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" What would the King of Great Bri- we are placed is, I hope, a sufficient tain say, were I to demand the pri- apology in itself for any intrusion; but soners of Newgate from him !”—“Sir, I find such apology is rendered more (replied the Ambassador,) my master than unnecessary by the courtesy of would give every one of them up to this reception. Indeed, my Lord, your Majesty, if, as we do, you reclaimed when we see the omens which are them as Brothers."

every day arising—when we see blasphemy openly avowed—when we see

the Scriptures audaciously ridiculedSPEECH OF CHARLES PHILLIPS, ESQ. when in this Christian monarchy the We have not been induced to insert den of the Republican and the Deist the following speech, from any per- yawns for the unwary in your mosť suasion that it will be entirely new to public thoroughfares—when marts are the generality of our readers. The ostentatiously opened, where the moral celebrity of its author, and the com- poison may be purchased, whose subtle manding eloquence which it displays, venom enters the very soul—when inhave already gained for it an admis- fidelity has become an article of comsion into many of our public papers; merce, and man's perdition may be and the same passport will ensure for cheapened at the stall of every pedlar, it a safe depository in several of our --no friend of society should continue periodical journals.

silent; it is longer a question of On any occasion, such a burst of political privilege-of sectarian coneloquence as this speech contains, troversy-of theological discussion; it could not but render it highly accept- is become a question, whether Chrisable to an enlightened public; but at tianity itself shall stand, or whether the present moment, when the friends we shall let go the firm anehor of our of infidelity are using every effort to faith, and drift, without chart, or helm, diffuse mental poison through the vast or compass, into the shoreless ocean body of our population, and even en- of impiety and blood! I despise as deavouring to infect the infant just much as any man the whine of bigotry rising from its cradle, the claims of -I will go as far as any man for rathis antidote are too imperious to be tional liberty ; but I will not depose resisted.

my God to deify the infidel, or tear in The Seventh Annual Meeting of the pieces the charter of the state, and city of London Auxiliary Bible So- grope for a constitution amongst the ciety, was held in the Egyptian Hall, murky pigeon-holes of every creedless, Mansion-House, on Thursday, the 4th lawless, infuriated regicide. of November, 1819, for the purpose of “ When I saw the other day, my hearing the Report, electing new offi- Lord, the chief Bacchanal of their cers, &c. At half-past twelve o'clock orgies—the man with whom the Apos the Lord Mayor took the Chair; by tles were cheats, and the Prophets which time the hall was more numer- liars, and Jesus an impostor-on his ously and respectably attended than memorable trial in Guildhall, witherwas ever recollected on any similar ing hour after hour with the most occasion. The immense number of horrid blasphemies, surrounded by the elegant females added much to the votaries of every sect, and the heads brilliancy and interest of the scene. of every faith-the Christian Arch

On the third resolution being moved, bishop, the Jewish Rabbi, the men: Mr. Charles Phillips (the celebrated most eminent for their piety and their Irish Barrister) was called upon by learning, whom he had purposely colsome persons on the platform. He lected to hear his infidel ridicule of all immediately rose, and bowing to the they reverenced—when I saw him Meeting, by which he was very warmly raise the Holy Bible in one hand, and greeted, spoke as follows:

the Age of Reason in the other, as it May it please your Lordship— were confronting the Almighty with a Ladies and Gentlemen-Although I rebel worm, till the pious Judge grew have not had the honour either of pro- pale, and the patient Jury interposed, posing or seconding any of your reso- and the self-convicted wretch himself

, lutions, still, as a native of that coun- after having raved away all his origitry so pointedly alluded to in your nal impiety, was reduced into a mere report, I hope I may be indulged in a machine for the re-production of the few observations. The crisis in which ribald blasphemy of others I could

you stand

not help exclaiming, ‘Infatuated man! My Lord, I am the more indignant if all your impracticable madness at these designs, because they are could be realized, what would you sought to be concealed in the disguise give us in exchange for our establish- of liberty. It is the duty of every ments? what would you substitute for real friend of Liberty to tear her mask that august tribunal ? for whom would from the fiend who has usurped it. you displace that independent Judge, No, no ; this is not our island goddess, and that impartial Jury?-or would bearing the mountain freshness on her you really burn the Gospel, and erase cheek, and scattering the valley's the statutes, for the dreadful equiva- bounty from her hand, known by the lent of the crucifix and the guillotine?' lights that herald her fair presence, Indeed, if I were asked for a practical the peaceful virtues that attend her panegyric on our Constitution, I would path, and the long blaze of glory that adduce the very trial of that criminal; lingers in her train : it is a demon, and if the legal annals of any country speaking fair indeed, tempting our upon earth furnished an instance, not faith with airy hopes and visionary merely of such justice, but of such pa- realms, but even within the folding of tience, such forbearance, such almost its mantle hiding the bloody symbol of culpable indulgence, I would concede its purpose. Near not its sophistry ; to him the triumph. I hope, too, in guard your child against it; draw what I say, I shall not be considered round your homes the consecrated as forsaking that illustrious example- circle which it dares not enter. You I hope I am above an insult on any will find an amulet in the religion of man in his situation-perhaps, had I your country-it is the great mound the power, I would follow the example raised by the Almighty for the protecfarther than I ought-perhaps I would tion of humanity-it stands between even humble him into an evidence of you and the lava of human passions ; the very spirit be spurned ; and as our and, oh, believe me, if creed was reviled in his person, and tamely by while it is basely underminvindicated in his conviction, so I woulded, the fiery deluge will roll on, before give it its noblest triumph in his sen- which all that you hold dear, or venetence, and merely consign him to the rable, or sacred, will wither into ashes. punishment of its mercy.

Believe no one who tells you that the “ But, indeed, my Lord, the fate of friends of Freedom are now, or ever this half-infidel, half-trading martyr, were, the enemies of Religion. They matters very little in comparison of know too well that rebellion against that of the thousands he has corrupted. God cannot prove the basis of governHe has literally disseminated a moral ment for Man, and that the loftiest plague, against which even the nation's structure Impiety can raise is but the quarantine can scarce avail us. It | Babel monument of Impotence; its has poisoned the fresh blood of in- pride mocking the builders with a fancy-it has disheartened the last moment's strength, and then covering hope of age; if his own account of them with inevitable confusion. Do its circulation be correct, hundreds you want an example? only look to of thousands must be this instant France. The microscopic vision of tainted with the infectious venom, your rabble blasphemers has not sight whose sting dies not with the destruc- enough to contemplate the mighty tion of the body. Imagine not, be- minds which commenced her revolucause the pestilence smites not at tion. The witthe sage-the orator ance, that its fatality is the less certain the hero-the whole family of ge

--imagine not, because the lower or- nius, furnished forth their treasures, ders are the earliest victims, that the and gave them nobly to the nation's more elevated will not suffer in their exigence; they had great provocation turn: the most mortal chillness begins --they had a glorious cause--they had at the extremities; and you may de- all that human potency could give pend upon it, nothing but time and them. But they relied too much upon apathy are wanting to change this this human potency-they abjured their healthful land into a charnel-house, God, and, as a natural consequence, where murder, anarchy, and prostitu- they murdered their King—they called tion, and the whole hell-brood of infi- their polluted deities from the brothel, delity, will quaff the heart's blood of and the fall of the idol extinguished the the eonseorated and the noble.

flame of the altar. They crowded the may


scaffold with all their country held of and, as far as in me lies, practise the genius or of virtue ; and when the mandates, of this sacred volume; and peerage and the prelacy were exhaust- should the ridicule of earth and the ed, the mob-executioner of to-day be- blasphemy of hell assail me, I shall came the mob-victim of to-morrow-console myself by the contemplation of no sex was spared-no age respected- those blessed spirits who in the same no suffering pitied : and all this they holy cause have toiled, and shone, and did in the sacred name of Liberty, suffered. In the 'goodly fellowship of though in the deluge of human blood the Saints,'—in the 'noble army of the they left not a mountain top for the ark Martyrs,'—in the society of the great, of Liberty to rest on. But Providence and good, and wise, of every nation,was neither“ dead nor sleeping.”. It if my sinfulness be not cleansed, and mattered not that for a moment their my darkness illumined, at least my impiety seemed to prosper—that Vic- pretensionless submission

be extory panted after their ensanguined cused. If I err with the luminaries I banners—that as their insatiate Eagle have chosen for my guides, I confess soared against the sun, he seemed but myself captivated by the loveliness of to replume his wing, and to renew his their aberrations. If they err, it is in vision—it was only for a moment, and an heavenly region ;-if they wander, you see at last that in the very banquet it is in fields of light;—if they aspire, of their triumph the Almighty's ven- it is at all events a glorious daring; geance blazed upon the wall, and their and, rather than sink with infidelity indiadem fell from the brow of the ido- to the dust, I am content to cheat mylater.

self with their vision of eternity. It My Lord, I will not abjure the al- may indeed be nothing but delusion, tar, the throne, and the constitution, but then I err with the disciples of for the bloody tinsel of this revolution-philosophy and of virtue—with men ary pantomime. I prefer my God even who have drank deep at the fountain to the impious democracy of their Pan- of human knowledge, but who distheon-I will not desert my King, even solved not the pearl of their salvation for the political equality of their Pan- in the draught. I err with Bacon, the demonium. I must see some better great confidant of Nature, fraught with authority than the Fleet-street Temple, all the learning of the past, and almost before I forego the principles which I prescient of the future, yet too wise not imbibed in my youth, and to which I to know his weakness, and too philolook forward as the consolation of my sophic not to feel his ignorance. I age--those all-protecting principles, err with Milton, rising on an angel's which at once guard, and consecrate, wing to heaven, and, like the bird of and sweeten, the social intercourse

morn, soaring out of sight amid the which give life happiness, and death music of his grateful piety. I crr hope—which constitute man's purity with Locke, whose pure philosophy his best protection, placing the infant's only taught him to adore its Source, cradle and the female's couch beneath whose warm love of genuine liberty the sacred shelter of the national mo

was never chilled into rebellion with rality. Neither Mr. Paine, nor Mr. its Author. I err with Newton, whose Palmer, nor all the venom-breathing star-like spirit shooting athwart the brood, shall swindle from me the book darkness of the sphere, too soon to rewhere I have learned these precepts. ascend to the home of his nativity. I In despite of all their scoff, and scorn, err with Franklin, the patriot of the and menacing, I say, of the sacred world, the play-mate of the lightning, volume they would obliterate, ' It is a the philosopher of liberty, whose elecbook of facts, as well authenticated as tric touch thrilled through the hemiany heathen history-a book of mi- sphere. With men like these, my Lord, racles,incontestably avouched-a book I shall remain in error; nor shall I deof prophecy, confirmed by past as well sert those errors even for the drunken present fulfilment-a book of poetry, death-bed of a Paine, or the delirious pure, and natural, and elevated even

war-whoop of the surviving fiends, who to inspiration—a book of morals, such would erect their altar on the ruins of as human wisdom never framed for the society.

In my opinion, it is difficult perfection of human happiness. My to say, whether their tenets are more Lord, I will abide by the precepts, ad ludicrous or more detestable. They mire the beauty, revere the mysteries, I will not obey the King, or the Prince, or the Parliament, or the Constitution ; | rality.” Who can prescribe limits to but they will obey Anarchy. They will a desire thus delusively created and not believe in the Prophets-in Moses fostered? Is that person who dares -in Mahomet-in Christ; but they thus to lull young persons into this believe Tom Paine! With no govern- practice, sure that they will never ment but confusion, and no creed but read, or have a desire to read, any scepticism,- I believe, in my soul, they thing more flagrant? would abjare the one, if it became le- Novels never can contribute to the gitimate; and rebel against the other, acquisition of useful learning, nor the if it was once established.

maturing of good sense, for they are Holding, my Lord, opinions such | (without exception) replete with trias these, I should consider myself cul- fling, ludicrous, and fabulous bompable, if, at such a crisis, I did not de bast; the production of a heated, clare them. A lover of my country, I vain, and futile imagination.-It were yetdraw a line between patriotism and to be wished, that the writers of novels rebellion. A warm friend to liberty of in our own country, would either emconscience, I will not confound tolera- ploy their time and talents in writing tion with infidelity. With all its am- something useful to the community of biguity, I shall die in the doctrines of which they are members, and worthy the Christian faith ; and, with all its the Christian name, which they proerrors, I am contented to live under fess to bear; or so far restrain that the glorious safeguards of the British “ cacoethes scribendi,” as at least not Constitution."

to injure the morality of it. During the course of this speech, If novels, &c. do no more for EngMr. Phillips was frequently interrupt- land, than stage-plays did for Athens, ed by the loud and enthusiastic ap- she will have little reason to boast of plause of the Meeting. Never indeed their utility. What then is the use of did we witness a more powerful or suc- novels? to hold, as it were, a mirror cessful display of eloquence; it seemed up to nature ?-say rather, to present a to have charmed every individual pre- picture, instead of the original, which, sent. When Mr. Phillips sat down, if it were a likeness, might be borné the applause continued for several with: but the features of virtue are so minutes.

distorted in this pretended mirror, the image of vice so altered and adorned, that readers of this class, having

already entered into temptation, by October 29, 1819. sanctioning and giving their hearts Mr. Editor,

to these amusements, have become Perhaps the following may be deemed darkened to that degree, by the god worthy a place in your valuable Ma- of this world, that they mistake the gazine. I am, Sir,

latter for the former, and gaze upon Yours, &c. the fascinating chimera, till their once

A Reader. hopeful spirits become deformed into It is a well known truth, that the call the likeness of its author. for novels of every description is daily increasing to an alarming degree in this country, to the disparagement of

ANSWER TO THE QUERY OF J. 0. religion and every moral virtue.

CONCERNING JUDAS. Novels appear no where to have a

(Numb. 8. col: 763.) more dangerous tendency, than when put into the hands of young persons, Your correspondent says, that he especially those who have not had the thought it very strange the conduct of good fortune to be instructed in the Judas should be taken up in the future principles of strict morality.

tense. The reason of this is certainly At all times and in all ages, man is by not very unintelligible, if the circumnature “ unstable," and inclined to stances be considered. The apostle is waver; but more especially in youth. relating the history of a certain indi

It may be objected, “ such and such vidual, whose acts he details in the novels are not mischievous in their order of time in which they happened ; effects, and are, at the same time, but wishing to designate Judas in paramusing and instructive to young per- ticular, he borrows an epithet from a sons, without endangering their mo- transaction that happened posterior to No. 10,- VOL. I.

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the event he was then recording, ing (hodden grey) for baith laird and which was an act of Jusdas's life ante- lady, and was far afore the twittery rior to the circumstance that gave him worm-wab made now-a-days.” The the name of Traitor ; for, at the time broad national bonnet was invariably that Judas spoke the words in the fol-worn by men of every station in this lowing verse, he was not the traitor ; quarter then, except by the Earl of but the act that constituted him one Galloway and Colonel Agnew, of Sheuwas then in futurity. This certainly chan: they introduced the thriftless justifies the apostle in using the future fashion of wearing hats in this country. time; and indeed if he had not so Linen sarks were only worn by the tap done, he would have spoken incor- gentry; an' nane o' them had either rectly.

neck or hanbans.” Looking-glasses Many of the supports of Heterodoxy were then so scarce, that “gin a bonny are derived from wrong translations ; lass wanted to see hersel, she had, like and the defenders of it often argue my joe Janet, either to keek into the from the translation, without regarding draw-well, a cogfu' o'water, or a dub the import of the original. Oftentimes at a dyke-side.” 'argumentation is entered upon, not This curious chronicler was born in with a design of eliciting truth, but for the parish of Kirkinner, in the bethe purpose of establishing a favourite ginning of 1714, and has always been opinion or system. The word should a laborious and hard-working man. certainly implies necessity or obligation, When he was 102 years of age, during independently of its future significa- the harvest season, he bound up the tion: but the word in the Greek thus grain cut by four able shearers; and rendered, simply means futurity; nor to the prescnt time, he cooks all his is there the least obligation contained own victuals, casts his own peats, and in the passage. Literally translated, manages all his own affairs, and can the verse stands thus: Then said Judas read the smallest edition of the Psalms Iscariot, the son of Simon, (o pelaw) of David, without the help ofspectacles. he about to betray him. Thus there is Prior to this time, he was never out of no foundation for the supposition of Galloway except once, and then only a Judas being raised up to betray few days. His present journey from Christ, as much so as the other apos- Sorby to Pinkell Cottage, was undertles were for the conversion of the taken at the desire of Sir W. Stewart, Gentile world.

J. S. who would have conveyed him in a

carriage; but the old man preferred

travelling on foot, and performed the LONGEVITY.

last nine miles of his journey with great There is at present at Pinkell Cot- ease in about four hours. tage, near Newton Stewart, Wigton- Nov. 10, 1819.

W. L. shire, the seat of General the Hon. Sir Wm. Stewart, Alexander M'Cready, of

Observations on the Substratum of Sorby, whose corporeal and mental fa

Matter. culties seem but little impaired by the wasting hand of time, although he is MR. EDITOR, at present in the 106th year of his age. Sir,—Almost as soon as I was taught This singular specimen of antiquity that matter has essential properties, possesses such a youthful cheerfulness such as figure, extension, &c. and that in conversation, and such a fondness these properties subsist in an unknown for relating the manners and customs substratum, which is their support, or of the people of Galloway in the early bond of union, a difficulty presented part of his life, as to make him not itself to my mind, that I could not solve only an amusing, but likewise a very to my own satisfaction. As often as I instructive companion.

thought on the distinction between When he was a young man, about substance and its qualities, this diffininety years ago, he says, “there was culty appeared ; and I as constantly not a spinning-wheel to be seen frae referred it to the class of incomprethe brig-end o’Dumfries to the braes hensibles, or attributed my inability o'Glannap, nor were the people of Gal- to unravel it to my own want of caloway acquainted with dying any other pacity; nor did I presume, until year colour than black, which, when mixed after year had passed by, to question with white wool, was made into cloth- any opinion that received the sanction

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