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further proof of the correctness of my opinion. On the north, or opposite end of the bridge, and upon the imme

А diate border of the Stanwix bank, was originally erected a beautiful Roman Bath, which is evident from the hand

B some pillars, pedestals, and wrought stone aqueducts, which were found in the state they had fallen, nearly 6 feet beneath the surface, when some men were digging a place for a lime-kiln at the time when the present new stone bridge was begun.

The next station upon the line of the wall is fixed by the best Antiquarians

C at Burgh, which is said to be the Axelodunum of the Romans; it had the Prima cohors Hispaniorum in garrison for some time. The distance from Stanwix to this place is nearly five miles.

The foundation of the wall, after A, Is a profile of the mounds and crossing the river near Stanwix, is ditches thrown up by Agricola, the ceeasily traced along Davison's banks, lebrated Roman general.

The first below Newtown; and on the side of ditch that he sunk, was 3 or 4 feet in the road between Newtown and Kirk- width, and the same in depth. From anduwy, Adrian's Mound, &c. is also this a bank rose, ten feet high, and very visible, about a furlong to the thirty in diameter, on the base or sursouth of the former, in the direction face line which is dotted in the sketch. across the common. From Kirkanduwy | This height, including the depth of the to Wormanby and to Burgh, it is also ditch, gives a total of 13 or 14 feet; on visible. At the former of these places the opposite side of the bank was ana Roman altar was taken up, which is other ditch, 10 feet deep, and 15 wide, now in the possession of a Mr. Norman, which gave the north side a declivity of that place. At the latter place, the of 20 feet. A part of the soil thrown station is a little to the east of the out of the latter ditch, on the north church, near what is called the Old side, formed another bank, 3 feet high, Castle. In the year 1792, when some and 6 broad, making an elevation of men were employed in cutting a drain 13 feet from the bottom of the ditch. at Hall-stones, a small altar was found, B, Is a profile of Agricola and the dedicated to Belatuender, the Mars or emperor Adrian's works, as they were Apollo of the Britons.

connected, (but not drawn to the scale Severus’s Wall passes on the north as the other two are.) Adrian's first side of Burgh, by the edge of the marsh ditch was sunk close to the north side to Longburgh, where some antiqui- of Agricola's small mound, and meaties have been discovered. The site sured 24 feet in width, and 12 in of the station is very distinct here ; but depth ; which being added to the whether Adrian's Ditch proceeded fur- height of Agricola's smaller bank, ther, is very doubtful. The wall is con- thus formed a declivity of 15 feet to spicuous at a small distance from the south, and 12 to the north. To Drumburgh to the west, and continues the north side of this ditch was a the greater part of the way to Bowness, space of level ground, 24 yards over, where the farthest western limits of where a bank, exactly similar to Agrithis stupendous monument of antiquity cola's, was constructed; being 10 feet ends. In order to convey a more dis- high, and 30 broad at the base. He tinct and accurate idea of those prodi- then finished as his predecessor had begious works of art, herewith I have an- gun. This work of the emperor Adrian, nexed two drawings, with proper re-extends from a to b, in the profile B. ferences, of the different banks, ditches, C, Is a profile of the wall and ditch and walls, of Agricola, Adrian, and Se- built by Severus, which run nearly paveras, the three founders of these mag-rallel to the other, at the medium disnificent works.

tance of 40 or 50 yards. The stone

MAGAZINE.

wall was 8 feet thick and 12 high, the Melancholy Inscription. battlements were 4 feet, which made

TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL the whole height of the wall, from the surface of the ground, 16 feet. The

Northampton, August, 14th, 1819. ditch on the north side was 36 feet

Sir,-I have taken your Magazine wide, and 15 feet deep. To this wall from its commencement, and, as I greatwere added at unequal distances, many ly approve of the general plan upon stations or cities, said to be 18 in num- which it is conducted, have endeabe 81 castles, and 330 castelets or voured to promote the circulation of it turrets.

amongst my friends. I have sent the Exclusively of these, Severus con- following, and leave it to your deterstructed a number of roads, 24 feet mination, whether it is at all adapted wide, and 18 inches high in the centre, for your pages. which formed a communication from

I am, your's, &c. turret to turret, and from one castle to

FREDERICUS. another: and still larger and more distinct roads, to lead to and from the

Under the portico of All Saints' respective stations. There was be

Church, (in the town of Northampton) sides a grand Military-way, which co

on a plain tablet of white marble, is

the following melancholy Inscription: vered all the works; on the side of which, in most places, the present Mi

This Marble was litary road was formed in 1752. There

erected 10 perpetuate the were also other roads branching out of

Memory of the following awful the different fortified cities, 20 or 30

Dispensation of Providence; miles distant; so that throughout the

At one o'clock in the Morning of the 17th

February, 1792, whole country it was a continued series

the lower part of the House of H. Marriot, of fortifications. B. Smythe,

on the Market-Hill, was discovered to March 11th, 1819.

be on fire;
and the flames ascending with dreadful

rapidity,
Query.On the Food of John the he was obliged to leave his affrighted little ones,
Baptist.

hovering round their distracted Mother;

and, by an extraordinary effort, he MR. Editor,

gained the roof of an adjoining house, calling As a warm admirer of your rising aloud, for that help, which alas, could and very excellent Magazine, I shall

not be procured ; feel obliged by your inserting the fol- for in a few moments, his whole family, lowing inquiry respecting John the consisting of a beloved Wife, Baptist.

five Children, and two Lodgers, perished

in the Flames ! Your's, very respectfully,

R.

READER, Gloucester, 19th July, 1819.

If the Almighty has hitherto preserved thee

from such scenes of deep distress, let thy Can any of your learned correspond- Heart glow with Gratitude, and, at ents inform me, whether the food on the sanie time, let thy Bosom which the Baptist partly subsisted in

expand with Benevolence the wilderness, was the vegetable or

towards thy suffering animal locusts? I see that Mr. Cobbett,

Fellow Creatures. in bis One Year's Residence in Ame

The sad Remains of this unfortunate Family rica, says it was the former; but the

were carefully collected, and

decently interred in this Oriental custom of eating the latter at

Church-Yard. the present day, very much strengthens the general belief that it was the ani

Near the same spot, upon a small mal, and not the vegetable locusts, with stone, is recorded a most wonderful wild honey, that formed his food; and instance of longevity, and strength of this, in my humble opinion, is still fur- mind and body, viz. ther confirmed by the paucity of trees

Here under lieth

John Bailes, born in this found growing in the desert. As I do

Town; he was above 126 not know that this has been the sub

Years old, and had his hearing, ject of particular inquiry or research,

sight, and memory, to the last. probably some one will favour us with He lived in three Centuries, a satisfactory explanation of the and was buried the 14th of April, matter,

1706.

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669
Query.--Barbarous Etiquette.

670 MR. EDITOR,

of those below; but the offer was geI shall be much obliged to any of your nerally refused, through fear of giving Correspondents, who will inform me, offence by acceptance; and it was a through your Magazine, who were the mode of conduct which I found could Authors of the different parts of the not be tolerated, even by the most liUniversal History, modern as well as beral host. Two tureens of soup usually ancient. I am, yours,

make their appearance, as we often see

A. Z. them in England; but if a stranger Liverpool, Sept. 13, 1819.

should ask for that which is at the bottom of the table, the master of the

house regards him with dismay; the BARBAROUS ETIQUETTE.

rest all gaze at him with wonder; and when he tastes what he has obtained,

he finds it to be a mess of dirty and Barbarous Etiquette observed at Rus- abominable broth, stationed for per

sian Tables, from Dr. E. D. Clarke's sons who never venture to ask for soup Travels.

from the upper end of the table. The The curious spectacle presented at number of attendants in waiting is their dinners, has not a parallel in the prodigious.

In the house of young rest of Europe. The dishes and the Count Orlof were not less than 500 wines correspond in gradation with servants; many of these sumptuously the rank and condition of the guests. clothed, and many others in rags. It Those who sit near the master of the was no unusual sight to observe behouse, are suffered to have no con- hind a chair, a fellow in plumes and nection with the fare or the tenants at gold lace, like a Neapolitan runningthe lower end of the table. In bar- footman, and another by his side lookbarous times we had something like it ing like a beggar from the streets. in England, and perhaps the custom is A droll accident befell two English not even now quite extinct in Wales, gentlemen of considerable property, or in English farm houses ; where all who were travelling for amusement in the family, from the master to the the south of Russia. They were at lowest menial, sit down together. The Nicholeaf, and being invited by the choicest dishes at the Russian table Chief Admiral to dinner, were placed, are carefully placed at the upper end, as usual, at the head of the table; and are handed to those guests sta- when they were addressed by the welltioned near the owner of the mansion, known title of Milords Anglois. Tired according to the order in which they of this ill-placed distinction, they assit; afterwards, if any thing remain, it sured the Admiral they were not Lords. is taken gradually to the rest. Thus a Allow me to asksaid their host, degree in precedency makes all the dif- what is the rank you possess ?” The ference between something or nothing lowest Russian, admitted to an Adto eat ; for persons at the bottom of miral's table, has a certain degree of the table are often compelled to rest rank; all who are in the service of the satisfied with an empty dish. It is the crown are noble by their profession; same with regard to the wines; the and Russians are unable to comprebest are placed near the head of the hend the title of a mere Gentleman, table, but, in proportion as the guests without some specific title being anare removed from the post of honour, nexed. The Englishmen replied, howthe wine before them is of worse qua- ever, that they had no other rank than lity, until at last it degenerates into that of English Gentlemen: “ But simple quass. Few things can offer your titles? you must have some titles!more repugnance to the feelings of an No, said they, we have no title, but Englishman, than the example of a that of English Gentlemen. A general wealthy glutton boasting of the choice silence, and many sagacious looks, folwines he has set before a stranger, lowed this last declaration. On the merely out of ostentation, while a num- following day they presented thember of brave officers and dependents selves at the hour of dinner, and were are sitting by him, to whom he is un- taking their station as before. Το able to offer a single glass. I some- their surprise, they found that all the times essayed a violation of this bar- persons present, one after the other, barous custom, by taking the bottle placed themselves above them. One placed before me, and filling the glasses was a general; another a lieutenant

a third an ensign; a fourth a police- him in danger, endeavoured to guide officer; a fifth an army surgeon; a sixth him by the speaking trumpet, and by a secretary; and so on. All this was signs; but the darkness, the whistling very well; they consoled themselves of the winds, the noise of the waves, with the prospect of a snug party at and the great agitation of the sea, prethe bottom of the table, where they vented the captain from seeing and would be farther removed from cere- hearing; and the ship was soon thrown mony: but, lo! when the dishes came upon the Pebble Bank, and struck round, a first was empty; a second about thirty fathoms below the pier. contained the sauce without the meat; At the cries of the wretches who were a third the rejected offals of the whole about to perish, Boussard, disregardcompany; at length they were coming all representations, and the appapelled to make a scanty meal, upon the rent impossibility of success, resolved slice of black bread before them, and to go to their relief. He ordered his a little dirty broth from a humble wife and his children, who wished to tureen, behind whose compassionate keep him back, to be led away, and veil they were happy to hide their con- binding himself to a rope, one end of fusion, at the same time being more which was attached to the pier, he amused than mortified, at an adventure threw himself into the middle of the into which they now saw they had waves. He approached the vessel, brought themselves by their unas- when a wave hurried him back, and suming frankness. Had either of them threw him upon the bank ; he was thus said, as was really the case, that they twenty times dashed on the pebbly were in the service of his Britannic beach by the waves, covered by the Majesty's militia, or members of the wreck of the ship, which the fury of associated volunteers of London, they the sea broke to pieces: his ardour would never have encountered so un- did not slacken, a wave threw him favourable a reception.

under the vessel, and all thought him dead, when he reappeared, bearing in

his arms a sailor who had been washHumane Courage.

ed overboard, and whom he brought to land almost senseless. At last

after an infinity of attempts and inMAGAZINE. Sir,

credible efforts, he got into the ship, If you think the following Anecdote, the crew who had strength to profit by

and got a rope on board. translated from Goube's Histoire du this succour, attached themselves to Duché de Normandie, worthy of a it, and were drawn ashore.

Boussard, place in your Magazine, it is much at thinking he had saved all on board,

W.

overwhelmed with fatigue, his body Goube, in his History of the Duchy lacerated and bruised, gained with of Normandy, enumerates among the difficulty the cottage where the flag is remarkable men born in the town of kept; there he fainted. They gave Dieppe, the pilot Boussard, and men- him some assistance ; he had thrown tions him as follows:

up the salt water, and was recovering “ The pilot Boussard ought to oc- his strength, when he was told they cupy a distinguished rank among the still heard groans from the ship ; impraiseworthy men of the town of mediately, Boussard, escaping from Dieppe. This brave man (a name those who were assisting him, ran to which was given to him by the virtu- | the sea, and threw himself in afresh; ous Louis XVI.) perceived on the 31st and he was so fortunate as to save one August, 1777, about nine o'clock in more of the passengers who was tied the evening, a ship from Rochelle, to the wreck, and whose weakness which was laden with salt, approach- had prevented him from profiting by ing the pier-heads of Dieppe, without the succour furnished to his compathe coasting pilot being able (after nions. Of ten men who were in the four vain attempts) to go out, to direct vessel, there perished but two, whose its entry into the port. The sea was bodies were found in the morning. very much agitated, and the wind very The king recompensed this intrepid impetuous: the intrepid Boussard, pilot, by an annual pension of three seeing that the helmsman of the ship hundred livres, independently of a made a false manoeuvre, which put present of 1000 livres."

TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL

Those of

your service.

REFORMATION WANTED.

673
Reformation.-Missionary Intelligence.

674

those truths which they have such It is melancholy to reflect, that the strong inducements to disbelieve, we world abounds with misery. Many in- cannot but attribute this astonishing stances of this we daily see; of many

effect to supernatural influence.

From a letter dated Demerara, July more we constantly hear; and little doubt can be entertained, that myriads 2d, 1819, written by the Rev. John

Smith, we learn, that among the Nein this comparatively happy country, are at this moment suffering in the groes in that colony, the work of God deepest distress. For these calamities exhibits a pleasing appearance. Sevarious causes may be assigned, which veral members have been added to

the church during the few preceding justly entitle the miserable to compassion. But it is to be regretted, that months, and many others were then while the hand of benevolence is dili- waiting for admission.

To shew the readiness of the Negroes gently employed in wiping the tear of sorrow from the eye of suffering hu- to assist in promoting the cause of God, manity, cases should occur, in which Mr. S. makes the following remarks.

“ We have altered and repaired our the wretchedness that some families endure, evidently originates in vicious chapel, though we have not made it

larger, but rather smaller. It will seat propensities, and in that want of common prudence and foresight, without and comfortable place of worship.

about 650 people. It is a very decent which domestic economy is a name destitute of meaning. The following building a new one ; but as a very se

The Negroes raised £230, towards incident will illustrate this remark.

rious obstacle was thrown in our way, A correspondent states to us, as an

we relinquished the design, and reindisputable fact, that there is now living, in a large town in the west of solved to repair the old one. Upon

this occasion I was obliged to do as England, a family who regularly receive from Government £300 per ann.

Moses did, when the Israelites made Such however is their mode of pro- 1 of the tabernacle, (Exod. xxxvi. 6.) re

such liberal offerings for the erection ceeding, that every morning their bed, &c. are carried to the pawn-shop, when strain them from bringing. The Whites

have not contributed so much as one the wearing apparel is taken out. farthing since I have been here, either When evening arrives, an exchange towards my support, or to defray the takes place; the bed is liberated by the apparel until the morning, when the expense of carrying on the public wor

It is true, I have not same transaction again succeeds. This ship of God.

asked them for any thing. mode of life has been practised for

But ought some time. “ It is needless,” he says, good friend, who is a Roman Catho

they to require asking? We have one “to add, that they drink all day.”

lic; he lives about four miles from us, yet he attends our chapel sometimes.

He encourages the Negroes, over It will be pleasing to all, who rejoice whom he is placed, to read the Bible, at the prosperity of Zion, to hear, that and to attend my preaching. the cause of God flourishes among the “ Easter Monday, as usual, I preachheathen, in any portion of the world. ed to the children; the juvenile conTo the pious mind it is always gratify- gregation was, I think, more numering to learn, that the truths of Chris- ous than last year, and were very tianity are embraced ; but more parti- attentive. They were nearly all dresscularly so, when circumstancess, arising ed in white, boys as well as girls. from unexpected causes, concur to During my discourse, I proposed seveplace its evidence and influence in a ral questions, which some of the chilcommanding light. According to our dren answered with such a degree of common principles of reasoning, it is correctness and confidence, as would scarcely possible for a slave, who makes have surprised you.

I know you a comparative estimate between his would rejoice to see them. It would own condition, and that of his master, be worth while for any Christian gento draw any conclusions in favour of tleman to come to Demerara, to see that religion by which the oppressor our sable congregations; and, in my pretends to be guided. When there- opinion, be far more rational than to fore we perceive with what cordiality travel into Egypt, to take the altitude the Negroes embrace and support of a pyramid. No. 7.-Vol. I.

2 X

MISSIONARY INTELLIGENCE.

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