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are every where represented to be a just foundation for christianity. And Paul ex* prefly says, that (u) the gospel which was kept secret since the world began, was now made mams eft by the scriptures of the prophets (wherein that gospel was secretly contains) to all nations, by the means of the preachers of the gospel, who gave the secret or spiritual sense of those scriptures. Besides, the authors of those books, being convinc'd long before the publication of them, that the gospel was to be preach'd to the Gentiles as well as Jews, must be suppos'd to design their books for the use of all men, for Gentiles as well as Jews. To both whom therefore they reason'd allegorically in those books as particular {w) apostles also did in their sermons, therein recorded, with greater success on Gentiles than on Jews; and as Paul did before Felix, when he said, he took his christianity from (x) the law and the prophets, as well as before Agrippa. It should therefore seem strange, that books written to all the world by men equally concern'd to convert Gentiles as well as Jews, and discourses made exprefly to Gentiles as well as to Jews,


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should be design'd to be pertinent only to Jews: much less to a very few Jews. For ( y) from the time the Jews began to allegorize their sacred books (which was long after the captivity) there was an opposition made to that method; and the Sadducees in particular, who were a numerous sect, oppos'd for a considerable time before and in our Saviours time, the new explications, and profefs'd to follow the pure text of scripture, or to interpret it according to the literal sense. And tho' the Tharijees, who made up the body of the Jews, (as well as the EJfeaes) used the allegorical method in the times of Jesus and the Apostles; yet (3) they in great measure quitted that method, when christianity prevaii'd, which was built on that method j and argud, as is well known, against the New Testament for allegorizing the law and the prophets. And there has been for a long time, and is at this time as little use of allegory in those respects among them, as there seems to have been during the time the books of the Old Testa

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ment were written, which (a) seem the most slain of all antfent writings; and wherein there appears not the least trace of a typical or allegorical intention in the authors, or in any other Jews of their times. All the books (b) written by Jews against the christian religion,

(a) Jenkin'j Em/ Vol. 2. p. 153. Le Clere. Bib. Univ. torn. 10. 234. Ib. Bib. Cho. torn. 27. p. 391, 392. Cunetts Rep. des llebr. Vol. 1. p. 377, 378, 395.

Scripta Judfei in Limborchii Arnica Collationej & Wagenselii Tela Ignea Satana, which is a collection of Jewish Books againji Christianity, wherein Rabbi Isaac's Munimen fidei the chief figure.

Some of these are cited and answered by KiDDER in his Second and Third Volumes of his Demonstration of the Meffias; and others are cited by Basnage in his Histoire de Juifs. But the most important seem to me to be three Spanish. Manuscripts. 1. Fortification de la fc ; which is a translation of the aforesaid Munimen fidei, pnblijh'd by Wagenseil. 2. Providentia Divina de Dios con Israel, by Saul Levi Mortera. This Mortera was the Master of the famous SpinoZa i and this Wo>\ of his is esteem d by the the Jews to be the shrewdest book^ they have againji Christianity. They are forbid, under pain of excommunication, to lend it to any chrU Jiian, for fear of drawing a Jiorm upon themselves for producing such strong objections against the christian religion. Wherefore no Copies are to be procurd of it but by the greatest accidents. 3. Prevenciones Divinas contra la van a Ydolatriade las gentes, by Isaac Orobio, who was that learned Jew, that had the famous Controversy with Limborch, ton. cerning the truth of the christian religion mentioned above. He had been Professor of Philosophy and Phystck, in the Universities of' Alcala and Sevil, and was a great Master in School-Divinity after the mode of the Spanish



ligion, (some whereof are printed and others go about Europe in manuscript) chiefly attack the N. Testament (c) for the allegorical interpretations of the Old Testament therein, and that with the greatest insolence and contempt imaginable on that account, and oppose to them a literal and single interpretation as the true fense os the Old Testament. And accordingly the (d) allegorical interpretations given by christian expositors of the prophecies, are now the grand obstacle and stumblingblock in the way of the conversion of the sews to Christianity.

2. Secondly, there will be no ground for this distinction, if we consider how much allegory was in use among the pagans; being cultivated by many of the philosophers themselves as well as by theologers; by some as the method of delivering doctrines but by (<?) most as the method of explaining

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Universities. The tystory he gave of himself, and tsfuialfy of his sufferings in the Inquisition to Mr. LlMBORCH And Le 'clerc, is extreamly curious. Limborch Hist. Inquis. p. 158, 159, 223. Le Clerc, Bib. Univ. torn. 7. p. 289, &c.

(r) Allix'* Judgment of the Jeisijla Church against the Unim tartans, p. 423. v" "~'

(d) Whiston'f LeSures, p. 13. Mangey'i Remarks on Toland's Nazarentfe,, p.. 12$. . . . 1 '- t f', ,V.

C».) Ckero DerJSIat. Deor. 1. 2.& 3.

Xe.Cfcw Bibl. Choii". torn. 7. p. 80, &c. S^nt^dc legibus Hebr. p. 9. .0 < .1 .icf

42 :.r. .'bl-y.i jiixl ..; .;.v 0)

away what, according to the letter, appeared absurd in the antient fables or histories of their gods.'

Religion itself was deem'd a (/) mysterious thing among the Pagans, and not to be publickly and plainly declar'd. Wherefore it was never limply represented to the people, but was; most obscurely deliver'd and vail'd under allegories, or parables, , or Hierogliphicks; and especially among the (g) Egyptians, Chaldeans, and the oriental nations. Si quis noverit perplexe loqui, loquatur: Sin minus taccat; was a (#) maxim of the Jews, but; equally thought right and true by the Pagans. They allegoriz'd many things of nature, and particularly the heavenly bodies; whence came the saying, tota eft fabula cœlum. They allegoriza all their (/') antient fables and stories, and pretended to discover in them the secrets of natural philosophy, medicine, ^politicks, and, in a word, all arts and sciences. The works of Homer, in particular ;have furinSsh*d' infrnite materials for all forts •of allegorical commentators to work upon;

.': .• .•• • - .vi.i J .dill i - j 1 . - u v-; .? and »«J v'.t',\'. -j* V.-.-a^.' v.' % UV.M -\. .• {•)

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(/) Spencer de legibus, p. j8?,,&c- • , ttioT (g) Simon Hist. Cwr.-des Cominentateurs, p.-4-s

R6b\n{<m\J4attira1 History,of Cumberland, &c.

pt. 2. lntrod. p. 9. .y . • \t' . '• nioigil

(») CItrici Hist. Eccles. p. 23, 24.

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