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publicity to the conspiracy in Portugal was The Editor of one of the Flemish news. considered to be at an end.
papers was prosecuted on the 1st instant, at
Ghent, at the instance of the Duke of WelITALY.
lington, for having asserted that an officer A Florence paper, of the 22d of July, in one of the French colonies owed his apcontains an article, dated Rome, July 16, pointment to the influence of his Grace. in which it is stated, that her Royal High. The King's Attorney prayed, that the acness the Princess of Wales had just given a cused should be sentenced to one month's magnificent fete, equally remarkable for the imprisonment, and a fine of 300 forins, and brilliancy of the illuminations, the sump- deprivation of civil and political rights for tuousness of the refreshments, and the five years. The court took a week to concharms of the best selected music, vocal sider of its judgment, which they have since and instrumental. Many of the most dis. given for the defendant. tinguished of the Roman and foreign nobles were present. Her Royal Highness has
SWEDEN. since left Rome for Bologna.
The folly and ruinous consequences of Letters from Naples state, that the vici- the prohibitory system adopted by the Swed nity has been cleared from the brigands, who ish Government against the introduction of have long infested it, in a curious manner. foreign manufactures and colonial articles, The Neapolitan government has taken into are severely felt, both in Sweden and Nor. full pay, and actual service, two of the ring way. The cessation of native with foreign leaders, who have promised to make all competition, and of the long established in, their followers good subjects.
terchange of national products and commerThe old king of Sardinia has taken a mo- cial commodities, has materially increased nastic habit, and gives himself up wholly to the general distress of the country. The religious exercises.
evils caused by the system are also aggravated by the harsh and overbearing inter
ference of the government in mercantile The accounts from different parts of Ger. transactions, and more particularly in the many concur in stating, that "never in the rates of exchange. The stagnation of trade memory of man were there such prospects has been so great in Norway, as to occasion of abundance as those held out by the har- the failure of several eminent houses at vest, which is now gathering in. Corn, Drontheim and Christiania, while the exe wine, oil, and every article of subsistence, tinction of the ancient and customary rela, fall rapidly in price. But in some districts, tions of commerce has given rise to smug. the general joy has been damped by storms gling, which, it is not concealed, is carried of rain and hail, which have done consider- on by the rich capitalists to the detriment able damage to the corn fields. The harvest and ruin of the middling and inferior classes has been so abundant in the south of Ger. of traders. Numerous seizures have been many, as to make wheat almost unsaleable made of vessels carrying on a contraband at any price ;--a blessed revolution, when trade. The Swedes, notwithstanding their within these three months it was almost at patriotic speeches on the evils resulting from any price unattainable.
the use of foreign luxuries, seem just as reThe royal national theatre of Berlin was luctant as the inhabitants of other countries destroyed by fire on the 29th July; so to part with their accustomed enjoyments. rapid were the flames, that it was impossible According to a table, describing the civil to save any thing; and it was only by the state of Sweden, 344 children at the breast, activity of the firemen and police, that two were, during the year 1814, smothered by churches, between which the theatre stood, their mothers or nurses while asleep; and as well as the neighbouring houses, did not in the following year, 369 died through this also become a prey to the Hames. The da- kind of imprudence. mage is estimated at about a million and a half of crowns. The building was 244 feet long, 155 broad, and 155 high, within the The Danish government is making exwalls. The fire which destroyed it is be- traordinary exertions for the re-establish, lieved to have been wilful; and twelve per- ment of its navy. A new ship of the line sons, suspected as the incendiaries, have has been launched, two new frigates are been apprehended.
finished, and two brigs recently constructed An extraordinary circumstance occurred are stationed in the Categate. during the late inundations in Switzerland. A large manufactory of tiles, situate near the village of Fleuden, was entirely sur- The latest accounts from Russia reprerounded by water, which at length made its sent that country as cultivating the relations way into magazines full of lime. In an in- of peace with all its neighbours. To this stant the whole edifice was on fire ; the own. state of security may be ascribed the exteners had previously quitted it, and as no as
sive reductions of the Russian army. It apsistance could be afforded, it was burned, in pears that the Court of Petersburgh is negothe midst of water, down to the level of it. tiating an important measure with the Öt.
toman government, the free navigation of cond, and so on with the others. The exethe Dardanelles, upon the payment of a sti- cution thus lasted for thirty-three days. pulated toll.
The Emperor Alexander is about to quit his capital for eighteen months. Part of
AMERICA. the winter he will pass at Moscow, and part at Warsaw. He then intends to visit the southern provinces of his empire, those at By the latest American papers, it apleast which are civilized, or are capable pears that the negotiations relative to the of civilization.
Much good may result boundary between the British Colonies in from this journey, if his Imperial Majesty North America and the United States, had carries with him the disposition to rectify not commenced; the British Commissioners abuses, and introduce judicious systems of not being fully prepared for entering upon administration throughout those distant re- it. The Americans were, in the mean time, gions.
going on with a trigonometrical survey on
that frontier. It is said that the two governTURKEY.
ments have come to an understanding, that We learn, from Constantinople, that in neither power is to retain in actual service consequence of the satisfactory explanations more than two revenue cutters of two guns between the Russian Ambassador and the each on the lakes, and that six months' noMinisters of the Grand Signior, the Baron tice is to be given of any intention to augde Strogonoff is about to order the erection
ment this force on either side. of the palace intended for the Russian lega- The Official Journal of the United States' tion, for which the Emperor Alexander has
Government mentions, that the Commission. just granted the necessary funds.
ers of the navy, in addition to the duty of Through the intervention of England a directing the necessary surveys preparatory convention has been concluded between the
to the selection of a suitable site for a naval Holy See and the Porte, which secures more depot and dock-yard on the Northern coast, liberty to the Christians established in Tur
are also charged with the general survey of key. In consequence of this convention, the coast ; and that, with a view to the inprinting presses have been established at
struction of young officers, the vessels emConstantinople, under the direction of an Italian. Several works in Italian, French, ned by them.
ployed in the survey are to be wholly manand Latin, have already been printed. The emigration from Europe, according 1. It appears, from more than one article,
to the last American papers, was particularthat Czerny-Georges, formerly so well ly extensive in the last week of July. In known as the leader of the Servians in their this short interval, there had arrived at New resistance to Turkey, has been put to death York, from England, 649 persons Ire. by the Governor of Belgrade. The pre- land, 581—Scotland, 137—Wales, 51-and tence for this action is differently stated,
but France, 31; making, in the whole, with there can be little doubt that the motive was
additions from other situations, 2285 emicriminal. Czerny-Georges had lately lived
The Dutch ship, Johanna, alone, in retirement. The Servians, however, who had 477 emigrants from Amsterdam, fifty did not yet patiently bear the Turkish yoke, of whom perished on the
passage. General might be supposed desirous of calling him Vandamme and his brother officers have into action ; his death was evidently wished been treated with great civility at Philadelby the Turkish government, for his head
phia. has been sent to Constantinople, together
Joseph Bonaparte has purchased of S. with those of two of his friends, one of them Sayer, Esq. formerly Sheriff of London, his an Archimandrite of the Greek Church.
elegant seat at Bordentown, on the Jersey A famous leader of pirates, named Catra- side of the Delaware, which he is rebuildmatto, who was conveyed to Constantinople ing in the Italian style. His income is ain the beginning of May, from Negropont, bout £6000 per annum ; and he passes his in a Turkish brig, has been hung by order time chiefly in his library, and in retireof the government of Galata, and six or seven sailors suffered at the same time, as an example to deter others from the like of. fences. As Catramatto was a native of the Ionian Islands, and no English interpreter Distressing Fire at Newfoundland. On attended at the trial, the circumstance of Wednesday, the 18th August, between ele, his condemnation has given rise to some ex- ven and twelve A. M. a most destructive planatory interviews between the British fire broke out at Carbonear, on the premises Minister and the agents of the Sublime occupied by a person named Barry: the Porte.
wind blew a heavy gale from the westward, Eleven pirates were lately executed at which scattered the flaming fragments like Constantinople in the following manner :
a shower over the town. The Methodist They began by hanging one before the Chapel (nearly half a mile from the spot shops of the market, and left him exposed where it commenced) was in a few moments three days, after which they hanged à se- totally consumed, from some of the burning
matter alighting amongst shavings in the a garrison of 150 men, he marched for New churchyard. The Parsonage-house provi- St Andero, where he established his headdentially escaped. From the chapel the fire quarters, and collected a force of 2000 rank was carried half a mile further, and de- and file. The inhabitants received him with stroyed a house inhabited by Thomas Clark, acclamations and ringing of bells. Six at Croker's cove. In the mean time, fifteen thousand horses had been brought in. He houses in town were totally destroyed. mustered the whole of his force, and on the
Accounts from Quebec, of the first Au- 24th and 26th May marched in two divigust, mention, that nineteen vessels had sions to attack a body of royalists posted in arrived from the United Kingdom, having the vicinity of St Andero. The battle was on board 1267 settlers, besides other pas- expected to take place on the 28th, and vicsengers. This number, it was said, will tory was confidently anticipated. Two comnearly complete 3000, received at this for- panies of the royal army are said to have tress in the course of the season. It is the deserted, and to have joined Mina, with project to settle the Eastern townships in their arms and accoutrements. preference to any other part of the two pro- On the other hand, it is stated from New vinces.
York, that a General Ferrand had gone A Halifax paper observes, there are ad- over to the army of the royalists with 2000 vertisements in the Irish and Scotch papers men, having first obtained the king's par. stating, that vessels for the Islands in the don; and the Madrid papers boast, that Gulf of St Lawrence, Nova Scotia, and Mina is reduced to the greatest extremities, Halifax, would convey passengers to Cana- his troops deserting him daily, and his reda ; that the ports such vessels are bound to treat by sea cut off. In short, that the flame are on the high road to the place they wish of insurrection in Mexico is just on the to arrive at; while every well-informed point of being finally extinguished. person knows, that to come from Halifax, The intelligence from Chili is important. St John's, Pictou, Prince Edward's Island, It is confidently asserted that the royalists &c. to Quebec, will cost as much as to come retain no place in that province, and that from Britain or Ireland direct.
the patriot forces were pressing forward to Peru. A letter from Madrid,
the Dutch papers, states that the city of Accounts from the Brazils, to the end of Cusco, in Peru, is already in their hands, June, mention the death of the Count de and that they were threatening Lima. A Barca, and the appointment of the follow. military academy for fifty cadets (patriots) ing new administration :— Thomas Antho had been established at Chili; and many of nio de Villa Nova, Prime Minister ; Count the Chilian patriots, who were banished" by Palmella, now Ambassador at the Court of the royalists to Juan Fernandez, had been London, Minister for the Foreign and War brought back in triumph by the insurgent Department; Count Dos Arcos (Governor troops to St Jago. of Bahia), Minister of Marine; M. Bezer- In the beginning of August, a vessel sail. ro, the Department of the Treasury. It is ed from Portsmouth for St Thomas's, with reported that the new ministry are to push 10,000 stand of arms, 10,000 muskets, and the operations on the Rio la Plata with 10,000 cutlasses on board ; and also about more vigour than was at any time displayed 100 British officers, volunteers, to join the by their predecessors; and there are suffi- independent cause in South America. The cient grounds for believing, to make their Spanish Minister in London complained of operations successful, that vigour cannot be this to Lord Castlereagh, who told him exerted too soon.
that no law existed for preventing British The letters from Pernambuco are to the officers on half-pay, from leaving the king26th June, and state, that although every dom, or throwing up their commissions. thing continued tranquil, trade was still in The Ambassador replied, that if they were a deranged state. The property of those taken in Company with the rebels, they engaged in the late insurrection has been must expect to meet with their fate. To confiscated.
this observation Lord Castlereagh had no
thing to reply, except that the British offiSPANISH AMERICA.
cers so circumstanced must abide by the The latest advices which the American consequences. papers contain respecting General MÓGregor's expedition, are of the 24th of July,
WEST INDIES: from Amelia Island. At that period his A memorial has been presented by the force amounted to only 300 men, and he merchants of Jamaica to the Board of Trade, was strengthening himself in expectation of in which they beg for an efficient protection further reinforcements. It is supposed that of their trade with South America. The he would meet with considerable opposition great value of this trade may be estimated in East Florida, and particularly at St Au- by the fact here stated, that British manugustine.
factures to the value of ten millions sterling Advices had reached New Orleans, from have been already disposed of. If such is Mina's followers, to the 27th May. Have the extent of the commerce already estabing fortified Soto la Marina, and left there lished, in spite of the disordered state of well and the surgeon waited in an anti
the people, and where the productions of that the Emperor of China has sent a letter this country are so little known, what an to the Prince Regent, requiring that no increase must take place under more favour- more embassies be sent to the « Celestial able circumstances! The memorialists, af- Empire.” The Anti-English party at the ter pointing out the value of the communi. Chinese court is reported in the same letters cation with the South American provinces,
to have been restored to the Emperor's fastate, that it has been much interrupted vour, notwithstanding his severe edict of by the insurgent privateers, and mention censure against them. their apprehensions from “ large brigs from the United States, well armed and manned with enterprising men,” who, it seems, have gone round Cape Horn.
AFRICA. By a letter from St Kitt's of so recent a date as the 11th July, we learn that the face EXPEDITION TO THE NIGER. of that island has been entirely scorched, We regret to learn the death of Captain not a shower of rain having fallen there for Campbell, the able commander of this unieight months! and only half crops are ex
fortunate expedition to explore the interior pected next year.
of Africa. A letter from Sierra Leone, of Bermuda gazettes, of the 25th June,
June 30, states, that intelligence of the loss state, that an infectious disease, which had
had arrived at that place a few days before. made its appearance at Antigua and Grenada, Captain Campbell was reported to have died had entirely subsided ; and the intercourse of a broken heart, and the expedition was between these islands and Bermuda was expected to return. The second naval officonsequently restored.
cer in command, who had been left at Port-au-Prince, June 28.- On the 19th
Sierra Leone on account of ill health, but instant, the large magazine in the intrench
was recovered, and on his way to join the ment on the borders of the town was struck expedition, returned to Sierra Leone on with lightning and exploded. It contain- hearing of Captain Campbell's death, to ed 108,000ʻlibs. of gunpowder, and, as you
consult the governor upon the future conmay suppose, has done much damage to
duct of the expedition. A despatch was the neighbourhood.
immediately sent home to Lord Bathurst. Last evening Fort Bisseton was blown up by the Commandant of that port, in a fit of intoxication and anger, in revenge for a sup
The plague has been for some time raging posed injury done him by one of his supe- along the Barbary coast, having been introriors. It contained about 28,000 libs. of duced into Algiers, on the 15th July, by a gunpowder; the officer was the only person
caravan of Moors returning from Mecca, killed.
and who afterwards proceeded over land to Morocco. The religion of the natives not
allowing them to take any precautions to ASIA.
avoid infection, the disease is allowed to spread its ravages throughout the country.
Every necessary measure Accounts from Bombay, of the 16th adopted in the opposite European ports to
was instantly March, state, that the trade to the Persian prevent its introduction ; and Gíbraltar, Gulf has been most dreadfully annoyed for and the other parts of Spain most exposed a length of time by the Jooffmel pirates, to the danger of infection, are in consewho had no less than forty cruizers at sea.
quence yet free from the contagion. On the 6th January, three of them attacked and captured, after a smart action, the
ST HELENA. Deriah, Doulut, belonging to the East
The Cæsar, which lately brought home India Company. Seventeen of the crew Lord Amherst and his suite from Batavia, were murdered, eight detained as prisoners,
in consequence of the loss of the Alceste and the remainder, who were wounded,
frigate, is the bearer of the latest intelliwere landed to the westward of Bombay.
gence from St Helena, relative to the health The pirates were armed with six nine
and manner of living of the Ex-Emperor of pounders, and carried from 100 to 200 men.
France. The Cæsar having occasion to The Union, Captain Barker, is stated to
touch at St Helena, Lord Amherst exhave been wrecked about fifteen months pressed a desire to be introduced to Bonaprevious to the above date, near the island parte, and, together with Captain Maxof Engano. The captain, three officers, and well and Mr Lynn, surgeon of the Alceste, 47 men, had reached the island, where they was allowed to wait upon him. On the 3d were stripped and detained prisoners : ore
July Lord Amherst was ushered into his of them, a native of Batavia, had escaped, presence at Longwood, whilst Captain Maxand brought the above intelligence.
chamber. It was not long before those CHINA.
officers were desired to join. Letters are said to be received from Can. There was nothing in the appearance of ton, dated on the 8th of March, which state, Bonaparte which in the least indicated ill
health ; on the contrary, he looked well, istence which gave the powers of Europe and less bloated than ordinary. With his the right of detaining him a prisoner on the general precision, Bonaparte inquired of the island of St Helena, or elsewhere, and officers what stations they filled on board of strongly urged the propriety of his present ship. On learning Mr Lynn was the sur. situation being taken into consideration by geon, he inquired what system of pharmacy the crowned heads of Europe. he pursued ? That depends upon circum- Bonaparte expressed an anxious wish that stances,” replied the surgeon. “ I hope,” Lord Amherst would be the bearer of a rejoined the General, “ it is any other than letter from him to the Prince Regent, which that practised on this island ; for here we had been prepared for some time. His have the same thing over and over again Lordship undertook the trust, which we bleeding and calomel for ever."
believe he has faithfully executed ; but it is The conversation taking a turn on the understood no answer will be returned to it. mission of Lord Amherst to China, his The Ex-Emperor had lately received a Lordship related the cause of its failure, bust of his son, which afforded him much which he ascribed to the necessity imposed evident satisfaction. It was given in charge upon him by the Emperor of smiting the to a sailor of the ship Baring (it is beground nine times with his forehead ; an lieved), who, upon his arrival at the island, indignity which his Lordship intimated was to concert the most prudent means of could not be submitted to. Bonaparte im- conveying it to its destination. The man mediately replied, “ Indeed ! now had it became dangerously ill before the opportusuited my policy to send an ambassador all nity of executing his secret commission prethe way to the Emperor of China, I would sented itself; and sending for his comhave instructed him to kiss his great toe, manding officer, he revealed the circumand if that would not do, he might, if re
stance to him.
The bust was thereupon quired, have saluted a more offensive part, sent to Sir Hudson Lowe, who, though provided my object was attained.” Bona- Bonaparte had long refused to be on terms parte protested strongly against his imprison- of even courteous civility with him, instantly ment. He said he knew of no law in ex- caused it to be conveyed to him.
PROCEEDINGS OF PARLIAMENT.
HOUSE OF LORDS.
the Message was ordered to be taken into Tuesday, June 3.- The Commons came consideration on Thursday. up at half past three o'clock, with the Right Lord SIDMOUTH delivered the following Hon. Charles Manners Sutton, the Speaker, Message from the Prince Regent:to be presented for the Royal approbation.
" G. P. R. The new Speaker advanced close to the “ His Royal Highness the Prince Regent, bar, when the Lord CHANCELLOR declared acting in the name and on the behalf of his his Royal Highness's approbation in the Majesty, has given orders to lay before the usual form.
House of Lords, papers containing informaTHE LATE SPEAKER-ROYAL MESSAGE. tion of the continuance of those practices,
The Earl of LIVERPOOL presented a meetings, and combinations, to which his Message from his Royal Highness the Prince Royal Highness thought it proper to call Regent, which was read by the Lord CHAN- the attention of the House of Lords at the CELLOR, and was as follows:
commencement of the present Session of Par“ G. P. R.
liament, and shewing that these practices “ His Royal Highness the Prince Regent, are still carried on in different parts of the acting in the name and on the behalf of his country, in a manner and to an extent calMajesty, thinks it proper to inform the culated to disturb the public tranquillity, House of Lords, that having taken into his and to endanger the security of the consticonsideration the circumstance under which tutional establishments of the empire. His the Right Hon. Charles Abbot has retired Royal Highress recommends to the House from the situation of Speaker of the House of Lords to take this message into its immeof Commons, and the arduous and eventful diate and serious consideration." period during which he has performed the The Message produced a long debate, at duties of Speaker, has conferred upon him the conclusion of which, the motion for the - the dignity of a Baron, by the style and dig- Committee, as proposed by Ministers, connity of Lord Colchester of Colchester, in the ' sisting of the Members who composed the county of Essex ; and his Royal Highness first Committee (with the exception of the recommends to the House of Lords to con- Duke of Bedford, for whom was substituted cur in making such provision for the said Earl Talbot) was agreed to. Lord Colchester, and the heir male succeed.. June 5. The Earl of LAUDERDALE ing him in the title, as under all the circum- presented a petition from the Lord Mayor stances may appear just and reasonable." and Livery of London, in Common Hallasa
On the motion of the Earl of LIVERPOOL, sembled, against the continuance of the Sus