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errs, in supposing this irreverence to last two years, so much beneath that be almost unnoticed from the pulpit. of former years,” it will perhaps open It has frequently been mentioned, and a clue to both.
W. H. more than once has the Conference taken up the matter; not only by admonitions, but by reprobating such
QUERIES RESPECTING BALLOONS. irreverence, though to very little pur- What time, in a given degree of the pose.
thermometer and barometer, will the Having the greatest distaste to hydrogen gas of a balloon lose its either of the above practices, I can comparative levity to atmospheric air, make no apology for them; though I in a scale of weight, from one to four am inclined to think, that the leading parts of the whole weight suspended? men among our chapel-builders, have What weight of the materials for introduced, or increased the evil, by making gas, will be required as balhaving the pews made so narrow, that, last in the balloon, to suspend a cerin some places I could mention, in- tain weight twenty-four hours, within stead of allowing 3 feet or upwards, half a mile of the earth, by renewal of 2 feet 3 or 4 inches have only been the rarefaction; making gas during allotted; which narrow space, not only the ascent, and throwing out the iron cramps our knees, but prevents our after expending the vitriol ? fixing any conveniency for kneeling. What is the probable angle to be And even where this has been done, formed by a buoy-rope and the surface as the females from common courtesy of the sea, when the wind would move have a claim to the uppermost part of the balloon fifty miles an hour, but for the pews, it is unpleasant to observe, the buoy of certain size drawn through with what difficulty, pain, and even the water, suspending a certain pordanger, many force a passage to their tion of the whole ballast let down seats.
with the buoy to the sea by a cable of To prevent this evil from increasing, 100 fathoms ? if no remedy can be now applied respecting the seats already erected, it
THE FATE OF GENIUS. would be desirable, if a nent rule were established in all embarassments, to which men of ta
perma. The distresses arising from pecuniary the Methodist Chapels, that no pews lents have been exposed, occur so freshould be erected less than three feet in width, and that in all cases kneel
quently, that the connection subsisting boards should be fixed, that the ing between poverty and genius has people, or at least the members of the long since become proverbial. There society, might be left without excuse,
can be no doubt, that, in too many inif they could not be induced to aban- stances, their want of prudence and don their present irreverent practice.
foresight, united with their occasional
prodigality, has contributed in no W. H.
small degree to that destiny which appears to have been their lot. But, independently of this consideration, the
calamities which many have endured, [Inserted in No. 8, col. 763.] to whom no such reprehensible conduct MR. EDITOR,
can be attributed, present to the reThe proposer of the Query, col. 763, flecting mind a painful association of
ideas. The soil in which literary from Belfast, appears to labour under a great mistake, when he says, the honours grow, is only occasionally con“ increase of the Methodists in Ěngland genial to the accumulation of wealth. is from 4 to 6000 annually !” Accord- The trumpet of fame in general dising to the Reports in the Minutes for sipates the smile of fortune, and leaves the two last Conferences, there was an
the dupe of admiration to dine upon increase of little more than 3000 only empty praise. Every condition of life during two years; viz. 1800 for the has its evils ; roses without thorns are former year, and 1500 for the latter! flowers of Paradise; and If your correspondent, therefore, or any “ The paths of glory lead but to the grave." other, will answer the following Query, Homer was a beggar: Plautus turned 6 Why the addition of Members to the a mill : Terence was a slave: Boethius Methodist Society, has been, for the died a in gaol: Paolo Borghese had
REMARKS ON A QUERY.
fourteen trades, and yet starved with or the superiority of learning and them all: Tasso was often distressed science, when he perceives many, for five shillings : Bentivoglio was re- who have been eminently successful, fused admission into an hospital which contemned or neglected, and others he had himself erected: Cervantes, the toiling after them, without any hope of immortal author of Don Quixotte, died a better reward? Those who pant for of hunger : Comoens, the celebrated fame, or long for literary honours, writer of the Luciad, ended his days would do well to review the fate of in an alms-house: Vaugelas left his the above highly exalted individuals, body to the surgeons, to pay lis debts who bave rendered themselves reas far as it would go : Bacon lived a spectively conspicuous in the fields of life of meanncss and distress : Raleigh imagination, the regions of fancy, and ended his days upon a scaffold: the the plains of philosophy; and vanity learning and virtue of Moore could not may learn humility from the contemsecure a better doom: Spencer, the plation. charming Spenser, whose Fairy Queen Liverpool, October 26, 1819. is never read but with increase of admiration, died neglected, forsaken, and in want: the fate of Collins (one of
QUERIES SUBMITTED TO CORREour Lyric Poets) may be ascribed, in a. great degree, to the world's neglect, The reason why we adopt this method which brought on his mental derange- of introducing various Queries proment and death: Milton sold his copy-posed by our correspondents, was right of Paradise Lost, for £15, to be assigned by us in our eighth number, paid in three instalments, and finished col. 762, to which the reader is rehis life in obscurity: Dryden lived in po
ferred. verty, and died in distress. Though the 1. On the Sale of Spirituous Liquors and end of Otway has been variously re
Tobacco. lated, yet all his biographers agree in
Philanthropus of Leeds wishes to this, that he died prematurely, and in be informed, whether dealing in spiwant: Lee is said to have perished in the rituous Liquors and Tobacco is reconstreets : Steel lived a life of perpetual cileable with the genuine spirit of warfare with bailiffs : Johnson is said Christianity; and whether a sincere to have sold the Vicar of Wakefield believer in the fundamental doctrines for a trifle, to release its great author, of the Bible, which explicitly says, Goldsmith, from the gripe of the law :
Whatsoever ye do, do all to the _Fielding lies in the burying ground of glory of God,” can conscientiously the English factory at Lisbon, without devote his time and talents to such a stone to mark the spot: Savage pursuits ? died in Newgate, at Bristol, where he
2. On the Introduction of Theatrical was confined for a debt of £8. The
Amusements. great Biographer of the English poets A correspondent, who signs himself has recorded of Butler, the inimitable A. would be glad to be informed, author of Hudibras; • all that can be when Theatrical Performances were said of him with certainty is, that he first invented, to amuse mankind ? and lived neglected, and died poor:” and more particularly, when, and under that youthful phenomenon, the im- what circumstances, they were intromortal Chatterton, was so harassed by duced into England ? want, that he destroyed himself in his 3. On the Burning of Theatres and 18th year.-Such, alas, is the fate of
Chapels. - envied Genius!
The same correspondent, A. obIt is melancholy to indulge, even in serves, that when places of public a momentary retrospect, of the desti- amusement are consumed by fire or nies which are associated with these otherwise laid waste, it is particumighty names, in the pages of their larly noticed as a sign of God's disbiography. But an important lesson pleasure; but that when a place of may be learned from the calamities worship is destroyed in a similar manwhich awaited them. Where shall ner, it escapes without animadversion, we find the man, who, blessed with For a few observations on these points, common sense, an even temper, and he would feel himself obliged. a cheerful disposition, has any just | 4. Does the Earth increase in magnitude? reason to envy the elevation of genius, Tyro, of Tetbury, wishes to know,
No. 10.-Vol. I.
SENTENCE PASSED ON MR. RICHARD
whether we have any reason to believe
Scientific Query. that the earth has increased in magni- MR. EDITOR, tude since it was created ? Also, if it Sir,- If you should consider the folhas not increased, whether any anni- lowing Query eligible to occupy a hilation has taken place? Assuming place in your Imperial Magazinc, its it as an indisputable fact, that either insertion will be a favour conferred augmentation or annihilation must be
Your's, respectfully, admitted, Tyro continues his ques
G. B. tions, on the consequences which must What reason can be given for the result from either. But these ques- very great difference between Dr. tions we deem it unnecessary to insert, Herschell and Schroeter, respecting as he has evidently mistaken the de- the diameters of the planets Ceres and composition and dissolution of com- Pallas? pound bodies, for annihilation, and on
Dr. Herschell says, Ceres is 163 this mistake has founded his queries. miles in diameter; and Schroeter says 5. On John X. 16.
it is 1624 miles.
Dr. Herschell informs us, that the Alpha Beta, of Camberwell, Surry, diameter of Pallas is 30 miles; while solicits a few observations on the fol- Schroeter affirms it to be 2029 miles. lowing passage: “ And other sheep I
Nov. 13, 1819. have, which are not of this fold : them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd.”
As Alpha Beta is totally unknown to us, we cannot be supposed to have In our 8th number, col. 771, we advertany knowledge of his motives in sended to the conduct of this man, and ing the above passage for insertion in made a few remarks on that principle of our pages. He must be well aware, pernicious zeal, which he had evinced, in that its import and bearing have occa- disseminating the poison of infidelity sioned much dispute in our theologi- among every assailable class of socal schools; and perhaps, nearly every ciety, and on that degradation of rething that can be advanced to illustrate ligious character which he discovered its meaning, has been already laid be- when taking his trial for his offences. fore the public. In reply to Queries He stood charged with having violated of this nature, we can only admit such the laws of his country, in two specific observations, as seem calculated to instances, for selling blasphemous and elicit truth,without provoking religious seditious publications, namely, Paine's controversy.
Age of Reason, and Palmer's Political 6. On Faith.
Register. In both cases he was found H. B. of Liverpool, having heard guilty by a jury of his countrymen ; but
bis sentence had not then been promany disputes on the subject of Faith,
nounced. some contending that it is wholly from God, and others that it is entirely into court on the 16th of Nov. 1819,
To receive this, he was conducted from man, wishes to call the attention when the report of his trial was read of some able, correspondent to this
It was subject, in order to give it elucidation. by the Lord Chief Justice.
then pleaded by Mr. Denham, who 7. On useful Ministry, &c. acted as counsel for the prisoner, in A correspondent of Lytham would arrest of judgment, that the case of the be obliged for an answer to the follow- defendant did not fall under the penalty ing questions.
of the statute on which his indictment 1. How may a person be certain was founded. But his Lordship saw that the ministry on which he attends, no reason to accede to this motion in is useful to him?
arrest of judgment; and in this, Mr. 2. What is it that gives to any par- Justice Bayley, Mr. Justice Holroyd, ticular sin, the denomination of pre- and Mr. Justice Best, acquiescing, the sumptuous ?
motion was dismissed. 3. How are we to understand our Mr. Carlile then addressed the Lord's words, Mark iv. 24. Take leed court; observing, that he had little to what
ye hear? Also Luke viii. 18. Take offer by way of mitigation, but much heed how
to say why he ought not to be punished at all. He continued speaking for the things nor their names, he must some considerable time; after which have been wholly ignorant of them; the Attorney General replied. Mr. and if he knew nothing of them, how Justice Bayley then delivered a suit could he give the dog its name, on acable and eloquent charge; after which count of any similarity between its he pronounced on the prisoner the fol- teeth, and an unknown object? lowing sentence:
The language of Paradise may yet That, for the first offence, he should be in existence, and the Hebrew, for pay to the King a fine of one thousand ught I know, may be this language. pounds, and be imprisoned in Dorches- But as Adam gave names to the brute ter gaol two years. That, for the second creation, it appears to me, to be a offence, he should pay a fine of five strange way of proving its divine orihundred pounds, and suffer imprison- ginal, by deriving its names of animals, ment one year in the same gaol. That from words which signify things inhe should then give securities for his vented by art, in future ages. good behaviour for life; himself in one Adam, in Paradise, I have no doubt, thousand pounds, and two sureties in was as ignorant of the name and naone hundred pounds each.
ture of “ tongs and pincers," as he was of the name and qualities of gas;
and therefore, if the name of the dog On the Language of Paradise.
in Hebrew, be actually derived from a MR. EDITOR,
word which signifies tongs or pinSir,—The power which the imagina- cers,” it is a convincing proof to me, tion possesses, to discern and com- that Adam did not give it that name. bine the most distant resemblances, is And this circumstance, instead of provnot more conspicuous in the “Meta-ing, forms a presumptive evidence phors” by Keach, or the “ Solomon's against the Hebrew being the lanTemple Spiritualized,” by Bunyan, guage which he spoke. than in the etymological deductions of Perhaps, Sir, if you insert these remany of the learned.
marks in your Magazine, it may inThe author quoted, col. 733, has not duce some of your learned correspondproved to my satisfaction, that the He ents, to employ a portion of their good brew is the language which was spoken sense on a subject, which, hitherto, offiin Paradise. I agree with him, how- cious fancy has contrived to wrap in ever, in his opinion, that learned men “ clouds and darkness." sometimes indulge their fancies too
I am, Sir, much in these etymologies ; as, I be
Respectfully, TYRO. lieve, they frequently affix meanings P.S. It is the British bull-dog, that to words, which were not intended, and is so remarkable for the firmness of its perhaps never thought of, by those who hold, and not the mastiff, which is a first used them; and if I am not greatly different species. This animal, from mistaken, the author in question has its peculiar appearance and stubborn given us a fair specimen of this “fancy courage, was one of the natural obwork” in his remarks on the word dog, jects that attraeted the particular noto say nothing of his other instances. tice of the Romans, after their inva
We have the authority of Revela- sion of Britain. Nor is this to be tion for believing that(Genesischap. ii. wondered at, as it is literally true, that verses 19, 20.) “ Adam gave names to some real-bred dogs will suffer their all cattle, and to the fowls of the air, limbs to be cut off, or bones broken, and to every beast of the field.” And without discovering a disposition to that “ whatsoever Adam called every let go their hold. living creature, that was the name A monster in the shape of a man, thereof.” But we have no evidence was once shown to me, who gained a that his vocabulary contained words wager by proving the truth of this fact. expressive of the form and properties The bet was, that his dog would pin of artificial things, which had not then a bull, and suffer the amputation of an existence. Few will contend, I its leg without quitting its hold. The presume, that Adam had “ tongs or poor animal succeeded in pinning the pincers” in Paradise. And as he had bull; in that situation its limb was not these instruments, it is not at all severed from its body: it retained its likely that he had words which stood hold, and its infernal owner pocketed as their signs. And if he had neither the wager of iniquity!!!
SYSTEM OF NAVAL
in vessels, constructed upon ANNESLEY'S NEW
tem, consists in her ballast or water
deck. This deck rests upon two addiThe new system of building ships. tional courses of inch planking, and boats, and barges, recently introduced partitions dividing the weight of the into the merchant service of Great water into seven compartments; it Britain, combines in an eminent de consists of four courses of one inch gree the properties of strength, buoy- planking, tarred paper between and ancy, capacity, durability, and safety. caulked, it is perfectly water-tight, and For the purpose of explaining the pe- made to contain thirty tons of water. culiar construction of a vessel built A well is formed where her mainmast upon this plan, the following descrip- and two pumps are placed; a brass tion of a ship launched this day from cock receives and discharges the water; the patent ship-building yard, Dept- and another cock delivers the water ford, is submitted :-She is built en- into the well, if required to pump the tirely of fir or pine planks, consisting water deck dry when the vesselis afloat. of seven courses, four of which are fore Two draining lead pipes lead into the and aft of 7-8ths of an inch thick, and well, so that if it should be possible three are vertical athwart from gun- that any water can be made above the wale to gunwale, without interruption, ballast deck, the motion of the vessel of 5-8ths thick ; six of the courses are will send it into the well. caulked and payed ; tarred paper is The upper deck rests upon a clamp, put between four of them : the solid all round, consisting of four courses of thickness through the whole is six planks, one inch thick, and eight inches inches ; ber length is ninety-one feet deep; the two cross plankings of one eight inches ; breadth twenty-five feet and a half inch each at the hatchways, six-inches; depth of hold fourteen feet; &c. (in lieu of beams) are let into it
; admeasurement two hundred and fifty on these are laid two courses fore and tons, and will carry upwards of five hun- aft, and one course athwart between, dred tons, drawing thirteen feet water. of one and half inch plank each, all
The manner of building is, to erect caulked and tarred paper between; moulds previously formed to a precise each course as laid on is firmly caulked scale, corresponding to the model de- all round between the deck and sides, termined on for the vessel. Upon these which completes the strength of the moulds the first course fore and aft is vessel, and proves the necks and sides laid, and fastened to them in a tem- can never separate, and is a firm selfporary manner by small iron clamps supporting arch on which the whole and screws, which are all afterwards tonnage of the ship might with safety taken away. The remaining courses be placed, for in caulking thus three are fastened with wood pins that are times she did not extend one quarformed by a machine, and compressed ter of an inch. round and parallel, leaving a head The bulk-heads forward and aft are which requires no wedging. There is formed of two courses, and rendered no metal whatever below water, ex-water-tight. cept the iron work of rudder, which For Strength.—Her form is the works in a circular joint in the stern- strongest for general purposes, and her post, for the purpose, of protecting it structure, the firmest in which wood from the effects of any shock or strain and wood can be put together, preit may be liable to.
cludes the possibility of working or This vessel is a regular figure, equal straining, having no space to strain at both ends, calculated to sail on an to: she was built on a level, and to even keel, having two bilge keels to give her a declivity for launching, enable her to hold good a wind, each she was balanced on one block; & of fifty feet long, fourteen inches deep, line was previously strained fore and and eight inches thick ; the keels are aft above deck, crossing a marked up; twelve feet apart ; her centre keel at right in the centre, from which she did midships is only three inches thick, not vary a quarter of an inch. to save the bottom ; conséquently the For Buoyancy.-Her superiority is vessel will draw the least possible manifest from the great weight of wood water, and will sit erect in tide-har- and metal saved in her construction, bours when aground. A peculiar ad- and consequently, must be a fine seavantage, which can only be obtained | boat. She only draws three feet thret