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TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL

MAGAZINE.

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645
Inquiry after Books.-Anecdote.

646 cumstance which adds considerably to

Inquiry after Books. our merit in discovering their meaning at present: my arguments are likewise deduced from etymology, Sir, coincidence, and tradition; and I The writer of this article has been trust, by their assistance, to explain the forcibly struck with the accounts of hidden sense of many passages in the self-taught genius you have published; Roman historians.”

and, as he has much leisure time, In order to develop the manner in wishes to employ himself in study. which Sir William Drummond ar- He has already made himself acrived at the absurdities which he has quainted with the mathematics in ventured to publish to the world, Mr. general; and is now desirous of studyTownsend proposes to adopt the same ing the languages, or any branch of plan of procedure, and to evince knowledge which may be amusing, therefrom, the irrationality of all such gratifying, or useful. In studying the principles of reasoning.”

. In a strain mathematics, he used the works of of chaste, yet nervous and correct sa- Bonnycastle ; and he thinks, if books tire, he then remarks: “ From the equally plain can be found, to assist evidence of an innumerable collection | him in other pursuits, he shall be able of writers, I may here assume as a to acquire a tolerable understanding preliminary, that the whole Earth was of any subject, without other assistoriginally of one language; all lan- ance. His object, therefore, in this guagesare derived from one source, and letter, is, to request you, or some of however they may now differ, it is pro- your correspondents, to give him, and bable we shall find in each, many radi- the readers of the Imperial Magazine, cals and words, which are to be a brief catalogue of Books on the diftraced to the original stock. Etymo- ferent arts and sciences, such as are logy is the art of discovering these best calculated for self-instruction. words, by stripping off their sinecure Lincolnshire, Aug. 2, 1819. M. P. appendages of mood, tense, number, person, gender, digamma, affix, prefix, intensitive, and accent. Etymology can change, derive, add, or subtract SIR,

London, Aug. 30th, 1819. syllables. Like a suit of chain armour, The following circumstance came to it bends at pleasure over every part of my knowledge, with many other such, an hypothesis; and defends a new sys- after

I had finished my Memoir of her tem, by guarding against the intrusion late Majesty. As a friend to illustri. of all the darts and arrows of facts and ous virtue, I am persuaded you will history, while the whole body moves ea- give it a place in your Magazine. sily beneath its impenetrable strength. I am, Sir, yours, &c. Its only disadvantage is, that if the

W. M. CRAIG. links are once broken through, the most General B-, died in service with illustrious theory, which depends on its the British army of occupation, which protection, becomes at once utterly was stationed in the northern frontier powerless and defenceless, and is suf- of France, under the direction of the focated in its own discoveries.” Duke of Wellington. His widow,

Certain rules of etymology are then conceiving she had claims upon the admirably presented for consideration, British Government, set out to visit which are as absurd in themselves, as London, for the purpose of preferring they are literally descriptive of the them; but, in her journey through real errors which Sir W. Drummond France, she was attacked by robbers, has committed, in his classical and and plundered of every property but grammatical arguments in support of the clothes she wore at the time. Thus his most singular opinion. These rules, destitute, she reached the metropolis and our further remarks on this very

of England. These circumstances, interesting publication, we are, how being by unexpected channels made ever, unavoidably compelled to defer known to the Queen, her Majesty imtil our next month's Magazine. In mediately sent the sufferer, from her the mean time, we cordially recommend own wardrobe, an ample and complete the volume to the attentive perusal of service of linen and dresses, with duevery intelligent and pious reader. plicates of cach article.

This present (To be continued.)

was accompanied by £100 in money,

ANECDOTE OF HER LATE MAJESTY.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL MAGAZINE.

Sir, You will perhaps think the following document, copied from the original, in the Exchequer, at Westminster, with a fac-simile of the autograph of Henry VIII. prefixed, as in the Record, likely to prove interesting to some of your numerous readers.

W.

BY THE KING.

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We wol and comaunde you,
to allowe dailly fromhens-

forth unto o' Right Dere and welbelovede the Lady Lucye, into hir Chambre the dyat & fare hereafter ensuyng Furst ev'y mornyng at brekefast oon Chyne of Beyf at our kechyn, oon Chite Loff and oon Maunchet at our panatry Barr, and a galon of Ale at our Buttrye Barr. Itm, at Dyner a pese of Beyfe a stroke of Roste and a Rewarde at o' said kechyn, à cast of Chete bred at our panatrye bar and a galone of Ale at o' Buttrye Bar. Itm at after none a manchet at our Panatrye Bar, and half a galon of Ale at our Buttrye Barr. Itm at Supper a messe of Porage a pese of Mutton and a Rewarde at our said ketchyn, a caste of Chete brede at our Panatrye, and a galon of Ale at our Luttrye. Itm at after Supper a Chete Loff and a maunchet at our panatrye Barr, a galon of Ale at our Buttrye Barr, and half a galon of Wyne at our Seller Barr.

Itm ev'y mornyng at o' Woodeyarde, four Tall Shyds and twoo Fagotts. Itm. at our Chaundrye Barr in Wynter ev'y night oon preket and Foure Syses of Waxe w eight Candells White Lights, and oon Torche. Itm at of Pichierliouse wekely six white Cuppes. Itm at ev'y tyme of our Remoeving oon Hoole Carte for the cariage of hir Stuff. And these our [res shalbe your sufficient Warrant and discharge in this behalf at all tymes herafter. Yeven under our Signet at our Manour of Esthampstede the xvjth day of July. The xiiij" yere of our Reigne.

To the Lord Steward of our Houshold, the Treasourer,

Comptroller, Cofferer, Clerks of of Greneclothe, Clerks
of o' Kechyn, and to all other our Hed Officers of our
said Houshold and to ev'y of theym.

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MAGAZINE,

Hints on Charitable Institutions. a year ago; an extract of which I here

subjoin, as it seems to correspond with TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL

the views of the writer Veritas:

“ It is an old observation, that the Sir,

best Institutions are liable to abuse, In your last number, you have given a and have been actually abused in every short extract from a letter you had re- age. I have lately made some received, signed Veritas, respecting the marks concerning a mode of collectconduct of some persons employed as ing money to promote the design of collectors for the Bible and Missionary the Bible and Missionary Societies. Societies. The impropriety, of which I am a friend to these Institutions ; that writer seems to complain, is not and sincerely wish success to all such confined to the circle of his neighbour- and other laudable designs. Howhood; it has appeared in the metro-ever, to one mode of collecting mopolis and its environs, and perhaps in ney for this end, I beg leave to obother places. Therefore a delicate hint, ject; namely, employing females, even conveyed through the channel of such very young ones, to go about; some of a publication as yours, to those whom whom have assumed a kind of official it may concern, may not be improper; air and effrontery, and have expostuas it may prevent the recurrence of the lated with persons in a manner unbesame evils for the future. A letter coming that delicacy and modesty, was inserted in a public paper about which ought to be the characteristics

649

Poetry.

650

Let every

of their sex. They have even gone so “ Ah, wretch !” in wild anguish he cried, far as to pry into the circumstances of “ From country, and liberty torn; their neighbours. This will rather in- Ab Maratan, would thou hadst died, jure the cause which they mean to

Ere o'er the salt waves thou wast borne. serve, and will raise disgust in the

“ Through the groves of Angola I stray'd, minds of those who would otherwise

Love and hope made my bosom their home; be inclined to promote every charita- There I talk’d with my favourite maid, ble design. We should not do evil, Nor dreamt of the sorrow to come. that good may come, however plausible the pretext may be.

“ From the thicket the man-hunter sprung, thing done by way of charity, proceed. There were fury and wrath on his tongue;

My cries echo'd loud through the air. from voluntary and the purest motives; not to be seen of men. If ladies He was deaf to the voice of despair. choose to raise subscriptions among “Flow, ye tears, down my cheeks, ever flow, their intimate acquaintance, for any Still let sleep from my eyelids depart; charitable purpose, it is well ; but it | And still may the cravings of woe, seems, when they go about collecting Drink deep of the stream of my heart. publicly, they are out of their place.

“ But, bark! o'er the silence of night All persons should be the best judges of their own circumstances; and some, And mournful beneath the wan light,

My Adila's accents I hear ; though they make a decent appear- I see her lov'd image appear. ance, yet can scarcely subsist, and may have felt a reverse, though from “ How o'er the smooth ocean she glides, prudent reasons they do not choose to As the mist that hangs light on the wave; mention it. Surely then it is indeli- And fondly her partner she chides, cate, to say the least, to hurt the feel- Who lingers so long from his grave ! ings of such, or to misrepresent them "Oh Maratan! haste thee,' she cries, in the course of private conversation. * Here the reign of oppression is o'er ; Whilst we wish to diffuse useful know

• The tyrant is robb’d of his prize, ledge into distant lands, let us not • And Adila sorrows no more.' adopt any measure, which may tend

“ Now sinking amidst the dim ray, indirectly, or in its results, to promote

Her form seems to fade on my view : impropriety in manners at home. The

()h stay thee, my Adila, stay ! writer of this begs to be understood,

She beckons, and I must pursue. as having the greatest esteem for the female sex; and it was a sense of de- To-morrow, the white man in vain, licacy on their account, that induced Shall proudly account me his slave; him to throw out these few hints. He My shackles I plunge in the main, believes every woman of sensibility in

And rush to the realms of the brave." the nation will agree with him in sentiment in this matter, when it is seriously and maturely considered.” Aug. 10, 1819. ÆQUITAS.

THE COMET,

BY J. HOGG.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL

Stranger of Heav'n! I bid thee hail,
MAGAZINE.

Shred from the pall of glory riven,
SIR,
Liverpool, Aug. 2d, 1819.

That flashest in ccelestial gale,
Should the following article be deemed wor-

Broad pennant of the King of Heaven. thy a place in your Miscellany, it is at your Art thou the flag of woe and death, service. Your's, respectfully,

From angel's ensign staff unfurlid?

Art thou the standard of his wrath,

IoTA.
THE SLAVE.

Wav'd o'er a sordid, sinful world ?
Wide over the tremulous sea

No: from thy pure pellucid beam, The moon spread her mantle of light; That erst o'er plains of Bethle'm shone, And the gale, gently dying away,

No latent evil we can deem, Breath'd soft on the bosom of night.

Fair herald from th' eternal Throne ! On the forecastle Maratan stood,

Whate'er portends thy front of fire, And pour'd forth his sorrowful tale;

Thy streaming locks so lovely pale,--His tears fell unseen in the flood,

Or peace to man, or judgment dire,
His sighs pass'd unheard in the gale :- Stranger of Heaven! I bid thee hai

Where hast thou beam'd these thousand years? LiFe COMPARED TO A CLOUD,

Why sought the polar paths again? From wilderness of glowing spberes,

While near the sun, how bright and fair To fing thy vesture o'er the wain?

The Cloud that passes through the air !

Thus human Life, while hope is there, And when thou climb'st the milky way,

Is free from care.--
And vanishest from human view,
A thousand worlds shall bail thy ray,

But having passed the bright'ning beam,

Then fades the evanescent gleam : Through wilds of yon empyreal blue.

'Tis thus, illusive as a dream, Oh! on the rapid prow to glide!

Our Life doth seem. To sail the boundless skies with thee!

V. And plow the twinkling stars aside, Like foam-bells on a tranquil sea :

TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL

MAGAZINE.
To brush the embers from the sun,
The icicles from off the pole ;

SIR,
Then far to other systems run;

The author of the following lines, is a Where other moons and planets roll ! poor illiterate blind man, a native of

this town, whose name is James Stranger of Heaven! O let thine eyes Wilson. He lost his sight by the

Smile on a wild enthusiast's dream; Eccentric as thy course on high,

small-pox, when he was about six And airy as thine ambient beam.

years of age. Several specimens of his

Poetry have been published, and among And long, long, may thy silver ray

them, I believe, the lines before you; Our northern clime at eve adorn;

but they have been merely handed Then wheeling to the East away,

about among his friends. If you judge Light the grey portals of the morn.

them worthy a place in your valuable Magazine, they may probably gratify

some of your numerous readers on THE MERMAID HOAX.

the other side of the water. Some time since a report was circu

I remain yours, lated with considerable avidity, that a

W. M. Mermaid had been taken, and was to Belfast, Aug. 14. 1819. be seen at Carrickfergus, in Ireland. The tale gained credit; and multi

TO MEMORY. tudes hastened to the spot sufficiently Come, Memory, and paint those scenes early to experience the mortification

I knew when I was young, of a disappointment. This incident when meadows bloom'd, and vernal greens gave birth to the following lines :

By nature's band were sung;
Some wicked wight, near Carrickfergus, I mean those hours that I have known,
Or muddy, maudling, dipping Mergus,

Ere light from me withdrew;
Saw in a dream, or drunken notion,

When blossoms seem'd just newly blown, A vision rare,—the Maid of Ocean;

And wet with sparkling dew; And, that mankind night be deluded,

When warblers from each neighb'ring bush The tale, for truth, on them obtruded :

Saluted with their strains,
Masking it too, to crown his labour,
With the mock name of a good neighbour.

The sprightly linnet, lark, and thrush,

And calld me to the plains.
Some doubt, yet many more believe him,
Caught in the net spread to deceive 'em;

Yet, alı, forbear, kind Mem'ry cease,
And soon the gulls of each condition,

The picture thus to scan! Put vehicles in requisition :

Let all my feelings rest in peace, Jaunting cars, jingles, carts, and coaches, 'Tis prudence forms the plan. Gigs, curricles, landaus, barouches,

For why should I on other days, Led by this will-o'-th-wisp unlucky,

With such reflections turn, Repair in haste to-Port-a-mucky,

Since I'm depriv'd of vision's rays,
To view, in Magee's famed island,

Which sadly makes me mourn ?
The lovely nymph-marine on dry land !
But ah! how great was their vexation,

And when I backward turn my mind,
To find 'twas all a fabrication

I feel of sorrow's pain, Of some unprincipled contriver,

And weep for joys I've left behind, In darkness and deceit a diver,

On childhood's flow'ry plain. Who justly merits for the hoar trick,

Yet now through intellectual eyes, To be well cudgell?d with an oak-stick !

Upon a happier shore, MISO-MENDAX. And circled with eternal skies, Sleive Cruit.

Youth sweetly smiles once more.

653

On Education.

654

TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL

Futurity displays the scene,

learning, and all sciences, must be Religion lends her aid,

drawn. Every form in nature, and And decks with flow'rs for ever green, every geometrical figure, is composed And blooms that cannot fade.

of straight or crooked lines; every viWhen will that happy period come,

sible object is a combination of lines. That I shall quit this sphere,

All calculations, and all numerical And find an everlasting home,

proportions, from simple addition to With peace and friendship there?

the most complicated mathematical Throughout this chequer'd life, 'tis mine problems, rest upon the ten numbers To feel affliction's rod;

or figures. All utterance by way of But soon to overstep the line,

the voice, all we know of physical or That keeps me from my God.

metaphysical knowledge, is founded on, and produced by, a peculiar com

bination and modification of the 24 On Education.

letters: number, form, and language, are in truth the primitive basis of all

knowledge. MAGAZINE, Sir,

The good effects of this plan (which The following is an abstract which I is not fully explained in the pamphlet,) made some months since, of a curious are very great: boys of from 7 to 12 pamphlet on education, that then fell years of age, solve some most difficult into my hands. Should you think it

mathematical problems, and find the worthy of a place in your Magazine, it contents ; and explain some most comis at your service.

plicated geometrical figures with ease,

precision, and alacrity. The boys are Abstract of Pestalozzi's System of Edu- all cheerful, and do what is required

cation, as described by Buckholz, in a of them, during the hours of study; pamphlet printed at Edinburgh, 1819. they are then free from work, and need Pestalozzi conceives, that the basis not dread a flogging the next day, for of all Education must be Faith and not having their tasks only in their Love. Precepts or doctrines can have

memory. no effect on the mind of a child, with- Gymnastic exercises, bathing, difout his faith in them is excited and ferent kinds of innocent amusements, strengthened by the example of pa- &c. contribute to the preservation of rents and instructors. Love must be health, one of the principal sources joined, to form virtuous sentiments, of contentment. and establish moral rectitude. Every Their food is simple, substantial, and kind of severity, unkindness, &c. must abundant;-another means of prebe avoided, for they destroy confidence serving health, and diffusing cheerand affection.—His second principle, fulness. embraces the totality of the physical Spacious and airy buildings, and and spiritual faculties of the child: extensive play-grounds, and the nufor all cultivation, he asserts, must go merous walks in the neighbourhood of out from heart, head, and hand. The Yverdun, are all sources of happiness mode of instruction should combine to the pupils. all three, for if one be strengthened In number about one hundred, they and the others neglected, no real and form but one family; no distinction is internal cultivation is produced: a made, and no privileges are allowed clever man may be formed, but such to any. Pestalozzi stands at their discipline never leads to that genuine head, as an indulgent father ; and his humanity, where the three powers are assistants are instructed to act, not as treated in unison, and the heart is tyrants, to plague and harass the chilalways predominant, ruling the head dren, but as kind and benevolent friends; and hand. The most finished artist, and to treat the pupils with that enor most accomplished literary charac- dearing attention and regard, due to ter, whose heart has been neglected, their higher destination as children of may stand as a wild beast (to use Pes- God, and not alone as children of men, talozzi's language) in the midst of his fellow-creatures. --Third principle : Although there is considerable innumber, form, and language, are the genuity in this plan, it is certainly not original fountain, from which all our free from great imperfections, as far knowledge flows; from which all as it is here developed: religion is but

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