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The Boston school board made no attempt to elect a The late J. I. Mackenzie, of New York, gave $50,000 woman supervisor at the September meeting. Mrs. Fi- for the erection of a building at Sao Paulo, Brazil, to be field's friends were not sure of the one lacking vote, and known as the Mackenzie College, in which “God and his the others had no prospect of the two lacking votes. Miss Word should be forever honored.” Sarah L. Arnold has never swerved from her original de.

STANFORD UNIVERSITY.-President Jordan, of Stanford termination not to be a candidate under any circumstances. University, is quoted as saying that upon the distribution

of the estate of the late Senator Stanford, about $3,000,000 Arthur Rotch, of Massachusetts, leaves by his will $100,000 to public institutions; of this amount Harvard ge!s will come under Mrs. Stanford's control, and will be be

will pass to the university. The remainder of the estate $25,000, and the Institute of Technology, $40,000.

queathed by her to the university at her death. A handMrs. Lewis and Mrs. Gibson, the ladies who ofter a site Mrs. Stanford in the spring. An exact duplicate of this

some library building to cost $150,000 is to be built by for the Presbyterian College at Cambridge, England, and £20,000 should the removal of that institution from Lon building will be built one hundred feet away, and will be

devoted to the uses of a museum and laboratory for the don to Cambridge be agreed upon, have now decided to

natural history department. These buildings will stand in pay the sum charged for the keeping open of the offer of

front of the present quadrangle, and will subsequently be the site for another year.

connected with other buildings. These, with a monu

mental arch eighty-six feet high in the center, will constiAt present nearly 1,000 girls in the public schools of

tute the facade, 1,000 feet long, of a group of buildings, Philadelphia are studying cooking. While not a regular and will be part of the outer quadrangle which will enclose branch of the grammar school curriculum, each school is

the present one. allowed to send a quota of pupils to the nearest cooking

Other buildings to be erected are a memorial chapel, a centre. There are two kitchens established at the Girls'

girls' dormitory to cost $250,000, and a chemical building High School, and every young woman who now graduates to cost $50,000. The intention is to increase the present from the school receives a course of lessons in the theory facilities during the next two years so as to provide accomand practice of cooking.

modations for 2,500 students. The visitor can spend no more delightful afternoon than in one of these bright, cheerful kitchens, where the young When the new president of Wells College, Dr. William girls of the public schools are being initiated into the mys- Waters, was a tutor at Yale his merry countenance won teries of preparing baked apples and potatoes, beans and for him the pleasant nickname of "Minnehaha,” Laughing beets, omelets and oysters, tomatoes and puddings, and Waters. a loaf of bread! The kitchens are models of comfort, convenience and completeness. To see a band of young

FEWER CHILDREN IN A Room. It is obvious that the cooks, arrayed in snowy paraphernalia, busily at work is young woman with fifty-six pupils before her is attempting one of the pleasant scenes which greet the visitor these what no mortal can perform. I suppose it is practicable early autumn days.-Ex.

for one young woman to hear the lesson out of one book

of all the fitty children before her during the hours of the Sweden has but four-tenths of one per cent. of illiteracy, school session, and keep a certain amount of watch over while England has nine per cent., and France nine and the children who are not reciting their lessons, providing one-half per cent.

the grading is almost perfect, and we are going to be satisfied with "uniform" results. But the new teaching is of

, The success of the kindergarten movement in Philadel- quite a different character. It requires alertness, vitality, phia is evidenced by the rapid multiplication of these little and sympathetic enthusiasm. It is exhausting. Virtue Froebelian schools throughout the city. Requests for a goes out of the teacher at every moment. What is the new kindergarten on Main street, between Herman and possible remedy? To double the number of teachers Duval streets, in the Twenty second section, and an addi. would not be too much; for twenty-five or thirty pupils tional division to the Spring Garden Kindergarten, in the individual requires teaching in these days, and no teaching

are quite enough for one teacher to grapple with. The Fourteenth section, have been referred to the sub-committee is good which does not awaken interest in the pupil.

President Eliot.

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on kindergartens.

President Schurman, of Cornell, recently returned from In 1 hour he rows 373 miles up stream. a vacation visit to England, where he carefully observed Rate of current = 4 miles — 373 miles 3/3 miles. political conditions and tendencies. He says that the He rows down stream 43 miles per hour. growing power of democracy has made Parliament an He rows down stream i mi. in 3 of an hour, assembly of very ordinary men; the average ability in the

14

He rows down stream 4 mi. in 6 of an hour, best of our state legislatures is today as high as that of the

7 House of Commons. "I do not think," he says, "that or 51 and three-sevenths minutes. there is a man in the English Parliament that can compare

J. M. PEOPLES. with Senator Sherman, or with Wilson or Reed.” President Schurman thinks that American political institutions Nos. 106, 107 have been answered by Prof. J. M. Peoare the best in the world, and that foreigners are becoming ples and Mr. E. Ellsworth Beams of Chester, N. J. more and more disposed to think the same way. "England is actually looking to us as an example, while fifteen 108. Analyze, years ago she would have thought such an attitude ridicu- "Not to wear one's best things every day is a maxim of lous. With the growth of democracy they fear the omnip- New England's thrift which is as little disputed as any otent power of Parliament and look with envy upon our verse in the catechism.

B. D. E. national and state constitutions, which restrict the powers

not of our state legislative bodies.” But while American polit

one's

things best ical institutions are the best in the world, American admin

to wear istration is almost the worst. President Schurman found

1 x day | every our civil service looked upon with ill-concealed contempt

is + by foreigners. He looks forward to rapid progress in civil

of thrift | New England's service reform.

maxim which 1

any +

in catechism | the Two new buildings, one of eight rooms, another of four

is disputed | little | as + rooms, and a four-room addition are in course of erection

XX

S. S. in Johnstown, Pa., the latter two to be completed in time x x is disputed, understood. for the opening of next term.

109. Paid a coal dealer $90 for 12 tons of coal; for stove The Ohio Wesleyan university will devote the $50,000 donated by Dr. Chas. E. Slocum, Defiance, o., to the coal I paid $5.25 a ton, and for nut coal $4.50; how many

tons were there of each ? erection of a library, which will be a fireproof building.

Solution. Had the coal all been nut coal it would have Slippery Rock Normal opens with an enrollment of two cost 12 times $4.50, or $54, or $6 less than the lot cost him. hundred and sixty students, exclusive of the Model. Each ton of stove coal cost him 75 cents more than a ton

of nut coal, hence there were as many tons of stove coal as For larger salaries or change of location, address Teach

75 cents is contained times in $6, or 8 tons; and the numers' Co-Operative Association, 70 Dearborn St., Chicago ber of tons of nut coal was 12 tons minus 8 tons, or 4 tons. Orville Brewer, Manager.

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Query Column.

QUESTIONS TO BE ANSWERED.

ANSWERS.

112. How do these two questions differ?

a. Four times a number equals three times the same 94. A man who rows 4 miles an hour in still water, number plus 5. takes one and one-fifth hours to row 4 miles up a river.

b. Four times a number equals three times the same How many minutes will it take him to row 4 miles down number, plus 5. the river? In 6 hours he rows 4 miles up stream,

113. The difference between two numbers is 5, and 5 5

times the first less 2 times the second is 34; what are the In 1 hours he rows 23 mile up stream, 5

numbers ?

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LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIO

serve as double windows, giving protection against both heat and cold, and they lend themselves readily to decora.

tion. They are neater than marble in meat markets, and A SUCCESSFUL LiFe.-Success cannot be measured by especially adapted for bath halls, hothouses, hospitals refame, wealth or station, writes Edward W. Bok in au arti frigerating establishments, and buildings in which absence cle on what constitutes a successful life for man and woman of windows would be an advantage. A hothouse of glass in the October Ladies' Home Journal. The life of the hum- bricks is of about ordinary cost, saves fuel, and resists blest woman in the land, if well lived, is as successful as is

hail. that of the woman who, with greater opportunities, is un. able to make the results of her work reach farther. Some of us must live for the few, as others again must live for

Julian Hawthorne has recently bought a large farm in the many. But both lives are successful. Each of us in the mountains of Jamaica, where he intends to raise fruit this world influences some other being, and it is the quality and early vegetables for the northern markets. He has of our influence, and not the number we influence, which also rented a most beautiful residence, Mona, on a coffee makes our lives successful in the eyes of God. We may estate near Kensington. believe that we go to our graves unknown and unsung, but not one of us goes out from this world without leaving an impression, either for the good or the bad. And the kind RALEIGH AND SPENSER.--It was probably in the autumn of impression we make while we live, and leave when we of 1589 that be paid his visit to Edmund Spenser, the die, is the difterence between successful and unsuccessful poet, at Kilcolman Castle. Spenser first came to Ireland living

about the same time as Raleigh, as secretary to Lord Grey, the chief governor; an, he had, like Raleigh, received a

grant of lands, including one of the Earl of Desmond's STEDMAN, CRITIC AND Poet.-His sympathy is bound castles. less, and he has Aung the mantle of his critical cordiality

Spenser tells the story of how Raleigh introduced him over many writers whom a less genial judge would leave to Queen Elizabeth and gained her ear to the recital of his to the doubtlul shelter of their own thin diction. No one poem, "The Faery Queen,” with the happy result that she has been kinder to the minor poet on both sides of the At- made him poet laureate with a pension of £50 a year, and lantic. But while he bends to do this, he never seems to that his great poem, forever famous in English literature, sacrifice his equilibrium. His patients with the "stained. soon saw the light. Raleigh was indeed ever ready to use glass poet," as he named them, of the Victorian era has his influence at court for the advancement of his friends. never diminished the value of his analysis of their betters. On one occasion, when he came to crave a favor for auThis is due to a very great extent to the classic strain in other, Elizabeth said to him: "When, Sir Walter, will you his temperament, to the impersonal animus of all his judg- cease to be a beggar?" "When your majesty ceases to be ments. That is to say, there is no trace of time or of place a benefactor," was his courtly reply. - St. Nicholas for in his dealings with the literary topics which have occupied October. so much of his time. He is cosmopolitan to the core. (The Century for October.)

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