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901

On Bribery and Perjury.

902

was raised up from the dead by the shall the soul of every true believer glory of the Father, even so we also descend. In that place, the soul of should walk in newness of life; for if our Redeemer, in its separate state, we have been planted together in the possessed and exercised its active likeness of his death, we shall be, also, powers; in the same place, therefore, in the likeness of his resurrection.shall the believer's soul possess and ex

As the Saviour of mankind literally ercise a similar kind of animation.” took our nature upon him, and evident- I shall neither apologize, Sir, for the ly participated in all our emotions, we frequency or the variety of the premay naturally conclude, that when our ceding extracts, convinced that the thread of life is severed, our spirits sentiments of our author, so justly cewill remain in that place of safe keep- lebrated, cannot fail to be acceptable; ing, into which he descended, until and that they may make a lasting imsummoned into the presence of their pression upon the hearts of your nuMaker, to receive their final sentence. merous readers, is the sincere wish of Into that place, it is to be presumed, he

Your obedient Servant, went, not only to proclaim the glad AN UNKNOWN CORRESPONDENT, tidings, that he had actually offered the London, Oct. 11, 1819. predicted sacrifice for their redemptiom, but that he was about to re

ON BRIBERY AND PERJURY. appear before the Father as their intercessor, offering the atoning sacrifice

Northampton, October 15, 1819. of his precious blood.

“ This (says MR. EDITOR, Bishop Horsley) was a preaching fit to SIR,—The following remarks were be addressed to departed souls, as it circulated prior to the late election at would impart new animation and as the Borough of S--, by a worthy surance to their hopes, that the con- minister, for the instruction of his felsummation of their bliss would take low townsmen, and for the use of his place in due season ; and it gives to the own flock in particular. Should you declaration of St. Peter, a clear and deem them of sufficient importance for satisfactory definition."

insertion in your excellent publication, I shall conclude my remarks upon I think they might tend in some this important article of our faith, Mr. measure to check what has become of Editor, by a few more of this learned late too common amongst all parties, prelate's observations; fully aware they the sin of perjury. must carry greater weight with them

I am your's respectfully, than those which I am capable of of

FREDERICUS. fering. “ Having now, I trust, shown that the article of Christ's descent into At an Election of Members of ParliaHell, is to be taken as a plain matter ment, the Oath to be taken by the of fact, in the literal expression of the Electors is as follows : words, I shall, with great brevity, demonstrate the great use and importance I, A. B. do swear I have not received, of the fact itself, as a point of christian or had by myself, or any other person doctrine. Its great use is this, that it whatsoever in trust for me, or for my is a clear confutation of the dismal use or benefit, directly or indirectly,

or sums of money, office, notion of death, as the temporary ex- any sum tinction of the life of man; and what is place, or employment, gift or reward, no less gloomy and discouraging, the or any promise or security for any notion of the sleep of the soul, in the in- money, office, employment, or gift, in terval between death and the general and that I have not been polled at this

order to give my vote at this election ; resurrection. Christ was so completely man, that whatever took place in the hu- election. So help me God. man nature of him,may be considered as

Explanation. a model and example of what must, in a A direct receiving, &c. is, when a per, certain degree, take place in the soul son gives or promises you money, of every man united to him. Christ's employment, or reward; and asks soul survived the death of his body; you at the same time, in plain words, therefore shall the soul of every true to give your vote for this or that believer, survive the body's disso- gentleman. lation. Christ's disembodied soul An indirect receiving, is when a per, descended into Hell; thither therefore / son gives you money, or any thing

MAGAZINE.

else ; and though he do not expressly | the souls in purgatory, but in partitell you what it is for, yet you have cular for the deceased subscribers, the reason to believe that his intention is parents, friends, and relations of its thereby to influence or engage you to members.give your vote conformably to his The above was found in a field near wishes.

Dublin, dated March the 1st, 179-, “So help me God,” signifies, Let | filled up with 2s. 2d. for two masses, God Almighty bless or curse me, save and signed PATRICK CALLAGHAN. or destroy according as what I swear be true or false.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL Queries proposed to all those who are chargeable with bribing the voters at elections.

Westhoughton, October 5, 1819.

Sir, 1. If you teach a person to think lightly of an oath on one occasion, the Algebraical Problem proposed

,

SHOULD the following solution to can you expect him to regard it as

col. 523, in the sixth number of your sacred on any other occasion ?

valuable Miscellany, be deemed 2. If a person forswear himself to

worthy of a place in any subsequent serve your purpose, is it to be sup- number, the insertion would be gratiposed that he will make any scruple of doing the same, when it is to serve

ying to your very humble servant,

MATHEMATICUS. his own? 3. What man's property or life can

Solution:- Because the sum of each be safe amongst persons who have been taught by their superiors to per- pair of numbers is equal to the same jure themselves?

number, viz. 20, the question amounts 4. Who is the most infamous cha- to this: To divide a given number (20) racter,-a poor man who accepts a consisting of two squares, 4 and 16, bribe, and perjures himself; or a rich into two other square numbers, two man who gives it, and thereby tempts different ways; put a=2, b=4, and I him to do so ?

and y for the roots of the required 5. Can that man be a good member squares, then by the problem æ°+y:= of society who encourages perjury, or a'+b? and, per art. 219, Euler's Algehas he a claim to be believed upon his

2b pq + a (qp)

bra, x = own oath, in any case whatsoever?

p+ q? 6. Is not an oath the most sacred 2 a pq + b (pq, pledge which can be given by one

where p'+ que

P man to another; and if its obligation numbers taken at pleasure. Take p=4 be destroyed, is not the security of

2

56 the civilized world at an end ?

and q=1, then x =

17 7. Has not perjury been classed

22 4 amongst the most heinous crimes in hence

56

5776

and all ages, not only by believers in di

289 17

289 vine revelation, but also by pagan the first pair of numbers : again take idolaters and heathen philosophers ? p=5 and q = 2, and we shall have 8. Is it possible to mention any

38

124, crime which is more likely to bring

and

consequently 29

29 the curse of Almighty God upon the 38 | 2

1444 124 15376 individual who is chargeable with it,

and since he hath declared that “ his curse

841

841

4 shall enter into the house of him that other pair of numbers; hence sweareth falsely by his name, and that

209, it shall remain in the midst of his 5776 1 444 15376

and

are the numhouse and consume it?" Zech. v. 4. 289, 841, 841,

bers required.

From what is done above, it evi

dently appears that the principle Copy of a curious Receipt in use in employed in the solution will solve the Ireland.—“ Received from the Purga- problem, when it has the following torian Society the sum of

very general enunciation, viz. To masses for the relief of all divide a given number, consisting of

to offer

-and y =

and a

are

and y=17,

2

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are

2

y =

2

are the

29

29

PURGATORIAN SOCIETY.

905 New Question.--On Temptations, and Evil Propensities. 906 any number of squares, into the same duce. All things leading to the comnumber of other squares as many ways mission of criminal acts are temptaas we please. For if the number of tions; such as the desire of revenge, squares be even, they may be divided the inordinate love of the world, and into other squares by pairs, as in the the employment of unlawful means in above solution; and if the number of the acquirement of its fleeting gratifisquares be odd, they may be divided cations.” To these he adds :

envy, into pairs by leaving out the last num- hatred, malice, and uncharitableness ; ber, which must be added to one of the rejoicing at another's downfall, and the new found squares, and those two our triumphs over the misfortunes of squares divided as before : hence, the our fellow-creatures." These he conmethod of extending the question to siders to originate in the temptations any number of squares, ad libitum, is of Satan, which operate on our evil sufficiently obvious.

propensities just as the soul influences the body; but he contends, that they

cannot be found detached from the NEW QUESTION.-By Mathematicus.

effects they produce. Admit the respective distances be

“ The visible effects of the temptatween Liverpool, Warrington, and tions of Satan, and the vicious propenWigan, to be the same, viz. 18 miles: sities of the heart, are one and the a messenger sets out from Wigan to

same evil, under different appellations, Liverpool, and travels at the rate of when applied to different subjects. 5 miles per hour; and at the same in- If viewed in relation to the body, they stant of time, another messenger sets may with propriety be termed its naout from Warrington to Wigan, and tural propensity, the first fruits of the travels uniformly at the rate of 4 miles Devil's exertions, being engendered per hour: it is required to determine and rendered perceptible in the flesh how long they have been on their jour-only. And if viewed in their appliney when they are 12 miles asunder? cation to the soul, they may as reasonand also to determine how long they ably be considered the temptations have been on their journey when they of Satan, being in reality his allureare the nearest possible together, and ments, in the act of being offered the distance between them at that through the agency of the flesh, which time?

becomes then sensibly affected by the internal operation of his power, by

intoxicating the soul with novelty, till, ON TEMPTATIONS, AND EVIL PROPEN

inducing it on the one hand to soothé

and appease the turbulence produced In the fourth number of the Imperial by its consciousness of guilt, by Magazine, col. 377, the following placing false constructions on the query was inserted.

“ How am I to merits of its proceedings; while on distinguish the evil propensities of my the other, it is active in the performheart from the temptations of Satan?” ance of works which are loathsome, On this query some observations and opposite to its better dictates." were made in the following number, col. 487. Since that time several articles respecting this question have been From another correspondent in Iretransmitted by our correspondents, of land, we have received the following which few only seem calculated to article on the same important subject. impart the desired information. In one paper, signed P. S. C. of Liverpool, the author turns his attention to

SIR, the subject; but his observations are preceded with so many preliminary Having read in your fourth number, remarks, that we can only select the col. 377, two queries proposed by a essence of his ideas.

“Constant Reader,” I waited patiently He observes, that “ what we deno- for the appearance of the fifth, expectminate the temptations of Satan, and ing a satisfactory answer to each questhe evil propensities of the heart, are tion from some of your more expeinseparably connected with each other; rienced correspondents. I was not one being the cause, and the other the entirely disappointed. One of them effect which the soul permits it to pro- made a few observations; and I should

SITIES.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL

MAGAZINE.

have been glad if he had said more. that our adversary the Devil goeth about The substance of what I now send like a roaring lion, seeking whom he may you was in contemplation before his devour. These scriptures sufficiently answer appeared. If you judge these prove, that there exists such a being, remarks worthy of a place, in addition and that man is subject to his temptato what has been already said, they tions; while, in many instances, there are at your disposal.

are actions specified, in which he was On the second question, I have not the immediate agent. He tempted said any thing at present: I judge it Eve to eat of the forbidden fruit; prudent not to advance my ideas on caused the Sabeans and Chaldeans to it, until I have examined it more ma- kill the servants of Job, and rob bim turely. Men have frequently different of his su'istance; possessed and torperceptions and ideas concerning the mented many, in the days of our Lord; same questions, particularly in religion tempted him in the wilderness; put and morality. If any other of your it into the heart of Ananias and numerous readers has any thing to Sapphira to lie unto the Holy Ghost; advance, that might tend to cast addi- he has deceived the nations of the tional light upon these two very criti- world from the beginning; and when cal points, no person would be more loosed again from his prison, shall go highly gratified than

forth to deceive Gog and Magog, and Yours, &c. to gather them together again unto

AN IRISHMAN. battle, Rev. xx. These things being White Abbey, Sept. 6, 1819.

premised, let us bear more immedi

ately upon the point. IN answer to the first query, viz. The senses are not only the medium “ How shall I distinguish the evil through which man receives his first propensities of my heart from the ideas of extrinsic objects, but they temptations of Satan?” we may ob- really often prove inlets to temptation. serve, that man is a creature endowed He who is earnestly resisting every with various senses, passions, and allurement, would require to guard powers. He can see, hear, taste, feel, them strictly, lest they lead hiin astray. and smell. He is the subject of love | It is natural, we know, for the eye to and hatred, joy and sorrow, hope and look; and, in particular, it is attracted fear, desire and aversion, with many by all objects which are new, grand, other passions. He is also endued and beautiful ; but in many cases we with understanding, memory, are equally convinced that the sight of science, imagination, and will. As such objects may be unlawful, though such, he stands connected both with the desire to see them be natural. matter and spirit, with this world and Hence, like David, we should turn our that which is invisible: and as such, eyes from beholding vanity; and, like he is a moral agent, in a state of pro- holy Job, we should make a covenant bation here, and capable of reward or with our eyes, lest they lead us into punishment hereafter. To him the for- transgression. We should act thus bidden fruit is now presented, when- with every sense, which might more ever he may happen to be by himself. immediately lead us to violate our And if we give sinple credit to the moral obligations. While we are thus Word of Truth, he is surrounded by exercised day after day, we discover, an invisible host of wily fiends, who by experience, that we are naturally oppose him in his religious efforts, excited to gratify our senses, by bring. and strive to make and keep him a ing them in contact with those objects sinner. The word Devil is a noun of that are pleasing to them in all their multitude. Hence, when that spirit variety. When we therefore feel dewho possessed the man among the sires tending towards objects of sense, tombs was asked, “ What is thy and are at the same time convinced name?” he answered, My name is that the indulgence of them would be Legion, for we are many.The Apos- wrong, I see no reason why we should tle tells us, that we wrestle not against attribute these to the operations of flesh and blood, but against principali- Satan, seeing they may be fairly acties, against powers, against the rulers counted for on natural principles. of the darkness of this world, and against The man who is destitute of religion, spiritual wickedness in high places: at not having the victory over his pasthe same time St. Peter assures us, sions is commonly found to gratify them

con

909
On Temptations, and Evil Propensities.

910 as far as possible in sensible objects. / objects, there is reason both from Not so with him who believes in Scripture and experience to conclude, Christ with the heart unto righteous- that he generally proceeds in the above ness. By faith he has obtained the manner. best of victories-a victory over him- The Devil, according to the stateself. And though the same objects ment now made, has only been conmay now meet his senses, in which he sidered as operating on the passions formerly found gratification at the ex- of the believer: but there is another pense of his conscience, yet he yields mode in which he proceeds, and pernot to any of their bewitching allure- haps with more success. He is well ments. The simple desire to indulge convinced that man, in his present the senses, he knows is agreeable to state, knows only in part; that the the original constitution of man: but wisest and best of men are in many he is equally sure, that there is a respects but children in understanding ; boundary fixed to this gratification, and that if he can find them any how according to the eternal reason and relaxed in their application to the nature of things. Feeling no inward Fountain of wisdom, he may easily necessity to step beyond the “ allowed overcome them by his devices. Hence line,” he triumphs over the enjoy- he is styled, the subtle serpent, the ments and pleasures of the world, and deceiver of the nations, and a liar and often comes off more than conqueror, murderer from the beginning. We are through the blood of the Lamb. Let not left ignorant of his insinuations in him, as is often the case, triumph over this respect, nor of his mode of procesensual objects this hour, and the next dure. We have complete instances in be harassed by the same ideas, when the case of the first woman, Eve, and the senses and the objects have ceased the second man, Jesus Christ: both to be in contact ; let the impure were the subjects of his temptations. thoughts be injected instantly, forci- By his reasoning and lies he deceived bly, and repeatedly, into the mind; the one, and by the same methods he let every power and grace be called artfully strove to delude the other. forth to stem the torrent in the soul, The Lord God (says the sacred penuntil at last, after much prayer and man) made the earth to bring forth holy exercise, he is enabled again to every tree that is pleasant to the eye and triumph: to what can we attribute good for food. That the tree of knowthis, but to some invisible evil agent, ledge of good and evil was also pleawho strives to deceive and torment sant to the eye, the woman knew him? This must be acknowledged: merely by looking at it; that it was for the person under consideration good for food, she might be led to possesses dominion over his every conclude, from seeing the serpent eatpassion, and has therefore no wish to ing of it: but the desire she had for remember or indulge the forbidden the wisdom to be gained by a particithing. Yet it preys upon him without pation thereof, arose from the false intermission for a considerable time, representations of that lying spirit; and at last probably flees from him in this was the most artful manner in an instant. The Apostle, in writing which he could possibly have proto the Ephesians, uses an expression ceeded. He did not tempt her with which tends to cast considerable light great possessions, seeing she was on what has been said. “ Above all, mistress of the world already, by the (saith he,) take unto you the shield of appointment of God. No, he wrought faith, whereby you will be enabled to smoothly on that passion, the gratifiquench all the fiery darts of the wicked cation of which is perhaps still more one,” who is the Devil. From the congenial to the human mind than any figure here advanced we may infer, other; namely, a thirst for universal that as the poisoned arrow is projected knowledge and unbounded fame. God instantly and rapidly from the bow, so, doth know (said he) that in the day thou in the above case, the temptations of eatest thereof your eyes shall be opened, the Devil in general are abrupt, forci- and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and ble, and, if yielded to, accompanied evil. This was certainly an awful with the most infectious impurity and truth, in an experimental sense. But exaggerated guilt. When Satan there- the woman was deceived : which may fore acts upon the passions, by awaken- lead us justly to infer, that the serpent ing a secondary perception of sensible gave her to understand, by this know

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