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counted the days he had lived there liament, and the business of it tranf. amongst those which were the hap- ferred to the great officers of state, piest in his life.
and those who were in the list of his From the time he left Cambridge, Majesty's honourable privy council. his residence in winter was in Lon- He was twice married, first, to don, and in the summer in the coun- Mary the fole daughter of Colonel try, in his father's family, as long as Svame, of Derehan in Norfolk ; who he lived. His pursuits were chief- dying without issue, he afterwards ly literary; and though his name marricd Elizabeth, the daughter of was not put to the publication, in Henry Grey, Efq; of Hackney, in the the
year 1727, of his “ Art of county of Middlesex, who survived Dancing," inscribed to Lady Fanny him. He died of a fever, after a few Fielding, yet the author was food days illness, on the 18th of Decemdiscovered, and it was considered as ber, 1787, at his house in Tilneya presage of what might afterwards street, Audley Square, leaving no be expected from him.
issue. Soon after his father's death, at He was a man of great mildness, the general election in 1742 he was gentleness, and sweetness of temper, unanimoully chosen one of the re- which he manifested to all with presentatives for the county of Cam- whom he had concerns, either in the bridge ; from which time he sat in business of life or its focial interparliament until the year 1780, re
couise. His earneft defire was, as prelenting, during those thirty-eight far as it was possible, never to offend years, either the county or the borough any perfon; and he made fuch alof Cambridge, except only for four lowances, even for those who in their years, when on the call of a new par- dispositions differed from him, that liament, in the year 1754, he was he was rarely offended with others; returned for the borough of Dunwich, of which, in a long life, he gave in the county of Suffolk ; but on many notable instances. Lora Dupplin's going up to the House strict in the performance of religious of Lords, he vacated his feat by the duties in public, and a constant pracacceptance of the office of steward of tifer of them in private; ever profesthe Chiltern Hundreds, and succeed. fing the greatest veneration for the ed him as representative of the Church of England and its governborough of Cambridge. The con- ment, as by law eftablished; holding ftant and coiform opinion which her Liturgy as the purcst and most those who chofe him entertained of perfear form of public weithip in any his parliamentary conduct, cannot be establifhed church in Christendom; more strongly evinced than by the but, though he gave it the preference unanimity of their choice; for he in comparison with other churches, had only one opposition, and that which, with Grotius, he thought had from election-adventurers, one of departed from the institutions of the whom, not long after, as it often more primitive Christian church, yet bappens to the disturbers of establish- he thought that alterations and aed interests, appeared in the Gazette, mendments might be made in it, amongst the fad lift of bankrupts. which would render it more perfect
In the year 1755, his late Majesty than it is in its present state, and was pleased to appoint him one of the which he earnestly desired to have lords commissioners of the Board seen accomplished by those who were for Trade and Plantations, at which properly authorised. But though he continued to sit until an alteracion iuch was his disposition, such his was made in its constitution by Pare defire, he had at the same time ex.
He was 88
Life of Soame Jenyns, Eja pressed his most ardent with that it in the country, résiding there tvitt might remain in its present form un- hospitality to his tenants and neightil the alterations proposed to be bours, and never suffered any places, made therein were all agreed upon at that season calculated for public and finally settled; for he wifely diversions, to allure him ; for he faid foresaw the dangerous conquences he could at that time do more good that may
arise to a long-et blished in bis own parish chan in any other religious or civil government, from lituation. altering or doing away any part of it, He frequently lamented the prevails liowever warranted by reason or ing fashion of the later times of his found policy, before it is absolutely lite, which carried gentlemen with determined what shall in future be a- their fam lies from London, when it dopted. In private life he was most is deserted by all whofe absence can amialle and engaging, for he was be dispensed with, to places far dispossesied of a twell informed mind, tant from their houses and áprient accompanied by an uncommon vein seats in the country. of the most lively, fpirited, and ge
When he was in the country, he nuine wit, which always flowed very constantly acted as a magiftratu in his copiously amongst those with whom own district, and attended all those he conversed, but which was temper- meetings which were boiden for the ed with such a kindness of nature, ibat purposes of public justice. it never was the cause of uneasiness From the general opinion that was to any of those with whom he lived. enteriained of his inflexible integrity
This made his acquaintance much and fuperior underttanding, he was fought after and courted by all those much resorted to in that character at who had a taste for brilliant conver
home From his natural fagacity, fation, being weil aflured that they quick difcernment, and long expewould be delighted with it where he rience, on hearing and examining the was: aod that, though they did not parties, he seldom failed of obiaining possess the same talent, they never a com; lete koowledge of the cales would be censured by him because that came before him; and was there: they wanted it.
by enabled to determine according No person ever felt more for the to the rules of complete juftice ; al miferies of others ihan he did, no ways giving his reasons for what he person law, or more strictly practi. did with a cleainess and peripicuity sed, the necessity imposed on those peculiar to himleif, and those reaton's who form the fuperior ranks of life, expressed in words to accommodated whose dury it is to reconcile the low- toibe understanding of all wbo heard er classes to their present condition, him, that few ou none departed dif: by contributing the utmost to make fatisfed with his decisions. them happy, and thereby to caufe His first entrance into parliament them to feel as little of that difier- was in the last year of the administraence as is posible; for he was most tion of that able and honeft minifter, kind and courteous to all his infe. Sir Robert Walpole, whose memory riors, not only in his expresions and hath a title to be enrolled amongte in his behaviour, but in alhiting them the faithfullelt servants of the Crown, in all their wants and distreffes as and truest friends to the liberties and far as he could ever contiuering his real interests of the people, that the poor neighbours in the country as Britith empire hath been blefied with parts of his family, and, as such, en- during the present or any former cèntitled to his care and protection. He speot his summers at his house Through this year M. J. attended
of the country.
all the long days and nights in the wealth, brought thence into this House of Commons, which the Oppo, country by the individuals who had sition spent in hunting that minister in. there acquired it, as an ample reto the toils which they had made to venge for the unjust depredations take him, under the hackneyed and committed on the territorial possefspecious colour of pursuing the ene- fions of their princes, ever conlidermies to the happiness and interests ing those depredations as being the
most enormous acts of injustice that Unknown to Sir Robert, and un- could be shewn from one state to anconnected with him by acquaintance other, and that this was heightened or private regard, he supported him by a most fagarant act of ingratitude to the utmolt of his power, till he for the original permission of coma retired from his high station.—He mercial establishments made on their feldon or never spoke whilst fitting coafts, in order that trade might be in Parliament.
carried on 10 more advantage ; for From having long had a seat at the which permission the natives were enBoard of Trade, and constantly at- titled to the most perfect amity, and teading his duty there, he gained an every public focial intercourse shewn understanding of the great outlines of to the most favoured nations. Somethe commercial interests of this coun- times he would add, that though try; and though he never published Asia had in her turn been often con. any thing on this subject, get it was quered by all who attacked her, an object that engaged much of his yet that the wealth brought from attention, and on which he had made thence by the conquerors into their up in his mind certain principles, respective dominions had always infrom which he never departed, in troduced with it so great luxury, most of which, those to whom he that thereby those virtues by which communicated them deemed him well they became conquerors were at last warranted.
enfeubled and done away, iosomuch He always considered the British that Asia in her turn became the con empire as enlarged beyond the bounds queror; of which he instanced, 2dictated by found policy ; that those mongst others, the decline and fall parts of it situated beyond the Atlan- of the Roman empire, as a lasting en tic Ocean to the West, beyond the vidence. He considered the East Cape of Good Hope to the East, Indies and America as two immense were at too great a distance to be disproportionate wings to the small governed as they ought to be ; that body of the island, and expressed his the American colonies were too kind- fears left, at some time or other, they ly fostered by the mother country; might fly away with the British eina that the millions expended in pro- pire. moting their growth would, at last, As an author, so long as a true rear them to a height at which they taste of fine writing shall exist, he would think themselves entitled to will have a distinguished place amongst ask for emancipation from their pa- those who have excelled. He won. rent state ; an observation he often derfully excelled in burlesque imitamade before the event happened; tions of the antient poets, by applying and he lived to see with regret his their thoughts to modern times and prophecy, with consequences he did circumstances. He had, for many not forelee, become true history. years before he died, bid farewell to
He always beheld our conquests in his Muse, and, in the language of the East Indies with a real concern, Lord Bacon, applied himself to such and confidered the great influx of subjects as come home, though not
VOL XII. No. 68. M
Life of Soame Jenyns, Esq. to men's business, yet close to their many of them delighted. It was bosoms. But, long as the parting translated into foreign languages, and had been, yet almoft in the last stage in a short time went through three of his life, impelled by atfection, he editions, to the last of which, by the courted his muse again. The sincere advice of his friends, the author puc and strong affection he bore to his his name. Though this book was Majesty produced the short poem on attacked, and the author treated with his escape from the dangerous attack a very unbecomiog asperity, by two of a lunatick ; in which it appears, able writers, yet the number of prithat, however, when compared with vate letters he received from those on his early poems, the sun of his ima- whom this work had the effect his gination was at that time almost fet, benevolent intention proposed, more yet age had not in the least degree than confoled him for the rudé treatchilled in his heart the effufions of ment he received from fuch writers. benevolence and affection. As a - To those who are now alive, to writer of prose, whoever will ex. whom Mr Jenyns was known (and amine his style will find that he is many such there are, of the most relentitled to a place amongst the purest pectable diftin&tion), Mr Cole suband correcteft writers of the Englishi mits the portrait, not as being finely language. “ The Free Inquiry into but faithfully drawn. To pofterity the Nature and Origin of Evil," was he leaves the following entry, the othe first of Mr Ji's works on account riginal of which may be found in the of which he was attacked. Pam. registry of burials in the parish of phlets were published, and private Bottitham, for the year 1787, as an letters addrefled to him, on that oc- "evidence of what hath been advanced casion, some of them charged with in the foregoing pages: acrimony, much abuse, and no smalt
Şoame Jenyns, in the 83d year of his age. portion of calumny. In a second e
What his literary character was, dition of that work, published some
the world hath already judged for ittelf; years after the first, having fong fub- but ia remains for his parish Minister mitted with silent patience to a treat
to do his duty, ment which he by no means deferved,
that while he registers the burial of in a preface to this edition he an
Soame Jenyns, fwered his adversaries, which, who- lze regrets the loss of one of the wall ever will take the pains to read and
amiable of men, confiders will admire as a specimen of
and one of the true Chriftians.
To the parish of Bottisham he is an his superior talents in controversial
irreparable lófs. writing.
He was buried in this church, Dec. 27, In the summer of the year 1776,
near midnight, he published “A View of the in- by William L.ort Manell, lequeftrator, ternal Evidence of the Christian Re. who thus trantyreflies the compion forms of
a Register, ligion," without his name. The re.
merely because he thinks it to be. ception it met with was such as fel.
the most folcmn and latiing method dom is shewa to the compositions of of recording to pofterity, the moft approved writers. This
that the firejt underlanding
has been' united was a work with which the clergy,
to the belt heart, the laity, were in general pleased,
Alemoirs of the late Sir John Lockhart Ross, Bart, Vice Admiral of the
every French Frigate or privateer kind in general in what particu. that issued from their ports, he having lar (pot a man, who has rendered e- in a very short space of time captuminent public services to his country, red no less than nine vessels of force, first drew the vital air, it is; with the carrying collectively 2048 men and million, the first object of enquiry. 224 guns. Of these the laft, called Sir John Lockhart Ross, ther, was a the Melampe, fitted out at Bayonne native of Scotland, descended from a for the express parpose of taking the very ancient and honourable family Tartar, gave him the opportunity of in Lanarkshire, he being the fifth son archieving a victory, that, for comof Sir James Lockhart, Bart. of Car- parative brilliancy, was scarcely furpafftairs. He was born on the 11th of fed during a war fatal to the naval November 1721. From his earlieft power of our enemies. The Melampe years be discovered a predilection for was of a force very superior to the a fea-life, and in confequence, in the Tartar, mounting 36 guns, 12 pounyear 1745, he embarked as a midship- ders, and having on board man in the Navy. In this capacity sen men. They foon met; for, when he evinced qualities whica particular, two hostile commanders are actuated ly fitted him for the active and eater- by the same desire, to meet even on prizing duties of a naval officer, and the wide expanse of ocean, is no very gave dawnings of that diftinction difficult point. A very hot and obftiwbich he afterwards attained. As nate engagement immediately ensued ; first lieutenant to Sir Peter Warren, but the enemy's colours were at and Lord Ansoo, having fhewed length ftrack to the superior courage proofs of uncommon ability, diligence, and discipline of the British Commanand valour, he was in the year 1747 der and his gallant crew.
The perfiappointed to the commard of the Vul dious Frenchman, ftung with the can fireship. 1o October of the fame disgraceful event of a conqueft fo upyear, he served in the fleet under Ad. equal on the part of the British hin, miral Hawke, who, cruizing off Cape after having hailed the Tartar, ackoow Fiaisterre with 16 thips, captured Lix ledging his surrender, and submisively thips of the French line.
fueing for quarter, made a desperate atIn 1755, upon the appearance of a tempo to surprise and overpower her rupture with France, Capt. Lockhart cre', whom he vainly supposed :o be was appoined to the conimand of the thrown off their guard, elated with Savage fluo;, of war, and cruised un- victory. He boarded the Tartar ; but, der the Admirals Hawke, Byng, and in penetration, vigilance, and courage, Wet, for the purpose of making re. he was more than over-matched by the prilads upea the enemy, in which fer- British Commander. The Frenchmen vise he was ever lingularly zealous were vigoroully repulsed, and more and successful.
than fifty of them were killed or drownIn March 1756, he was made Post ed in their unwarrantable effort. into the Tartar fiigate of 28 guns, So active was Capt. Lockhart in (24 nine pounders, and
4 four poun- the protection of our own trade, and ders) and 200 men. The eminent successful in the annoyance and deservices which he performed in this
struction of that of the enemy, that little thip are fill proverbial in the the merchants of London and Bristol, davy. His name was the terror of sensible of the important benefits, more