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573 Tower of St. Nicholas' Church, Liverpool.

574 St. Nicholas', many a fabric stands | persons were in the church at the time, trembling to its base, waiting only and of these the greater part were unsome more than ordinary moment of hurt ; but the children of the charityconcussion, to hurl destruction on those school, who are marched in procession within its fall.

somewhat earlier than the time of serIt will be perceived, by the accom- vice, had partly entered: the boys, panying representation, that this build- following last, all escaped ; but a numing is a composition of the mixed ber of the girls, who were either within Gothic styles, possessing a chaste and the porch, or proceeding up the aisle, lively character, and forming, to the were overwhelmed in an instant benorth end of the town, a very pleasing neath the pile of ruin. The crash of coup-d-wil; especially when viewed the steeple, and the piercing shrieks from the opposite shore of the Mersey. of terror which instantly issued from The square tower, which rises to the persons in the church, and the spectaheight of 107 feet from the ground, is tors in the church-yard, immediately surmounted by an octagonal lantern, 75 brought a large concourse of people to feet high, of open workmanship, giving the spot, who did not cease their efforts a rich and aërial lightness to the whole to rescue the unfortunate victims, till edifice; and making the total height all the bodies were removed, notwithto the summit 182 feet. Its erection standing the tottering appearance of was begun in September, 1811, and the remaining part of the tower and completed by March, 1814, at an ex- roof of the church, which momentarily pense of nearly £22,000, including menaced a second fall. Many instanthe peal of twelve bells, clock, &c. ces of hair-breadth deliverance occur

The several parts are bound together red: all the ringers escaped except by bars of copper, so as to constitute one, who was caught in the ruins, and altogether one solid mass of masonry, yet was extricated alive. The alarm, which, it is koped, will long withstand it is said, first was given to the ringthe depredations of time. It is built ers by a stone falling upon the fifth of durable freestone, from the quar- bell, which prevented its swing; the ries of Runcorn, in Cheshire.

men ran out, and immediately the We are indebted to the architectural bells, beams, &c. fell to the bottom taste and skill of Mr. Harrison, of of the tower, and their preservation Chester, for the design of this ornament would have been iinpossible, had not to the town; and to Messrs. Hether- the belfry been on the ground floor. ington and Grindrod for its execution. The Rev. R. Roughsedge, the rector,

Of the calamitous event--the falling owes his safety to the circumstance of of the ancient tower—which will be his entering the church at an unaccuslong remembered by the inhabitants of tomed door: the Rev. E. Pughe, the Liverpool, and particularly so by the officiating minister, was prevented surviving friends and relations of those from going in by the children of the who perished in the awful accident, the school, who were pressing forward. following account has been recorded The teacher, who was killed, had just in the Antiquarian and Topographical separated the children to afford him a Cabinet, vol. ii.

passage, when a person exclaimed, On the 11th of February, 1810, a * For God's sake, come back;" he few minutes before divine service usu- stepped back, and beheld the spire ally begins, and just as the officiating sinking, and the whole fall in. We clergyman was entering the church, shall relate another instance, almost the key-stone of the tower gave way, miraculous : a person named Martin and the north-east corner, comprising was seated in his pew; the surroundthe north and east wall, with the whole ing seats were dashed to pieces, and of the spire, came down, and, with a heaped with ruins ; but he came out tremendous crash, broke through the unhurt. Twenty-seven bodies have roof along the centre aisle, till it reach- been taken out of the ruins; and twentyed near to the communion rails, and two were either killed, or shortly after in its fall carrying with it the whole expired. This number, if we consider peal of six bells, the west gallery, the the peril, may be called comparatively organ, and clergyman's reading-desk, small; but, in the eye of humanity, totally demolishing them, and such awfully great.” seats as it came in contact with. Not It is worthy of notice, that one of more than from fifteen to twenty adult | the ringers had laid down his watch on



do ,

and a bell fell directly over it. them with an additional allowance Upon its removal some weeks after during their stay, as well as submit to wards, the watch was found unda- many other exactions. In consemaged.

quence of this tyranny, many tribes To this statement we may add, that have fled, and taken up their abode in in 1750 a new spire was erected on the the mountains, where they continue to remains of the old tower; and to the live by plunder and systematic depreunskilful manner in which this union dations; and, whenever they find a fawas effected, is to be ascribed the vourable opportunity of assassinating memorable accident. The action of their oppressors, they rarely let it slip the strong winds, and the frequent unimproved. ringing of the bells, so disturbed the arches which supported the spire, that on one of the key-stones falling out, the whole superstructure was precipi- A Correspondent of Lytham desires a tated to the ground.

reply to the following questions:

1. What language was spoken by

our first parents in Paradise ? DESPOTISM OF ALGIERS.

2. Are we to consider the tree of The kingdom of Algiers is about 1600 life, and the tree of knowledge, as the miles in circumference, and more fer- same, or as different trees? tile than any other part of the Barbary coast. It has no sandy wastes, but all its ground is a rich muddy soil, produc- MR. EDITOR, ing every kind of corn, and almost all As your widely-extended Miscellany sorts of fruits and vegetables, except is open to every subject of a useful dates. The country also produces tendency, both of a theological and quantities of indigo and wool; the latter scientific nature, I take the liberty of of which the inhabitants manufacture requesting you to insert the following for their own use. They also make a Queries, as soon as you possibly can; particular kind of sashes, which, being viz.a mixture of silk and gold, are very

1. What are the real advantages of expensive. The coast furnishes quan- mathematical studies to mankind ? tities of coral. They also have cattle 2. Has mathematical science a tenin abundance.

dency to promote the cause of ChrisBut, with all these natural blessings tianity ? and advantages, the inhabitants are 3. What reasons can be given, why rendered miserable by the detestable so many mathematical scholars have system of tyranny under which they been either doubters or opposers of languish. They have no regular taxes revealed Truth? levied on their lands; but to meet the Hoping that the above questions rapacious demands of government, as will elicit satisfactory answers from soon as the promise of their future some of your able Correspondents, harvest appears about a foot high, offi- I remain, dear Sir, cers are sent to every part of the king

Yours, respectfully, dom, to inspect the cultivated lands. Cardiff, 1819. These make an estimate, according to their pleasure, prejudice, or their caprice.

DOUBTFUL. Under these unnatural exactions, it frequently happens, that the poor It has frequently been observed, that agriculturalist, knowing he cannot the animosity which we perceive bepossibly pay the taxes, in a paroxysm tween the different tribes of the brute of despair destroys what he had sown creation, is instinctive; and conseor planted, and retires to the moun- quently that it cannot be subdued. tains. Others, less desperate, resort Common appearances, no doubt, tend to the expedient of bribing the officers very much to confirm this theory: and to lessen the tax that he had previously if we include the human race, we need levied. To heighten their misfortunes, not borrow much from imagination, to wherever the tax-officers arrive, the infer, from the wars which have desopeople are obliged to provide for them lated our globe, that nations have also

G. B.


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577 Instinctive Animosity doubtful.--Memoir of Mr. Exley. 578 their instinctive animosities. But, in rial Encyclopedia, and the author of all cases, this theory seems to want several works of minor importance. confirmation.

These circumstances induced us to It is well known, that Cowper do- solicit his portrait for the Imperial mesticated two hares, and taught them Magazine, which we intended to acto associate in his house with animals company with some memoir of his life. which were their reputed enemies. With our request in the former case, Rabbits and dogs have been trained to he has obligingly complied; but from live in amity; and cats and pigeons the latter, his feelings have so revoltfrequently dwell together in the most ed, that nothing could induce him to undissembled friendship ; and in some become the historian of his departed of our public exhibitions, mice are days. seen associating with cats, with as Defeated in this attempt, we remuch familiarity as if they had been peatedly solicited some particulars, kittens. The most hostile animals from which we might be able to suphave learnt, under the fostering care ply that deficiency, which his own of humanity, to approximate towards delicacy would otherwise occasion ; each other, and to lose that ferocity and we have at length succeeded in which has been supposed to be instinc obtaining a few facts from himself and tive. This harmony conspicuously ap- others, from which we have been enapears in the following singular family, bled to draw up the following account. which, though already seen in public, Mr. Exley was born at Gowd, a we introduce, to oblige LEGATOR. small village in the parish of Snaith,

A gentleman, travelling through in Yorkshire, on the 9th of December, Mecklenburgh some years ago, was 1774. His father occupied a small witness to the following curious cir- farm, which he afterwards purchased; cumstance at the post-house in New and was well known as an unrivalled Stutgard. After dinner, the landlord manufacturer of such tools as are used placed on the floor a dish of soup, and for digging in marl, in clayey soils, gave a loud whistle: immediately a in the making of dikes, and in the mastiff, a fine Angora cat, an old draining of morasses. In this deraven, and a large rat with a bellpartment he had an extensive trade; round its neck, came into the room, and the articles of his workmanship and, without disturbing each other, fed were sent to various parts of the kingtogether. Afterwards, the dog, cat, dom. It was his intention to prepare and rat, lay before the fire, and the his son for the same occupation, and raven hopped round the room. The his education was at first conducted landlord, after accounting for their with an eye to this employment, though familiarity, informed his guests, that it was somewhat more liberal than the the rat was the most useful of the four; business itself absolutely required. for the noise he made had completely Mr. Exley received the first rudifreed the house from rats and mice, ments of his learning in his native vilwith which it was before infested. lage; where, at an early period, he

eyinced a considerable thirst for know

ledge, and manifested a more than BRIEF MEMOIR OF MR. THOMAS EXLEY,

common ability in his acquirements. A. M. OF BRISTOL,

His learning, however, was confined (With a Portrait.)

to writing, and the first rules of arithThere is scarcely any literary task metic; after which, having been iniwhich we can conceive more irksome tiated in these branches, he was placed to a feeling mind, than for an indivi- under the care of an eminent teacher dual to write a memoir of his own life; | in the same parish. This gentleman, although it must be admitted by all, Mr. Thomas Young, was so pleased that no man can be supposed to be só with his pupil, that he advised his perfectly in the possession of such facts father to give him a liberal education ; as are neces

ry to a biographical observing, that as he learned as much sketch, as that person who is the sub- in a fortnight as boys commonly learn ject of it.

in three months, this might be done Mr. Thomas Exley is well known in without any considerable expense. the scientific world, as an able mathe- With this advice, his father reluctantly matician; and in the departments of complied; and here Mr. Exley soon literature, as a compiler of the Impe-I obtained a competent knowledge No. 6.-Vol. I.

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