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Poetry.- Queries submitted to Correspondents.



Forbid it, ye pow’rs that preside o'er the fair ! Yet still there's a Parent on high,

Forbid it, kind Heav'n, that a face so divine, The dispenser and giver of good, Should e'er beobscar'd by the glooms of despair, Who shelters from dangers so nigh, Or misfortunes e'er teach such a breast to re- And gathers the innocent's food. pine.

While anxious, recumbent, I weep, May the years, as in pleasing succession they Thy mind is a stranger to care, roll,

Thy senses are wrapt up in sleep, Still heighten the beauties that mantle thy face, Regardless of all that I fear. While the blossoms of virtue still bloom in thy Lovely innocent flower of bliss, soul,

Delighted, I gaze on thy form, And give to each word and each action a grace. Receive on thy vermeil a kiss,

WM, COATES. And pay the soft touch with a charm. Balmanno-street, Glasgow,

O nature! what various alarms

Thou beat'st in a mother's fond breast; LINES

'Tis her's to be thinking of harms, Addressed to Dr. Rees, on the publication of

And knowing not why she's distrest. the last Part of his Cyclopædia.

But hence every phantom of ill,

Be hushi'd ev'ry fear to repose; Tis sweet, to mark a stately column rise, God does with his own what he will, And watch its progress 'till it gain the skies : And to will what is best always knows. 'Tis sweet, to view a highly-cultur’d soil, With golden harvests crown the labourer's toil : And sweet, his cares, bis pains, his wanderings o'er,

QUERIES SUBMITTED TO CORRETo view the sailor reach the wished for shore. Such thoughts, such feelings, animate my soul, We have lately been favoured with seTo see thy work attain its destined goal. I hail'd the morning of its bright career ;

veral Queries, proposed by various corBut smiling hope was clouded, by the fear

respondents; and our only reason for Lest some disastrous ill should cross its way,

not inserting their letters entire is, that And its proud march to fame and honour stay. I all that condensation of which their

we may give to their communications My fear was vain : before my eyes at last, Thy latest volume spreads its treasures vast. questions are susceptible, without inThat work is worthy of a Nation's care, juring their perspicuity; while we Which stands confessed to shine without com- omit, for the sake of room, their various pare.

addresses to the editor. Here genius, taste, and learning, all combine, And round thy brow their blended laurels

1. On Perpetual Misery. twine.

A correspondent, who calls himself Britannia's Muse, with conscious pride surveys Tyro, desires to be informed, WheA British Work, and wakes the note of praise : ther it is consistent with the principles Reviews the stores with which thy page is fraught,

of justice and reason, to believe that From all the mines of varied knowledge that just Being whom we denominate brought;

God, will everlastingly punish his Recounts the sons of science, who conspird creature man, if he lives and dies in To make thy Work esteem’d, acclaim'd, ad- his sins?–Or what equitable propor

tion there is betwixt finite offence, and But mostly lauds, and chiefly gives to fame, infinite punishment?” Those matchless plates inscrib'd with Lowry's

2. On Substantives. name ; Lowry, whose pow'rful genius could impart, Another correspondent, who styles New charms to Science, and new grace to Art, himself “ A Constant Reader,” proAnd with unrivall'd talent proudly teach, How near perfection's height the works of man

poses the following question.--As Dr.

Johnson, and all our celebrated grammight reach.

H. October 6, 1819.

marians, have declared, that Substantives have substances or existences,

how comes it about, that Nothing, NonA LULLABY, OR CRADLE HYMN.

entity, and the like, should be Substan

tives, when they have no existence ? A. D. 1803.

.3. Inquiry after Books. How tender and helpless the Babe, When first it approaches the light,

“Juvenis,” of Leeds, will feel himself Unable to traverse the glebe,

greatly obliged, if any one would furA stranger to power or might.

nish him through the medium of the



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Imperial Magazine, with a list of such | volving yearannouncing an accession to Books as a person should read, who their societies, of from 4 to 6000, while is preparing for the ministry.

in our Isle we sometimes have to mourn

the departure of hundreds ; and com4. On the expression, Lead us not into Temptation.

paratively seldom can we rejoice in an

increase to our numbers. Whence A Constant Reader,” of Blackburn, does this proceed? I should be glad if observes, that as the scriptures say some of your ingenious correspondents “ God tempts no man,” he is at a loss would inform the world, why it is that how to reconcile the following expres- the genial rays of Methodism bear so sion in the Lord's Prayer,“ Lead us not lightly upon Ireland, compared with into temptation,” with that plain decla- her more prosperous neighbour? Is ration. He would feel much obliged to Ireland so virtuous and pure as to renany of our correspondents, who would der a more general introduction of that clearly and satisfactorilyexplain the lat- system superfluous ? Or is she so harter passage, which, from conscientious dened as to be impervious to its salumotives, he has omitted to use. He brious influence? Your furnishing rethinks a satisfactory explanation will plies to the above queries, will much be joyfully received by many labouring oblige your's, respectfully. under the same scruples with himself. 8. On Christ's not praying for the world. 5. Concerning Judas.

‘A Lover of Truth,” in Liverpool, J. O,” says, that his attention was alluding to Remarks, on 1 Tim. ii. 1-6. particularly arrested, while reading which appeared in the Imperial Mathe following passage; “ He it was gazine for August, col. 519, &c. and in that should betray him,” John 12. 4. which St. Paul exhorts that “ suppliHe adds, I have thought it very cations, prayers, intercessions, and givstrange that the writer should take up ing of thanks, be made for all men," the conduct of Judas Iscariot in the asks the following question : “ How future tense, when treating upon an is this to be reconciled with the 17th event which had taken place many chapter of John, verse 9th, where we years before ; implying, that Judas was are told that our Blessed Redeemer as much raised up of God to betray prayed not for the world, but for them our Lord, as the other Apostles were that were given him out of the world? to proclaim his death to be the life of the An illustration of this seeming conworld.” An answer to this is desired. tradiction will greatly oblige,” &c.

6. On the Wesleyan Doctrines. Another correspondent, who sub- MANAGEMENT OF A COAL FIRE. scribes himself“ Neuter,” observes as If nothing that is of real advantage to follows.-“ As Mr. Wesley professed mankind, can be considered as too into admit that God was the author of significant for public attention, every conversion, that he gave the will its article must be deemed of importance right direction, and sustained the reli- to the community, which so essentially gion which he first produced; when contributes to our domestic comforts as this admission is pursued to all its con- to be in constant demand. Of this sequences, I would just beg leave to description are our kitchen and parask, whether this does not prove all lour Fires; on the proper management that Calvinism requires ?"

of which the following observations 7. Why does Methodism increase more

may not be unworthy of England than in Ireland?

When pit-coal is used for fuel in

open fire-places, the quantity of heat A correspondent, of Belfast, who signs generated thereby depends very conhimself “M.” proposes the following siderably upon the fire being properly queries.—“ Perhaps the annals of mo- managed. If it be allowed to burn dern history do not furnish any evi- clear, it will throw out much heat; but, dence of the rapid growth and exten- if the coal be heaped upon it in such a sion of any religious principles, that way as to prevent a current of air from can at all compete with those of Me- passing through the mass, it will be thodism in the sister kingdom; I mean smothered up, and produce a very small England. On referring to the annual proportion ; most of the heat will be official documents, we find each re- I lost by its being employed to give elas


Anecdote. Emigrants Returned.

766 ticity to the smoke, which rises in great | file was accordingly given to the first abundance. The combustion, under man they met, accompanied with its such circumstances, must be very in- | little history, and a strict injunction, complete; for the carburetted hydro- that inquiry should be made after the gen gas will be driven up the chimney unfortunate proprietor, to whom it uninflamed, and therefore the fuel will should be given, if he could be discobe used with little benefit.

vered; if not, it was to become his own By paying attention to the quantity property. of coals put on the fire at once, and Mr. Ellis says, that in these distant avoiding smothering it up, much will regions, since the art of printing has be contributed towards cleanliness been introduced, upwards of 7000 coand comfort; and more particularly pies of school books have been comso, if the following rules for properly pleted :—that since the establishment managing it be observed.

of the press at Eimeo, some hundreds 1st, Stirring of a fire is of use, be- of the natives had learnt to read from cause it makes a hollow, where the air, the newly printed books :—that some being rarefied by the adjacent heat, thousands were waiting for the gospel the surrounding air rushes into this of St. Luke, which was then in the hollow, and gives life and support to press :—that of the first sheet, 3000 the fire, and carries the flame with it.

copies had been printed off :—that two 2d, Never stir a fire when fresh coals natives assisted in the work :-and are laid on, particularly when they are that an increased attention was mani. very small, because they immediately fested by all, to the unseen realities of fall into the hollow place, and there- the Eternal World. fore ruin the fire.

3d, Always keep the bottom bars clear.

4th, Never begin to stir the fire at the To counteract that strong propensity top, unless when the bottom is quite of emigration to America, which preclear, and the top only wants breaking. vailed in this country some months

since, and which has not yet wholly subsided, the following piece of infor

mation may perhaps prove serviceable The following Anecdote has been com- to some of our readers. The distresses municated in a letter, written by Mr. which many of our countrymen endure W. Ellis, residing in Eimeo, one of the on the western side of the Atlantic, we Society Íslands in the Southern Paci- have too much reason to believe, and fic ocean, situate about four leagues this article confirms the fact. W. from the N. W. point of Otaheite. The first week in the present month,

Some time ago, two principal chiefs, the ship Magnet, with 160 emigrants Taati and Ahurido, walking by the on board, arrived at Liverpool from sea side, came to a place where a fish- New York; and on the Saturday folerman had been sharpening his hooks, lowing, the Betty from Baltimore, but had unfortunately forgotten his file, with an equal number. On board of which, in the estimation of all the na- the Rockingham, 32 lately reached tives, is an article of considerable Bristol ; and in two vessels 105 not value. As the fisherman had retired long since entered the Thames, in the from the place, and was totally un- greatest distress. They represent the known to the chiefs, they picked up condition of multitudes, whom they the file, and went on their way. They left behind, and who could not pay had not, however, proceeded far, before their passage home, as being truly deone of them, reflecting on the circum- plorable. Many, they say, having trastance, said to the other, “ This is versed the northern regions of the not our file: and is not our taking it a United States, have reached the Brikind of theft ?”—“Perhaps it is,” re- tish settlements in North America in plied the other; " yet as the real extreme wretchedness. owner is unknown, I do not know who If this communication, says ou has a better right to it than ourselves.” respondent, shall prove the means of

“I am satisfied,” rejoined his com- preventing even one individual from panion, that it is not ours, and there running into the same misery, the end fore think we had better give it away." will be answered. To this the other consented; and the Liverpool, Oct. 15, 1819.




Doctrine of the Church of England, re- | the term went down is used; because specting Christ's Descent into Hell. our ideas are lost whilst attempting to

measure heights, or fathom depths, in TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL infinite space. All this is strictly true:

but, in accommodating our limited Sir,

Liverpool, Oct. 4th, 1819. minds, we do not affix the idea of A Searcher” has, through the medium depth to heaven, or of elevation to hell

, of your Magazine, started an inquiry | (the place of punishment;) but we affix respecting the descent of Christ into the idea of elevation to heaven, because hell, as mentioned in the Creed called it is a place of honour and felicity; and the Apostles'; and you have, in your the idea of depth to hell, because it is a last number, col. 631, displayed to your place of punishment and misery: and readers, the opinions of two corre- we do not affix the idea of either elespondents (“ Clericus Senex," and vation or depth to the invisible world; “A Friend") respecting it, with some because it includes both heaven and proofs by “ A Constant Reader,” that hell, and consequently elevation and the members of the Established Church depth, within itself. The case being of England are bound to believe that this, we cannot say that the soul of Christ did descend into hell, whatever Christ went down into the invisible place is meant by the word hell. “Cle- world, when we are assured that it ricus Senex,” and “ A Friend,” both went up into that part of the invisible agree in the opinion, that the word world called heaven; therefore the hell in the Creed, means the state of se- words in the Article, as well as those parate souls, or the invisible world; in the Creed called the Apostles'

, must and, that consequently those persons refer to the prison of hell. who do not believe that Christ de- From the manner in which the words cended into the regions of the damned, stand in the Creed, it does not appear need feel no reluctance whatever in to me, that the assertion of Christ's declaring in the presence of God—I having descended into hell was added believe that Christ descended into hell. to confirm his death in opposition to To combat this opinion, as being in those who asserted that he did not consistent with the Articles of the Es- really die ;' for it is first asserted, 'I tablished Church, is my only object in believe-he(Christ) was crucified, dead, now addressing you ; and I will endea- and buried, and then, after affirming vour to prove, that“ A Searcher,” or the belief that he was really dead, it is any other person of the same opinion asserted, ‘he descended into hell' and with him, cannot conscientiously use in the Article, the words as they stand the words of the Creed, while he con- need only to be properly examined, to tinues to hold his present belief on that show at once, that the invisible world subject.

is not meant:- As Christ died for us, The third Article in the Creed of the &c. so also is it to be believed, that he Established Church runs thus “ As went down into hell.' Christ died for us, and was buried; so I heartily coincide with C. S. and also is it to be believed, that he went F. in their opinion, that the word hell, down into hell.” Mark the last five when used in reference to the soul words,' he went down into hell :' do they Christ, in the scriptures, means the state convey to our minds the same mean- of separate souls, or the invisible world ; ing as the words, he went into the invi- and taking hell in this sense, Christ did sible world, do ? Certainly not: the go into hell.—- A Searcher' will not phrase went down,completely does away find in the scriptures any passage which with the possibility of the last word says, Christ descended into hell ; but he hell meaning the invisible world; for the will find in Luke xxii. 43. sufficient phrase applies only to that hell which proof to the contrary; therefore, the is the prison of Satan and his angels. belief that he descended into hell, is

It may be objected, that the term unscriptural, and ought to be rejectwent down' is only figurative : that, ed; and if it is rejected, the man who strictly speaking, we cannot apply it rejects it, cannot“ declare in the im. to any place unconnected with our mediate presence of an all-wise God” earth, because the centre of the earth I believe-he (Christ) descended into is the lowest point of descent which we hell.? can form any idea of: that it is only to Your's, with all due respect, accommodate our limited minds, that



Review--Deism Refuted.


mankind both in this world and in Review.—Deism Refuted, or Plain

that which shall suceeed it. Reasons for being a Christian. By Thomas Hartweli Horne, M. A.PP: tions, on which the subtlety of Hume

Into those nice metaphysical ques79, Cadel, London. Price one shil

and Gibbon founded those paradoxes, ling.

whence they derived no small portion The little work before us, like the of their celebrity, this work does not sacred volume in defence of which it pretend to enter. The arguments are appears, brings with it such incon- popular; but they are energetic, and testable evidences of the author's sin- commanding; and are admirably calcerity to promote the best interests of culated to make a powerful impression mankind, as no impostor could em- upon the minds of those, into whose body in his pages. It is closely print- hands the pamphlet will probably fall. ed; and the price which it bears, fur- We sincerely hope that it will be read nishes demonstrative proof, that if with that attention which it deserves, profit were the object which the author and then we shall entertain no doubt bad in view, he has most egregiously whatever of the result. erred in his calculation.

Of many plausible objections, disMr. Horne does not profess to send tinct notice has been taken. These are this tract into the world as an original clearly stated, and then confronted composition, but as a selection from with the replies which they originally some of the most celebrated authors called into existence. Taken in the who have appeared on the frontiers of aggregate, this pamphlet presents to Christianity, to defend its outworks the reader such a compendium of evifrom the attacks of Infidelity. To no- dence, in favour of all that the Chrisvelty of argument, it makes no preten- tian holds dear in eternity, or in a state sions. Against frequently refuted ob- of preparation for it, that we feel no jections, when advanced with an air hesitation in saying, few tracts can be of originality, Mr. H. urges the replies found, which within the same compass which had been given when they first embodies, on this subject, such a conappeared ; and combats the appeals nected chain of proofs. which are made to the unholy passions Under this conviction, we not only of our nature, with weapons drawn most strongly recommend it to public from the armoury of truth.

notice, but we are decidedly of opiThe arguments which he has ad- nion, that if some gentlemen of induced, are not unworthy the names dependent fortune, having the welfare of Boyle, Porteus, Watson, Marsh, of their country at heart, were to purLardner, Leland, Macknight, Paley, chase a number of copies of this tract, Ryan, Wheeler, Gilpin, Hartley, and and of others of a similar nature, in others, from whose writings he has order to give them an extensive discollected his observations. Through- tribution, or if they were to exert out the whole, a forcible appeal is themselves to establish a fund for this made to the judgment and the under- purpose, that an essential service might standing, without attempting to enlist be rendered to the community through the passions in favour of the cause he their instrumentality. defends, by the fascinating, but artifi- At any period, and under any circial charms of eloquence, and the cant cumstances, the respectable pamphlet of unconvincing declamation.

on which we have made the preceding The interests of mankind, both in remarks, would be well worthy the attime and in eternity, are indeed close- tention of the public, independently of ly connected with the chain of reason- the important subject of which it treats, ing which the author pursues; and the from the authorities it quotes, the arintimate connection subsisting between guments it contains, the erudition it our interests and our duty, is a fact displays, and the methodical arrangewhich he establishes on an immove- ment given to the valuable materials able basis. And from what he has ad- which the compiler has so judiciously vanced, this conclusion inevitably fol- selected. lows,—that no theological system, even But in the present day, while the including ethics and morals, hitherto enemies of our holy religion are inpresented to the human understand-dustriously circulating publications, ing, can urge so fair a claim as Chris- with the avowed design of subverting tianity, for promoting the welfare of its principles, and demolishing the No. 8.-Vol. I.

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