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of their sex. They have even gone so “ Ah, wretch !” in wild anguish he cried, far as to pry into the circumstances of “ From country, and liberty torn; their neighbours. This will rather in- Ab Maratan, would thou hadst died, jure the cause which they mean to

Ere o'er the salt waves thou wast borne. serve, and will raise disgust in the

“ Through the groves of Angola I stray'd, minds of those who would otherwise

Love and hope made my bosom their home; be inclined to promote every charita- There I talk'd with my favourite maid, ble design. We should not do evil, Nor dreamt of the sorrow to come. that good may come, however plausible the pretext may be.

“ From the thicket the man-hunter sprung, thing done by way of charity, proceed. There were fury and wrath on his tongue ;

My cries echo'd loud through the air. from voluntary and the purest motives;

He was deaf to the voice of despair. not to be seen of men. If ladies choose to raise subscriptions among “ Flow, ye tears, down my cheeks, ever flow, their intimate acquaintance, for any Still let sleep from my eyelids depart; charitable purpose, it is well ; but it And still may the cravings of woe, seems, when they go about collecting Drink deep of the stream of my heart. publicly, they are out of their place.

“ But, bark! o'er the silence of night All persons should be the best judges

My Adila's accents I hear ; of their own circumstances; and some, And mournful beneath the wan light, though they make a decent appear- I see her lov'd image appear. ance, yet can scarcely subsist, and may have felt a reverse, though from “ How o’er the smooth ocean she glides, prudent reasons they do not choose to As the mist that hangs light on the wave; mention it. Surely then it is indeli- And fondly her partner she chides, cate, to say the least, to hurt the feel- Who lingers so long from his grave ! ings of such, or to misrepresent them "Oh Maratan! haste thee,' she cries, in the course of private conversation. 'Here the reign of oppression is o'er ; Whilst we wish to diffuse useful know

• The tyrant is robb’d of his prize, ledge into distant lands, let us not * And Adila sorrows no more.' adopt any measure, which may tend

“ Now sinking amidst the dim ray, indirectly, or in its results, to promote impropriety in manners at home. The on stay thee, my Adila, stay !

Her form seems to fade on my view : writer of this begs to be understood,

She beckons, and I must pursue. as having the greatest esteem for the female sex; and it was a sense of de- “ To-morrow, the white man in vain, licacy on their account, that induced Shall proudly account me his slave ; him to throw out these few hints. He My shackles I plunge in the main, believes every woman of sensibility in

And rush to the realms of the brave." the nation will agree with him in sentiment in this matter, when it is seriously and maturely considered.” Aug. 10, 1819. ÆQUITAS.

THE COMET,

BY J. HOGG.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL

Stranger of Heav'n! I bid thee hail,
MAGAZINE.

Shred from the pall of glory riven,
SIR,
Liverpool, Aug. 20, 1819.

That flashest in cælestial gale,

Broad pennant of the King of Heaven, Should the following article be deemed worthy a place in your Miscellany, it is at your Art thou the flag of woe and death, service. Your's, respectfully,

From angel's ensign staff unfurld?

Art thou the standard of his wrath,
ΙοΤΑ.

.
THE SLAVE.

Wav'd o'er a sordid, sinful world ? Wide over the tremulous sea

No: from thy pure pellucid beam, The moon spread her mantle of light; That erst o'er plains of Bethle’m shone, And the gale, gently dying away,

No latent evil we can deem, Breath'd soft on the bosom of night.

Fair herald from th' eternal Throne! On the forecastle Maratan stood,

Whate'er portends thy front of fire, And pour’d forth his sorrowful tale;

Thy streaming locks so lovely pale, His tears fell unseen in the flood,

Or peace to man, or judgment dire, His sighs pass'd unheard in the gale : Stranger of Heaven! I bid thee hail!

Where hast thou beam'd these thousand years? LIFE COMPARED TO A CLOUD,

Why sought the polar paths again? From wilderness of glowing spheres,

While near the sun, how bright and fair To fling thy vesture o'er the wain?

The Cloud that passes through the air!

Thus human Life, while hope is there, And when thou climb'st the milky way,

Is free from care.--
And vanishest from human view,
A thousand worlds shall hail thy ray,

But having passed the bright'ning beam,

Then fades the evanescent gleam : Through wilds of yon empyreal blue.

'Tis thus, illusive as a dream, Oh! on the rapid prow to glide !

Our Life doth seem. To sail the boundless skies with thee!

V. And plow the twinkling stars aside, Like foam-bells on a tranquil sea :

TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL To brush the embers from the sun,

MAGAZINE, The icicles from off the pole ;

SIR, Then far to other systems run;

The author of the following lines, is a Where other moons and planets roll ! poor illiterate blind man, a native of

this town, whose name is James Stranger of Heaven! O let thine eyes

Wilson. He lost his sight by the Smile on a wild enthusiast's dream; Eccentric as thy course on high,

small-pox, when he was about six And airy as thine ambient beam.

years of age. Several specimens of his

Poetry have been published, and among And long, long, may thy silver ray

them, I believe, the lines before you; Our northern clime at eve adorn;

but they have been merely handed Then wheeling to the East away,

about among his friends. If you judge Light the grey portals of the morn.

them worthy a place in your valuable Magazine, they may probably gratify

some of your numerous readers on THE MERMAID HOAX.

the other side of the water. Some time since a report was circu

I remain yours, lated with considerable avidity, that a

W. M. Mermaid had been taken, and was to Belfast, Aug. 14. 1819. be seen at Carrickfergus, in Ireland. The tale gained credit ; and multi

TO MEMORY. tudes hastened to the spot sufficiently Come, Memory, and paint those scenes early to experience the mortification

I knew when I was young, of ă disappointment. This incident when meadows bloom'd, and vernal greens gave birth to the following lines :

By nature's band were sung;
Some wicked wight, near Carrickfergus, I mean those hours that I have known,
Or muddy, maudling, dipping Mergus,

Ere light from me withdrew;
Saw in a dream, or drunken notion,

When blossoms seem'd just newly blown, A vision rare,—the Maid of Ocean ;

And wet with sparkling dew; And, that mankind might be deluded,

When warblers from each neighb'ring bush The tale, for truth, on them obtruded :

Saluted with their strains, Masking it too, to crown his labour,

The sprightly linnet, lark, and thrush,
With the mock name of a good neighbour.

And call'd me to the plains.
Some doubt, yet many more believe him,
Caught in the net spread to deceive 'em;

Yet, ah, forbear, kind Mem'ry cease,
And soon the gulls of each condition,

The picture thus to scan ! Put vebicles in requisition :

Let all my feelings rest in peace, Jaunting cars, jingles, carts, and coaches, 'Tis prudence forms the plan. Gigs, curricles, landaus, barouches,

For why should I on other days, Led by this will-o'-th-wisp unlucky,

With such reflections turn, Repair in haste to-Port-a-mucky,

Since I'm depriv'd of vision's rays, To view, in Magee's famed island,

Which sadly makes me mourn?
The lovely nymph-marine on dry land !

And when I backward turn my mind,
But ah! how great was their vexation,
To find 'twas all a fabrication

I feel of sorrow's pain,
Of some unprincipled contriver,

And weep for joys I've left behind, In darkness and deceit a diver,

On childhood's flow'ry plain. Who justly merits for the hoax trick,

Yet now through intellectual eyes, To be well cudgelled with an oak-stick!

Upon a happier shore, MISO-MENDAX. And circled with eternal skies, Sleive Cruit.

Youth sweetly smiles once more.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL

MAGAZINE,

Futurity displays the scene,

learning, and all sciences, must be Religion lends her aid,

drawn. Every form in nature, and And decks with flow'rs for ever green,

every geometrical figure, is composed And blooms that cannot fade.

of straight or crooked lines; every viWhen will that happy period come,

sible object is a combination of lines. That I shall quit this sphere,

All calculations, and all numerical And find an everlasting home,

proportions, from simple addition to With peace and friendship there?

the most complicated mathematical Throughout

this chequer'd life, 'tis mine problems, rest upon the ten numbers To feel affliction's rod;

or figures. All utterance by way of But soon to overstep the line,

the voice, all we know of physical or That keeps me from my God.

metaphysical knowledge, is founded on, and produced by, a peculiar com

bination and modification of the 24 On Education.

letters : number, form, and language, are in truth the primitive basis of all

knowledge. SIR,

The good effects of this plan (which The following is an abstract which I is not fully explained in the pamphlet,) made some months since, of a curious

are very great: boys of from 7 to 12 pamphlet on education, that then fell years of age, solve some most difficult into my hands. Should you think it mathematical problems, and find the worthy of a place in your Magazine, it contents; and explain some most comis at your service.

plicated geometrical figures with ease, Abstract of Pestalozzi's System of Edu- all cheerful, and do what is required

precision, and alacrity. The boys are cation, as described by Buckholz, in a of them, during the hours of study; pamphlet printed at Edinburgh, 1819. they are then free from work, and need Pestalozzi conceives, that the basis not dread a flogging the next day, for of all Education must be Faith and not having their tasks only in their Love. Precepts or doctrines can have memory. no effect on the mind of a child, with- Gymnastic exercises, bathing, difout his faith in them is excited and ferent kinds of innocent amusements, strengthened by the example of pa- &c. contribute to the preservation of rents and instructors. Love must be health, one of the principal sources joined, to form virtuous sentiments, of contentment. and establish moral rectitude. Every Their food is simple, substantial, and kind of severity, unkindness, &c. must abundant;--another means of prebe avoided, for they destroy confidence serving health, and diffusing cheerand affection.—His second principle, fulness. embraces the totality of the physical Spacious and airy buildings, and and spiritual faculties of the child: extensive play-grounds, and the nufor all cultivation, he asserts, must go merous walks in the neighbourhood of out from heart, head, and hand. The Yverdun, are all sources of happiness mode of instruction should combine to the pupils. all three, for if one be strengthened In number about one hundred, they and the others neglected, no real and form but one family; no distinction is internal cultivation is produced: a made, and no privileges are allowed clever man may be formed, but such to any. Pestalozzi stands at their discipline never leads to that genuine head, as an indulgent father; and his humanity, where the three powers are assistants are instructed to act, not as treated in unison, and the heart is tyrants, to plague and harass the chilalways predominant, ruling the head dren, but as kind and benevolent friends ; and hand. The most finished artist, and to treat the pupils with that enor most accomplished literary charac- dearing attention and regard, due to ter, whose heart has been neglected, their higher destination as children of may stand as a wild beast (to use Pes- God, and not one as children of men. talozzi's language) in the midst of his fellow-creatures. --Third principle : Although there is considerable innumber, form, and language, are the genuity in this plan, it is certainly not original fountain, from which all our free from great imperfections, as far knowledge flows; from which all as it is here developed : religion is but

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glanced at in the conclusion, and only Ir is a well-known law in Chemistry, as much as would suit the theophilan- that Caloric, or the matter of heat, exthropist; I cannot, therefore, help re- pands all bodies. When applied to cording by the side of a system, pro- any body, either in a solid, fluid, or fessing no peculiar religious tenets, aëriform state, that body suffers exthe following anecdote, which may be pansion in a ratio proportioned to the new to some of your readers :

quantity of Caloric it receives. A lady boasted to archbishop Secker, 1. For instance, if a solid cylinder of that she followed Rousseau's plan, in iron is passed through a bore in any preventing her children from reading other piece of iron, of sufficient direligious books, till they were ten or mensions to admit it to move easily, twelve years of age, and could com- and the cylinder afterwards be made prehend them. Madam,” said the red-hot, it will be found that it cannot archbishop, “ if you don't put some- be passed through the same bore, until thing into your children's heads be- it has become cold, or, in other words, fore that age, the devil will !!"

has parted with its Caloric. P.S. At such an early period of our 2. If Caloric be applied to water, at intercourse, it is unfortunate that I 40° Fahrenheit, until it has become should have to apologize, for leading heated to 212°, that is, to the boiling you into an error respecting the Lime point, this fluid will gradually expand trees: inserted in column 395 of the until vapour is produced. Imperial Magazine. It was the Plane 3. If Caloric be applied to common tree, and not the Lime tree, which suf- air, or to any other gas, a very confered so severely all over England. I siderable expansion takes place. This should be glad to learn, how one may be illustrated, by exposing to the cause could operate so instantaneously heat of a fire, a bladder half filled with throughout the kingdom ?

air, and made air-tight: the confined To the important queries inserted air immediately expands, and, if the col. 340, I beg to add the following :- heat be continued, the bladder bursts Are any words in reality synonyms, with a loud report. and has not each word its own distinct One exception to this general rule and appropriate meaning?

is worthy of our attention. If water, July 18,1819.

at 212° of Fahrenheit, be cooled down to 32°, that is, to the freezing point, a gradual diminution of volume takes

place, until it arrives at 40°. When, WE learn from an account, dated so however, it has arrived at this degree, recently as the 12th of August last, instead of contracting, it begins to exthat Professor Meinicke, of the Uni- pand; and the expansion continues, versity of Halle, a town of much cele- until it arrives at that point at which brity in the duchy of Magdeburg, has congelation takes place. succeeded in producing a beautiful il- In this deviation from a general rule, lumination, by means of electricity we clearly behold the hand of Proviand a factitious air, which does not dence, and observe how attentive the burn, but only shines, inclosed in glass Deity is to the meanest of his creatures. tubes. As electricity may be propa- - If water continued to contract until gated ad infinitum, it will in future be congelation took place, ice would be possible, by means of a single electri- specifically heavier than this fluid, and, cal machine, and application of the instead of swimming upon its surface, proper apparatus, to light up a whole would sink to the bottom : the consecity.

quences of which would be, the com

plete congelation of our lakes, rivers, Effects of Caloric.

and ponds; the destruction of all the

fish contained therein; and serious TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL inconveniences from want of a due MAGAZINE,

supply for the cattle.--Let the sceptic Sir,

say what he pleases ; let him deny the PERHAPS the following remarks may existence of an all-wise Providence; not be thought unworthy of a place in the true Christian will behold maniyour Magazine.

fest design in this, as well as in the I am, Sir, your's, &c.

numerous other provisions of nature : H. B. he will admire the wisdom, and adore

IMPORTANT DISCOVERY.

EMPLOYMENT OF THE POOR.

the goodness, of that God who is the pauperism and disquietude, and recreator, the preserver, and the bountiful store to our country its welfare, secubenefactor, of every thing that lives, rity, and prosperity. moves, and has a being.

« The following is extracted from Sept. 9th, 1819.

an account given by Mr. B. overseer at Birmingham:

That he was an overseer of the Poor in the years 1817 and 1818; that there were 800 adult

poor in the workhouse, for whom there It is with the most unfeigned pleasure, was no employment: that about thirty that we give publicity to the following acres of land belonged to the town; documents, with which we have been that these were let to different tenants: lately favoured for this purpose. And but that four acres were obtained, on we do it the more readily, from a full which they planted cabbages and poconviction, that the plan thus recom- tatoes, and obtained a sufficient supply mended, if carried into execution, will for 600 persons in the house, from July be attended with the most beneficial to September. In March, 1818, he effects.

took seven and a half acres more, and “ The Provisional Committee for En- cultivated two acres in flax. The soil couragement of Industry and Reduc- was hard and sterile, but being dug tion of Poors' Rates, reflecting on the by the spade, and the turf buried growing dissatisfaction, and want of without manure, it has a very promisemployment in various parts, is in- ing appearance.' Mr. B. accedes to duced to accelerate the publication of the established sentiment, that the culthe following, which is with confidence ture of land by hand labour is the recommended as a most important only suitable employment for the pamean of relief.

rochial Poor. “ Under such circumstances, the Signed on behalf of the Provicultivation of land may be realized as sional Committee, an universal as well as permanent re- “ BENJAMIN WILLS, Hon. Sec.” source; and this might be immediately King's Head, Poultry, 5th July, 1819. commenced—the Act intituled, An Act to amend the Laws for the Relief of In another paper, dated King's Head, the Poor,' and passed in the present Poultry, 18th August, 1819, Mr. Wills Session, empowering each parish to observes as follows: obtain land for the purpose of employ- It is hoped, that those owners and ment and for letting. It may be re- occupiers of land, and parishes, who, marked, that the low wages which from a conviction of the utility of the would be cheerfully accepted, would plan, are now in so many parts engaged be reimbursed by the products ob- in furnishing the labouring Poor with tained, while the

management of the small portions of land, will by their exspade is universally available. ample be the means hourly of exciting

“ The above Act (limiting the land others to the adoption of this very imto be taken by each parish to twenty portant mode of ameliorating the conacres) confers, as before noticed, a dition of the Poor, and reducing poormost judicious discretionary power, rates. What is effecting in Kent by by which land may be let in small por- Lords Abergavenny and Le Despeneer, tions at a fair rent, for the profitable as well as by parishes in that county, occupation of themselves and families merits universal notice.

There can during leisure hours, and which cannot scarcely exist a doubt, that the gofail of producing the most essential | vernment will, ere long, co-operate in effect, by the stimulus thus afforded to granting land at no great distance the industrious Poor to recover an in- from London, on which a number of dependent state.

Metropolitan Poor may be employed.” Overseers, Guardians of the Poor, and Parishes, are therefore earnestly and respectfully invited to apply them

Queries on Domestic Economy. selves to the above object; noblemen, magistrates, and occupiers of land, and the community generally, doubt- SIR, less, being found to co-operate; where- I am very partial to reading, esby to arrest the overwhelming tide of pecially those books which contain No. 7.--VOL. I.

2 U

6

TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL

MAGAZINE.

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