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Paul's thankfulness Philippians.

to God, and PREFATORY REMARKS TO THE EPISTLE OP PAUL TO THE PHILIPPIANS. Philippi was a city of Macedonia, and the first place in Europe, where the apostles abode and preached the Gospel. Here Paul and his companions continued some time, and made many converts, among which were Lydia, a native of Thyatira in Asia, now residing at Philippi for the purpose of commerce; and the jailer who kept the prison into which Paul and Silas were cast.

The converts at Philippi were remarkable for their love and attachment to Paul, and their concern for the progress of the Gospel, as appears by their contributions for the support of the apostles in their ministry and labours.

The Philippians having heard of Paul's imprisonment at Rome, sent Epaphroditus to comfort him, and to supply him with whatever might be necessary to render his confinement as easy as possible. Paul, deeply impressed with a sense of their zeal for his welfare, wrote this Epistle, and sent it by Epaphroditus on his return to Philippi about A. D. 61 or 62, in which he commends them for their faith, and earnest desire for the success of the Gospel informs them with what success he had preached at Rome--that his imprisonment, instead of hindering, had proved beneficial to the Gospel by making it known even in the palace itself-he cautions them against false teachers, and exhorts them to constancy and perseverance in whatever things were true, honest, just, pure, lovely, and of good report.



3 I thank


upon er1 Paul's thankfulness & prayer ery remembrance of you,

to God for them : 21 his 4 Always, in every prayer readiness to suffer.

of mine for you all, making PAUL and Timotheus, the request with joy, servants of Jesus Christ, to all 5 For your fellowship in the saints in Christ Jesus the Gospel, from the first day which are at Philippi, with until now; the bishops and deacons : 6 Being confident of this 2 Grace be unto you, and

very thing, that he which peace, from God our Father, hath begun a good work in and from the Lord Jesus you will perform it until the Christ.

day of Jesus Christ :

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Chap, i.

to suffer.
hy Even as it is meet for me supposing to add affliction to
to think this of you all, be my bonds;
Cause I have



heart; 17 But the other of love,
in as much as both in my bonds, knowing that I am set for the
and in the defence and confir- defence of the Gospel.
mation of the Gospel, ye all 18 What then? notwith-
are partakers of my grace. standing, every way, whether

8 For God is my record, how in pretence or in truth, Christ greatly I long after you all in is preached ; and I therein do the bowels of Jesus Christ. rejoice, yea, and will rejoice. 9 And this I pray, that your

19 For I know that this love

may abound yet more and shall turn to my salvation more in knowledge, and in all through your prayer, and the judgment;

supply of the Spirit of Jesus 10 That ye may approve Christ, things that are excellent; that 20 According to my earnest ye may be sincere, and with- expectation, and my hope, that out offence, till the day of in nothing I shall be ashamed, Christ;

but that with all boldness, as 11 Being filled with the always, , so now also, Christ fruits of righteousness, which shall be magnified in my body, are by Jesus Christ, unto the whether it be by life or by death; glory and praise of God.

21 For to me to live is 12 But I would ye should Christ, and to die is gain. understand, brethren, that the 22 But if I live in the flesh, things which happened unto me this is the fruit of my labour; have fallen out rather unto yet what I shall choose I wot the furtherance of the Gospel;a not.b

13 So that my bonds in 23 For I am in a strait be. Christ are manifest in all the twixt two, having a desire to palace, and in all other places; depart, and to be with Christ, 14 And


of the breth- which is far better : ren in the Lord, waxing con 24 Nevertheless, to abide fident by my bonds, are much in the flesh is more needful for more bold to speak the word you. without fear.

25 And, having this confi15 Some indeed preach dence, I know that I shall aChrist even of envy and strife;

bide and continue with


all, and some also of good will. for your furtherance and joy

16 The one preach Christ of faith; of contention, not sincerely,

26 That your rejoicing may

be more abundant in Jesus a Furtherance, advancement of the Gospel.

b I wot maut, I know not,

Exhortation to unity, Philippians. humtlity, and Christ for me, by my coming to his own things, but every man you again.

also on the things of others. 27 Only let your conversa 5 Let this mind be in you, tion be as it becometh the Gos- which was also in Christ Jepel of Christ; that whether I sus; come and see you, or else be 6 Who, being in the form absent, I may hear of your af- of God, thought it not robbery fairs, that ye stand fast in one to be equal with God; spirit, with one mind, striving in But made himself of no together for the faith of the reputation, and took upon him Gospel;

the form of a servant, and was 28 And in nothing terrified made in the likeness of men; by your adversaries, which is 8 And, being found in fashto them an evident token of ion as a man, he humbled himperdition, but to you of salva- self, and became obedient unto tion, and that of God.

death, even the death of the 29 For unto you it is given cross. in the behalf of Christ, not on 9 Wherefore God also hath ly to believe on him, but also highly exalted him, and given to suffer for his sake;

him a name, which is above 30 Having the same conflict every name; which ye saw in me,

10 That at the name of Jehear to be in me.

sus every knee should bow, of

things in heaven, and things CHAP. II.

in earth, and things under the 1 He exhorteth to unity and earth;

humility, 12 and to a care 11 And that every tongue ful proceeding in the way of should confess, that Jesus salvation.

Christ is Lord, to the glory of IF there be, therefore, any God the Father. consolation in Christ, if any 12 Wherefore, my beloved, comfort of love, if any fellow- as ye have always obeyed, not ship of the Spirit, if any bow as in my presence only, but

now much more in

my 2 Fulfil ye my joy, that ye sence,work out your own salvabe like-minded, having the tion with fear and trembling; same love, being of one accord, 13 For it is God which of one mind.

worketh in you, both to will 3 Let nothing be done and to do of his good pleasure. through strife or vain-glory; 14 Do all things without but in lowliness of mind let murmurings and disputings ; each esteem other better than

15 That ye may be blamethemselves.

less and harmless, the sons of 4 Look not every man on God without rebuke, in the

and now

els and mercies,



a careful proceeding in Chap. iii. the way of salvation. midst of a crooked and per- because that ye had heard, verse nation, among whom ye that he had been sick. shine as lights in the world; 27 For indeed he was sick

16 Holding forth the word nigh unto death; but God had of life ; that I may rejoice in mercy on him; and not on him the day of Christ, that I have only, but on me also, lest I not run in vain, neither labour- should have sorrow upon sored in vain.

17 Yea, and if I be offered 28 I sent him, therefore, upon the sacrifice and service the more carefully, that, when of your faith, I joy and rejoice ye see him again, ye may rewith you all.

joice, and that I


be the 18 For the same cause al- less sorrowful. so do ye joy & rejoice with me. 29 Receive him, therefore,

19 But I trust in the Lord in the Lord with all gladness, Jesus to send Timotheus short- and hold such in reputation : ly unto you, that I also may 30 Because for the work of be of good comfort when I Christ he was nigh unto death, know your state.

not regarding his life, to sup20 For I have no man like- ply your lack of service tominded, who will naturally ward me. care

for 21 For all seek their own,

CHAP. III. not the things which are Jesus 1 He warneth them of false Christ's.

teachers, 18 and to decline 22 But ye know the proof the ways of carnal Chrisof him, that, as a son with the tians. father, he hath served with FINALLY, my brethren, me in the Gospel.

rejoice in the Lord. To writé 23 Him, therefore, I hope the same things to you, to me to send presently, so soon as I indeed is not grievous, but for shall see how it will go with you it is safe.

2 Beware of dogs, beware 24 But I trust in the Lord, of evil workers, beware of the that I also myself shall come concision.a shortly.

3 For we are the circum25 Yet I suppose it neces. cision, which worship God in sary to send to you Epaphroditus, my brother and compan a Concision, a name given to the ion in labour, and fellow-sol- unbelieving Jews, who went about dier, but your messenger


inculcating the law, and introducing

dissension into the Christian church he that ministered to my wants.

26 For he longed after you 6 Circumcision here denotes the all, and was full of heaviness, true disciples of Jesus Christ.

your state.



Paul warneth them Philippians. of false teachers. the Spirit, and rejoice in Christ attain unto the resurrection of Jesus, and have no confidence the dead. in the flesh :

12 Not as though I had al4 Though I might also have ready attained, either were confidence in the flesh. If any already perfect; but I follow other man thinketh that he after, if that I may apprehend hath whereof he might trust that, for which also I am apin the flesh, I more:

prehended of Christ Jesus. 5 Circumcised the eighth day 13 Brethren, I count not of the stock of Israel, of the myself to have apprehended; tribe of Benjamin, an Hebrew but this one thing I do, forof the Hebrews; as touching getting those things which are the law, a Pharisee;

behind,d and reaching forth 6 Concerning zeal, perse- unto those things which are cuting the church; touching before, the righteousness which is in 14 I press toward the marke the law,c blameless.

for the prize of the high call? But what things were ing of God in Christ Jesus. gain to me, those I counted 15 Let us, therefore, as maloss for Christ.

ny as be perfect, be thus mind8 Yea, doubtless, and I ed; and if in any thing ye be count all things but loss for otherwise minded, God shall the excellency of the knowl- reveal even this unto you. edge of Christ Jesus my Lord; 16 Nevertheless, whereto for whom I have suffered the we have already attained, let loss of all things, and do count us walk by the same rule, let them but dung, that I may win us mind the same thing. Christ,

17 Brethren, be followers 9 And be found in him, not together of me, and mark them having mine own righteous- which walk so, as ye have us ness, which is of the law, but for an ensample, that which is through the 18 (For many

walk, of faith of Christ, the righteous- whom I have told you often, ness which is of God by faith; and now tell you even weeping,

10 That I may know him, that they are the enemies of the and the power of his resur cross of Christ; rection, and the fellowship of 19 Whose end is destruchis sufferings, being made conformable unto his death ;

d The things which are bebind, the 11 If by any means I might progress I have already made.

el press toward the mark; St.

Paul here alludes to the Greciar races, c The righteousness which is by the in which those who run exerted every law was the observance of its cere nerve, and persevered to the end of monies

the race in order to obtain the prize.

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