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but it seems as though our prayers are not heard, though I am still hoping and praying for a better state of things. Every thinking man in our Government have deeply sympathized with you and yours, and are hoping to see a day of peace. As to myself,
ow enjoying excellent health, though my health failed in 1860 from over exertion in traveling and preaching among the natives in the interior, and exposure, which one is c mpelled to encounter who undertakes such work. I was compelled to retire from active service in the church for about two years. Having recovered my health the latter part of 1861; I have again resumed my public labors in the church.
We are gradually incorporating the natives both in Church and State ; they are filling places of magistrates and jurymen in the Government; and in the church, as ministers. At our last anuual conference we received two of our native brethren into full connection as traveling preachers, and they are doing honor to our cause ; each of them are now operating among their own tribes. Thus we see under God the great design of Divine Providence in planting this colony on the western coast of Africa is being accomplished. Not only in our church but in other Christian denominations there are native brethren preaching and teaching, and doing active service in all departments; and to every discerning eye it is apparent that a great revival of the work of God among this people is not far distant. Great improvements are now going on in sugar planting and coffee planting, and in every respect our internal operations are on the improvement.
We are now at peace with all the native tribes by which we are surrounded, and have been for nearly two years, though they continue to war among themselves.
We hear nothing of slavers on our coasts at the present time, and it is to be hoped that this miserable traffic will speedily cease.
It is strange to learn that there are those among our colored friends in the United States up to the present time inquiring in relation to the resources, and the advantages of emigrating to Liberia. After so many years' intercourse to and from this country, and the frequent visits of reliable citizens, I think our brethren ought to be satisfied in the United States, that Liberia is the home of our race. However unwilling they may be to acknowledge this truth, it will be seen in the order of Divine Providence clearly. From a multitude of responsibilities I have written you in haste. I remain your humble servant,
B. R. Wilson.
this chosen path of well-doing. Its members know no such word
“I visited Junk, where there is a steam saw-mill at work, under the skilful superintendence of the owner, B. P. Yates. This mill turns out 1,600 feet of plank, and 2,000 shingles per day. Samples of the different kinds of wood from this mill were presented to the Board by Colonel Yates, and are now in this office. This steam saw-mill is doing a grand work; it opens the eyes of the astonished natives, it attracts them to the settlements, and brings them within the pale of civilization. Feelings of pleasure filled my heart while I viewed the operations of this mill, knowing that it was practically a donation from this Society; and an additional source of gratification was the suggestive fact that the machinery is attended by a Congo youth, who proves himself quite equal to his duty.
“ I visited Cape Palmas; there the most striking objects to me were the Orphan Asylum and St. Mark's Hospital. The Rev. C. C. Hoffman, who is doing a noble work here, kindly conducted me through and about both institutions. The buildings are commodious and substantial. I saw the bed which is supported by our worthy President, John P. Crozer, Esq., the only gentleman in the United States who made a practicable response to the appeal of Mr. Hoffman. If I remember correctly, the patient occupying this room was a female, on whom amputation of a limb had been performed, and who doubtless would have died but for the support and assistance afforded her through the benevolence of our countryman and associate. It will be remembered that our zealous colleague, Dr. Thomas Hodgkin, of London, made similar provision in this beneficient institution. Words are inadequate to describe its usefulness. It is a home, with every necessary for the sick, the wounded, the stranger, and the destitute native-who, (in the language of Mr. Hoffman,) • if he does not understand the preaching the word, cannot shut his eyes to the fact that this is the only place in Africa where the lame are made to walk, the deaf to hear, and the eyes of the blind are opened.'
“ The farmers of Liberia are the active benefactors of their adopted country; they are laboring for the permanence and prosperity of their national institutions; and some systematic plan by which they may be assisted and encouraged would be a blessing to them, and help to secure the durability of the Republic. I am clear in the belief that Liberia will progress only in proportion to the development of her agricultural resources. I have ever thought 80, and now I fully believe it. The successful pursuit of agriculture, as the most general and favorite occupation of the citizens, will inaugurate a cash system, a regular and reliable business in place of that precarious barter and petty trade, which certainly do not, and cannot encourage the strictest honesty.
“ Gold is to be found in the interior, a specimen of which is deposited in this office; but better than gold is the unlimited quantity
of iron in almost a pure state. Coal has not yet been discovered ; however, it is believed to be there. If it is not, then Liberia is the only country where Providence has deposited iron and not coal in juxtaposition. I believe it will be discovered in time.
" Liberia needs our united and continued help, which cannot be refused by those who wish to see the Republic prosperous, and who have faith in the mental and physical ability of the colored man to emerge from a state of degradation, and take a position amongst the most fortunate and enlightened of our species."
AN APPEAL OF THE PENNSYLVANIA COLONIZATION SOCIETY FOR AFRICA.
This Society makes its earnest appeal to all the friends of the great cause it represents, to aid it by contributions on the day of our National Independence. Many Christian hearts will respond to this appeal. If the Fourth of July be found for any reason inconvenient, they may be made on some Sabbath during the month.
The Colonization Society was formed for the benevolent purpose of promoting the intellectual, moral, and spiritual improvement of the colored race. The smiles of a benignant Providence on its labors are obviously becoming more visible with each revolving year. There is now in the middle of the western coast of Africa a self-existing and self-expanding independent Christian Government, whose citizens are exulting in the full fruition of their civil and sacred rights. Twelve thousand colored emigrants from this country, and several hundred thousand native Africans compose the Republic of Liberia; thus making known the capabilities of the race; arresting the infamous slave trade, nurturing morals and education; promoting the cause of Christian missions, and establishing the utility of the great scheme of African Colonization.
All evangelical denominations have solemnly placed upon their official records their strong expectation, under God, that the chief mode of blessing Africa is its Colonization by its distant descendants. Nothing seems more clearly indicated than that this vast continent is not to be redeemed by the direct agency of whites. The bones of devoted Caucassian missionaries are strewed along the coast from the Senegal to the Bight of Benin. It is true that the returned Africans must go through the process of acclimation, but its dangers are very far less with them than with others. Success, too, has attended missionary efforts in proportion as they have been prosecuted by colored persons, and in connexion with organized communities, such as Sierra Leone and Liberia.
Vur colored population sympathizes more than ever with the objects and prospects of our Society. They experience but few
while nominally free; be is still in bondage; for freedom must also be the prerogative of the white, as well as of the black man, and the white man must likewise be left free to form his most intimate social relations; and be is not, and never has been disposed, in this country, to unite himself with a caste, marked by so broad a distinction as exists between the two races. The testimony on these two points of those who have had abundant advantages for observation, has been uniform and conclusive. For the colored man himself, then for his children, Liberia is an open city of refuge. He there may become a freeman not only in name, but a freeman in deed and in truth.
“ Liberia has strong claims upon Christian aid and sympathy. Its present and prospective commercial advantages to our country, will far counterbalance the amount appropriated by private benevolence in planting and aiding the colony and the Republic. Its independence ought to be acknowl. edged by the United States. This, according to the opinion of President Roberts, would not imply the necessity of diplomatic correspondence,
while the moral and political effects would be beneficial to both parties. England, by early acknowledging the independence of Liberia, and cultivating a good understanding with its Government and people, has greatly subserved ber own commercial interest, while responding to the call of British philanthropy."
The volume to which we refer, contains many interesting facts in the craise of the Perry on the African coast, and exhibits the just and earnest activity of her commander against the slave trade, and his interest in whatever appeared to promote success in the colonization and civilization of the Afri
About this time, the Yorktown, Commander Bell, captured the American bark Pons, with 896 slaves on board, which were subsequently landed at Monrovia. The Perry proceeded repeatedly far down the coast, seized and sent home the American slave sbip Martha, subsequently condemned; ascertained much in regard to the slave trade; conferred with British naval officers in regard to the best method for its prevention, and vindicated with all Christian courtesy the rights of the American flag, and the determination of our country that it should not cover with impunity the most odious traffic.
We copy here a few sentences from this work, indicating the just views cherished towards Africa by Admiral Foote:
“Strange and frightful maladies have been engendered by the cruelties perpetrated within the bold of a slaver. If any disease affecting the human constitution were brought there, we may be sure that it would be nursed into mortal vigor in these receptacles of filth, corruption, and despair. Crews have been known to die by the fruit of their own crime, and leave ships almost helpless. They have carried the scourge with them. The coast fever of Africa, bad enough where it has its birth, came in these vessels, and
bas assumed, perhaps, a permanent abode in the western regions of the world. No fairer sky or healthier climate were there on earth than in the beautiful bay, and amid the grand and picturesque scenery of Rio de Janeiro and Brazil. But it became a haunt of slavers, and the dead of Africa floated on the glittering waters, and were tumbled upon the sands of its harbor. The shipping found, in the hot summer of 1849, that death had come with the slavers. Thirty or forty vessels were lying idly at their anchors, for their crews had mostly perished. The pestilence swept along the coast of that empire with fearful malignity.
“Cuba for the same crime met the same retribution. Cargoes of slaves were landed to die, aud brought the source of their mortality ashore, vigorous and deadly. The fever settled there in the beginning of 1853, and came to our country, as summer approached, in merchant vessels from the West Ji dies. At New Orleans, Mobile, and other places it spread desolation, over which the country mourned. Let it be remembered that it is never even safe to disregard crime.
“ Civilized Governments are now very generally united in measures for the suppression of the slave trade. The court of Africa is rapidly closing against it. The American and English colonies secure a vast extent of sea-coast against its revival. Christian missions, at many points, are inculcating the doctrines of Divine truth, which, by its power upon the bearts of men, is the antagonist to such cruel unrigbteousness.
“ The increase of commerce, and the advance of Christian civilization, will undoubtedly, at no distant date, render a naval force for the suppression of the African slave trade unnecessary; but no power having extensive commerce ought ever to overlook the necessity of a naval force on that coast. Tle Secretary of the Navy, it is to be hoped, bas, in bis recent report, settled the question as to the continuance of the African squadron.
A returning of recaptured slaves, instructed and civilized, to the lands which gave them birth, has taken place. Some hundreds passed by Lagos, and were assailed and plundered. Some hundreds passed by Badagry, and were welcomed with kiud treatment. The one occurrence reminded them of African darkness, obduracy and crime; the other of the softening and elevating effects which Christianity strives to introduce. They have gone to establish Christian churches, and have established them there. Such things we are sure have been reported far in the interior, and Christianity now stands contrasted with Mohammedanism, as being the deliverer, while the latter is still the enslaver. The report must also have gone over the whole broad intertropical continent, that Christian nations have joined together for African deliverance; and that for purposes so high the race of Africa has returned from the west, and by imitation of western policy and religion, is establishing a restorative influence on their own shoin.
"There has thus been presented a view of Africa and of its progress, as far as its condition and advancement have had any relation to our country