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the shores the same day; they continued the cere

Page 38, line 97. mony every year, every one lighted his lantern, and Like her own radiant planet of the west, by degrees it commenced into a custom."-Present W bose orb when half retir'd looks loveliest. State of China.

This is not quite astronomically true. “ Dr. Had

ley (says Keil) has shown that Venus is brightest, Page 35, line 100.

when she is about forty degrees removed from the The Kohol's jetty dye.

sun; u None of these ladies," says Shaw, " take them disk is to be seen from the earth."

and that then but only a fourth part of her lucid selves to be completely dressed, till they have tinged the hair and edges of their eyelids with the powder

Page 38, line 101. of lead-ore. Now, as this operation is performed by With her from Saba's bowers, in whose bright eyes dipping first into the powder a small wooden bodkin He read, that to be bless'd, is to be wise. of the thickness of a quill, and then drawing it after

“In the palace which Solomon ordered to be built wards, through the eyelids over the ball of the eye, against the arrival of the Queen of Saba, the floor or we shall have a lively image of what the prophet pavement was of transparent glass, laid over running (Jer. iv. 30,) may be supposed to mean by rendering water in which fish were swimming.” This led the the eyes

with painting. This practice is, no doubt, of Queen into a very natural mistake, which the Koran great antiquity; for besides the instance already taken bas not thought beneath its dignity to commemorate. notice of, we find that where Jezebel is said (2 Kings, “ It was said unto her, Enter the palace. And when ix. 30,) to have painted her face, the original words are, she saw it she imagined it to be a great water; and she adjusted her eyes wilh the powder of lead-ore.

she discovered her legs, by lifting up her robe to pass Shaw's Travels.

through it. Whereupon Solomon said to her, Verily, Page 36, line 53.

this is the place evenly floored with glass.”—Chap. 27. - Drop

Page 38, line 103.
About the gardens, drunk with that sweet food.

Zuleika. Tavernier adds, that while the Birds of Paradise lie in this intoxicated state, the emmets come and eat to the sura, or chapter of the Alcoran, which con

“Such was the name of Potiphar's wife according off their legs; and that hence it is they are said to tains the history of Joseph, and which for elegance have no feet.

of style surpasses every other of the Prophet's books; Page 37, line 53.

some Arabian writers also call her Rail. The passion As they were captives to the King of Flowers. which this frail beauty of antiquity conceived for her “They deferred it till the King of Flowers should young Hebrew slave has given rise to a much esteem. ascend his throne of enamelled foliage.”The Ba- ed poem in the Persian language, entitled Yusef vau hardanush.

Zelikha, by Noureddin Jami; the manuscript copy Page 37, line 78.

of which, in the Bodleian Library at Oxford, is supBut a light golden chain-work round her liair, etc.

posed to be the finest in the whole world."-Note “One of the head-dresses of the Persian women is upon Noil's Translation of Hafez. composed of a light golden chain-work, set with

Page 41, line 22. small pearls, with a thin gold plate pendant, about

The apples of Istkahar. the bigness of a crown-piece, on which is impressed

"In the territory of Istkahar, there is a kind of apan Arabian prayer, and which hangs upon the cheek ple, half of which is sweet and half sour."--Eon below the ear."-Hanway's Travels.

Page 37, line 79.

Page 41, line 25.
The Maids of Yezd.

They saw a young lindoo girl upon the bank. “Certainly the women of Yezd are the handsomest For an account of this ceremony, see Grand pre's women in Persia The proverb is, that to live happy, Voyage in the Irudian Ocean. a man must have a wife of Yezd, eat the bread of Yezdecas, and drink the wine of Shiraz.”—Tavernier.

Page 41, line 38.

The Oton-lela or Sea of Stars.
Page 38, line 54.

“ The place where the Whangho, a river of Tibet, And his floating eyes-oh! they resemble

rises, and where there are more than a hundred

springs, which sparkle like stars ; whence it is called " Whose wanton eyes resemble blue water-lilies, Hotunior, that is, the Sea of Stars.”Description of agitated by the breeze."— Jayadeva.

Tibet in Pinkerton,
Page 38, line 87.

Page 41, line 67.
To muse upon the pictures that hung round.

This City of War, which in a few short hours It has been generally supposed that the Mahome- Has sprung up here. tans prohibit all pictures of animals; but Torderini “The Lescar, or Imperial Camp, is divided, like a shows that, though the practice is forbidden by the regular town, into squares, alleys, and streets, and Koran, they are not more averse to painted figures from a rising ground furnishes one of the most agreeand images than other people. From Mr. Murphy's able prospects in the world. Starting up in a few work, too, we find that the Arabs of Spain had no hours in an uninhabited plain, it raises the idea of a objection to the introduction of figures into painting. Icity built by enchantment. Even those who leave


Blue water-lilies.

their houses in cities to follow the prince in his pro- gave them a prospect through it of the treasures of gress, are frequently so charmed with the Lescar, Khosrou."-Universal History. when situated in a beautiful and convenient place, that they cannot prevail with themselves to remove.

Page 44, line 46. To prevent this inconvenience to the court, the Em

And they beheld an orb, ample and bright,

Rise from the Holy Well. peror, after sufficient time is allowed to the tradesmen to follow, orders them to be burnt out of their than that it was “une machine, qu'il disait étre la

We are not told more of this trick of the Impostor, tents."-Dow's Hindostan.

Colonel Wilks gives a lively picture of an Eastern Lune." According to Richardson, the miracle is per encampment.-" His camp, like that of most Indian petuated in Nekscheb.-“ Nakshab, the name of a city armies, exhibited a motley collection of covers from

in Transoxiania, where they say there is a well, in the scorching sun and dews of the night

, variegated which the appearance of the moon is to be seen night

and day." according to the taste or means of each individual, by extensive inclosures of coloured calico surrounding

Page 44, line 73. superb suits of tents; by ragged cloths or blankets

On for the lamps that light yon lofty screen. stretched over sticks or branches; palm leaves hastily

The tents of Princes were generally illuminated. spread over similar supports ; handsome tents and Norden tells us that the tents of the Bey of Girge was splendid canopies; horses, oxen, elephants, and ca- distinguished from the other tents by forty lanterns mels, all intermixed without any exterior mark of or being suspended before it.-See Harmer's Observa der or design, except the flags of the chiefs, which tions on Job. usually mark the centres of a congeries of these

Page 45, line 51. masses; the only regular part of the encampment

Engines of havoc in, unknown before being the streets of shops, each of which is construct- That they knew the secret of the Greek fire among ed nearly in the manner of a booth at an English the Mussulmans early in the eleventh century, apfair."-Historical Sketches of the South of India. pears from Dow's Account of Mamood I. “When he

arrived at Moultan, finding that the country of the Page 41, line 77.

Jits was defended by great rivers, he ordered fifteen And camels, tufted o'er with Yemen's shells. hundred boats to be built, each of which he armed “A superb camel, ornamented with strings, and with six iron spikes, projecting from their prows and tufts of small shells.”—Ali Bey.

sides, to prevent their being boarded by the enemy,

who were very expert in that kind of war. When he Page 41, line 85.

had launched this fleet, he ordered twenty archers The tinkling throngs

into each boat, and five others with fire-balls, to burn or laden camels, and their drivers' songs.

the craft of the Jits, and naptha to set the whole river “Some of the camels have bells about their necks, on fire." and some about their legs, like those which our car- The agnee aster, too, in Indian poems, the Instruriers put about their fore-horses' necks, which, to- ment of Fire, whose flames cannot be extinguished, gether with the servants (who belong to the camels, is supposed to signify the Greek Fire.—See Wilks's and travel on foot,) singing all night, make a pleasant South of India, vol. i. p. 471.-And in the curious Janoise, and the journey passes away delightfully.”—

van poem,

the Brata Yudha, given by Mr. Raffles in Pitt's Account of the Mahometans.

his History of Java, we find, “He aimed at the heart “ The camel-driver follows the camels singing, and of Soeta with the sharp-pointed Weapon of Fire.” sometimes playing upon his pipe: the louder he sings The mention of gunpowder as in use among the and pipes, the faster the camels go. Nay, they will Arabians, long before its supposed discovery in Eustand still when he gives over his music.”—Tavernier. rope, is introduced by Ebn Fadhl, the Egyptian geo

grapher, who lived in the thirteenth century. “BoPage 42, line 63.

dies," he says, “in the form of scorpions, bound Hot as that crimson haze

round and filled with nitrous powder, glide along, By which the prostrate caravan is awid.

making a gentle noise; then, exploding, they lighten, Savary says of the south wind, which blows in as it were, and burn. But there are others, which, Egypt, from February to May, “Sometimes it appears cast into the air, stretch along like a cloud, roaring only in the shape of an impetuous whirlwind, which horribly, as thunder roars, and on all sides vomiting passes rapidly, and is fatal to the traveller surprised out flames, burst, burn, and reduce to cinders whatin the middle of the deserts. Torrents of burning ever comes in their way.” The historian Ben Abdalla, sand roll before it, the firmament is enveloped in a in speaking of the siege of Abulualid in the year of thick veil, and the sun appears of the colour of blood. the Hegira 712, says, “ A fiery globe, by means of Sometimes whole caravans are buried in it."

combustible matter, with a mighty noise suddenly

emitted, strikes with the force of lightning, and shakes Page 44, line 31.

the citadel."-See the extracts from Casiri's Biblioth. - The pillar'd Throne

Arab. Hispan, in the Appendix to Berington's Literary Of Parviz. "There were said to be under this Throne or Palace

History of the Middle Ages. of Khosrou Parvis, a hundred vaults filled with trea

Page 45, line 55. sures so immense, that some Mahometan writers tell Discharge, as from a kindled naptha fount. us, their Prophet, to encourage his disciples, carried See Hanway's Account of the Springs of Naptha them to a rock, which at his command opened, and I at Baku (which is called by Lieutenant Pottinger

for ever.

Joala Mookhee, or the Flaming mouth,) taking fire head over which its shadow once passes will assur and running into the sea. Dr. Cooke in his Journal edly be circled with a crown. The splendid little mentions some wells in Circassia, strongly impregna- bird, suspended over the throne of Tippoo Sultaun ted with this inflammable oil, from which issues boil- found at Seringapatam in 1799, was intended to re ing water, “ Though the weather," he adds," was present this poetical fancy." now very cold, the warmth of these wells of hot water produced near them the verdure and powers of

Page 49, line 36. spring."

Whose words, like those on the Written Mountain, last ajor Scott Waring says, that naptha is used by the Persians, as we are told it was in hell, for lamps. the inscriptions, figures, etc. on those rocks, which

“To the pilgrims to Mount Sinai we must attribute Many a row Of stary lamps and blazing cressets, fed

have from thence acquired the name of the Written With naptha and asphaltus, yielded light

Mountain."-Volney. M. Gebelin and others have As from a sky.

been at much pains to attach some mysterious and

important meaning to these inscriptions; but Niebuhr, Page 46, line 107.

as well as Volney, thinks that they must have been Thou seest yon cistern in the shade—'tis filled

executed at idle hours by the travellers to Mount SiWith burning drugs, for this last hour distillid.

nai, “who were satisfied with cutting the unpolished " Il donna du poison dans le vin a tous ses gens, et rock with any pointed instrument; adding to their se jetta lui-méme ensuita dans une cuve pleine de names and the date of their journeys some rude drogues brulantes et consumantes, afin qu'il ne restat figures which bespeak the hand of a people but little rien de tous les membres de son corps, et que ceux skilled in the arts."-Niebuhr. qui restaient de sa secte puissent croire qu'il était monté au ciel, ce qui ne manqua pas d'arriver."

Page 49, line 70. D'Herbelot.

From the dark hyacinth to which Hafez compares his

mistress's hair. Page 48, line 28.

Vide Nott's Hafez, Ode v. To eat any mangoes but those of Mazagong was, of course, impossible.

Page 49, line 71. “The celebrity of Mazagong is owing to its man- To the Camalata by whose rosy blossoms the heaven of goes, which are certainly the best fruit I ever tasted.

India is scented. The parent tree, from which all those of this species “The Camalata (called by Linnæus, Ipomæa) is the have been grafted, is honoured during the fruit sea- most beautiful of its order, both in the colour and son by a guard of sepois; and, in the reign of Shah form of its leaves and flowers; its elegant blossoms Jehan, couriers were stationed between Delhi and the are celestial rosy red, Love's proper hue,' and have Mahratta coast, to secure an abundant and fresh sup- justly procured it the name of Camalata, or Love's ply of mangoes for the royal table."--Mrs. Graham's Creeper."-Sir W. Jones. Journal of a Residence in India.

“Camalata may also mean a mythological plant, by

which all desires are granted to such as inhabit the Page 40, line 30.

heaven of India ; and if ever flower was worthy of His fine antique porcelain.

paradise, it is our charming Ipomæa."-Ib. This old porcelain is found in digging, and “if it is esteemed, it is not because it has acquired any new

Page 49, line 73. degree of beauty in the earth, but because it has re

That Flower-loving Nymph, whom they worship in the tained its ancient beauty; and this alone is of great

temples of Kathay. importance in China, where they give large sums for

" According to Father Premare, in his tract on Chi the smallest vessels which were used under the Em- nese Mythology, the mother of Fo-hi was the daughperors Yan and Chun, who reigned many ages before ter of heaven, surnamed Flower-loving; and as the the dynasty of Tang, at which time porcelain began nymph was walking alone on the bank of a river, she to be used by the Emperors,” (about the year 442.) – found herself encircled by a rainbow, after which she Dunn's Collection of Curious Observations, etc.—a

became pregnant, and, at the end of twelve years, was bad translation of some parts of the Lettres Edifiantes

delivered of a son, radiant as herself."- Asiat. Res. et Curieuses of the Missionary Jesuits.

Page 50, line 1.

On the blue flower, which, Bramins say,
Page 49, line 36.

Blooms no where but in Paradise.
That sublime bird, which flies always in the air.

“The Brahmins of this province insist that the blue “ The Humma, a bird peculiar to the East. It is Campac flowers only in Paradise.” -Sir W. Jones. supposed to Ay constantly in the air, and never touch It appears, however, from a curious letter of the Sulthe ground: it is looked upon as a bird of happy tan of Menangcabow, given by Marsden, that one omen, and that every head it overshades will in time place on earth may lay claim to the possession of it

. wear a crown."- Richardson.

“This is the Sultan, who keeps the flower Champaka In the terms of alliance made by Fuzzel Oola Khan that is blue, and to be found in no other country but with Hyder in 1760, one of the stipulations was, “ that his, being yellow elsewhere.”—Marsden's Sumatra. he should have the distinction of two honorary attendants standing behind him, holdings fans composed

Page 50, line 26. of the feathers of the humma, according to the prac

I know where the Isles of Perfume are. fice of his family."— Wilks's South of India. He Diodorus mentions the Isle of Panchaia, to the adds in a note : “ The Humma is a fabulous bird. The south of Arabia Felix, where there was a temple of Jupiter. This island, or rather cluster of isles, has pieces of slaughtered carcases, which this cruel and disappeared, “sunk (says Grandpre) in the abyss unclean people expose in the streets without burial, made by the fire beneath their foundations."-Voyage and who firmly believe that these animals are Falashto the Indian Ocean.

ta from the neighbouring mountains, transformed by

magic, and come down to eat human flesh in the dark Page 50, line 39.

in safety.”—Bruce.
Whose air is balm, whose ocean spreads
O'er coral rocks and amber beds, etc.

Page 51, line 104. “ It is not like the Sea of India, whose bottom is

But see, -who yonder comes. rich with pearls and ambergris, whose mountains of This circumstance has been often introduced into the coast are stored with gold and precious stones, poetry ;-by Vincentius Fabricius, by Darwin, and whose gulfs breed creatures that yield ivory, and lately, with very powerful effect, by Mr. Wilson. among the plants of whose shores are ebony, red wood, and the wood of Hairzan, aloes, camphor,

Page 53, line 13. cloves, sandal-wood, and all other spices and aroma

The wild bees of Palestine. tics; where parrots and peacocks are birds of the “Wild bees, frequent in Palestine, in hollow trunks forest, and musk and civet are collected upon the or branches of trees, and the clefts of rocks. Thus lands."— Travels of two Mohammedans.

it is said (Psalm 81,)honey out of the stony rock."

Burder's Oriental Customs.
Page 50, line 54.
Thy pillar'd shades.

Page 53, line 15.
In the ground

And, Jordan, those sweet banks of thine,
The bended twigs take root, and daughters grow

And woods so full of nightingales. About the mother tree, a pillar'd shade,

“The river Jordan is on both sides beset with little, High over-arch'd, and echoing walks between.

thick, and pleasant woods, among which thousands Milton.

of nightingales warble all together."Thevenot. For a particular description and plate of the Banyan-tree, see Cordiner's Ceylon.

Page 53, line 50.

On the brink
Page 50, line 56.

Of a small imaret's rustic fount.
Thy Monarchs and their thousand thrones.

Imaret,“ hospice ou on loge et nourrit, gratis, les “With this immense treasure Mamood returned to pélerins pendant trois jours."— Toderini, translated Ghizni, and, in the year 400, prepared a magnificent by the Abbe de Cournand.—See also Castellan's Mours festival, where he displayed to the people his wealth des Othomans, tom. v. p. 145. in golden thrones and in other ornaments, in a great plain without the city of Ghizni.”-Ferishta.

Page 53, line 81.

The boy has started from the bed
Page 50, line 91.

Of flowers, where he had lain his head,
Blood like this,

And down upon the fragrant sod
For Liberty shed, so holy is.

Kneels. Objections may be made to my use of the word Li- “Such Turks as at the common hours of prayer are berty, in this, and more especially in the story that on the road, or so employed as not to find convefollows it, as totally inapplicable to any state of things nience to attend the Mosques, are still obliged to that has ever existed in the East; but though I can execute that duty; nor are they ever known to fail, not, of course, mean to employ it in that enlarged whatever business they are then about, but pray imand noble sense which is so well understood in the mediately when the hour alarms them, whatever they present day, and, I grieve to say, so little acted upon, are about, in that very place they chance to stand on; yet it is no disparagement to the word to apply it to insomuch that when a janissary, whom you have to that national independence, that freedom from the guard you up and down the city, hears the notice interference and dictation of foreigners, without which is given him, from the steeples, he will turn which, indeed, no liberty of any kind can exist, and about, stand still, and beckon with his hand, to tell for which both Hindoos and Persians fought against his charge he must have patience for a while; when, their Mussulman invaders with, in many cases, a taking out his handkerchief, he spreads it on the bravery that deserved much better success. ground, sits cross-legged thereupon, and says his

prayers, though in the open market, which, having Page 50, line 108.

ended, he leaps briskly up, salutes the person whom Afric's Lunar Mountains.

he undertook to convey, and renews his journey with « Sometimes called,” says Jackson, “ Jibbel Kum- the mild expression of ghell ghonnum ghell

, or, Come, ric, or the white or lunar-coloured mountains ; so a dear, follow me.”—Aaron Hill's Travels. white horse is called by the Arabians a moon-coloured horse.”

Page 54, line 92.
Page 51, line 56.

The Banyan Hospital.
Only the fierce hyæna stalks

* This account excited a desire of visiting the BanThroughout the city's desolate walks. yan Hospital, as I had heard much of their benevo" Gondar was full of hyænas, from the time it lence to all kinds of animals that were either sick, "urned dark till the dawn of day, seeking the different lame, or infirm, through age or accident. On my

arrival there were presented to my view many horses, Kahn, was basely betrayed by his Omrahs."-Pencows, and oxen, in one apartment; in another, dogs, nant. sheep, goats, and monkeys, with clean straw for them

Page 56, line 79. to repose on. Above stairs were depositories for

His story of the Fire-worshippers. seeds of many sorts, and flat, broad dishes for water,

Voltaire tells us, that in his Tragedy “Les Guefor the use of birds and insects.”Parsons.

| bres," he was generally supposed to have alluded to It is said that all animals know the Banyans, that the Jansenists; and I should not be surprised if this the most timid approach them, and that birds will fly story of the Fire-worshippers were found capable of nearer to them than to other people.-See Grandpre. a similar doubleness of application. Page 54, line 97.

Page 57, line 77. Whose sweetness was not to be drawn forth, like that of

Who, luli'd in cool kiosk or bower. the fragrant grass near the Ganges, by crushing and “In the midst of the garden is the chiosk, that is, trampling upon them.

a large room, commonly beautified with a fine foun“A very fragrant grass from the banks of the Gan- tain in the midst of it. It is raised nine or ten steps, ges, near Heridwar, which in some places covers and enclosed with gilded Jattices, round which vines, whole acres, and diffuses, when crushed, a strong jessamines, and honeysuckles make a sort of green odour.''—Sir W. Jones on the Spikenard of the An- wall; large trees are planted round this place, which cients.

is the scene of their greatest pleasures.”Lady M. Page 55, line 62.

W. Montague.
Artizans in chariots.
Oriental Tales.

Page 57, line 78.

Before their mirrors count the time.
Page 55, line 72.

The women of the east are never without their Waved plates of gold and silver flowers over their heads. looking-glasses." In Barbary,” says Shaw, "they

“Or, rather,” says Scott, upon the passage of are so fond of their looking glasses, which they hang Ferishta, from which this is taken, “small coin, upon their breasts, that they will not lay them aside, stamped with the figure of a flower. They are still even when, after the drudgery of the day, they are used in India to distribute in charity, and on occasion, obliged to go two or three miles with a pitcher or a thrown by the purse-bearers of the great among the goat's skin to fetch water."— Travels. populace."

In other parts of Asia they wear little looking

glasses on their thumbs. “Hence (and from the loPage 55, line 83.

tus being considered the emblem of beauty) is the His delectable alley of trees.

meaning of the following mute intercourse of two This road is 250 leagues in length. It has “ little lovers before their parents. pyramids or turrets,” says Bernier, “erected every

“He, with salute of deference due, half league, to mark the ways, and frequent wells to A lotus to his forehead prest; afford drink to passengers, and to water the young She rais'd her mirror to his view, trees."

Then turn'd it inward to her breast."
Page 56, line 8.

Asiatic Miscellany, vol. ii.
On the clear, cold waters of which floated multitudes of the

Page 58, line 17. beautiful red lotus.

Th' untrodden solitude " Here is a large pagoda by a tank, on the water

of Ararat's tremendous peak. of which float multitudes of the beautiful red lotus : the flower is larger than that of the white water-lily; opinion is not true, who suppose this mount to be

Struy says, “I can well assure the reader that their and is the most lovely of the nymphæas I have seen. -Mrs. Graham's Journal of a residence in India.

inaccessible.” He adds, that “the lower part of the

mountain is cloudy, misty; and dark, the middlemost Page 56, line 38.

part very cold and like clouds of snow, but the upper Who many hundred years since had fled hither from their regions perfectly calm."-It was on this mountain Arab conquerors.

that the Ark was supposed to have rested after the "On les voit, pérsecutés par les Khalifes, se reti. Deluge, and part of it, they say, exists there still

, rer dans les montagnes du Kerman : plusieurs choisi- which Struy thus gravely accounts for :-“Whereas rent pour retraite la Tartarie et la Chine ; d'autres none can remember that the air on the top of the hill s'arreterent sur les bords du Gange, a l'est de Delhi." did ever change or was subject either to wind or rain, -M. Anquetil, Memoires de l'Academie, tom. xxxi. p. which is presumed to be the reason that the Ark has 346.

endured so long without being rotten."-See Carre

ri's Travels, where the Doctor laughs at this whole acPage 56, line 48. As a native of Cashmere, which had in the same manner

count of Mount Ararat. become the prey of strangers.

Page 59, line 85. Cashmere (says its historians) had its own Princes

The Gheber belt that round him clung. 4000 years before its conquest by Akbar in 1585. “ Pour se distinguer des Idolatres de l'Inde, les Akbar would have found some difficulty to reduce Guebres se ceignent tous d'un cordon de laine, où do this Paradise of the Indies, situated as it is, within poil de chameau.”Encyclopedie Francaise. such a fortress of mountains; but its monarch, Yusef D'Herbelot says this belt was generally of leather.

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