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1689. and indeed he was the first Man in the Exchequ:
that ftruck the fatal Blow in all Causes, where that English were concern'd.
The Supream Courts being thus fill'd up, it wa Dr. King, but reasonable all other Courts should keep pa: Bishop of with them. In the Year 1687, there was not a London Protestant Sheriff in the whole Kingdom, excep: Derry, his one ; and he put in by Mistake for another of th: State of fame Name that was a Papift. Some few Proteftans Ireland un
were continued in the Commillion of the Peace der king but they were rendred useless and Infignificant
being overpower'd in everything by the grea Number of Roman Catholicks join'd in Commill: on with them; and those for the most part of th: very Scum of the People ; and a great many whol Fathers had been Executed for Theft, Robbery and Murder.
The great Barrier of the Peoples Liberties both in i England and Ireland, being their Right to chule their own Representatives in Parliament, the Prot: ftants in Ireland finding a Neceflity of securing this ! Right in their owu Hands, had procur'd man Corporations to be founded, and had Built triny Corporate Towns at their own Charges; from all which the Papilts were by their Charters excluded. This Barrier was broken through, by diffolving all the Corporations in the Kingdom, which was effected either by Tyrconnel's Promisos and Threats, and the Wheedling Infinuations of Elis his Secretary, or where both fuild, by the Infallible Mans of Quo-Warranto's brought into the Exchequeer Court; and that without the least Shai dow of Law. Hereupon new Charters were granted, and filld up chiefly with Papists, and Men of Desperate or no Fortunes : And a Clause was inserted in every one of them, which subjected them to the absolute will of the King, by which it was put in the Power of the Chief Governour to turn out and put in whom he pleas'd.
The next Work was to agree upon a Model for the Men. This Debate was strongly canvassd feveral ways; and that which chiefly puzzled them, was that the King would have nothing of
this transacted at Court, for fear of meeting with 1687.
And now the Irish Papists being supported by a
not one that was not a
1687. Traytor, or Rebel, and a Villain. It would en. wgage me to transcribe whole Volumes, if I should
atteinpt to relate all the Outrages that were offerd to the Protestants under this Popish Administration; and therefore I will only mention the following Particulars. The Prietts began to declare openly, tha
: Severities the Tythes belong'd to them, and forbad their Peoagain;t the Protestant
ple, under the Pain of Damnation, to pay them to Clergy in
the Protestant Incumbents. This pait afterwards Ireland.
into an Act of Parliament, by which not only all
, Chara&ter that the vigorous Oppolition the King had met of King the last Sellions of Parliament, in his Design
of James's setting up a dispenting Power, and eltablishing PoMinisters. pery, would have been sufficient to deter him from
that Dangerous, not to say Chimerical, Attempt. And indeed it is not poisible to imagine, that a Prince rather Debonair" and Good-natur'd, than
either Haughty or Cruel, could have fallen into the 1686.
1686. King Charles II. towards the latter end of his
Reign, being influenc'd by his brother and the Popish Faction, begun to lay the Foundation of a Delpotick Government, by making Bargains with Cor
porations, or forcing them by his Quo-Warranto's, d'en Char- to Surrender their old Charters, and receive new TETS, ons from him; wherein, amongst other Reftri
ctions, he referv'd a Power, that if they did not return such Members to represent them in Parliament, as pleas'd him, he would resume the Charters he granted them. He was so well serv’d in this Afair, both by Chief Justice Jeffreys, the Earl of Bath, and several other Zealous Courtiers, that in less than a Year's Time the Principal Cities and Towns of England, such as London, Canterbury, Exeter, Lincoln, Oxford, Colchester, Leicester, Bedford, Durham, Plimouth, Buckingham, Carlisle, Lancaster, &c. either by fáir or forcible Means had submitted to his Pleasure. King James, fince his Advancement to the Throne, had follow'd the fame Method to introduce his Creatures into the House of Commons; but nevertheless he found by the Proceedings of the last Sessions, that the Spirit of Liberty, and a warm Zeal for the Laws and Priviledges of the Nation, were still prevailing in this Parliament. This con
sideration oblig'd him to Prorogue it from time to July 2d, time, till at last he was advis’d to Dissolve* it. In 1687. the mean time, the Lord Jeffreys being made Lord
* High Chancellor of England, in the Room of the The King
Lord Keeper North, (who died when Jeffreys Jets up a
was at his Campaign in the West) things were Dispencing carried on towards Popery, and absolute Monarchy, Power. with all the Diligence and Heats Imaginable. To
this End, His Majesty interrogated the old Judges, and before he would make any new ones, would enter into a Bargain with them, and engage 'em to set up his Power of dispensing with the Penal Laws and Tests. The first Man the King attempted to persuade, was Sir Thom. Jones, who boggled very much at it, and at last told the King plainly, He could not do it ; the King answer'd, He would have tzvelve Judges of bis Opinion : To which Sir Thomas