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and, being unacquainted with swimming, gained employment. I continued there, he was immediately in imminent danger. however, for many years, acquiring scarcely The boys who were going to bathe in com- enough to support me; for my energies, in pany with him, became dreadfully alarmed, consequence of my heavy afflictions, apand, as none of them could swim, they peared to have departed from me. I spent feared to venture after him, 'accordingly in the metropolis the prime of my days ; they ran to the village, with the greatest but never could I succeed, for the conpossible speed, to gain help. I was absent, templation of my sufferings drank up my at that period, from home. Some neigh- spirits. bours ran immediately to the spot, and the “ Things, for years, were getting worse whole village was in consternation. A friend with me, when I was visited with bodily plunged at once into the water, and, after suffering. Providence, however, was kind diving for some time, succeeded in bringing to me : I was graciously restored. But my my dear boy to the bank of the river: but, necessities deprived me of all my scanty alas! animation was gone; life was extinct; earnings. For some time after this, I the spirit had departed. Every effort was gained parish relief, but my heart always immediately made, to restore existence; but rose against it. Some friends in the west all was fruitless.
of England, hearing of my pitiable condi“My disconsolate and distracted part- tion, and wishing to alleviate it, wrote to ner heard of the calamity, and, in a state me, requesting me to spend my last days of desperation, almost of madness, rushed with them. They stated that they would to the spot; when she reached the place, give me a small neat room, with a clean they were endeavouring to re-animate the bed, and endeavour-heaven bless them! body. She burst through the crowd, and, to make my last years comfortable. This with a convulsive shriek, fell over the invitation I determined to accept: however, corpse. "O, my poor son! she cried, in I had no resources; and a journey agony-is this your end ? Have you thus hundred miles, to a poor, infirm, old man, left me, and your poor unhappy father ? like myself, is very trying. I was resolved, How will he feel when this news is carried however, if I died on the way, to embrace to him! Ah! it has given me my death. the offer so kindly given, and I have come wound. I feel the stroke at my heart, and as far as B
on my way to my des. not long after thee I shall be buried in the tined abode. By soliciting occasional help cold grave ! The crowd endeavoured to from those who are generous and benevoremove her from the body: but all was in lent, I have been supported yet, and expect vain ; at length, a friend forcibly tore her very shortly to get to the spot where I hope away, and conveyed her, shrieking, home. to die in peace. My friends know not that She never recovered from the shock sus- I am coming, nor where I now am ; but I tained. She appeared to sink at once; shall soon reach them, and may they close like a flower broken by a gust of wind, so my eyes peacefully in death!” she drooped and fell. In less than a week The old man sobbed exceedingly, and, she was a corpse, in the same room with when his narration was closed, the big tears my poor drowned boy.
coursed themselves down his cheeks. I was “I need not tell you how I felt on powerfully affected by his statement. It was my return, on finding myself so awfully indeed a weeping history: but one which bereaved—to perceive that I had no son—no real life often furnishes. I tendered him as wife—no home-no comforter-no friend! much as I could bestow, and I had the I was overwhelmed by my sorrow, and, for satisfaction of hearing, that he arrived at a long time, I could scarcely think, or his intended habitation, where his wants speak. My situation, however, compelled were supplied, his difficulties removed, his me to do something. I began to resume comfort secured ; and, though his deep my former employment. I tried hard to sorrows will never be forgotten, yet, it is go forward : but all was fruitless. I could hoped, he will be able to apply the beaunot labour without weeping, and, when I tiful sentiment, “ They who sow in tears, looked around, I saw nothing but desola. shall reap in joy.” tion and wo. To stop in the village, I Petworth, Oct. 15, 1832.
T.W. found impossible, I therefore, gave up my business, and left it with a broken heart. Never shall I forget the day when I said farewell. It was - like the dart of death piercing my vitals. I had scarcely any Every one who reads the New Testament money, and was obliged to walk, by gentle scriptures, with any degree of attention, stages, to London. There, for a time, I must recollect innumerable instances, where
ON THE IMPORTANCE OF A
the virtues of peace and love, gentleness Though these external marks of courtesy and candour, are earnestly and frequently are not inconsistent with that deep abhorinculcated, with an urgency proportioned to rence and righteous indignation, which we the duty and necessity the writers felt, un. ought on all suitable occasions to evince der a consciousness of the incalculable good against their criminal practices and deletethat their general adoption, and universal rious opinions ; it is certainly not incomprevalence would produce. That charity, patible with the strict principles of moral which, under various forms of expression, rectitude, to live in a peaceable manner is so highly eulogized by St. Paul, in his amongst such, as recorded instances, were Epistles to the primitive Christian churches, it necessary to refer to them, would suffiand which holds so conspicuous a place ciently testify, without entering into any amongst the cardinal virtues, can never be close conjunction of interest, or any blameexcluded from the Christian life, without able participation with them, so as to con. committing a sacrilegious act of outrage, tract any serious defilement from the moral without deranging our system of belief, contamination, which characters of this without an incongruous amalgamation of description, who are literally the bane of the elements of discord, with the pure and society and the troublers of mankind, too peaceable religion of the Son of God. often disseminate to surrounding minds.
The importance of a peaceable disposi- For the present state of the world, and of tion is emphatically taught, and is a plain, the characters who inhabit it, is so confused unvarnished exemplification of the great and ill assorted; and our knowledge, as doctrine of Christian charity, repeated in we are principally compelled to judge from these words, “ If it be possible, as much as external appearances, is so imperfect and lieth in you, live peaceably with all men. limited, that it increases the difficulty of all This precept, or injunction, implies that, we attempts to discriminate with any approxishould refrain from giving any unnecessary mation to accuracy and precision, between provocation, should abstain from inflaming the two great classes which stand out in bold the prejudices, even on minor points, or relief, the religious and the impious, of which irritating the passions of those with whom it is diversified and composed. we are compelled to associate, either by the It will readily suggest itself to most per. commerce of the world, or the relations of sons, as a bond of union and peace, and life; but that by mutual forbearance we tend strongly to recommend its practice, should endeavour to extinguish latent ani- from the natural relation which subsists mosity, and to expel contention and strife among them all as men, sprung from one from every department of human society Father, as the legitimate source of their with which we are connected.
existence, co-equal as the sharers of the same It ought to be an invariable rule, a de common nature, united by fellowship in the terminate law, never to give offence, if pos same sympathies, necessities, and wants; sible, but rather to conciliate regard, and and as Christians, the connexion is strengthsustain the spirit of concord, uninvaded by ened and consolidated, by a participation in dissimulation and strife, and unimpregnated the illustrious blessings of redemption, and by those darker passions, which human na our feelings are exhilarated by that glow of ture, even on trivial occasions, too readily animation, which the sublime hopes of the encourages, by all available means, in our gospel is indubitably capable of imparting. intercourse with others. The extension of If it thus clearly appears to be our duty peace, and the advancement of unanimity, to promote peace throughout the various ought to be held inviolably sacred, without gradations which subsist in the great brothe least deterioration of its sanctity, or the therhood of mankind, of course there are minutest infringement of its rights. It narrower limits within which it ought to be should not be exclusively limited by the nar more strictly cultivated, and pertinaciously row circle of private intercourse, but rather observed. Those, “whom love has knit, be extended to a much wider sphere of influ- and sympathy made one,” certainly have a ence, so as to embrace those of every rank paramount claim on us, to manifest a peacein life, whether indirectly associated, or able and amicable behaviour, in all cases, more intimately connected by the laws of where, on the contrary, a harsh and turbunature, and the institutions of man. lent demeanour, without any good effect,
The obligation of living in peace extends would most probably compel us to enter even to those commonly accounted bad the arena of strife, and disquiet us with men, whether notorious for flagrant crimes, noisy clamour and profitless discourse; or for having imbibed heretical opinions, especially amidst the strong ties of friends and who are the violent partizans of an ship and affection, of kindred and relation, unsound theology, and a vicious faith. and the range of endearments circumscribe 2D, SERIES, NO. 24.-VOL. II.
by the closer barriers of domestic and sent constitution of our nature. For there family connexion. Here we ought to guard, is probably not a man to be found in the with the most punctilious exactness, against world, who has not, at some time or other every occasion of provoking or offending, in the course of his peregrination through to display a uniform spirit of candour and life, been misled by passion, or erred forbearance, and not to judge harshly, either through ignorance ; therefore this should of their preconceived opinions or actions, make us less impatient of contradiction, but to interpret the words which they utter, and moderate our notions of fancied supeif they should happen to be repugnant or riority. But what numbers there are, who, obnoxious to us, by the most favourable baving once engaged in a controversy, or construction which the integrity of a gener- espoused a side, no matter whether right or ous mind can allow in their application. wrong, are determined to abide by it, let For the nearer men are brought into contact, the ultimate consequences be what they the more easily are imperfections discovered, will, whether prejudicial or beneficial to and weaknesses descried, which before were their interests, with an inflexible obstinacy supposed not to exist, but which afterwards
and a deliberate pertinacity, that sets at deare gradually elicited by the concurrence of fiance the dictates of prudence, and demoaccidental circumstances, or unintentionally lishes the mounds which peace has erected unfolded by the warmth of discussion, and on her territories, to exclude the din of the fierce contest for intellectual supre. strife, and elude the tumult of violence and macy.
discord. Pride, an unequivocal symptom For the further sustenance and preserva of a haughty and contumelious spirit, and tion of peace, on some occasions it requires an ill-regulated mind, will not allow them that we do not rigidly and obstinately en to resign the least iota of the point in disforce our own opinions, or rigorously de- pute, or to make the first advances to remand our strict right; but rather occasion conciliation and peace, when true honour ally concede some points of difference, as and magnanimity would have led to generfar as we can conscientiously succumb to ous acknowledgments, and gratuitous con. the prejudices of our associates, so as to descension. prevent unpleasant altercation, to allay the These are usually haughty in their claims, risings of incipient anger, and abate the dogmatic in their opinions, and supercilious gathering storm of turbulent passion. We, in their behaviour; require great submishowever, by no means wish to inculcate or sion, and demand the most abject servility insinuate, that a tame submission to injuries from their opponents, before they can be and wrongs—that an unresisting compliance satisfied or appeased. The lover of peace to the capricious will and arbitrary inclina- regards men and manners in a different tion of others—in every instance, is either light, he approaches them in a calmerattirequired or enjoined by religion. We are tude, and a more chastised mood. Fully not to imagine that the love of peace is conscious that he himself has been often in merely a subterfuge for cowardice and the wrong ; sensible how trifling and inconimbecility, like the labyrinthine cavern to siderable, for the most part, are the causes which the untutored savage retires for secu of contention and discord among mankind; rity and a place of retreat, when pursued aware that all men are liable to be prejuby the wild beast of the desert, some few diced and misled by false reports and un. degrees wilder than himself, insatiable with founded assertions, into unjust suspicions hunger, and eager for blood ; or that it sup- of the motives of others, he is eminently presses and disavows every proper exertion qualified for maintaining a philosophic calmof a virtuous and manly spirit. Pusillani ness; he can look, without disturbance or mity is not a virtue, but a weakness. A emotion, on many of the events, occurmodest courage is both eminently useful rences, and discussions, which propel more and importantly necessary; but unblushing sanguine tempers into the vortex of passion, effrontery is destitute of merit, neither can it where they become disordered and conbe palliated nor extenuated.
vulsed by fierce anger, and irascible revenge. The sentiment of our natural connexion
THOMAS ROYCE. with each other as men, should induce re
Leicester, Feb. 21, 1832. flections on our common failings, should annihilate all crude opinions of self-conceit, which dispose us to be quarrelsome and contentious, when we ought to make mutual allowances, and foster a reciprocity of kind- “It is not easy,” says Blair, “to give a ness towards their imperfections and failings, precise idea of what is meant by style: the as such are necessarily in idental to the pre- best definition which I can give of it is, the
OBSERVATIONS ON STYLE IN WRITING.
peculiar manner in which a man expresses be aided in attaining that most important his conceptions by means of language.” requisite in a good writer or speaker, “a
Assuming the correctness of this defini- good style.” The great design of public nition, style is the transcript of the mind, speaking, under whatever circumstances or and, by a natural consequence, will gene- in whatever capacity, being either to inrally partake of the prominent features of struct, convince, or refute, it is highly imthought in which either individuals or na portant that perspicuity, precision, and tions are prone to indulge.
natural illustration should be principal eleThe character of the writings of some of ments in a good style. The absence of the most distinguished authors of the age, these properties may often cast the appearwhen taken in concert with their avocations ance of fiction over truth, while their preand general demeanour, are highly illustra sence on the other hand has too often arraytive of this truth. The productions of John. ed vice in the garment of virtue, rendered son, for instance, are distinguished by ful- religion ridiculous, and made the sinful ness and stiffness ; of Addison, by elegance pleasures of life appear the very source of and perspicuity; of Hall, by nervousness present and future good. and chastity; and those of Jay, by simpli To the special pleader, how highly imporcity and force. Who does not at once re tant is the cultivation of a perspicuous and cognize in these productions a transcript of easy style, for often on the right adjustment the haughty lexicographer, the polished of the different points of law, and their clear spectator, the eloquent defender of the press, and vivid representation to the court, deand the inimitable portrayer of Christian pend the most important decisions. It is a character ?
duty which appears imperative in the paHow strongly are national characters triotic senator, on the result of whose pleadstamped upon the language, and displayed ings the welfare of the land to a great exin the style, of a people. To such an ex tent depends. Both the successful writers tent is this carried, that you may generally and performers of the drama, being asconsider the style adopted by any country at sured that their only success depends on different periods of its history, as a fair in- effect, have adopted the most effectual way dex to its improvement or degeneracy, its to secure it, by allowing nature to speak for prosperity or adversity.
herself in her own beautiful and simple It would require but a limited acquaint- language. ance with language or society to determine To those who are the religious instructors that, the American Indians were in a state of the people, it appears to be a study of of comparative ignorance from the highly the first importance, seeing that the tempofigurative and poetical style which they ral and eternal welfare of their hearers deadopt, or that the French were light and pends, as far as they are concerned, in the volatile, the Scotch sombre and acute, the clear representation of truth to the mind. Irish poetic and excitable, and the English It should be their endeavour to press into brave and generous.
the service of so holy and important a We must not, however, suppose that cause, all the beauties and force of language. there is any thing approaching to uniformity It should be their object to cull the excelin the style of those nations to which we lencies of style from every profession, in have referred. No. The various important order that their style may be so much supe. pursuits in which their respective inhabit- rior to those of the lower professions, as ants are engaged, give rise to a style which the cause in which they are engaged is noble is peculiar to the avocations in which they and holy, when contrasted with every other are engaged.
earthly employment. In our native land, for instance, what a The instructions of the pulpit, to be efmarked contrast there is between the sub- fective, should be distinguished by precision tle and technical style of law, and the and perspicuity, by simplicity and dignity, open and unfettered eloquence of the se- by liveliness and strength. These should nate; what a striking difference between be combined with familiar illustration from the wild and fictitious style of the stage, real life, and a minute dissection of the and the sober and abiding oratory of the different forms which sin assumes to allure pulpit.
the unwary. Yet wbile these professions have prescribed It is to be regretted that this subject has certain limits to their style, beyond which it is not engaged more of the attention of emideemed imprudent to advance, as the lan- nent divines. By its neglect, many of their guage which they speak is the same, so best works are rendered both uninviting and there are some general rules laid down, by unintelligible to the majority of readers, the judicious application of which, all may while others are so verbose and ambiguou
as to confuse the most sagacious. Not only saw him when I was preaching, sitting in does it display itself in the works of the the pew with his mamma, and aunts, and dead, but in the acts of the living, with little cousins. Now he is dead! It was this difference, that the rough and unpolish- Hobart Atkinson's cousin, little Thomas ed style of the fathers is exchanged for the W. Hills. He was only about as old as prim and mawkish style of the academician; Hobart, six years. He was a very precious and the unmusical sentences of the rigid child- -a good child ; and his mamma non-con., for the half-versified prose of the thinks he had learned how to die, in the polished dissenter; and the studied paucity Sunday school. One morning, when he of words in the one, is changed for the mul- was very sick, he waked up, and his aunt tiplied verbiage of the other.
was sitting by the bed. And when he It is very manifest that many who are opened his eyes, he said : “Aunt Mary, classed among evangelical dissenters, and I dreamed that I was in heaven !” “And whose abilities and education might enable who did you see there?" bis aunt asked them “to afford to be simple,” have been him. Little Thomas answered, “I saw gradually accommodating themselves to the Jesus Christ, and he said to me ‘Come, fastidious taste of this peculiar age ; too
thou blessed little child !'” Think, my often clothing the beautiful language of di- dear children, how beautiful this was. vine truth in smooth and poetic diction, “Come, thou blessed little child." I should and thus depriving it of its powerful ener- think his dear mamma would want it writ.gy – too often sacrificing the force of truth ten on his grave stone, shouldn't you?to the prevalent spirit of a latitudinarian Don't you suppose little Thomas rememliberality, and, by their lofty and pedantic bered those precious words of our Saviour style, sacrificing the interests of the many that he learned in the Sunday school ? How to the momentary gratification of the few. very beautiful they are ! “Suffer little
This evil has of late been rendered more children to come unto me, and forbid them evident by the increase of evangelical mi- not, for of such is the kingdom of heaven!" nisters within the pale of the Establishment, When Thomas had told his aunt about whose principal characteristic is sensibility thinking in his dreams) that he was in combined with learning, and deep feeling heaven, he said, “ Aunt Mary, God loves with ardent piety. May that day speedily Christians, and Christians love God.” His arrive, in which the ministers of Christ aunt asked him if he thought he was a shall universally imitate in their ministra- Christian, and he said, “I hope I am.” tions, that illustrious example which is set He seemed to be praying very often, and before them in the Saviour, in whose ad- one day, the day before he died, he dresses we can discover all that is sublime prayed aloud in these words: “O God, united with all that is simple; the affectionate forgive all my sins. O God-O God, forin address, the severe in reproof, combined give my sins, for Jesus' sake: forgive my sins, with the highest order of dignity, in connexion for Jesus' sake." He seemed to be thinkwith the more familiar occurrences in life. ing a great deal about Jesus, and said once Adopting his style, animated with his spirit, to his aunt, when she was sitting by him, preaching his truth, may they be the in- “ Dear aunt, have you found Christ?" He struments of converting sinners from the wished every body to see and know what a error of their ways, directing the saint to precious Saviour he had found, and how the immortality of the just, and, like the the Saviour had kindly taught him how to Saviour in the days of his flesh, constraining die. He thought, very soon after he was those to acknowledge the force of that truth taken sick, that he should not get well, and they would fain deny, and, having completed it made him very happy indeed, to think their work, be received to the mansions of that when he died he should go up and be God, and commence, in the style of the ran- in heaven. He prayed about it, and talked somed, the perpetual song of heaven. about it a great deal. And just before be
δουλος. . died, when he seemed to be growing weak Oct. 12, 1832.
very fast, he lay quiet, and still, and peaceful, as if he was going to sleep in the arms of Jesus. So this lovely child died. And
how happy his dear parents, and grandA little pastoral address, sent to the Sunday Scholars mamma, and aunts, and Sunday school of St. Paul's Church, Rochester, America. By teacher, and all, must feel when they think the Rector, Rev. Chauncey Colton. “Because I have you in my heart."-St. Paul.
how safe and happy little Thomas was,
going to sleep, sleeping the sweet sleep of There was a little boy at church only three death, in the arms of Jesus ; and how weeks ago to-day, that is dead now! I happy it must make them, to feel so sure,