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The Rural Science Series.


OOKS which state the underlying principles of agriculture in such language that they may

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be read at the home fireside, in the office, at the club or grange, or used as text-books. Each is substantially bound in blue cloth. These books combine the results of the very latest and best science with the best skill of practical farm work and management. Each one is written by a specialist who has attained reputation for long-continued and conscientious work. Each volume is readable, simple, clear-cut, practical, up to date, and thoroughly scientific and reliable. Four volumes. are now ready.

THE SOIL: Its Nature, Relations, and Fundamental
Principles of Management. By F. H.
KING, Professor of Agricultural Physics in the University of
Wisconsin. 303 pages, 45 illustrations.
75 cts.

It comprises an introduction, which discusses the making of soils by natural agencies; and chapters follow on the nature, functions, origin and wasting of soils; texture, composition, and kinds of soils; nitrogen of the soil; capillarity, solution, diffusion, and osmosis; soil water; conservation of soil moisture; distribution of roots in the soil; soil temperature; relation of air to the soil; farm drainage; irrigation; physical effect of tillage and fertilizers. It has received the warmest approbation of teachers and farmers in all parts of the country.

"I consider it a most desirable addition to our agricultural literature, and a distinct advance over previous treatises on the same subject, not only for popular use, but also for students and specialists, who will find many new and useful suggestions therein." E. W. HILGARD, Director of Agricultural Experiment Station, Berkeley, Cal.


the Relationship of Farm-Practice to the Maintaining and Increasing of the Productivity of the Soil. By I. P. ROBERTS, Director of the College of Agriculture, Cornell University. 440 pages; fully illustrated. $1.25


THE SPRAYING OF PLANTS: A Succinct Account of the History, Principles and Practice of the Application of Liquids and Powders to Plants for the Purpose of Destroying Insects and Fungi. By E. G. LODEMAN, late Instructor in Horticulture in the Cornell University. 399

pages, 92 illustrations.


The only complete manual of the spraying of plants, and the standard work upon the subject. The first part is a complete history of the rise of spraying, both in this country and abroad. There are also full illustrated accounts of pumps and nozzles, complete recipes of formulas, and the like. The second part, comprising 135 pages, is an alphabetical illustrated account of the various insects and fungi, with methods of treating them. The book as a whole is not only a complete monograph upon the subject, but a most valuable manual of practice.

"I have looked it carefully over with a great deal of interest, and feel that it is a very timely book, and one that can be safely recommended to all horticulturists and fruit-growers as the best." PRES. H. H. GOODELL, Massachusetts Agricultural College, Amherst, Mass.


A Treatise upon the Nature and

Qualities of Dairy Milk, and the Manufacture of Butter and Cheese. By HENRY H. WING, Assistant Professor of Dairy Husbandry in the Cornell University. 280 pages,

33 illustrations.


This is the only book which adequately covers the whole field of dairying. Its range is indicated by the table of contents: Secretion of Milk; Composition of Milk; Testing of Milk; Ferments and Fermentations of Milk, and their Control; Market Milk; Separation of Cream; Ripening of Cream; Churning; Finishing and Marketing Butter; Milk for Cheese-Making; Cheddar CheeseMaking; Varieties of Cheese; By-Products of the Dairy; Butter and Cheese Factories; Statistics and Economics of the Dairy Industry; Appendix, comprising useful rules and tests, metric system, dairy laws, and references to dairy literature.




This book is designed to treat all those underlying matters of fruit-growing which are common to most or all of the various

The Rural Science Series.


fruits. The author, in preparing a monograph upon the Apple, concluded that it would serve the purpose of his readers better if all the essentials of fruit-growing were placed in a separate and initial volume. He has, therefore, delayed the preparation of the Apple book until the coming winter. "The Principles of FruitGrowing" will be a unique book, and will bring the very best science of the day to join hands with the very best practice. The contents are as follows: Introductory Discussion, comprising an inventory and classification of fruits, the fruit zones, the outlook for fruit-growing; the Location and Its Climate, with a full discussion of frosts; the Tilling of Fruit Lands; the Fertilizing of Lands; the Planting of Orchards; Secondary Care of Orchards ; Why are Orchards Barren? ; Diseases, Insects and Spraying Picking and Packing and Storing Fruits, Shipping, etc.; Phytography and Nomenclature.


* *So long as the demand warrants, new volumes will be added to the RURAL SCIENCE LIBRARY. Definite arrangements have now been completed for the following:

PHYSIOLOGY OF PLANTS. By J. C. ARTHUR, of Purdue University.

GRASSES. By W. H. BREWER, of Yale University.

BUSH FRUITS. By F. W. CARD, of University of Nebraska. PLANT PATHOLOGY. By B. T. GALLOWAY and associates, of United States Department of Agriculture.

SEEDS AND SEED-GROWING. By G. H. HICKS, of United States Department of Agriculture.


FEEDING OF ANIMALS. By W. H. JORDAN, of New York State Experiment Station.

IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE. By F. H. KING, of the University of Wisconsin.

FERTILIZERS. By E. B. VOORHEES, of the New Jersey Experiment Station.


66 Fifth Avenue, NEW YORK.


Edited by PROFESSOR L. H. Bailey.

OMPRISING practical hand-books explaining the methods practiced by the horticulturist. They are tastily bound in green flexible cloth. Four volumes are now ready, all written by PROFESSOR BAILEY, of Cornell University.

PLANT-BREEDING: Being Five Lectures upon the Amelioration of Domes

tic Plants. 293 pages, 20 illustrations.


This is the only book devoted to this subject. It comprises five chapters or lectures: The Fact and Philosophy of Variation; the Philosophy of the Crossing of Plants; How Domestic Varieties Originate; Borrowed Opinions, being translations from the writings of Verlot, Carrière, and Focke; Pollination, or How to Cross Plants. Chapter III. contains the list of fifteen rules for plantbreeding which De Varigny, the eminent French writer, has called "the quindecalogue of the horticulturist," and of which he says, "Solomon-if he had devoted himself to horticulture-could not have judged more soundly than Mr. Bailey." It is the purpose of the book to tell how varieties of cultivated plants come about, and how man may originate them.

"I have read the work on 'Plant-Breeding,' by Professor L. H. Bailey, with keen interest, and find it just what I expected from such a source; viz., a most satisfactory treatise on a subject of most pressing horticultural importance. Professor Bailey combines a breadth of view with knowledge of detail, and produces written work most delightful to the scholar, and at the same time fit to command the respect and correct the practice of the craftsman. I honor Professor Bailey as a leader in the elevation and advancement of horticulture, for which the last quarter of the nineteenth century will be notable in the history of husbandry. I shall earnestly commend the work to my horticultural classes." E. J. WICKSON, Agricultural Experiment Station, Berkeley, Cal.

THE NURSERY-BOOK: A Complete Guide to the Multiplication of Plants. Third edition, thoroughly revised and extended. 365 pages, 152 illustrations. $1.00

This manual, which has been one of the most popular of recent horticultural books, was first published in 1891. In this third edition, all the features of the first two editions have been preserved, and the work has been extended to include many new subjects, such as seed-testing, mutual influence of stock and cion, the question of the devitalizing effects of graftage, the management and fertilizing of nursery lands, the grading of trees, storing of trees, trimming trees in the nursery, the healing of wounds, dwarfing trees, root-grafted vs. budded trees, and a full glossary.


The Garden-Craft Series.


many new and original illustrations have been added. The book comprises full practical directions for seed-sowing, the making of all kinds of layers, stools, cuttings, propagation by bulbs and tubers, and very complete accounts of all the leading kinds of budding, grafting and inarching. Aside from this, The Nursery List is an alphabetical catalogue of about 1,500 plants, - of fruit, kitchen-garden, ornamental and greenhouse species, -with directions for their multiplication. The book is the most complete treatise of its kind in the language, and is the standard reference book of nurserymen.

"This book should be in the home of not only every horticulturist, but of every family, irrespective of occupation, who love flowers or ornamental plants, for it treats of the propagation of these as well as of food-plants."-Michigan Fruit-Grower.



A compendium of useful information for fruit-growers, truck-gardeners, florists, and others. Fourth edition. 312 pages.

75 cts.

This is the standard work of reference for horticulturists, and is now so well known that a detailed description is no longer necessary. The fact that the index contains 2,000 entries shows the great range of its contents. It is heaping full of information upon such matters as recipes for insecticides and fungicides, descriptions (with remedies) of insects and diseases, weeds, lawns, grafting-waxes, seed and planting-tables, tables of yields, rules for greenhouse heating and management, with figures, methods of storing produce, tariff and postal rates, rules of societies for naming and exhibiting specimens, score-cards and scales of points, analyses of fertilizing substances, lists of current horticultural books and journals, with prices and publishers, etc.

THE FORCING-BOOK: A Manual of the Cultivation of Vegetables in Glass $1.00

Houses. 266 pages, 88 illustrations.

A handbook of instructions upon the forcing of vegetables for market, which is the completest work of the kind yet published in this country. It is based on careful experimentation at the Cornell University Station, and a long familiarity with the forcing business. It contains full estimates of the cost of heating forcinghouses and of the labor necessary to run them, with illustrated chapters on the construction of forcing-houses, and their management. Very complete directions are given for the watering, ventilating, shading, and piping of houses; for the control of insects and fungous diseases, the making of forcing-house soils, etc. Then follow detailed instructions as to how to force lettuce, cauli

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