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cally communicating their full powers places, which belonged to them before to each other, have agreed upon the the commencement of such hoftilities : following articles.

For which end, if his Pruffian Majesty Article 1. There thall be a per. fhould happen to be attacked, his Ma. petual, firm, and unalterable friend. jesty the King of Great Britain shall fure ihip, defensive alliance, and strict and nith his Majesty the King of Prussia a inviolable union, together with an in- fuccour of fixtecn thousand infantry, and timate and perfect harmony and cor. four thousand cavalry; and if his Britanrefpondence between the said moft nic Majesty thould happen to be at. Serene Kings of Great Britain and tacked, his Majesty the King of Pruffia, Pruília, their heirs and fuccellors, and shall likewise furnish to him a succour their respective kingdoms, dominions, of sixteen thousand infantry, and four provinces, countries, and subjects, thoutand cavalry; which respective suc. which thall be carefully maintained cours shall be furnished in the space of and cultivated ; so that the contracting two months after requisition made by powers Mall constantly employ, as well the party attacked; and thall remain at their wmost attention, as also those his disposal during the whole continuameans which Providence has put in tion of the war in which he shall be entheir power, for preserving at the same gaged. These fuccours shall be paid time the public tranquillity and security, and maintained by the required power, for maintaining their common interests, wherever his ally Mall employ them? and for their mutual defence and gua- but the requiring party hall supply rantee against every hostile attack; the them, in his cloninions, with luch whole in conformity to the treaties al- bread and forage as may be necessary, ready subfifting between the high con, upon the footing to which his own trading parties, which thall remain in troops are accufiomed. full force and vigour, and shall he It is nevertheless agreed between the deemed to be renewed by the present high contracting parties, that if his treaty, as far as the same shall not be Britannic Majesty ihould be in the case derogated from, with their own con- of receiving the fuccour in troops from sent, by posterior treaties, or by the his Pruffian Majelty, his Britannic present treaty.

Majesty thall not employ them out of Article 11. In consequence of the Europe, nor even in the garrison of Gia engagement contracted by the preced- braltar. ing article, the two high contrating

If the injured and requiring pårty parties shall always act in concert for should prefer fuccours in money to the maintenance of peace and tranquil. land forces, he thall have his choicc; lity; and in case either of them thould and in case of the two high contracting be threatened with a hostile attack by parties furnishing to each other the fiany power whatever, the other thall pulated succours in money, such fucemploy his most efficacious good offices cours diall be computed at one hundred for preventing hoftilities, for procuring thousand florins, Dutch currency, per fatisfaction to the injured party, and annum, for one thousand infantry, and for effecting an accommodation in a at one hundred and civenty thousand conciliatory manner.

forins, of the like value, for one thoni. Article Ill. But if those good offices fand cavalry, per annum; or in the should not have the desired effect, in fame proportion by the month. the space of two months, and either of Article IV. In case the ftipulated the two high contracting parties should succours should not be sufficient for the be hoftilely attacked, molested, or dif- defence of the requiring power, the returbed in any of his dominions, rights, quired power thall augment them, ac. possessions, or interests, or in any man- cording to the exigence of the cale ; ner whatever, by fea or land, by any and Mall atlift the former with bis whole European power, the other contra&ting force, if circumstances fall render it party engages to fuccour his ally withe necesary. out delay, in order to maintain each Article V. The high contracting parother reciprocally in the possession of all ties hereby renew, in the most express the dominions, territories, towns, and terms, the provibunal treaty of desene

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ment of this realm, during the con. induces me for a few days to delar gira
tinuation of his Majesty's present in- ing a final answer ; trusting, the be
disposition, and no longer, and under joyful event of his Majefty's seluain,
the style and title of Prince Regent of the personal exercise of his Royal &
Ireland, in the name, and on the be- thority, may then reader iz only need
half of his Majesty, to exercise and ad- sary for me to repeat those feminen
sinister according to the laws and of gratitude and affection for the love
constitution of this kingdom, all regal and generous people of Ireland, which
powers, jurisdictions and prerogatives I feel indelibly imprinted on my bear
to the Crown and Government thereof
belonging.

SPEECH
W. WATTS GAYER, Cler.
EDWARD GAYER, Parliament.

OF THE MARQUIS OF BUCKIN.

'HAM, ON REFUSING TO TRANS E. COOKE, Cler. Parl. Dom. Com.

MIT THE PRECEDING ADDRES. THE PRINCE'S ANSWER.

My Lords and Gentlemen,

UNDER the impreflions which i My Lords and Gentlemen, 1'.

feel of my official duty, and of the cand The Address from the Lords Spiri which I have taken as Chief Goren tual and Temporal, and Commons of of Ireland, I am obliged to decine Ireland, which you have presented to tranfmitting this Address into Ge me, demands my warmest and earliest Britain. thanks.

For I cannot consider myself in If any thing could add to the esteem ranted to lay before the Prince and affection I have for the people of Wales an address, purporting to inte Ireland, it would be the loyal and af- his Royal Highness with powers : fectionate attachment to the person and take upon him the government government of the King my father, realm, before he tall be enabled by manifested in the Address of the two law so to do. Houses. What they have done, and their

TREATY manner of doing it, is a new proof of

OP DEFENSIVE ALLIANCE BETWEEN their undiminished duty to his Majesty,

THE BRITISH KING AND HIS MA* of their uniform attachment to the

JESTY OF PRUSSIA. House of Brunswick, and of their conftant care and attention to maintain in. THEIR Majesties the King of violate the concord and connection be- Great Britain, and the King of Pruga tween the kingdoms of Great Britain being animated with a hocere are and Ireland, so indispensably necessary equal desire to improve and cobsolidate to the prosperity, the happiness, and the strict union and friendship, which liberties of both.

-having been transmitted to them by If in conveying my grateful senti. their ancestors, so happily subáit be ments on their conduct, in relation to tween them, and to concert the Dell the King my father, and to the in- proper measures for securing their wyseparable interests of the two kingdoms, tual interests, and the general tranquil I find it impossible adequately to ex: lity of Europe, have resolved to renew press my feelings on what relates to and Atrengthen those ties by a treats of myself; I trust you will not be the less Defensive Alliance; and they have disposed to believe, that I have an une authorised for this purpose

, (10 mit derstanding to comprehend the value of his Majesty the King of Great Britait

, what they have done, a heart that must the Sieur Joseph Ewart, his Enver remember, and principles that will not Extraordinary at the Court of Berlin fuffer me to abuse their confidence. and his Majesty the King of Pruffia

, But the fortunate change which has the Sieur Ewald Frederic Compte de taken place in the circumstances which Hertsberg, his Minister of State, and of gave occasion to the address agreed to the Cabinet, Knight of the Order of by the Lords and Commons of Ireland, the Black Eagle; who, after recipro

.

cally

ally communicating their full powers places, which belonged to them before

each other, have agreed upon the the commencement of such hoftilities : ollowing articles.

For which end, if his Pruffian Majesty Article I. There hall be a per- fhould happen to be attacked, his Ma. etual, firm, and unalterable friend. jesty the King of Great Britain shall furs aip, defensive alliance, and strict and nith his Majesty the King of Pruffia a

aviolable union, together with an in- fuccour of fixten thousand infantry, and * mate and perfect harmony and cor- fourthousand cavalry; and if his Bricanelpendence between the said most nic Majetty flould happen to be ato erene Kings of Great Britain and tacked, his Majesty the King of Prussia, rullia, their heirs and fucceflors, and shall likewise furnish to him a succour heir respective kingdoms, dominions, of fixteen thousand infantry, and four rovinces, countries, and subjects, thousand cavalry; which respective fucvhich hall be carefully maintained cours fall be furnished in the space of nd cultivated; so that the contracting two months after requisition made by owers shall.constantly employ, as well the party attacked ; and thall remain at heir utmost attention, as also those his dilposal during the whole continua neans which Providence has put in tion of the war in which he hall be enheir power, for preserving at the same gaged. These fuccours shall be paid ime the public tranquillity and security, and maintained by the required power, for maintaining their common interests, wherever his ally Niall employ them : ind for their mutual defence and gua- but the requiring party ihall supply antee against every hostile attack; the them, in his dominions, 'with luch vhole in conformity to the treaties al bread and forage as may be necessary, ready subsisting between the high con upon the footing to which his own raating parties, which hall remain in troops are accustomed. Full force and vigour, and shall he It is neverthelcís agreed between the deemed to be renewed by the present high contracting parties, that if his treaty, as far as the fame mall not be Britannic Majelty ihould be in the case derogated from, with their own con of receiving the fuccour in troops

from sent, by posterior treaties, or by the his Pruffian Majesty, his Britannic present treaty.

Majesty thall not employ them out of Article 11. In consequence of the Europe, nor even in the garrison of Gia engagement contracted by the preced- braltar. ing article, the two high contracting

If the injured and requiring pårty parties shall always act in concert for should prefer fuccours in money to the maintenance of peace and tranquil. land forces, he thall have his choice; lity, and in case either of them should and in case of the two high contracting be threatened with a hostile attack by parties furnishing to each other the fin any power whatever, the other shall pulated succours in money, such fucemploy his most efficacious good offices cours Ball be computed at one hundred for preventing hostilities, for procuring thousand florins, Dutch currency, per fatisfaction to the injured party, and annum, for one thousand infantry, and for effecting an accommodation in a at one hundred and tirenty thousand conciliatory manner.

forins, of the like value, for one thoni. Article Ill. But if those good offices fand cavalry, per annum; or in the should not have the desired effect, in same proportion by the month. the space of two months, and either of Article iv. In case the ftipulated the two high contracting parties (hould succours should not be sufficient for the be hoftilely attacked, molested, or dif- defence of the requiring power, the returbed in any of his dominions, rights, quired power fall augment them, acpossessions, or interelts, or in any man- cording to the exigence of the cale ; ner whatever, by fea or land, by any and Mall afsift the former with his whole European power, the other contracting force, if circumstances fall render it party engages to fuccour his ally witho necessary. out delay, in order to maintain each Article V. The high contracting parother reciprocally in the possession of all ties hereby renew, in ihe most express the dominions, territories, towns, and terms, the provibunal treaty of defcn.

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CLOSING

five alliance which they concluded at exchanged in the space of six wecks or Loo, on the s3th of June in the pre. sooner, if it can be done. sent year; and they again engage and In witness whereof, we the under. promise to act, at all times, in concert, written, being authorifed by the fu. and with mutual confidence, for main- powers of their Majeffies the Kings of taining the security, independance, and Great Britain and of Pruffia, have, is government of the Republic of the their names, signed the prefeat treaty, United Provinces, conformably to the and have thereto let the feals of our us. engagements which they have lately Done at Berlin, the thiricenth of contracted with the said Republic; that Augut, in the ycar of our Lord is to fay, his Britannic Majesty, by a one thousand feven bundred ad treaty concluded at the Hague, on the eighty-eight, Igth of April 1788, and his Prussian (L.S.) JOSEPR EWART. Majesty, by a treaty signed the fame (LS.) EWALD FREDERIC day at Berlin, which the said high con

COMTE DE HERTZBERG. tracting parties have communicated to each other.

SPEECH And if it shall happen that, by vir.

OF THE LORD CHANCELLOR, es tue of the ftipulations of the said trea.

THE PARLIAMENT, ties, the high contracting parties should

AUGUST 11, 1789. be obliged to augment the succours to be given to the States General, above

My Lords and Gentlemen, the numbers specified in the said trea

WE have it in command from his ties, or to aflilt them with their whole Majesty, to express to you the satisfacforce, the said high contracting parties tion with which his Majesty has cowill concert together upon all that may

served the continued proofs, which be necessary relative to such augmen. have given, during the present Sellica, tation of succours to be agreed on, and of your uniform attention to the publik to the employment of their respective business, and of your zealous concers forces for the security and defence of for the honour and interests of bis the said Republic.

crown, and the welfare and prosperity : In case either of the said high con

of his people. tracting parties should, at any time Gentlemen of the House of Comeos hereafter, be attacked, molested, or dif His Majesty has particularly direaled turbed, in any of his dominions, rights, us to return you his thanks, for the pofseflions or interest, in any manner readiness with which you have granted whatever, by sea or by land, by any other the necessary, fupplies for the several power, in consequence and in hatred of branches of the public service. the articles or ftipulations contained in

My Lords and Gentlemen, the said treaties, or of the measures toʻ

Although the good offices of this be taken by the said contracting par. Majesty, and his Allies, have not bities respectively, in virtue of those trea- therto been effectual for reforing tiz ties, the other contracting party en general tranquillity of Europe, he has gages to succour and assist him against the fatisfaction of seeing that the ferLuch attack, in the same manner, and ther extenfion of hoftilities has been by the fame succours.as are ftipulated prevented, and that the fituation of af. in the third and fourth articles of the fairs continues to promise to this coute present treaty; and the faid.contract try the uninterrupted enjoyment of the ing parties promife, in all similar cafes. bleffings of peace. to maintain

and guarantee each other in the pofleffion of all the dominions,

TRIAL towns, and places, which belonged to

OF MR. HASTINGS, BEFORE THL them respectively, before the commence.

LORDS AND JUDGES, IX WESTment of such hottilities...

MINSTER HALL. Article VI. The present treaty of defenlive alliance Mall be ratified by

IN our History of National Affairs cach party, and the ratification thall be for the year 1788, mention is made,

geacrals,

generally, of the Trial of Mr. Hastings, proceeded ; and although I know not on a charge of High Crimes and Mir. what to make the specific prayer of my demeanours, 'comunitted by him while petition, I do beleech your Lord tips Governor General in the East Indies. to consider what injury my health and The progress of this trial we shall re- my fortune must sustain, if it be your port under the fame head; but perhaps determination that I must wait till it ihe celebrated speech of that gentleman fhall please the justice or the candour of to his judges, will be acceptable in this the Honourable House of Commons, place.

which has impeached me before your Mr. Anftruther having risen to open Lordships, to close this prosecution. the second part of the charge of bribes My Lords, I hope I shall not be again ft Mr. Hastings, before the House thought to deviate from the respect of Lords, in Westminster Hall, on the which I feel, equally, I am sure, with 8th of July: Mr. Hastings, being given any man living, for this High Court, to understand that it could not be heard if I say, that, had a precedent existed this session, rose, and addressed their in England of a man, accused and imLerdships nearly in the following peached as I have been, whose trial had words.

actually been protracted to fuch

a length, My Lords,

or if I had conceived it possible that I find myself unequal to the occa- mine could have been fo protracted, I fion which fo suddenly calls upon me hope your Lordships will pardon me if to fate to your Lordships what I feel I say, I would at once have pleaded of the unexampled hardships of this guilty ; I would not have sustained this trial. I came here to-day utterly un trial; I would have refted my cause and prepared for such an event as that my character, which is much dearer to which I now perceive impending; I me than life, upon that truth which therefore entreat your Lordships in

sooner or later will thew it felf. This, dulgence for a few moments, while I my Lords, I would have done, rather recollect myself.

than have submitted to a trial, which of I must beg you will be pleased to itself has been a punishment a hundred consider the situation in which I stand, times more severe than any punishment and the awe which I must unavoidably your Lord hips could have inflicted feel, in addressing this auguft affembly. upon me, had I pleaded guilty. What I have already, in a petition presented must I not continue to experience by a to your Lordihips in the beginning of life of impeachment ? this year, represented the hard drips and And now, my Lords, I beg leave to grievances, and but a part of the hard- fubmit my case to your Lord thips, well tips and grievances, which I thought knowing, that it it is in your power to I had sustained when only one year of apply a remedy to the hardships which this impeachment had passed. These I have futtained, and to those which I have accumulated, many of them have am yet likely to fuffer, your Lordships proportionably accumulated, with the will do it. I cannot be lo unreasonable time that has fince elapsed; but, in my as to expect that your Lordfhips should fense of them, they have been infinitely waste more of your time in the contiaggravated when I have seen so little nuation of this trial, when the year is done, and so much time expended; fo much advanced, and when, as I besuch a long period confumed, and yet lieve by the custom of Parliament, it not one-tenth part of one single article has been usual for your Lordships to of the twenty which compose the charge, retire from the business of the feffion; brought to a conclufion on the part of I do therefore humbly submit myself the prosecution oply. If five months to your Lordships justice and goodhave been thus consumed, what pe- ness. Yet, if the Honourable Manariod, my Lords, shall I estinate as ne. gers could propofe a short time, such a cessary for the remainder of the im- period as your Lordships could afford, peachment ? My life, in any estimation in order to close this impeachment, of it, will not be sufficient. It is im- which I have been told (perhaps falfely) possible that I hould survive to its was to end with the present article, I closc, if continued as it has hitherto thould be willing in that case even to

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