,377 194,024

1,290,507 Pilchards,

219,099

936,988
696,110

2,944,198 Salmon,

711,063

7,867,625
1,324,048

14,418,968 Shrimp,

102,324 Sardines,

247,133

1,110,625
1,094,646

4,958,007 Squid,

71,500

297,950 Tuna and tunalike fishes,

1,358 Fish, ground,

87,000 Total ....

1,527,232 10,699,459 3,534,405 Fish, dry-salted Pounds 16,755,000

2,435,339 | 25,531,070 ", pickled

19,188

1,295 | 17,720,686 ", smoked

3,414,258 ", dehydrated

224,000 Total

2,436,634 T 46,890,014

5,822,169 BYPRODUCTS Fish meal.

2,280,000
84,735 3,000,000

113,897 Oyster shell flour

2,730 Oyster shell grits

600,000

2,400 To tal ...........

84,735 T 4,380,000

119,027 VITAMINS Vitamin A fish-liver oil M Units 13.473.395 1,020,256 | 17,480,049

4,940,129 Grand Total ...

14,241,0841

35,407,322

3,833,350

16,774,188

780,000

2,280,000

[ocr errors]

O

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

.

.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

Although average wholesale and retail prices for foods fell 2.2 percent and 0.5 percent during the month ending in mid-September, the retail prices of fresh and frozen fish continued to rise, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the Department of Labor. A small decrease in canned salmon averages at retail reflected another slight drop in consumer prices for this commodity.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

CONTENTS, CONTINUED
FROZEN FISH TRADE (Continued)

Amdt. 22 to MPR-364 effective October 3 ...............................
Amdt. 23 to MPR-364 effective October 25

...................................
Amdt. 24 to MPR-364 effective October 18
CANNED AND CURED FISH TRADE

Nine-month tuna and mackerel packs greater than 1943 .....
Gulf canners pack 126,000 cases of shrimp during September .....
September pilchard pack 35 percent below 1943 .............
Nearly complete Alaska salmon pack to tals 4,838,000 cases ...
Canned oyster inspection regulations amended ..........
Control of fill of canned oyster containers proposed ......
Amdt. 2 to MPR-448 made effective October 23 .........
OPA amends order restricting sugar for fish curing ......
Salmon industry asked to move salmon early .................
WFA amends canned salmon specifications ....................
WFA amends canned pilchard specifications on October 19 ..........

Canned Pacific mackerel specifications amended September 22 .......
BYPRODUCTS TRADE

WPB Order M-373 enlarged ....
Order governing use of Vitamin A in feed terminated
Liver oil of unborn soupfin pups analysed
WFA amends orders governing uses of fats and oils ....

Fats and oils situation forecast by USDA .
FOREIGN FISHERY TRADE
. USCC will help U. S. post-war foreign trade ......

FEA plans for V-E day ........ STATISTICAL SUMMARIES

$14,241,000 in fishery products spent by WFA in September ................ Wholesale and retail prices ................................................ Trends of fishery trade .

... Inside back cover Fishery trade indicators ...................................................... Outside back cover

INDEX TO FEDERAL ORDERS, PURCHASES, AND REGULATIONS

Agriculture Departmento-Fats and oils situation forecast .........
Food and Drug Administration
Canned oyster inspection regulations amended .....

.............................
Control of fill of canned oyster containers proposed ..............................
Foreign Economic Administration--Plans for V-E day .
Navy Department--U. S. relay radio stations instructed to relay fish reports .....
OCF--Fish supplies analyzed .....

Consultants and coordinators discuss problems of war and peace ..........
Pilchard Directions P-10 to P-14 effective September 17 .....
Pilchard Direction P-15 effective October 25

INDEX TO FEDERAL ORDERS, PURCHASES, AND REGULATIONS (Continued)

............................................

OPA--Outlines pricing objectives for the reconversion period .............

Pacific office sets retail margins for fresh fish sold in west ..
New England fresh fish prices unchanged for winter .......
Amdt. 6 to MPR-507 effective October 26 ...
Amd t. 36 to MPR-418 effective October 2...
Amdt. 37 to MPR-418 effective October 23
Regional office adds definitions to fresh fish order ....
Amdt. 21 to MPR-364 effective October 3..
And t. 22 to MPR-364 effective October 3..
And t. 23 to MPR-364 effective October 25
Amdt. 24 to MPR-364 effective October 18

............................................. Amdt. 2 to MPR-448 made effective October 23 ...........

Amends order restricting sugar for fish curing .......
United States Commercial Corporation--Will help U. S. post-war foreign trade .........
WFA---And Fish and Wildlife Service begin fish sales campaign ...................................

Explains position on sales of U. S. food stocks ...............................................
Allocates freezer space

........................................................
Salmon industry asked to move salmon early ..................
Amends canned salmon specifications .......
Amends canned pilchard specifications on October 19 ....
Canned Pacific mackerel specifications amended September 22
Order governing use of vitamin A in feed terminated ......
Amends orders governing uses of fats and oils ............

$14,241,000 in fishery products spent in September ....... WMC--Facilitates employment of war veterans ................. WPB-Non-commercial fishing tackle limitations removed .......

Order M-373 enlarged .........................................................................

FISH AND SHELLFISH OF THE SOUTH ATLANTIC AND GULF COASTS

A 45-page handbook of information on the salt-water fisheries of the southern coast from Cape Hatteras to the Mexican border, has just been issued by the Office of the Coordinator of Fisheries.

The new bulletin is an account of the fishery resources of the entire
southern coast and contains information on approximately 25 different kinds
of fish, mollusks, and crustaceans that are important products of the South-
ern States. Interesting facts on the babits of the fishes, their food value,
the methods of marketing, and the development of the fisheries, are included
in this booklet, which should be useful to anyone associated with the fish-
ing industry.

The bulletin is the third of a series of regional booklets on the fisheries written by Rachel L. Carson, a biologist of the Fish and Wildlife Service. Already published are "Fish and Shellfish of New England" (Conservation Bulletin 33), and "Tishes of the Middle West" (Conservation Bulletin 34).

"Fish and Shellfish of the South Atlantic and Gulf Coasts" is known as Conservation Bulletin 37, and may be obtained from the Superintendent of Documents, Washington 25, D. C., for 10 cents, or on request from members of Congress,

1.06352

Compositor--Jean Zalevsky

TRENDS OF FISHERY TRADE

IN MILLIONS OF POUNDS OR CENTS PER POUND VESSEL LANDINGS - BOSTON, GLOUCESTER & PORTLAND

RECEIPTS OF FRESH & FROZEN FISH - CHICAGO ALL FRESH FISH

WHOLESALE MARKET

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]
« ForrigeFortsæt »