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sembly, or from other most respectable fources. We have endeavoured to fiate facts with the utmost impartiality; and though we profess to be the friends of freedom in general, the reader will find that we have not been sparing of our strictures on the conduct of both parties, whenever the principles of justice were outraged ; and whenever the cause of liberty was disgraced, as in too many instances it was, by the populace of France and their demagogues. One effečt we are led to hope for confidently from · the representation we have drawn of these affairs, which is, that it will serve to abate the violence of both parties on the subject--Such is ever the effect of truth.-The favourers of the French revolution will learn from our statement, that though the principle is impregnable, the conduct of the actors in this great event was not always immaculate ; and those who are, in the general, hostile to it, may perhaps be induced to allow that such an amazing change in a despotic government, the abuses of which so

many were interested in preserving, could not be conducted without some acts of violence and outrage Where the people are to do every thing, they will do Some things wrong.

Another principle which a fair view of this subject will establith, and which may also serve to di. minith the animosity of parties in this country, at Jeast, is, that no grounds of comparison exist between


the present state of this nation and that of France, previous to the revolution ; consequently there is no neceflity for a revolution here, nor ought any apprehenfion of it to be entertained. The monarchy, the hierarchy, the aristocracy, of France were all totally different from ours, indeed formed upon

almost oppolite principles. We would not be understood to insinuate that our present constitution is perfect; but the vices of our government are entirely differen: from the vices of the old government of France, and must be reformed in a different man

The increasing information and sober sense of the people will gradually produce a legal reform in whatever parts of our constitution are decayed; but corruption and tyranny were so rooted in the old government of France, that it could not be correcta ed, but must be necessarily overthrown.


We have also, in different parts of the narrative, given cur sentiments very freely cn the errors and imperfections which we think we have discovered in the new constitution of France : and in all discussions which appeared of general importance or utility we have endeavoured to condenso the arguments and opinions on each side, so as to present the question to the reader, as nearly as we could, in that precise view in which we conceive it must have appeared to the national assembly.

In the debates of our own parliament we have proceeded upon nearly a similar plan, and have studied to give a concise view of all the arguments which were adduced on both sides on every great or important question ; and this we trust is done with fairness and impartiality.

The other departments of the work have been executed with the usual attention, and we flatter ourselves will be received with the usual candour.


C Ο Ν Τ Ε Ν Τ S.

THE History of Knowledge, Learning, and Tafe, in Great Britain, during the Reiga of Queen Elizabeth. Part the Third.



C Η Α Ρ Τ Ε R Ι. Franci. State of Parties previous to the Meeting of the States-General.

Riot at Paris. Allembly of the States. Contest with respect to the Mode of voting by Orders or by Poll. The Tiers Etat constitute ilsemselves a National Assembly. Asembly repulfed from the Hall of the States. Take on baih never to fparate till the Constitution be settled. Royal Seffion. Unior of the Orders. Projects of the Court. Paris encircled with Military. Soldiers released from Prison by the Populace. Famine in Paris. RemonJtrance of the Assembly. Dismission of M. Neckar. Disturbances at Paris. Firmness of the National Assembly. The Bastille taken.


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CH A P T E R · II. State of Paris after the Capture of the Bastille. Nomination of Mel: Bail,

and La Fayette to the Offices of Mayor of Paris, and Commander in Chief of the National Guard. Te Deum jung at Paris in celebration of the taking of the Bafille. M. Neckar recall.d. The King visits Paris. Diperkon of the viniftry. Murder of M. M. Foulon and Berthier. Revolt in the Provinces. Affair of Quincey. Perfecution of the Nobility. Private Core respondence beid facrsd. Triumphant Return of M. Neckar. Unpopuler A# of the Eldors of Paris. Outrages in the Provinces. Abolition of the Feudal Syftem, &c. Projected Loans. Riot at Paris. Organization of the Municipality and Militia of the Metropolis. Debates on the King's Vito. On the Permanence of the Legislature. On icuo Chambers. New Scheme of Finance. Dreadful Insurrection of the 5th of October. The Royal Family remove from Versailles to Paris.


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Emigration of the Aristocratic Members of the Asembly. Title of King of

the French. Duke of Orleans retires to Englund. _A Baker hanged by the Mob at Paris. Riot A&t. Nesu Division of the Empire. Church Lands


applied to the Exigencies of the Statr. Lettres de Cachet aboli hed. Come
mittee appointed to inspect the Pension Lift. Diftinction of abolished.
Opposition of the Provincial States ant Parliaments.

Riots at Marjeilles
and Toulon. i clancholy E?'ent at Senis. Debate on the Eligibility of
M1 niffers to the National Alem'ly. Carfica declared a conftituent Part of
the French Empire. Plan of the Caille de l'Extraordinaire. Rofusal of a
Donation from Geneva. Of an Aliani e cvith Brabant. Rejistance of the

Parliament of Brittany. Afair of the liarquis de Favras. Nlunic plities

1. made respon, ble for Damage luiained by Riots. Suppression of Minasteries.

Emision of Asignats. Gabele, &c. abo'ijbed. Reform of the Jurispru.

dence. Troubles in St. Domingo, 5e. Publication of the Red Bo:k. Re-

ligious Infurrections at Youlouf, Montabon, and Nifnes. Right of waking

War and Peace. Organization of the Cle gy. Abilision of Tules, Sc.

Grand Confederation. Return of M. d'Orleans.


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Crurts of Infiice. New Taxes. Droit d'Aubaine, &c. aholihed. Accufz-

tion of the Chatelit, again M. M. d'Orleans and Mirabeau. Provincial
Difturbances. Aijair of Nancy. Refignution of M. Neckar. Miutinty at
Breft. Riotat Paris. Affairs of Avignon. Ejectment of the non-juring
Clergy from their Benefices. League formed by Foreign Powers agai il
France. Trouble at Aix, Lyons, and Brittany. Emegration of the Ang's
unts. Armed Min found in the Palace. Decrees relative to the Armiy, ile
Regency, &c. Discussion of the Law of Inheritances. Death an: Cha-
račiır of M. de Mirabeau. Organization of the Ministry. The King

Stopped as be was going to St. Cloud. Infurrections in the French Coloniiso

Fight of the king. His Return. Hoftile preparations on the Frontiers.

Martial Lacu proclaimed at Paris. The New Confiiution presented, and

Accepted by the King:


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Negociation and Convention with Spain concerning Nootka Sound, &c. Ilar

in India with Tippoo Sultan. Disolution of Parliament. Meeting of the
New Parliament. His Majesty's Speech. Address moved and carried.
Papers presented relative to the Convention with Spain. Further Commu-
nications moved for. Debate on that Subjeet. On the Convention. Dibale
on that Subject in the Lords. Ways and Means for the Expences of the

Armament. Debate on the Question, Whether impeachments ahate by a

· Difolution of Parliament? Debate on a ilotion relative to abandoning

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