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an excellent hack, which he had left gelo to take charge of the infant, and, standing for him at no great distance, in case of his refusal, the physician came back in safety to his own house, might adopt him ; or, if neither, then in Galationa, almost before his absence that it should be sent to the Innocents : had been discovered.

that the expenses of her confinement No sooner, however, had the Vicar

should be entirely defrayed by Michel leisure enough to look round him, Angelo : that Master Manente should, and perceive the flight of the sorcer- in the meanwhile, re-enter into poser, than he began to cry with a loud session of his own house, and have his voice, Seize him, seize him, and let son restored to him; and that, at the him be burned for a witch and con- end of the term of her confinement, juror !". But when they were able no- Monna Brigida should return to live where to find him, they were all fully with him, and he be compelled to repersuaded that he had disappeared by ceive her back again, for betteror worse, magic. The Vicar then commanded as if nothing had happened to disturb that the relics should be taken back to their conjugal felicity. the places from whence they had been This was applauded by all present brought; and, having dismissed the as a most righteous judgment; wherepriests and monks in attendance, re- upon the two goldsmiths and the phyturned (accompanied by Master Ma- sician returned their thanks with all nente) to the palace of the Medici. due humility, and forth with departed,

Meanwhile, the Magnifico, who had in order to give effect to its provisions. been duly apprized of all that passed, And so complete was the reconciliaand made capital sport of it with a few tion, when all parties perceived that of his familiar acquaintance, when the it was in vain to think of placing matVicar came up to him, calling aloud ters on a different footing, that they for the officers of justice to be sent af- all supped together with Monna Briter Nepo de Galationa, to have him ap- gida that same evening, in the house prehended and burned for sorcery, said of Master Manente, Burchiello bearing to him only, “ Most Reverend Vicar, them company. His reverence the Vic let us, in God's name, proceed coolly, in car was the only person among them this business of Nepo; but what say who did not appear to be satisfied, as you as to Master Manente?”-“

“ I say, he had set his heart on making a bonverily,” answered the Vicar, “ that fire of the conjuror; but Lorenzo would there is no longer any manner of doubt not listen to him, and answered to all but that this is the very same, and that his solicitations, that it was much bethe never changed this life for another.” ter to pursue the affair no farther, and

-“ That being the case," rejoined the that, as for Nepo, it was quite in vain Magnifico,“I am now prepared to pass to think of taking him, since he could, sentence, to the end that these unfor- at any time he pleased, render hinntunate litigants may at length be ex- self invisible, or change his figure intricated from this web of entangle- to that of a serpent, or any other animents.” So saying, he sent for the mal, to the certain discomfiture of brother goldsmiths, (who came, al- those who attempted it—a power which though very reluctantly, seeing how was permitted him (doubtless) for some matters were likely to go against them,) wise purposes, although such as human and insisted on their forthwith em- reason was unable to fathom ; added to bracing the long-lost Manente; after which, the danger of provoking so great which he gave judgment to the ef- an adversary was by no means to be fect following, (viz.) That for the re- overlooked or despised; all which hamainder of that day Michel Angelo ving duly considered, his reverence, should remain in possession, for the (who was in the main a good-natured, purpose of packing up all the goods easy man, by no means difficult to be and chattels which he had brought persuaded), entered at last into all his with him into the house of the physi- views, and declared himself fully concian: that Monna Brigida, with only vinced that it was the best and safest four shifts, besides her gown and pet- course to think no more about it. Inticoat, should withdraw to the house deed, the last of the reasons assigned of her brother Niccolajo, and there re- by Lorenzo more powerfully affected main till she was brought to bed : that the good Vicar than any of the preafter that event had taken place, it ceding; nor could he help being appreshould be in the option of Michel An- hensive that he had already incurred

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the chastisement of some grievous ma- for the occasion ; and very frequently lady by his mere proposal for the ar- observed, in allusion to it, that the pear rest of the sorcerer ; insomuch that, which the father eats is apt to set on until his dying day, nobody ever heard edge the teeth of the son--a saying which him, from that time forward, so much passed into a proverb, and has remainas pronounce the name of Nepo, or ed amongst us to the present day. Nor give the least hint of such a person's was be at any time, so long as he liexistence.

ved, undeceived on this subject, alIt is unnecessary to say more with though not only Burchiello, but Loregard to the remaining actors of this renzo himself, as well as Monaco, and eventful drama, than that Lorenzo's the grooms, very often delighted themjudgment was punctually carried into selves and their friends, by recounting execution, and that, Monna Brigida the whole history of this most admihaving, in due time, given birth to a rable of hoaxes. He was, moreover, so male offspring, the worthy goldsmith thoroughly persuaded of the efficacy of acknowledged it, and brought it up as the prayer of Saint Cyprian, in counhis own until his death, which hap- teracting the effects of witchcraft, that pening about ten years after, the boy he not only always carried it about his was then placed in the monastery of own person, as a preservative, but Santa Maria Novella, and in process made his Brigida wear it also. And of time was admitted into that holy (to conclude the worthy doctor lived brotherhood, where he became distin- many years afterwards with his loving guished for learning, and a celebrated mate, in all joy and contentedness, inpreacher, for his acute reasoning and su- creasing in wealth and in children, gared eloquence known among the peo- and, every year, so long as his life ple by the appellation of Fra Succhiel- lasted, celebrated the festival of Saint lo. As for Master Manente, he never Cyprian, whom he adopted for his own believed otherwise than in the whole tutelary saint, and ever held him in truth of the story fabricated by Nepo the highest veneration.



Man comes into the world like morning mushrooms, soon thrusting up their heads into

the air, and conversing with their kindred of the same production, and as soon they turn into dust and forgetfulness.-JEREMY TAYLOR.

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Was he of high or low degree?

Did grandeur smile upon his lot ?
Or, born to dark obscurity,

Dwelt he within some lowly cot,
And, from his youth to labour wed,
From toil-strung limbs wrung daily bread ?
Say, died he ripe, and full of years,

Bowed down, and bent by hoary eld,
When sound was silence to his ears,

And the dim eye-ball sight with-held ;
Like a ripe apple falling down,
Unshaken, 'mid the orchard brown;

When all the friends that bless'd his prime,

Were vanish'd like a morning dream;
Pluck'd one by one by spareless Time,

And scatter'd in oblivion's stream;
Passing away all silently,
Like snow-flakes melting in the sea :

Or, 'mid the summer of his years,

When round him throng'd his children young,
When bright eyes gush'd with burning tears,

And anguish dwelt on every tongue,
Was he cut off, and left behind
A widow'd wife, scarce half-resign'd ?

Or, 'mid the sunshine of his spring,

Came the swift bolt that dash'd him down; When she, his chosen, blossoming

In beauty, deem'd him all her own, And forward look'd to happier years Than ever bless'd their vale of tears ?

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Perhaps he perish'd for the faith,

One of that persecuted band,
Who suffer'd tortures, bonds, and death,

To free from mental thrall the land,
And, toiling for the Martyr's fame,
Espoused his fate, nor found a name!
Say, was he one to science blind,

A groper in Earth's dungeon dark ?
Or one, whose bold aspiring mind

Did, in the fair creation, mark
The Maker's hand, and kept his soul
Free from this grovelling world's control?
Hush, wild surmise !’tis vain-'tis vain-

The Summer flowers in beauty blow,
And sighs the wind, and floods the rain,

O'er some old bones that rot below;
No other record can we trace,
Of fame or fortune, rank or race!

Then, what is life, when thus we see

No trace remains of life's careerMortal! whoe'er thou art, for thee

A moral lesson gloweth here; Put'st thou in aught of earth thy trust? 'Tis doom'd that dust shall mix with dust.

What doth it matter then, if thus,

Without a stone, without a name,
To impotently herald us,

We float not on the breath of fame';
But, like the dew-drop from the flower,
Pass, after glittering for an hour.

Since soul decays not; freed from earth,

And earthly coils, it bursts away ;-
Receiving a celestial birth,

And spurning off its bonds of clay,
It soars, and seeks another sphere,
And blooms through Heaven's eternal year!

Do good ; shun evil; live not thou,

As if at death thy being died ;
Nor Error's syren voice allow

To draw thy steps from truth aside ;
Look to thy journey's end-the grave!
And trust in him whose arm can save.



SIR, I beg leave to offer you a sketch of one of the numerous American Revolutions, drawn up from authentic sources in the country itself. I am well aware of the indifference, I might almost say disgust, with which South American or Mexican politics used to be received by the public; and I by no means wish you to give this sketch a place, if such be still the general feeling. Nevertheless, there are one or two features in the Mexican Revolution which distinguish it from all those of Chili, Peru, &c. First, the circumstance of the change having been brought about principally by Spanish officers, and eventually receiving its confirmation at the hands of a Spanish Viceroy of high character, and who either acted from the most culpable weakness, the most unnational liberality of political spirit, or the deepest treachery. Secondly, there having been little or no bloodshed, nor any confiscations of property, nor any arrests, nor any extensive enthusiasm on either side—and, finally, the singular mixture of moderation and ambition in the Chief, who certainly wished to possess kingly authority ; but who, throughout, conducted himself with so much temper and forbearance, and shewed so much real goodness and kindness, and was always so much more ready to forgive his political enemies than to crush them, that it is difficult to view him as a common usurper.

I have many thanks to return you for the gratification your Magazine afforded me in those distant regions, for I was sure to find it in all those places where the dawning light of knowledge was beginning to appear.

Your most obedient Servant,


About the middle of 1820, accounts by their own feelings on the subject, rewere received in Mexico of the revo- solved to resist, if possible, this

change, lution in Spain, and it was soon made by force of the army under their orknown that orders had been sent to ders. The popular sentiment, as may Apodacca, the Viceroy, to proclaim the be supposed, was against such proConstitution to which Ferdinand the ject; and the seeds of an extensive reSeventh had sworn. But it appears volt were in this way unconsciously that Apodacca, as well as some of the sown by the very persons who, of all principal generals, either acting under others, it may be supposed, had the secret orders from Spain, or prompted interests of the mother country most


at heart. New levies of troops were It bears date the 24th February, made in consequence of these determia 1821, the day after Iturbidé had posnations on the part of the royalists; sessed himself of the treasure under and the whole country was gradually his escort. and almost insensibly roused into military action.

Article 1st Secures to the country T'he chief obstacle, as it was thought the Roman Catholic religion, to the by these leaders, to the success of their entire intolerance of any other. plan, was the presence of Don N. Ar- 2d, Declares New Spain independent migo, whose attachment to the cause of Old Spain, or any other country. of the Constitution was too well known 3d, Defines the government to be a to admit a doubt of his supporting it. limited monarchy, “ regulated accordHe was therefore dismissed from the ing to the spirit of the peculiar concommand of the military division sta- stitution adapted to the country.” tioned between Mexico and Acapulco; 4th, Proposes that the Imperial Crown and in his place was appointed Don

of Mexico be offered first to Ferdinand Augustin Iturbidé, an officer who, on VII.; and, in the event of his declining the occasion of an insurrection some it, to several of the princes of that famiyears ago, had shown himself a steady ly, but specifying that the representaadherent to the interests of the King, tive government of New Spain shall although a native of the country. There have the power eventually to name the is also reason to suspect that he was a Emperor, if these Princes shall also reparty to the secret projects alluded to fuse. Article 8th points this out more above ; and that, when he left Mexico explicitly. in February 1821, he was implicitly 5th, 6th, and 7th Articles relate to confided in by the Viceroy and his as- the details of duties belonging to the sociates. It is difficult otherwise to Provisional Government, which is to conceive, how he should have been in- consist of a Junto and'a Regency, till trusted at that time with the escort of the Cortes or Congress be assembled more than half a million of dollars, at Mexico. destined for embarkation at Acapulco. 9th, The government is to be supAnd it is not improbable, that, even af- ported by an army which shall bear ter he had seized this money, the Vice- the name of “The Army of the Three: roy and the Generals were under a be- Guarantees.”—These guarantees, itaplief that he had taken this step in fur- pears by the 16th article, are, 1st, The therance of their views, since he was Religion in its present pure state. 2dly, allowed to enter the town of Leon with The Independence; and, 3dly, The his prize, where it is notorious he might intimate Union of Americans and have been taken, had not the com- Spaniards in the country. inander of another division of troops, 10th and 11th, Relate to the duties who was called upon to assist in the of Congress with respect to the formrecapture, declared that he had or- ation of a constitution on the princiders from General Cruz not to act hos. ples of this “ Plan.” tilely against Iturbidé. Be these sur- 12th, Declares every inhabitant of mises true, or otherwise, it is certain New Spain a citizen thereof-of whatthat Iturbidé, on seizing the money at ever country he be; and renders every a place called Iguala, about 120 miles man eligible to every office, without from Mexico, commenced the revolu- exception even of Africans. (Subsetion by publishing a paper, wherein he quently, a modification of this article proposed to the Viceroy that a new excluded slaves.) form of government should be esta- 13th, Secures persons and property. blished, independent of the mother 14th, Strong assurances of maintaincountry.

ing, untouched, the privileges and imAs this document, which bears the munities of the church. title of the.“ Plan of Iguala,” has been 15th, Promises not to remove indi. made the foundation of all the subse- viduals from their present offices. quent proceedings of the revolution- 16th, (See 9th.) ists, and is still the text, the spirit and 17th, 18th, 19th, and 20th, About principles of which direct, or are said the formation of the army, and other, to direct, the councils of the govern- military details. ment, it may perhaps prove not unin- 21st, Until new laws be framed, teresting to give a sketch of its leading those of the present Spanish constitufeatures.

tion to be in force.


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