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tage by the manifestation of this sen

SAGACITY OF A DOG. timent."-Vol. ii. p. 275.

[From Milford's Tour.] Notes.

“ I will here mention a sagacious dog (p) “Q. What are the duties of which I frequently saw at the Piazza Christians towards the princes who go de Spagna, at Rome, where he took vern them? and what are our duties in his station; and, on perceiving any particular towards Napoleon I. Our one stand still, used to look him full in Emperor?

the face, and begin to bark. In this "A. Christians owe to princes who formidable manner he accosted me one govern them, and we owe in particular day, as I was conversing with an old to Napoleon I. our Emperor, love, re- priest, who had long been resident at spect, obedience, fidelity, military ser- Rome, and was well acquainted with vice, the taxes which are imposed for the dog's sagacity. He informed me, the preservation and defence of the that the only way to get rid of him empire and his throne: to honour and was, to give him a piece of money serve the Emperor, therefore, is to ho-called a biocco, equal to an English nour and serve God himself.

penny. This I did, by throwing it on “Q. Are there not particular mo- ihe ground, as the most prudent metives which ought to attach us more thod; the animal's countenance denotstrongly to Napoleon I. our Emperor? ing rather fierceness than good-nature.

“ A. Yes; for it is he whom God has He immediately took it into his mouth, raised up in difficult times to re-estab- and turning the corner of an adjacent lish the public worship of the holy street, entered a baker's shop, where religion of our ancestors, and to be he stood on his hinder legs, and, deits protector. He has restored and positing the money on the counter, preserved public order by his profound received a small loaf in return, with and active wisdom; he defends the which he walked off, to my great state by his powerful arm; he is be

amusement and admiration.

The dog come the anointed of the Lord, by the was in excellent case; and, on inconsecration which he hath received quiry, I found he came on a similar from the sovereign Pontiff, the head of expediton almost every day in the week the Catholic church.

to this baker's shop.” pp. 37, 38. “Q. What ought we to think of those who should fail in their duty towards the Emperor?

EXTRACTS FROM ARNOT'S TRUE A. According to the Apostle Paul,

CHRISTIANITY. they would resist the established order of God himself, and would render

On Humility. themselves worthy of everlasting dam- | Pride aims at the utmost pitch of honation.” p. 55.

nõur; yet undermines what it would (a) Whatever truth there is in the advance. Humility, on the contrary, general danger of mixing human and leads us to the bottom of our condivine authorities, this opinion of M. dition, and gives us the true sight of de Staël will be considered as carried our own vileness; yet raises hereupon beyond the limits which experience a most magnificent structure, like to and facts will sustain. What is pre- the creation of the world, out of empsent with us, and obvious to our under- tiness and darkness. Humility is solid standing, should be respected; but it and real, is just and reasonable, is is an insufficient ground, from which wise and holy, is beautiful and amiwe may with certainty draw general able, is peaceable and righteous, is conclusions. In a country truly protest- good and profitable; and there is no ant, when moral excellency and vital end of counting its excellencies. Hureligion are found to an extent un- mility is suitable to all objects, is known to countries, under either the agreeable to all the ends and causes of partial or real yoke of an oppressive human life, is fitted to all the circumand antichristian hierarchy; it will be stances of our present state and concontended, that piety and an ecclesi- dition. Humility is full of grace and astical establishment, interwoven with truth ; it is the ground of all the divine the state, are not at such fatal variance, works; it is the footstool of God's as stated by this excellent and learned throne; it is the mirror of his greatlady.

ness; it is the magnet of all his glo621

Idolatry.- Education of the Poor in Ireland.

622

MEANS ADOPTED IN IRELAND FOR THE

EDUCATION OF THE POOR.

ries and beauties. In a word, it is the of the desks and forms are cast metal, most agreeable to all the principles of screwed to the floor; under the former, nature and grace; to all the desires of three wires, extended tight by nuts angels and men; and to all the designs and screws, hold the hats. A bell of God himself. So that nothing is gives the signal to the monitors to more true, than that, “ before honour attend to the telegraph, which, by two is humility.”—Book 11. part ii. ch. 1. arms and a code of explanation, gives

all the directions necessary, without On Idolatry.

noise. The principle of the Lancaster Wooden idols are easily avoided; in concentrated attention, and simulta

system, which is adopted here, consists but take heed of the idols of gold. It

neous obedience. The Committee have is no hard matter to keep from dead already printed a set of spelling lesidols; but take heed thou worship not sons, another of reading, one of ariththe living ones, and especially thyself. metic, a set of dictating lessons for the For as soon as thou challengest to thy- writers on slates, the letters of the self either honour, or praise, or know-alphabet, (six inches long,) for placing ledge, or power, or might, thou settest in a box, one to be drawn out at a time, up thyself in the place of God, which and placed in a groove in view of the most pestilent idolatry is struck at by sand: this abolishes the wheel of the God, when he declares that he will not alphabet, which was found not to pregive his glory to another. His honour sent the letter sufficiently in view of the and glory are due to none but himself. whole sand class. A copper-plate He is the Most High, and the Most class list, by which the attendance, Holy One, and is the sovereign and punctuality, progress, and payment everlasting God.—Ibid.

Z.

of a penny a week by each pupil, are noted in appropriate columns, by the puncture of an iron pin made for that purpose for each monitor.

A copper

plate of the classes of arithmetic they The Society for Educating the Poor in have also; printed merit-tickets, havIreland held their seventh annual meet- ing each a moral motto, and these ing in January, 1819, in the Model half-yearly produce a premium in School-house, Kildare Place, Dublin. clothing, according to the number of The meeting lasted five hours, in which tickets, at about a penny value each, an interesting question was debated, given for remarkable cleanliness, good in consequence of a long speech and conduct, attention, improvement, and motion of Counsellor O'Connell, tend- advance in each of the classes. ing to subvert the fundamental princi- The printing department has already ple on which the Society is founded; produced twenty volumes of storynamely, that the Bible, without note books, the commencement of an exor comment, shall be the only religious tensive series, calculated to replace instruction admitted in the schools. the vicious or false information conThis principle was maintained by seve- tained in the books heretofore preral eloquent speeches, proving, that it pared for the children of the lower was not a proselyting system; and the rank in Ireland. On the opening of motion was lost by a large majority the boys' school, 250 presented themagainst it, leaving the Society on its selves for admission. original basis of a Bible education. There is no religious prejudice

The new building has this month re- against the efforts of this Society, as ceived pupils. The boys' school, 86 the governors and committee, teachers feet long, 56 feet broad, and 20 feet and children, are indiscriminately of high, can hold 500. Six iron pillars all Christian denominations, and the support the cieling, over which there course of education excludes religious is a school for 500 girls. Four common controversy. Dr. Troy, the Roman fire-places in each school, are found to Catholic Archbishop of Dublin, has give a purer heat, and ventilation, sanctioned Mrs. Trimmer's extract than any other of the various modes from the Gospels, of which 20,000 are of heating large buildings, which were published, for the use of schools, examined for that purpose in England where the New Testament may be too and Scotland, previous to the deter- expensive; and the plan of the Society mination of the Committee. The legs altogether appears unobjectionably

suited to the wants of Ireland, whose | town. On being thus alarmed, I inpoor population are mostly Roman stantly repaired to the spot, where I Catholics. Parliamentary grants of found the engines playing very briskly several thousand pounds have been to extinguish the flames. It was not expended, as mentioned, in the most long, however, before one of them was judicious manner. All the articles completely deserted by the men, for printed are sold at or under first cost, no other reason than this, which they in the shop of the depositary ; together themselves assigned :—“ There is no with paper, pens, slates, pencil, school whiskey for us ; and we will stand it marks, &c. &c.

no longer.” I remonstrated with them As a seminary for training young on the impropriety of their conduct, men in the system, nearly 200 teachers but found them obstinately resolved to have been qualified for schools in va- quit their laudable exertion; and as rious parts of the country. The So- my single endeavours could be of no ciety gave five guineas towards their avail, i left the engine, and repaired to travelling expense and support. About another part of the building, and took 200 schools have been supplied with my stand on a small eminence. By lessons, and all other requisites; the this time, the roof and floors had fallen Model School contributing £20 to- in with a tremendous crash. wards furnishing desks and seats, on As the night was remarkably calm, the Lancaster plan, in each school not a breath of air being perceptible, which adopts that system. The West I was instantly enveloped in a cloud of of England and Wales having facili- dust and smoke. After some time, ties of intercourse with Dublin, may when this began to disperse, I obenjoy many of the advantages to schools served a man within the walls, guiding held out by this society.

the pipe of one of the engines towards the lintel of window, which was burn

ing with furious rapidity, and on BIBLE SOCIETY, DUBLIN.

which the water seemed to make but A Naval and Military Bible Society

very little impression. was instituted in Dublin, February, rience, that as soon as these timbers

Being well aware, from past expe1819, the Bishop of Elphin in the

were consumed, the walls would prochair. The meeting took place at the Charitable Institution House, Sack- bably fall

, I went forward, under the ville-street, which extensive building

conviction, to apprize him of his situ

ation, creeping through an aperture in is devoted to the use of various committees of public good. Several elo- the back wall, through which the pipe quent speeches were made, with reso

of the engine had a communication lutions and subscriptions; and the best in motion, treading on hot

bricks and

with the power which put the machine effects are to be hoped from the exertions of this society, to meet the want fallen from the roof and floors. At

sparkling pieces of timber, which had of Bibles among the Army and Navy length I reached the spot near which in Ireland.

the young man stood whom I had pre

viously discerned. This I found to be Remarkable Preservation. a person belonging to the Artillery,

then stationed in Belfast. His name was Wallis. On approaching him, I

had scarcely raised my arm to touch SIR, SHOULD the following incident be

him on the shoulder, to arrest his atjudged proper to fill a place in your danger, when a dreadful shock, re

tention that I might warn him of his most useful and highly-esteemed Maga- sembling an earthquake, created a zine, it is at your service. W. R. GAWTHORNE.

strange agitation in the remaining Belfast, July 1st, 1819.

part of the building, accompanied with a most tremendous gust of wind, which

blew the smoke, ashes, dust, and fire, On the night of the the third of Fe- so full in my face, and down my throat, bruary, 1813, I was alarmed by the that I was nearly suffocated. In this cries of Fire, which I soon found had condition, without being able to touch broken out in the cotton factory of Wallis, I was compelled to make a Messrs. M'Crum and Co. near this precipitate retreat, to recover my

TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL

MAGAZINE.

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625
Fine Arts.'-

626 breath. This I effected with the utmost | these that we propose at present to difficulty, groping my way through the direct the attention of the reader. aperture which I had previously en- The important value of the sister tered.

arts has been felt and acknowledged I had scarcely passed this aperture, by the great and good in all ages : and begun to inhale the fresh air, be- traces of them are observable in the fore the front wall and part of the end most savage climes, and their progress wall gave way, with a thundering towards perfection is concurrent with noise. In this catastrophe, poor Wal the civilization of our species. They lis, and another man, named Benjamin keep pace with and assist the best Grub, a well-known character in Bel- qualities of our nature; and wherever fast, were killed; the latter of whom virtue and knowledge have been conat that time I had not observed near spicuous, there have they been most the place. If a few moments more had fondly fostered, and most proudly prcelapsed previously to my retreat, their eminent. In the best ages of Greece fate would have been mine.

and Rome, SCULPTURE and ArchiThe above, Sir, is a plain statement TECTURE were at their highest elevaof facts, which I have never before tion; and had not the materials of made public; and my motive for doing PAINTING been comparatively perishit now is, that I may glorify God for able, the evidence of the coequal stahis particular providence towards me, tion of that art, would have been transhis unworthy servant; and add ano- mitted to us with the same certainty : other testimony to the tens of thousands Apelles and Teuxis were doubtless as of instances which appear to verify his highly gifted as Phidias or Praxitiles, Word, which says, “ The very hairs of though, unfortunately for us, their your head are numbered.”

works have been swept away by the relentless and Gothic hand of Time.

The beneficial and refining tendency ON THE FINE ARTS.

of these arts is so universally acknowThe liberal, or polite arts, are so call- ledged, that little need be said on that ed, in opposition to those which are part of the subject. They speak a merely mechanical: one of the latter universal language; the rudest and class, implies the intervention of but most polished are within their influa suficient portion of intellect to direct ence; the savage and the sage are alike the operations of the hands, as in the affected (though not in an equal procase of brewing, shoe-making, and portion) by the sight of a fine paintother occupations known by the names ing, a statue, or a temple. of trades : one of the former, demands The legitimate purpose of the arts, the presiding influence of mind, is the is in aid of virtue: thus, Alexander child of genius and imagination; its repented of his treatment of Aristonimedium is expression, and its object cas, on seeing a picture of Palamedes to delight and ameliorate our species: betrayed; and in our own, as well as such are Poetry, Painting, Sculpture, distant times, we find their influence Architecture, Music, &c.? their influ- to be equally well directed. Patriotence upon the human mind is unbound- | ism, filial affection, and all the virtues ed, and, as Horace truly says,

and charities of life, have been awaPictoribus atque Poetis kened and sustained by the successful Quidlibet audendi semper fuit æqua potestas." efforts of the arts. West's painting of These arts serve mutually to assist the death of Wolfe, has lighted up and each other; as when the painter, catch- fed the flame of patriotism in a thouing the enthusiasm of the poet, em- sand bosoms: the statues and basso bodies his conception, and, by the relievo's of Flaxman and Chautery, confluence of genius, adds new lustre have often reminded us of departed to the subject: thus, the noble repre-worth, and excited a wish to emulate sentations of Dante's Ugilino, by Mi- their excellencies; and, when wanderchael Angelo and Reynolds, heighten ing amid those sacred édifices, and sublimate the original delineation “Where, thro' the long-drawn aisle and fretted

vault, Of those which are liberal or pofite, The pealing anthem swells the note of praise,” three are known by the name of The who is there but has been compelled FINE ARTS: they are, Painting, Sculp- to acknowledge the supremacy of hea túre, and Architecture ; and it is to I ven, and the littleness of man?

No. 7.-VOL. I.

of the poet.

2 s

1

The arts are capable of being clearly 1 ble, but as necessary as are episodes traced to Greece; she probably ac- in a poem, yet the artist must be stuquired them from Egypt, but their de- diously careful, that they do not trench scent is indistinctly marked. From upon the principal, nor lose their subGreece they were transferred to Rome, ordinate and subservient character. where they maintained due eminence, The progress of art in other coununtil the wreck of that great empire, tries is not to us so replete with interin which they, with all that was valu-est as in our own. We will therefore able, were merged. The buoyancy proceed to a slight review of the hisand vigour of the Fine Arts would not tory of the Fine Arts in our own suffer them to remain long concealed; island ; and we cannot avoid remarkand, accordingly, on the earliest revi- ing, that the present seems a time val of literature, we tind them also peculiarly fitted to such an attempt; struggling for distinction; and as ad- when our great national institution for vances were made by learning and the nurture of the Arts, has reached virtue, the Fine Arts maintained a the age of half a century: we allude similar progression. Italy, which had to The Royal ACADEMY, which was been their grave, at length beheld founded by our present venerable and their resuscitation, their gradual re- beloved Sovereign; under whose auscovery, and eventual possession of pices, and by whom, more has been pristine maturity and vigour. Flo- done to promote the Arts than in any rence produced Leonardo da Vinci other epoch of our history. and Michael Angelo; Rome, the Architecture, which has its origin in mighty Raphael; and Venice, her the necessities of life, was, as may Tiziano, or Titian. Flanders, France, easily be imagined, the art first stuGermany, and England, caught the died in this, and probably every other, inspiration, and have each formed country: Sculpture, which soon lent schools of their own. The Fine Arts its aid to ornament buildings, followare all originally imitative; but as they ed. But we shall not give to these arts advance, the servile imitation of na- our primary attention, merely on acture is rejected, and ideal beauty count of their chronological precebecomes the study of the artist; he dency; but, yielding to custom, shall aims at a selection and just arrange- first direct our observations to the ment of all those redundant beauties rise and progress of the art of Paintwhich nature presents to him; he gives ing. loose to the powers of imagination and The first account of Painting in this invention, and throws off the trammels country may, be traced to the reign of of the mere portraiture of nature ; an Henry 3d. ; some would carry it back employment which is at best but the

as far as the year 1228, and others, as occupation of secondary talent, and early as 1062: both these theories are unworthy the pursuit of a great and founded on imperfect materials, and creative genius, whose province it is, the drawings to which they allude are

“ to give to airy nothing so rude and tasteless, that they deA local babitation and a name.”

serve no notice. Clear proof exists In the infancy of art, we always ob- that Henry 3d, gave great encourageserve a close and slavish resemblance ment to Painting; which seems to of nature; in its maturity, we perceive prove, that although his other qualifia pictorial representation of the same cations were despicable, he had, in this objects, but they are refined, arranged, respect, some claims to the character and sublimated, by the eye and hand of a beneficent and patriotic monarch. of taste. The perfection of art is uni- From this period until the time of formly attained by simplicity and Henry 7th, the art of Painting was unity of design: whenever the arts almost entirely neglected in England. become gorgeous or complicated, they The art, during this dull era, was conare depressed ; they are seen to most fined to painting on glass, and the advantage in naked majesty, and illustration of manuscripts. Some whatever be the sentiment to be ex- have attempted to appropriate to Bricited, whether of severe dignity, or tain, during this period, the invention voluptuous beauty, the end is best of painting in oil: but the question is gained by a simple and unbroken not deserving of disputation; nur treatment of the subject; and although would it be much credit to us to have accessorial parts are not only admissi- been the inventors of a mode of ex

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