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of the teachers of the city are subscribers, and we for entrance into college well prepared in the fundadoubt if the ratio is larger in the subscription to other mental branches invariably as a rule do well in the educational journals.

college work; and, on the contrary, those who have Let us here quote from the "School Journal.” We but an indifferent grounding in arithmetic and Engquote because it might be regarded impolitic and im- lish grammar are handicapped from the start. Of polite to say it for ourselves. The Journal says, in course not all students find it in their power to secure discussing this question,

a higher education, but, this aside, why not see that "Is it that the city teacher ‘knows it all ?' If so, our students even in the ungraded school are thorough education is a smaller subject than we had supposed in their work as far as they go ? The great weakness, it to be. Is it that her problems are so hopeless that as the College professor finds it in the candidates who she doubts the ability of any one to help her solve present themselves, is in a lack of thoroughness and them? This cannot be the reason, for those who do especially a lack of understanding as relates to prinnot take school papers, as a rule, never have taken ciples. The teacher in the high school and still more them. Is it that her problems are all solved for her in the ungraded school has a fertile field for work by the supervising officers who direct her work P here, but alas ! one that receives too little culture and

"If this is not true what is the explanation? If attention. Less extended territory and more thorough teaching is not more of a mechanical drive, more of a culture is likely to produce more abundant and more trade, in large cities than in smaller towns, villages, profitable results in education as well as in agriculand rural districts, how are we to explain the fact that ture. the publishers of educational journals and pedagogical books depend upon the more scattered rather than · Read our special offers on the outside pages. the more concentrated populations for their patron- Everybody ought to be able to secure a good book at age, while publishers of text-books and mechanical little expense. appliances look to the larger cities ? Could any fact better prove the superior progressiveness among rural Send us personals and news notes on education. teachers over their city cousins than their greater They will be gladly received. willingness to seek and pay for professional help and stimulation ?"

Personal Items. These seem strong words but it is certainly true that the country teacher is as a rule the better patron Prof. Bridges, late teacher of mathematics in Metof professional papers. One reason for this is the ropolitan Business College, Dallas, has been elected fact that the city teacher as a rule considers herself principal of the West Dallas public school, Tex. anchored when she takes a position and too often

B. F. Nihart, who superintended the Herrington relies on special influence rather than special merit to schools last year, has been chosen dean of the normal keep her in place.

department of Kansas Wesleyan University, at Salina.

Professor and Mrs. Frederick A. Hillery of WindIt looks now as if the next meeting of the National

sor, Vermont, have accepted positions as teachers of Educational Association would be at Denver, Col-language in Chamberlain's Institute, Randolph, N. Y. orado, in July next. This will be an excellent oppor

Prof. J. H. Peacock is principal of public school at tunity for the teachers of the East to see something of

Wharton, Texas. the wonders of the West, and many ought to accept the opportunity.

Miss Nannie Pugh, a graduate of the University of

Kansas, goes to a chair at Wellesley. Kansas does More and more each year the writer's experience not confine itself to women of the Mrs. Lease type. convinces him of the great importance of thorough Prof. L. A. Bryan, late of Timpson, Shelby county, training in the lower schools. Students who come Texas, is principal of Center University.

Miss M. Frances Boice has organized a school of from Cornell University in 1885, and was for several elocution, physical expression and languages, at 102 years a teacher in New York city. She afterward N. 19th street, Philadelphia.

became a student of Leipzig University, and in 1890 Miss Sarah E. Sprague, who has for so many years was appointed professor of Greek in Wellesley. been identified with education in Minnesota, has ac- W. E. A. Aul, of Nashua, Pa., has accepted a posicepted the position of professor of literature in Thorp tion again in the college at Battle Creek, Mich., where Polytechnic College, Pasadena, Cal.

he graduated in 1885. Miss Nellie Josephine Lockwood, of Burlington, M. F. Miller is in charge of the schools of GeneVt., is the new teacher in charge of the music depart- seo, Ill., this year, succeeding Superintendent Campment. She has studied music in one of the

one of the best bell, who is now superintendent at Joliet. schools of Ottawa, in the Music School of Utica,N.Y.,

Herman Krogman, of Saginaw, and a graduate of and graduated from the Potsdam Conservatory of the class of '94 of the University of Michigan, has Music.

accepted the principalship of the high school at NegProf. E. A. Fritter, of Findlay, Ill., has recently aunee, Mich. accepted the position as superintendent of the Monti

W. L. Helton will superintend the schools of Lincello, Ill., schools.

coln, Kas., at $70 per month. Miss Alice M. Clarke, of Lowell, Mass., a teacher

Dr. Eli F. Brown, who has been superintendent of of much experience and a graduate of the Teachers' the schools of Riverside, California, for some years, College, New York city, is principal of the Model has decided to return to Indianapolis, as superintendSchool, at Indiana.

ent of the business college of that city. F. S. Morganthaler, eight years superintendent at

Charles E. Lowrey, Ph. D., librarian of the UniHuntingburgh, will take the superintendency at Rock

versity of Colorado, died August 19.

port, Ind.

Wells College in Aurora has elected William E.

Hints. Waters, Ph. D., of the University of Cincinnati, to its presidency, to fill a vacancy occasioned by the resig

.Yourself. nation of Rev. E. S. Frisbee, D. D. The chair of English literature and rhetoric at Wells has been

BY LUCY HAYES-MACQUEEN. filled by the appointment of Edward Fulton, Ph. D., lately instructor in Harvard University.

If you are a true teacher, your earnest desire is to see

your pupils grow strong and wise, and loving and good. Rev. Thos. K. Beecher, after a pastorate of forty They will imitate you. What are you, yourself? years at Park Church, Elmira, N. Y., has retired from

That little boy, Jack, from Poverty lane, with the the active duties, and Rev. Samuel Eastman, of Roch- pinched face and eager eyes—what is he to you? ester, will hereafter assume the pastorate.

You have heard the old story of the poet, how he said, S. B. Sinclair, M. A, formerly principal of the "I get my inspiration in my garden;" and when a wouldteachers' training school, Hamilton, Ontario, was at be.poet asked to see this garden, the wise man led him to the beginning of the present year appointed lecturer a narrow back yard in a crowded city, where a few strugon psychology and mathematics in the Provincial gling plants bloomed palely; how the would-be-poet Normal College, Ottawa. He delivered the opening how the poet, looking reverently upward at God's blue

looked in ill-disguised contempt at "the garden;" and address to the students of the present session, and in heaven, said : “You see my garden is not very wide nor it urged the importance of the solution of the profes- very long, but, ah! it is wonderfully high.” sicnal problem.

So little Jack should be your inspiration. He is only a Mrs. Julia Josephine Irvine, who has been chosen dot, but he is wonderfully capable of becoming noble and acting president of Wellesley College, was graduated high through yourself.

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First of all, how is your heart toward Jack? I know Cochran, betook themselves to Lenape and near points, teachers who pride themselves on “just hating children.” where they spent the day, and at noon lunched at the forks I know "successful teachers" who neither feel love for of the Brandywine. The second party was in charge of Jack nor wish for his love in return. They say, “I will Dr. Philips, Professor J. R. Flickinger and Miss Elvira not be a hypocrite. I will teach him well and discipline Speakman, and they went in carriages to the battle-field of him severely, and thus fulfil my duty. I hate maudlin Brandywine. sentimentality."

If you feel this way, it your heart does not go out to In less than two weeks the Student's Hall of the Jack in love and divine pity, become anything that is hon- University of Pennsylvania will be in course of construction. .est, but do not be a teacher.

Workmen are at present engaged on the ground sounding Your heart being right, study yourself for Jack's sake. carefully to find what depth of foundations is necessary, You wish him to be strong in body. Look after your own and when this important duty is completed the bids for health. Be strong and cheery, and full of human interest construction will be completed. to him, so that he will not be afraid to laugh, and cry, per- Provost Harrison will then award the contract with as haps, before you. Do not talk at him, but to him. Go to little delay as possible, and break ground immediately. his home, and invite him to yours. You wish him to be He fully anticipates having the structure completely finneat. Dress as well as you can, and choose pretty colors, ished and ready for occupancy by the opening of the new for children love them. Arrange your hair becomingly. year. See that your complexion is clear, by keeping your skin soft and healthy with plenty of bathing, just as you teach

The salary of teachers in the suburbs of New York city Jack to become healthy and good-looking by the same is from $480 to $1,000 per year. Many districts keep their process. You want Jack to be wise. How about your teachers indefinitely, and make a yearly increase in salary self? You will teach him by those grand methods you until a certain maximum is reached. have learned. Do you take at least one good educational journal ? Are you reading the best books written in President Harper, of the University of Chicago, the French on education, for the sake of keeping up your Independent writes, is very fond of music and is an accomFrench and benefiting your mind at the same time? And plished musician. It is said that he at one time thought for complete rest and relaxation of mind, are you taking of making it his life study; and, notwithstanding the great eight hours' sleep out of the twenty-four ? And what are amount of work he performs, he finds time for his music. you thinking?

At Chautauqua, recently, he surprised the audience by his You want Jack to be good. Are you trying to be? skill on the cornet. You want Jack to be loving. How do you treat your parents and your brothers and sisters? Are you anxious Minneapolis schools show an increased enrollment of to do them kindnesses, and do you speak tender words at 3,000 over last year. It is attributed to the adoption of home?

free text-books. Jack is looking at you yourself, reading you, weighing you. He sees your deficiencies, but he sees also your vir- Instruction in cookery has become a feature of most of tues ; for the sake of those' he will make up his mind to be the summer schools that have grown out of the Chautauqua noble, and when he has once made up his mind to be so, movement. Mrs. Ewing gave lessons in the art at Chauyou have accomplished as much as the noblest poet or tauqua, N. Y.; Mrs. Lincoln, of Boston, at the Long artist or genius, for you have inspired a soul.--School Island Chautauqua; Miss Barrows, of Boston, at the Maine Journal.

Chautauqua Union, at Fryeburg ; Mrs. Rorer, at the Penn

sylvania Assembly, at Mt. Gretna; and Miss Bedford, of Educational Intelligence.

New York city, at the Bay View, Michigan, summer school.

Two excursions from the State Normal School, of West The S. W. State Normal School at California, Pa., has Chester, Pa., left that institution at an early hour Sept. 22, opened the Fall term with a good attendance; many imone in the department o! botany, and the other in United provements are going forward, including a $15,000 gym. States history. The first party, in charge of Professor nasium.

The Boston school board made no attempt to elect a The late J. I. Mackenzie, of New York, gave $50,000 woman supervisor at the September meeting. Mrs. Fi- for the erection of a building at Sao Paulo, Brazil, to be field's friends were not sure of the one lacking vote, and known as the Mackenzie College, in which “God and his the others had no prospect of the two lacking votes. Miss Word should be forever honored.” Sarah L. Arnold has never swerved from her original de. termination not to be a candidate under any circumstances. University, is quoted as saying that upon the distribution

STANFORD UNIVERSITY.-President Jordan, of Stanford Arthur Rotch, of Massachusetts, leaves by his will $100,- will pass to the university. The remainder of the estate

of the estate of the late Senator Stanford, about $3,000,000 000 to public institutions; of this amount Harvard gets will come under Mrs. Stanford's control, and will be be$25,000, and the Institute of Technology, $40,000.

queathed by her to the university at her death. A hand* Mrs. Lewis and Mrs. Gibson, the ladies who offer a site some library building to cost $150,000 is to be built by for the Presbyterian College at Cambridge, England, and Mrs. Stanford in the spring. An exact duplicate of this £20,000 should the removal of that institution from Lon devoted to the uses of a museum and laboratory for the

building will be built one hundred feet away, and will be don to Cambridge be agreed upon, have now decided to

natural history department. These buildings will stand in pay the sum charged for the keeping open of the offer of

front of the present quadrangle, and will subsequently be the site for another year.

connected with other buildings. These, with a monu

mental arch eighty-six feet high in the center, will constiAt present nearly 1,000 girls in the public schools of

tute the facade, 1,000 feet long, of a group of buildings, Philadelphia are studying cooking. While not a regular

and will be part of the outer quadrangle which will enclose branch of the grammar school curriculum, each school is

the present one. allowed to send a quota of pupils to the nearest cooking

Other buildings to be erected are a memorial chapel, a centre. There are two kitchens established at the Girls'

girls' dormitory to cost $250,000, and a chemical building High School, and every young woman who now graduates to cost $50,000. The intention is to increase the present from the school receives a course of lessons in the theory facilities during the next two years so as to provide accomand practice of cooking.

modations for 2,500 students. The visitor can spend no more delightful afternoon than in one of these bright, cheerful kitchens, where the young When the new president of Wells College, Dr. William girls of the public schools are being initiated into the mys- Waters, was a tutor at Yale his merry countenance won teries of preparing baked apples and potatoes, beans and for him the pleasant nickname of "Minnehaha,” Laughing beets, omelets and oysters, tomatoes and puddings, and Waters. a loaf of bread! The kitchens are models of comfort, convenience and completeness. To see a band of young

FEWER CHILDREN IN A ROOM.-It is obvious that the cooks, arrayed in snowy paraphernalia, busily at work is young woman with fifty-six pupils before her is attempting one of the pleasant scenes which greet the visitor these what no mortal can perform. I suppose it is practicable early autumn days.-Ex.

for one young woman to hear the lesson out of one book

of all the fifty children before her during the hours of the Sweden has but four-tenths of one per cent. of illiteracy, school session, and keep a certain amount of watch over while England has nine per cent., and France nine and the children who are not reciting their lessons, providing one-half per cent.

the grading is almost perfect, and we are going to be satis

fied with "uniform" results, But the new teaching is of The success of the kindergarten movement in Philadel- quite a different character. It requires alertness, vitality, phia is evidenced by the rapid multiplication of these little and sympathetic enthusiasm. It is exhausting. Virtue Froebelian schools throughout the city. Requests for a goes out of the teacher at every moment. What is the new kindergarten on Main street, between Herman and possible remedy? To double the number of teachers Duval streets, in the Twenty second section, and an addi- would not be too much; for twenty-five or thirty pupils tional division to the Spring Garden Kindergarten, in the individual requires teaching in these days, and no teaching

are quite enough for one teacher to grapple with. The Fourteenth section, have been referred to the sub-committee is good which does not awaken interest in the pupil. on kindergartens.

President Eliot.

hour.

14

President Schurman, of Cornell, recently returned from In 1 hour he rows 373 miles up stream, a vacation visit to England, where he carefully observed Rate of current = 4 miles — 373 miles : 33 miles. political conditions and tendencies. He says that the He rows down stream 423 miles per growing power of democracy has made Parliament an He rows down stream 1 mi. in 3 of an hour, assembly of very ordinary men; the average ability in the

He rows down stream 4 mi. in 6 of an hour, best of our state legislatures is today as high as that of the

:7 House of Commons. “I do not think,” he says, "that or 51 and three sevenths minutes. there is a man in the English Parliament that can compare

J. M. PEOPLES. with Senator Sherman, or with Wilson or Reed.” President Schurman thinks that American political institutions Nos. 106, 107 have been answered by Prof. J. M. Peoare the best in the world, and that foreigners are becoming ples and Mr. E. Ellsworth Beams of Chester, N. J. more and more disposed to think the same way. "England is actually looking to us as an example, while fifteen 108. Analyze, years ago she would have thought such an attitude ridicu

"Not to wear one's best things every day is a maxim of lous. With the growth of democracy they fear the omnip- New England's thrift which is as little disputed as any otent power of Parliament and look with envy upon our verse in the catechism.

B. D. E. national and state constitutions, which restrict the powers

not of our state legislative bodies.” But while American polit

one's ical institutions are the best in the world, American admin

things best

to wear istration is almost the worst. President Schurman found

1 x day | every our civil service looked upon with ill-concealed contempt

is + by foreigners. He looks forward to rapid progress in civil

of thrift New England's service reform.

maxim which 1

any +

in catechism | the Two new buildings, one of eight rooms, another of four

1

is disputed | little | as + rooms, and a four-room addition are in course of erection

xxl in Johnstown, Pa., the latter two to be completed in time

xxis disputed, understood.

S. S. for the opening of next term. The Ohio Wesleyan university will devote the $50,000 coal 1 paid $5.25 a ton, and for nut coal $4.50; how many

109. Paid a coal dealer $90 for 12 tons of coal; for stove donated by Dr. Chas. E. Slocum, Defiance, O., to the

tons were there of each ? erection of a library, which will be a fireproof building.

Solution. Had the coal all been nut coal it would have Slippery Rock Normal opens with an enrollment of two cost 12 times $4.50, or $54, or $6 less than the lot cost him. hundred and sixty students, exclusive of the Model. Each ton of stove coal cost him 75 cents more than a ton

of nut coal, hence there were as many tons of stove coal as For larger salaries or change of location, address Teach

75 cents is contained times in $6, or 8 tons; and the numers' Co-Operative Association, 70 Dearborn St., Chicago ber of tons of nut coal was 12 tons minus 8 tons, or 4 tons. Orville Brewer, Manager.

a

as

verse

S. S.

Query Column.

QUESTIONS TO BE ANSWERED.

ANSWERS.

112. How do these two questions differ?

a. Four times a number equals three times the same 94. A man who rows 4 miles an hour in still water, number plus 5. takes one and one-fifth hours to row 4 miles up a river.

b. Four times a number equals three times the same How many minutes will it take him to row 4 miles down number, plus 5. the river? In 6 hours he rows 4 miles up stream,

113. The difference between two numbers is 5, and 5 In 1 hours he rows 33 mile up stream,

times the first less 2 times the second is 34; what are the numbers ?

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