« ForrigeFortsæt »
with stmilar scenery; the isle of Skye | picking up shells and other natural cusoon became visible, and the three riosities, these being articles in which spiry pinnacles which we had before he dealt. Having landed on the observed, with others to the north- island, the boatmen asked permission ward, were seen at intervals as the to visit a spot at some distance, that mists dispersed. As we approached they might pick some oysters for him; the extremity of the isle of Trodda, which he readily granted, very natuwe observed a rock nearly similar in rally concluding that they would form; it was quite perpendicular, and speedily return. bore the resemblance of a lighthouse, The gentleman, on being left alone, having been separated from the neigh-immediately proceeded in his rebouring cliffs by the perpetual action searches, and sitting down, picked of the stormy seas, which beat upon and culled such curiosities as preit; it now formed an insulated bul- sented themselves, without regarding wark to withstand their violence. the progress of time, or the peril of
The northern coast of this island, of his situation. Growing weary, however, others in view, and of the Isle of of his employment, he was quite Skye, were all of the same form; bold, alarmed, on rising up, to find that the abrupt, and rugged, the latter particu- tide was making rapid advances ; that larly so, and of an amazing height. it had already covered the extremity of On the right lay the island Fladahuna, the island nearly two feet; that very with four islands, or rather rocks, on shortly it would overwhelm the highest its southern end ; two of these were of part; and that the boat could no where remarkable forms, the one flat-topped, be seen. On making these discoveries, perpendicular, and apparently inac- and observing the waves encroaching cessible, yet sheep were observed upon on him every moment, he became most it, though, from the view we had, their seriously alarmed, as he was unable masters must have hazarded their to swim, and the distance from the necks in placing them there, while the shore rather exceeded half a mile. scanty portion of grass seemed a poor At this critical juncture, his eye was compensation for the labour of procur- turned towards some large stones, ing it.
The other island was still which lay scattered round him; and, higher, precipitous on one side, and as the only means that appeared pracsomewhat shelving on the other, pro- ticable for the preservation of his life, bably, like its neighbour, converted into he conceived the idea of piling them a sheep-walk, though each seemed one on another, and thus erecting formed only for the habitation of the kind of tower on the summit of which gulls which swarmed upon them. he finally intended taking his stand.
We were now in the Little Minch, As some of these stones were from two for so is the sound or channel between to three hundred-weight, it was not in the Long Island and Skye termed, and his power to lift them from the ground; the headlands appeared on every side; these were, therefore, by uncommon but owing to the cloudiness of the exertion rolled towards each other, evening, our view of them was very and six of the largest formed the imperfect. The night turned out wet foundation of his building. On this and unpleasant, and we bore away for foundation, others as large as he could Loch Namaddy, in North Uist, (a manage, were instantly raised, and portion of the Long Island,) but it was thus the edifice continued advancing six in the morning ere we arrived and until the tottering fabric became about camo to an anchor.
six feet high, the summit of which he [To be continued.]
covered with a large flat stone. The building being thus completed, he endeavoured to ascend its rugged
side, which, with much difficulty and On Wednesday the 25th of May, 1814, trembling, he at length effected ; and a gentleman of Belfast, being on a having taken his station, and standing visit to a friend in the north of Ire- erect, he tied a white pocket handkerland, was induced, as the weather was chief to his cane, waving it as a signal remarkably fine, to hire a boat and of distress, while he waited with dreadtwo men, for the purpose of going to ful anxiety the crisis which was fast a small island in the neighbourhood. approaching. Providentially, the cane This was undertaken with a design of and the handkerchief were the means,
in all probability, of preserving his life; / various opinions are held as to its as the men who were at the back of origin; the most probable is, that it is another island, on perceiving some- a vegetable production. Saussure thing floating in the air, and imagin- found snow of a bright red colour on ing it to be a vessel coming into the the Alps, and Ramond a similar matloch, immediately put to sea, when, ter on the Pyrenees; further investito their utter astonishment, they gations will doubtless determine its discovered what they had so strangely nature fully, in this age of chemical forgotten.
research. The tide, when this discovery was Pursuing the primary object of the made, had just reached the base of the expedition, the ships proceeded to pillar; and although they tugged ex-coast round all the land, and to visit ceedingly hard at their oars before all the inlets in this extensive bay, they arrived, it had made a consider where any prospect of an opening able progress up its sides.
Had they into the Arctic sea appeared. Though remained absent about half an hour we are very willing to render all the longer, it is highly probable that the praise that is due to the commander, gentleman would have perished. The for his naval skill displayed in the matide at this place rises about six or nagement of the ships ;-for the exseven feet, so that although his head cellent discipline maintained on board; might have remained above the sea if and for the propriety and accuracy he could have secured his position, of his nautical observations ;-yet we yet the action of the water would in must withhold part of our tribute, all probability, either have destroyed while there is so manifest an appearhis fabric, which shook with the en- ance of deficiency and indecision in croaching waves, or have precipitated the professed investigations into the him into the restless surge. The boat- possibly-existing channels conducting men made many apologies for their to the Polar sea. This conclusion is negligence, which the gentleman, on sanctioned by the conflicting accounts finding himself relieved, was ready to that have appeared on this subject, forgive.
With respect to Whale Sound, in About two years afterwards, on rid- the N. E. extremity of the Bay, Capt. ing near the place, he observed the Ross observes, we could not pillar still standing; and the building proach it in a direct line on account of had acquired a degree of firmness, from ice. The wind then shifted to the the sea weed and sand which filled up northward, and obliged us to stand the crevices, that he could not have towards the west:"this is certainly anticipated. This singular preserva- unsatisfactory. Sabine says, “ Of tion he attributes to the special inter- Whale-Sound, we could just discern position of Divine Providence, and the opening in the coast, it being 30 concludes his account with the follow-or 40 miles distant from us." ing observation.
“ May this pillar Of Smith's Sound it is observed by long stand as a momento, to me, and Capt. Ross, “It was distinctly seen, and to all who may become acquainted the capes forming each side of it, were with my deliverance, of the mercy of named after the two ships Isabella and a wise and all-gracious God.”
Alexander. I considered the bottom of this Sound to be about 18 leagues
distant, but its entrance was comPOLAR EXPEDITION.
pletely blocked up with ice.” Sabine's [Concluded from col. 607.]
account states, that “ of the greatest We must now return to the residue and longest sound in all this bay, and of the voyage round the northern ex- which runneth to the north of 78“, we tremity, and down the western side of can say nothing, as our extreme north Baffin's Bay.
was 76° 53'.” Another account by an In lat. 75° 54' long. 67° 15' the officer says, “ It appeared to many snow on the cliffs presented a strange very desirable, that we should have appearance, being covered with a co- approached somewhat nearer to Sir loured matter of deep crimson, which Thomas Smith's Sound, which prewas found to penetrate to the depth sented a very wide opening; but we of 10 or 12 feet. Some of this novel passed it at the distance of 50 or 60 article was brought to England, and it miles.” Of Jones' Sound on the N.W. has undergone decomposition, but still side of the bay's extremity, lat. 76°30,
Capt. Sabine says, “ We were near on the water; neither was there any the entrance of Jones' Sound, but not appearance of land ahead. Every so near as Baffin, who sent his boat on breast beat high, and every one was shore: we had thick weather, the desirous to mount the crow's-nest, to sound was full of ice, and not then ac- look out for the opening which should cessible.”
conduct us into the Polar sea, near The last and only inlet of any con- the coast of the main-land of America. sequence, and which indeed offered We had not run, however, above ten the most plausible claims to a commu- leagues within the inlet, when the Isanicating channel, is Lancaster's Sound, bella bore up, and of course the Alexextending across from 731 to 741. N. ander did the same, and we stood out lat. After having sailed into this spa- of the inlet ; why, we could not conçious entrance about 30 miles, Capt.jecture, but under all sail.
Our comRoss observes," at three, the officer modore, as it afterwards appeared, had of the watch, who was relieved to his seen the land at the bottom of the dinner by Mr. Lewis, reported, on his inlet. It is impossible to describe to coming into the cabin, that there was you the gloom that was immediately some appearance of its clearing at the spread over every countenance, all their bottom of the bay; I immediately sanguine hopes being thus unexpecttherefore went on deck, and soon after edly dashed to the ground. At the very it completely cleared for about ten spot where the Isabella bore up, the minutes, and I distinctly saw the land depth of water was 650 fathoms, and round the bottom of the bay, forming a the temperature continued the same connected chain of mountains with as at the entrance: the Alexander was those which extended along the north about four or five miles a-stern of her and south sides; this land appeared to consort at that time; but not the least be at the distance of eight leagues." appearance of land was visible in the The drawing however, given in the direction of the inlet.” work, does not warrant this conclu- We have been thus liberal in our sion, as the land appears in the south- quotations repecting this unsettled west corner of this extremity. We point, which has attracted so much of add Capt. Sabine's account of this the public attention, presuming that place, as somewhat at variance with the account will be equally interesting the above. “ It is needless to enter to oar readers, as it has been to ourinto a detail here, of the many encou- selves. Capt. Ross definitively deraging coincidences which awaited us cides on the non-existence of a pasin this, the only one of Baffin's sounds sage. But he appears to have been into which we entered; the great depth somewhat hasty in his decisions, and of water, (750 fathoms) the sudden in- to have acted rather too independently crease in its temperature, the absence of the opinions of his officers, since the of ice, the direction of the swell, the authority of his statements would not width of the shores apart, (exceeding in the least have been diminished that of Behring's straits,) and the dif by their corroborative testimony; but ferent character of the country on the the contrary of this is now the case. north and south sides, especially the We shall trespass a little further in latter, which appeared to be wooded. illustrating this opinion, by another This magnificent inlet will no doubt selection from the letter referred to be fully explored by the expedition above; which letter, Mr. Sabine has now fitting, and those who are so em- stated to be a “ fuithful account of the ployed, will have the privilege of proceedings of the Expedition.” You being the first whose curiosity will be will probably expect from me some gratified in following where it may opinion as to the existence and praclead, or in putting its termination, ticability of a north-west passage; should there prove one, beyond a ques- but I really feel myself to be utterly tion.” To this testimony we will sub- unable to give any well-founded opijoin an extract of a letter from an nion on the subject. I may, however, officer of one of the ships, published in with safety assert, that our observaBlackwood's Edinburgh Magazine for tions have not supplied us with any Dec. last. “ We stood directly into grounds whatever for stating, as I perthis spacious inlet; the width conti- ceive has been positively stated in the nued pretty nearly the same, as far as newspapers, and apparently on demiwe could see, without a particle of ice official authority, that there is no passage from Baffin's Bay into the Pacific. | day; he therefore writes of this strait I am perfectly certain, that no officer as follows. “From the circumstance of employed on the expedition ventured a current being found at the entrance to hazard such an assertion, because of this strait, there is no doubt a much no one is competent to make up his better chance of a passage there than mind to such a decision. But, were I in any other place; and it was a subcompelled to deliver my sentiments on ject of regret to us, that we had not this interesting question, I should say, been able to reach its entrance sooner.” that the whole of this land, from Wol- From this situation the ships made stenhelm's Sound round the head of the best of their way home. In crossBaffin's Bay, and down to the north- ing the Atlantic, they were overtaken ern coast of Labrador, is so intersect- by a storm, and separated, but arrived ed by numerous straits or inlets, that, Oct. 29th, at Shetland, the place of as far as appearances go, the land on rendezous, within a few hours of one the western side of Davis' Strait and another. The following pleasing inBaffin's Bay is formed into a great clus- telligence is communicated by Capt. ter or archipelago of islands, beyond Ross : “ No instance of punishment which is the Polar sea; but whcther occurred; not an individual was on the all or any of these straits are, or are sick list; and not a man lost, during not, navigable, is a question that yet the voyage." The 14th of November, remains to be decided, and which no- they anchored in Grimsby roads, after thing can decide but practical experi- an absence of seven months. ence; and this I have reason to be- We cannot, as some have done, lieve to be the opinion entertained at pronounce this undertaking to have head-quarters; for I am extremely been altogether useless, though it has happy to inform you, that the Admi- been ineffectual as to the attainment ralty have allowed the crews of the two of its principal object.
The experiships to volunteer their services, as it ments made on the magnetic influence, is understood, for another expedition and on the vibrations of the pendulum, next year: and it is almost unneces- the (meteorological observations, the sary to add, every one to a man has geograpical determinations, and the volunteered for this service."
discovery of a new Esquimaux tribe, After leaving the Sound, the ships that will undoubtedly be of essential proceeded towards the south, making service to future investigators, form a a variety of magnetical and nautical considerable accession to our stock of observations, and exploring the west science and knowledge. The field of coast of the Bay.
inquiry, too, is considerably narrowed In lat. 73° the tide rises about 4 or for those who come hereafter. But 5 feet. The remarkable irregularities the result is certainly not satisfactory, of the soundings throughout the bay, whether we consider either the oppobut especially on the western coast, are site reports which have been publishworthy of notice ; differing from 220 ed, or the circumstance of a further to 1050 fathoms, and from 1000 to 100, experiment being made, in another in very short distances. An ingenious expedition on the same errand, under invention of Capt. Ross's to obtain the direction of Lieut. Parry, who soundings in deep water, and which commanded the Alexander. If the he called the deep-sea clams, was former was decisive, why repeat the used with complete success in more trial? and why has not Capt. Ross been than 1000 fathoms, bringing up mud, appointed as its director? stones, &c. and, by an attached self- After all, however, we cherish no registering thermometer, determining very sanguine expectations of any the temperature of the water at any passage in this direction being disdepth.
covered; and even if one exists, it is The continuity of land was per- obviously so difficult of access, and fectly ascertained from Cape Walsing- liable to so many obstructions, that it ham, to 65° 30' north latitude.
would be of little or no value to our October 1.-Our adventurers arrived commercial transactions with the East. at Cumberland Straits, which is laid For if a channel could be penetrated down in the maps as one of the en- during one or two months of a favourtrances to Hudson’s bay. Capt. Ross's able year, saying nothing of the chance instructions, however, allowed him to of being imprisoned a year or two in remain no later in these seas than this I the ice, is it probable that the vessel
can arrive at her destined port, there were once admitted, it would lead to discharge, perhaps require time to ne- errors the most flagrant, and to endgociate for a cargo back, take in her less vagaries and inconsistences. Inloading, and then return through these deed, to such a length might those precarious and dangerous channels, in absurdities be then carried, as even a shorter period than at present, occu- to render it apparently probable to pied in doubling the Cape of Good the minds of the unlearned, that all Hope? The Isabella and Alexander, historical facts were mere fables ; that were seven months in sailing to the real characters were astronomical emend of Baffin's bay and back again; blems; and thus to render every thing and our merchant vessels can now which mankind have been accustomed complete a voyage to the East Indies, to regard as fixed and permanent, and return, in about 12 months.
ideal and non-existent. Mr. TownThis undertaking was manifestly de- send has thus ingeniously stated those ficient in men of scientific knowledge, rules, which Sir W.Drummond has, in wholly devoted to researches into na- point of fact, permitted to regulate tural phenomena. Mr. Sabine was the him, though unacknowledged, unonly gentleman of this description, who stated, and of course denied. “Etydid not occupy some official situa- mology,' says Mr. Townsend, accordtion in the command of the vessels. ing to Sir W. D.'s method of reasonCaptain Ross is certainly a man ofing, is the art of discovering words, considerable ability ; but it is not to by stripping off their sinecure appenbe expected that either he or any of dages of mood, tense, number, perthe other officers could command that son, gender, digamma, aflix, prefix, leisure and uninterrupted composure, 'intensitive, and accent, Etymology which are necessary to enable the can change, derive, add, or subtract mind to enter into profound examina- syllables. Like a suit of chain artions, even supposing them to possess mour, it bends at pleasure over every that intimacywith the different branches part of an hypothesis; and defends a of science, which would be put into new system, by guarding against the requisition in these almost unknown 'intrusion of all the darts and arrows regions.
of facts and history, while the whole body moves easily beneath its im
penetrable strength. Its only disReview.—“ The Edipus Romanus ; or
advantage is, that if the links are an attempt to prove, from the prin
once broken through, the most illusciples of reasoning adopted by the
trious theory, which depends on its Right Hon. Sir William Drummondo in his dipus Judaicus, that the powerless and defenceless, and is
protection, becomes at once utterly twelve Cæsars are the twelve Signs of suffocated in its own discoveries. Like the Zodiac. By the Rev. George all useful auxiliaries, it must be subTownsend, A. M. of Trinity College,jected to discipline, and the few folCambridge. Hatchard, pp. 147, 8vo.
lowing rules have been considered 7s.6d.”
of importance. [Concluded from col. 615.]
All words of more than one syllaIn our last number, we promised to ble, may be reduced to a monosyllapresent our readers in this month's ble; because all language, as we Magazine, with the rules of etymo- daily see in infants, was at first mology adopted by Sir William Drum- ‘nosyllabic. mond, in the Edipus Judaicus, and * All beginnings and endings of by means of which, he contrived to words, may consequently be rejected prove to his own satisfaction, though at pleasure, till three letters, or, if not to the satisfaction of Mr. Town- necessary, only two letters remain. send, or ourselves, that the twelve sons Vowels may be added or rejected. of Jacob are the twelve signs of the Consonants only form the roots of Zodiac. This promise we now redeem,
' words. Our readers will doubtless recollect, • When the radicals are discovered, that the object proposed by Mr. Town
the word of which they are compossend to himself, is to prove, that if the ‘ed may be read either backwards or loose, and unphilosophical, and absurd forwards, as may be found convemethod of etymological derivation, 'nient. Thus, Cuscha is the same as adopted by Sir William Drummond, Cacus ; Ain-ait, as Ait-ain; Eesain, as