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counted the days he had lived there liament, and the business of it trans. amongst those which were the hap. ferred to the great officers of state, piest in his life.
and those who were in the list of his From the time he left Cambridge, Majesty's honourable privy council. his residence in winter was in Lon. He was twice married, first, to don, and in the summer in the coun- Mary the fole daughter of Colonel try, in his father's family, as long as Svame, of Derehani in Norfolk ; who he lived. His pursuits were chief. dying without issue, he afterwards ly literary; and though his name married Elizabeth, the daughter of was not put to the publication, in HenryGrey, Esq; of Hackney, in the the year 1727, of his “ Art of county of Middlesex, who furvived Dancing," inscribed to Lady Fanny him. He died of a fever, after a few Fielding, yet the author was soon days illness, on the 18th of Decemdiscovered, and it was considered as ber, 1787, at his house in Tilneya presage of what might afterwards street, Audley Square, leaving, no be expected from him.
Soon after his father's death, at He was a man of great mildness, · the general election in 1742 he was gentleness, and sweetness of temper,
unanimoully chosen one of the se. which he manifested to all with presentatives for the county of Cam- whom he had concerns, either in the bridge ; from which time he sat* in business of life or its social interparliament until the year 1780, re- course, His earneft defire was, as presenting, during thofe thirty-eight far as it was possible, never to offend years, either the county or the borough any person ; and he made fuch alof Cambridge, except only for four lowances, even for those who in their years, when on the call of a new par- dispositions differed from him, that liament, in the year 17 54, he was he was rarely offended with others; returned for the borough of Dunwich, of which, in a long life, he gave in the county of Suffolk ; but on many notable instances. He was Lora Dupplin's going up to the House strict in the performance of religious of Lords, he vacated his feat by the duties in public, and a constant pracacceptance of the office of steward of tifer of them in private; ever profes. the Chiltern Hundreds, and succeed. sing the greatest veneration for the ed him as representative of the Church of England and its govern. borough of Cambridge. The con- ment, as by law established; holding fant and coiform opinion which her Liturgy as the purest and most those who chose him eniertained of perfect form of public worship in any his parliamentary conduct, cannot be establifhed church in Christendom; more strongly evinced than by the but, though he gave it che preference unanimity of their choice; for he in comparison with other churches, bad only one opposition, and that which, with Grotius, he thought had from election-adventurers, one of departed from the institutions of the whom, not long after, as it often more primitive Christian church, yet bappens to the disturbers of establish- he thought that alterations and an ed interests, appeared in the Gazette, mendments might be made in it, amongtt the fad lift of bankrupts. which would render it more perfe&t
In the year 1755, his late Majesty than it is in its present state, and Was pleased to appoint him one of the which he earnestly desired to have lords commissioners of the Board seen accomplished by those who were for Trade and Plantations, at which properly authorised. But though he continued to fit until an alteration Tuch was his disposition, such his was made in its conftitution by Pare defire, he had at the fame time ex
pressed his most ardent with that it in the country, résiding there withi might remain in its present form un hospitality to his tenants and peightil the alterations proposed to be bours, and never suffered any places, made therein were all agreed upon at that season calculated for public and finally set:led; for he wisely diversions, to allure him; for he said foresaw the dangerous confequences he could at that time do more good that may arise to a long-ef blished in bis own parilh than in any other religious or civil government, from situation. altering or doing away any part of it, He frequently lamented the prevailliowever warranted by reason or ing fashion of the later times of his found policy, before it is absolutely lite, which carried gentlemen with determined what shall in future be as their fam lies from London, when it dopted. In private life he was most is deserted by all whofe absence can amiable and engaging, for he was be diipensed with, to places far dir. possesied of a well informed mind, tant from their houses and áotient accompanied by an uncommon vein seats in the country. of the most lively, fpirited, and ge- When he was in the country, he nuine wit, which always flowed very constantly acted as a magistrate in his copiously amongst those with whom own district, and attended all those he conversed, but which was temper- meetings which were boiden for the ed with such a kindness of nature, that purposes of public jultice. it never was the cause of uneasiness from the general opinion that was to any of those with whom he lived. enteriained of his inflexible integrity This made his acquaintance much and superior understanding, he was fought after and courted by all those much resorted to in that character at who had a taste for brilliant conver- home from his natural fagacity, sation, being well assured that they quick discernment, and long expe: would be delighted with it where he rience, on hearing and examining the was : aod that, though they did not parties, he seldom failed of obtaining possess the same talent, they never a com; lete knowledge of the cales would be censured by him because thet came before him; and was there: they wanted it.
by enabled to determine according No person ever felt more for the to the rules of complete juttice ; al: miseries of others than he did, no ways giving his reasons for what he person faw, or more strictiy pracii. did with a cleainess and peripicuity sed, the neceílity impofid on those peculiar to himself, and those reatons who form the superior ranks of life, expressed in words to accommodated whose dury it is to reconcile the low to be understanding of all wbo heard er classes to their present condirion, him, that few ou none departed difo. by contributing the utmost to make fatisfed with his decisions. them happy, and thereby to cause His first entrance into parliament them to feel as liitle of that diser. was in the last year of the adminiftras ence as is possible; for he was wcft tion of that able and honett minifter, kind and courteous to all his infe. Sir Robert Walpole, whose memory riors, not only in his expreflions and bath a title to be enrolled amongá in his behaviour, but in all iting them the faithfulleit servants of the Crown. in all their wants and distreffes as and truest friends to the liberties and far as he could, ever confidering his real interests of the people, that the poor neighbours in the couritry as Britith empire hath been blefied with parts of his family, and, as such, en- during the present or any former céntitled to his care and protection. tury. He speot his summers at his house Through this year M. J. attended
all the long days and nights in the wealth, brought thence into this House of Commons, which the Oppo. country by the individuals who had fition spent in hunting that minister in. there acquired it, as an ample reto the toils which they had made to venge for the unjust depredations take him, under the hackneyed and committed on the territorial posieffpecious colour of pursuing the ene- fions of their princes, ever conlidera mies to the happiness and interests ing those depredations as being the of the country.
most enormous acts of injustice that Unknown to Sir Robert, and un- could be shewn from one state to anconnected with him by acquaintance other, and that this was heightened or private regard, he supported him by a most fagarant act of ingratitude to the utmost of his power, till he for the original permission of comretired from his high station.—He mercial establishments made on their feldon or never spoke whilst sitting coafts, in order that trade might be in Parliament.
carried on 10 more advantage ; for From having long had a seat at the which permission the natives were enBoard of Trade, and constantly at. titled to the most perfect amity, and tending his duty there, he gained an every public social intercourse shewn understanding of the great outlines of to the most favoured nations. Somethe commercial interests of this coun- times he would add, that though try; and though he never published Asia had in her turn been often con. any thing on this subject, yet it was quered by all who attacked her, an object that engaged much of his yet that the wealth brought from attention, and on which he had made thence by the conquerors into their up in his mind certain principles, respective dominions had always infrom which he never de parted, in troduced with it so great luxury, most of which, those to whom he that thereby those virtues by which Communicated them deemed him well they became conquerors were at last Warranted.
enfeebled and done away, infomuch He always considered the British that Alia in her turn became the con, empire as enlarged beyond the bounds queror; of which he instanced, adictated by found policy; that those mongst others, the decline and fall parts of it situated beyond the Atlan- of the Roman empire, as a lasting ea tic Ocean to the West, beyond the vidence. He considered the East Cape of Good Hope to the East Indies and America as two immense were at too great a distance to be disproportionate wings to the small governed as they ought to be ; that body of the island, and expressed his the American colonies were too kind. fears left, at some time or other, they ly fostered by the mother country; might fly away with the British emthat the millions expended in pro- pire. moting their growth would, at last, As an author, so long as a true fear them to a height at which they taste of fine writing shall exift, he would think themselves entitled to will have a distinguished placeamongst ak for emancipation from their pa- those who have excelled. He wonrent state ; an observation he often derfully excelled in burlesque imitamade before the event happened; tions of the antient poets, by applying and he lived to see with regret his their thoughts to modern times and prophecy, with consequences he did circumstances. He bad, for many Dot forelee, become true hittory years before he died, bid farewell to
He always beheld our conquests in his Muse, and, in the language of the East Indies with a real concern, Lord Bacon, applied himself to such 20d coolidered the great influx of subjects as come home,-though not VOL XII, No. 68.
to men's bufiness, yet close to their many of them delighted. It was bosoms. But, long as the parting translated into foreign languages, and had been, yet almoft in the last stage in a short time went through three of his life, iinpelled by affection, he editions, to the last of which, by the courted his muse again. The sincere advice of his friends, the author pur and strong affection he bore to his his name. Though this book was Majesty produced the short poem on attacked, and the author treated with his escape from the dangerous attack a very unbecomiog afperity, by two of a lunatick ; in which it appears, able writers, yet the number of prithat, however, when compared with vate letters he received from thoseon his early poems, the sun of his ima- whom this work had the effect his gination was at that time almost fet, benevolent intention proposed, more yet age had not in the least degree than confoled him for the rudé treatchilled in his heart the effufions of ment he received from fuch writers. · benevolence and affection. As a "To those who are now alive, to writer of profe, whoever will ex. whom Mr Jenyns was known (and amine bis style will find that he is many such there are, of the moft rerentitled to a place amongst the purest pectable diftinction), Mr Cole suband correcteft writers of the Englith mits the portrait, not as being finely language. “ The Free Inquiry into but faithfully drawn. To pofterity the Nature and Origin of Evil," was he leaves the following entry, the o. the first of Mr J.'s works on account riginal of which may be found in the of which he was attacked. Pam. registry of burials in the parish of phlets were publithed, and private Bottitham, for the year 1787, as an Jetters addressed to him, on that oc- evidence of what hath been advanced casion, some of them charged with in the foregoing pages: acrimony, much abuse, and no smalt portion of calumny. In a second é:
şoame Jenyns, in the 83d year of his age.
What his literary character was, dition of that work, published some the world hath already judged for itself; years after the first, having long fub- ' but ia remains for his parish Minister mitted with filent patience to a treat.
to do his duty,
by declaring, ment which he by no means deferved,
that while lie regifters the burial of in a preface to this edition he an
Soame Jenyns, fwered his adversaries, which, who- * le regrets the loss of one of the area ever will take che pains to read and
amiable of men, considers will admire as a specimen of
and one of the truer Chriftians.
To the parish of Bottisham he is an his superior talents in controversial
irreparable lofs. writing.
He was buried in this church, Dec. 27, In the summer of the year 1776,
near midnight, he published “A View of the lo by William Lort Mansell, equeftrator, ternal Evidence of the Christian Re. who thua trantyrefles the comojon forms of ligion,” without his name. The re...
re merely because he thinks it to be ception it met with was such as fel. the mot folcmn and latiing method dom is shewn to the compositions of
of recording to posterity, the moft approved writers. This
that the finest understanding
has been' united was a work with which the clergy,
to the beff beart, - the laity, were in general pleased,
TMMATERIAL as it is to man. every French Frigate or privateer I kind in general in what particu. that issued from their poris, he having lar spot a man, who has rendered e- in a very short space of time captu. minent public services to his country, red no less than nine vessels of force, first drew the vital air, it is; with the carrying collectively 2048 men and million, the first object of enquiry. 224 guns. Of these the last, called Sir John Lockhart Ross, then, was a the Melampe, fitted out at Bayonne native of Scotland, descended from a for the express parpose of taking the very ancient and honourable family Tartar, gave him the opportunity of in Laoarkshire, he being the fifth son atchieving a victory, that, for comof Sir James Lockhart, Bart. of Car- parative brilliancy, was scarcely furpaffairs. He was born on the 11th of fed during a war fatal to the naval November 1721. From his earlieft power of our enemies. The Melampe years he discovered a predilection for was of a force very superior to the a sea-life, and in coosequence, in the Tartar, mounting 36 guns, 12 pouna year 1745, he embarked as a midship- ders, and having on board 320 cho. man in the Navy. In this capacity sen men. They soos met; for, when he evinced qualities whici particular- two hostile commanders are actuated ly fitted him for the active and enter by the same desire, to meet even on prizing duties of a naval officer, and the wide expanse of ocean, is no very gave dawnings of that diftinction difficult point. A very hot and abitiwhich he afterwards attained. As nate engagement immediately ensued ; first lieutenant to Sir Peter Warren, but the enemy's colours were at and Lord Anson, having fhewed length itrack to the superior courage proofs of oncommon ability, diligence, and discipline of the Brirish Commanand valour, he was in the year 1747 der and his gallant crew. The perfin appointed to the command of the Vul- dious Frenchman, ftung with the can fireship. Io October of the fame disgraceful event of a conqueft so unyear, he served in the fleet under Ad. equal on the part of the Britisa ilir, miral Hawke, who, cruizing off Cape after having hailed the Tartar, acknowTiaisterre with 16 thips, captured Gx ledging his surrender, and sabmissively thips of the French line,
sueing for quarter, made a desperate at. 11 1755, upon the appearance of a tempt to surprise and overpower her tapture with France, Capt. Lockhart crew, whom he vainly supposed :o be was appoin:ed to the conimand of the thrown off their guard, elated with Savage fluo, of war, and cruised un- victory. He boarded the Tartar ; but, der the Admirals Hawke, Byng, and in penetration, vigilance, and courage, Wet, for the purpose of making re- he was more than over-matched by the prilis p2n the eneiny, in which ser- British Commander. The Frenchmen vize he was ever fingularly zealous were vigoroully repulsed, and more and successful.
than fifty of them were killed or drownlo March 1756, he was made Port ed in their unwarrantable effort. into the Tartar frigate of 28 guns, So active was Capt. Lockhart in (24 nine pounders, and 4 four poun- the protection of our own trade, and ders) and 200 men. The eminent fuccessful in the annoyance and deservices which he performed in this struction of that of the enemy, that little thip are still proverbial in the the merchants of London and Briftoi, " Davy. His name was the terror of sensible of the important benefits, more M2