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a great variety of romances and novels, art, and developed, for the most part, about thirty dramatic pieces of various in a most unexpected and successful merit. Among the latter we find, manner. His system of morals, how“ Menschenhass and Reue,” or, “ Mis- ever, as exhibited in his dramatic anthropy and Repentance ;" “ The compositions, does not seem free from Negro Slave ;” and “The Indians in censure, for it certainly is too great a England:” which three are indeed the sacrifice made of virtue, when characmost popular of his performances. The ters of vicious habits are represented first of these has been translated with as having attained their end, and some success in this country, (though finished their immoral career in triin a very mutilated condition,) under umph, merely because some fortunate the title of “ The Stranger,” where it accident turned the scale in their fahas, during a great part of last season,

If the remark which has freattracted crowded audiences to Drury- quently been made in our reviews, as lane theatre. The other two pieces, well as newspapers, be just, that all. namely,“The Negro Slaves,” and“The German productions of the dramatic Indians in England,” have likewise kind abound in sentiment and reamet with translators, though the latter soning;" and if these are objectionable of them is not yet published; nor is it qualities of a performance which is to likely that any other of his dramatic be subjected to a popular tribunal, there cor sitions will ever be brought on is little or no danger to be apprehendthe English stage. This may be partly ed, that the English stage will be inunascribed to the great difference sub- dated with German plays. sisting between the national taste and “ With respect to the transactions in manners of the English and Germans, Kotzebue's life, a few circumstances and partly to a certain peculiarity in only have transpired to public notice. the writings of Kotzebue, which cha- It is known, that in his youth he was a racterizes and distinguishes his pro- favourite pupil of the late professor ductions from those of all other modern Musæus, of Weimar, under whose writers. His knowledge of the human care and tuition he was educated ; that heart and its secret' meanders is un- he left the Russian dominions chiefly questionably great: he has not only on account of a work, called “The made the prevailing manners, oddities, Life of Count Benjowsky," written and vices of the age, but also man him- by himself, which contained many priself, as influenced by a variety of ar-vate anecdotes relative to the cruelties dent passions, the object of his mi- practised by order of the late empress nutest research. Few writers have of Russia; and that, soon after his ever attained to his excellence in deli- arrival at Vienna, he was appointed neating whimsical and impassioned | Imperial dramatist, in which situation, characters: and in scenes drawn from at present, his merits and talents meet private and domestic life, our poet with that reward, and degree of public eminently excels his contemporary esteem, which he so amply deserves.” rivals, both in the unaffected delicacy of the sentiments he conveys, and the freedom and precision with which he ON THE POWER OF CONSCIENCE, AND introduces them. His language, though

THE INTIMATE CONNEXION BETWEEN generally correct and dignified, is oc

MORALITY AND RELIGION. casionally tinctured with an ambiguous

By a Lady. mode of expression, and his dialogue Severe decrees may keep our tongues in awe, sometimes degenerates into a whining But to our thoughts—whatedict can give law?" tone. But this is not so much the

Dryden. fault of an individual, as of the deprav- When we reflect upon the pleasures of ed taste of his countrymen. This sin, which can be but for a season, and false taste, however, may be mani- the vast disproportion of that punishfested in different ways: in England ment which must be its consequence, the constant visitors of our theatres we can hardly suppose it possible, that well know, that equivocal phrases or a creature endowed with perceptive sentiments, such as do not too grossly faculties should, for the sake of preoffend the delicate ear of females, are sent enjoyment, hazard eternal misery not unfrequently more applauded than and wretchedness. But that there are the most refined moral doctrines. such persons, and that their number Kotzebue's plans are formed with great is not circumscribed, daily experien,

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too sadly evinces; who alike disdain can! and how impressively does it the aid of reason, and the forcible ap- caution us against arrogance and prepeal of conscience.

sumption! confirming us in the convicWith the most beneficent design did tion, that the performance of the most the great Author of our existence im- imposing of all moral duties must neiplant a never-failing monitor in the ther be accompanied by vain boasting, human breast, whose approving power, or self-applauding ostentation. The act or condemning influence, becomes at of smiting his breast, when he felt the once an admonisher and friend. The weight of his transgressions, the Sayoung, the artless, and the inexperienced, viour of mankind informs us, gave evimay all with security rely upon its in- dence that the penitent Publican was fluence; and if they follow its dictates, justified rather than the proud Pharithey will rarely be led astray. Pas- see, in the eyes of his Creator: shall sions (say the libertine and the licen- frailty, then, presume to boast of those tious) would never have been implant- acts of kindness, which may have been ed in the human bosom, if sin could be serviceable to its fellow-creatures? attached to the gratification of them However trifling these acts may have by a God of mercy, who evidently been, they invariably carry their restudies his creatures happiness.-Wil ward along with them; for conscience, fully vain casuists, and deep designing that never-failing friendly monitor, immisleaders, can ye find sentiments like parts to the mind those self-approving these throughout the whole of the sa- sensations, which may justly be termcred writings? Are we not there inva-ed the reward of benevolence. riably told, that man is prone to evil ; Compassion towards our fellow-creaand that even his very thoughts must be tures is as strongly inculcated by the controlled ?

great Teacher of Christianity, as graIf we were to die like the beasts titude and piety towards the Creator of which perish, and with life terminated the Universe; and the alarming denunevery species of existence, then indeed ciation against those who are deficient there might be some justifiable reason in the practice of benevolence cannot for the practice of present enjoyment; be too deeply impressed upon our but as the very construction of our hearts :-“ I was an hungered, and ye frame, the improving elevation of our gave me no meat; thirsty, and ye gave faculties, and the dictates of religion, me no drink; naked, and ye clothed proclaim a superior state to this, shall me not; sick and in prison, and ye we, for the sake of present enjoyment, visited me not.And when the apforfeit all pretensions to future happi- palled sinner tremblingly inquired ness?

when these circumstances had happened? When we reflect upon the shortness the Saviour of mankind answered, of this life, when compared with eter- “ Inasmuch as yet did it not to the least nity, of how little consequence does it of these my brethren, ye did it not unto appear, whether passed in misery or happiness ; not that I mean to infer, Though to feed the hungry and that we are expected to become indif- clothe the naked, taken in a literal ferent to our situation, or entirely supe- sense, can only be performed by a rior to those trials we may be destined small portion of individuals, yet, in to experience ; for I only wish to cau- the sublime and figurative style of the tion those who may be exposed to sacred Writings, more is frequently them, against sinking under aflicting meant than is actually expressed; and circumstances, and to remind them, we are not to suppose that our Saviour that the sacred Scriptures assure us, | intended to condemn those persons, that God has prepared such enjoy- whose situation in life prevented the ments for “ them that love him, as sur- | display of beneficence.

Though we pass man's understanding."

may neither be able to clothe the indiOf what nature those enjoyments gent, nor feed the hungry, from the are, the inspired Writers have not in- want of means to do it, yet if we canformed us; yet sufficient has been told not render them some trifling assistto instruct us in the path of duty, and ance, at any rate we possess the to teach us to walk humbly with our power of displaying sympathy, and God. What an admirable lesson of performing acts of kindness. Where humility is displayed in the contrast much has been given, much will be between the Pharisee and the Publi- I required from us; and we are repeat



edly told in that sacred volume, where ticular pleasure in it. For the honour every pious and moral duty is so strik- of womankind, however, I will hope, ingly inculcated, that even a cup of that this is merely an assertion, unsubcold water, if bestowed with unfeigned stantiated by positive evidence; and in charity, shall not go unrewarded. justice to my sex, I must avow, that I

Lazarus and Dives, the Priest, the have seen many instances to the actual Levite, and the good Samaritan, are contrariety of it. There are, I am ready all recorded as impressive examples; to allow, many frivolous females, in and if a sparrow falls not to the whose mind there is such a vacuum ground without the knowledge of its of ideas, that they appear delighted Creator, can we for a moment suppose whilst they listen to any little tittlethat He is unacquainted with our most tattling subject; and who, from the secret aetions ?

desire of having something new to imI leave you a new commandment, part to their acquaintance, repeat, that ye love one another ;” said that ex- with a degree of certainty, what has alted Being, who sacrificed his life to merely been conjectural.- Persons of evince his affection and procure our this description do not act from a masalvation. And shall we presume to licious propensity, but from the desire call ourselves his disciples, and become of proving entertaining to their assoindifferent to the happiness of our fel- ciates, whilst others derive equal satislow-creatures ? It is not, however, by faction from confiding to their intithe performance of our individual duty mates what they term a secret, with the that we must expect to obtain the ap- trite precaution, that it must not even probation of our God; or indulge the be hinted; though perhaps the very hope of receiving that crown of glory, same secret has been imparted to every which he has promised to them who individual acquaintance. obey his laws. If whilst we feed the Characters of this description are hungry, or clothe the naked, we forget little aware of the misery they may prothe hand which has poured down riches duce in society; and still less so, of upon us; or if in our hearts we say, the breach they make in the performthis is Babylon, which my power and ance of their moral duties; and how my authority built up; beneficence, in- repeatedly are we warned against this stead of classing as a virtue, is con- too prevailing practice by the wise verted into arrogance and presumption. king of Israel! No man was ever so If, on the other hand, we gratefully completely acquainted with the varyacknowledge the goodness of the Al- ing imperfections of human nature, as mighty, in abundantly supplying us the sagacious son of David; and how with those comforts of which thousands repeatedly does he caution us, in his of our fellow-creatures are in want, extensive writings, to keep a guard yet at the same time take advantage of upon our lips ! the unsuspicious, and increase our Frailty,” says one of our admired own wealth at the expense of their | theatrical writers, “ thy name is Wofortunes, we may be convinced that man.” Yet if the frailties to which neither benevolence nor gratitude will be those of each sex are prone, were fairly of any avail to us, at the great day of calculated, I am of opinion, the charge retribution; for we must do justice, as might be extended to human nature: well as love mercy, before we can pro- and with this liability to err, instead of perly be said to walk humbly with our | blazing forth, ought we not to conceal,

the failings of each other? In a reTo love mercy, is, in other terms, to ligious point of view, this mode of view the imperfections of human na- conduct becomes an actual duty. Can ture in the most favourable point of we love each other, and derive pleaperception ; and never to behold the sure from the exposure of imperfecmote in the eye of another, until the tion? What a lesson did the Saviour beam which obscures our own has been of mankind hold up for our imitation, obliterated. There are failings to which when he said, “ Let him throw the we are prone, that, in a certain degree, first stone whose conscience accuses him might be considered as peculiarly at- of no sin!tached to my own sex; and the eager- As every human being, except the ness with which they too often listen to hardened and impenitent, must sensia tale of detraction, may have given bly feel the force of this monitor withrise to the assertion, that they take par- ! in, in the strongest manner, I would No, 6.-VOL I.

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implore my readers to be directed by carbonated powders are therefore reits approving voice, and its salutary commended as a valuable means of warnings ; for with such a friend to producing it at pleasure, in a higher guide, and such monitor to instruct state of perfection than the soda wathem, though they may deviate from ter in bottles, and at nearly half the the strict path of duty, they will easily price. Independent of this, the botbe led into it again.

tled soda water is too frequently made Religion and morality are, in fact, with sulphuric acid, instead of carboso intimately connected, that it would nic acid gas, which acts rapidly on the be difficult for the most able casuist to corks, thereby producing a nauseous separate them; still I do not mean to compound, materially disordering the infer, that there are no moral charac- stomachs of invalids. In high latiters who are deficient in the perform-tudes, where it is necessary to dilute ance of their religious duties: yet I the animal secretions more frequently, will venture to assert, that there never and where aperient draughts are more was a truly pious Christian, who neg- useful in preventing bilious affections, lected what may be termed Christian- | these aërated powders, dissolved in ity's minor duties. By the term pious water agreeably to the directions given, Christian, I do not mean those who are afford a very advantageous and saluscrupulously attentive to the formali- tary beverage. East India commandties of their religion; but those who, ers, officers, and all persons travelwith purity of heart, and integrity of ling to the East and West Indies, will conduct, endeavour implicitly to fol- find these highly carbonated sodaic low the rules prescribed in the Gospel; powders a valuable adventure, being who, fully aware of the imperfection so extremely portable, that a sufficient of human nature, make every possible quantity for producing a dozen glasses allowance for its deviation from righ- of soda water may be carried in the teousness; and who, thoroughly con- waistcoat pocket. They are adapted vinced of their own frailty, do not for all climates, and will retain their expect to find their fellow-creatures virtues any length of time. You may better than themselves.

buy at the chemist's one ounce of the tartaric acid for sevenpence, and of

the carbonate of soda at sixpence; On Soda Water.

which will make as much soda water for thirteen pence as twelve bottles of

the other. Sir,-By inserting the following obser

Recipe. vations on Soda Water, you will oblige Divide one ounce of the tartaric your friend and constant reader, acid into twelve equal parts, putting

E. W. each part into some paper which may Since the first discovery of carbonic be known by its colour.

Then divide acid gas, by Van Helmont, in the Spa one ounce of the soda in the same way, and Pyrmont waters, it has continued putting each part into paper of a disto increase in general estimation, and tinct colour. Let these be kept dry, was prescribed, in a state of efferves- and they will always be ready for use. cence, by Rivirius, in malignant fe

Directions. vers and putrid sore throats: but we Dissolve one of the tartaric acid are indebted to Dr. Hales for the con- powders in two-thirds of a tumbler, firmation of its wonderful property of and one of the soda powders in a wine resisting the process of putrefaction or glass of cold spring water.

When decomposition, in all animal and vege- each is completely dissolved, pour the table substances. Water, impreg- latter solution into the former, and nated with this highly-salubrious acid drink the mixture immediately. gas, is justly considered a valuable remedy in allaying irritation of the stomach; and hence, in cases of indigestion, flatulence, and debility of the Henry IV. king of France was desirdigestive organs, soda water, super-ed to punish an author who had written saturated with the gas, and taken as a some free satires on the Court. “ It common beverage, has succeeded in would be against my conscience,” reaffecting cures after the usual stoma- plied the king, “ to trouble an honest chic remedies had totally failed. These man for having told the truth"




Fig. 2.

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Fig. 1.

PATENT SLIDING SASHES, To open on the inside without preventing their usual operation. Irvented by George Michael, of 21, Church-street, Soho, London.

REFERENCE. Fig. 1. Perspective view of a window, shewing the sashes when opened at right angles to the face of sash frame, suspend

ed by their hinges. )

Fig. 2. Horizontal section of k

sash-frame, shewing the styles bsa

of sashes.

a, a, a, a. Styles of sashes; f

shewing the mode of rabbeting them together.

6,6. Counter styles, to which the sashes are hung. The inside sash is hung with common butt hinges. The outside or top sash is hung with hinges having an extended joint, as shewn by the dotted line at f. c,c. Counter styles, with

proper fastenings to secure the sashes when shut, so that they may slide up and down in the usual manner.

d, d. Two cranks fixed to the pulley style, to work in groove of counter styles.

Dotted lines, shewing both the sashes when opened at right angles. fif. Hinges of ditto.

g, g. Pulley styles of sashframe.

Outside lining.
i, i. Inside lining.
j, j. Back lining.
kyk. Weights.

The lines of weights are fastened to the counter styles b, which keep the sashes stationary in any position when open, and the counter styles c are left at the top when the sashes, are disen

gaged, as shewn by line c, fig. 1, The principle of the patent will ap- purpose, without removing the beads ply to sashes hung either single or from the sash-frame; which will sedouble, and may be opened, cleaned, cure the durability of the windows, and shut, with the greatest ease by any But, principally, the plan recommends person; thereby securing the comfort itself to all persons who value the of clean windows at all times. They lives of their fellow-subjects, as it is likewise combine the advantage of well known, that many and serious French casements; and are peculiarly accidents frequently occur, in cleaning adapted, in the case of double win- and painting sash-windows on the outdows, (so frequently used in large side. The ingenious and humane will towns,) for the purpose of secluding therefore be much pleased, to find the the sound produced by carriages, or plan fully adapted to the above purother means, in the streets. Likewise poses, and combining in itself inge the sashes may be taken out, for any ) ity, simplicity, and advantage.


e, e.

h, h.

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