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shunning to declare the whole counsel of God,- no fear of the faces of men, nor desire of gaining their applause. He paid perhaps too little attention to the composition of his sermons, and was not a very correct preacher ; but when he enjoyed the important truths of the gospel in his own mind, as he obviously very frequently did, his sermons were truly excellent; and abundantly calculated, through the blessing of God, to promote the important ends of preaching,
Mr. Scott was a tender-hearted and truly compassionate man. He could not, without uneasiness, endure even the death of a fowl or other animal for the necessary fool of his family. He never neglected his horse at home or abroad ; nor would he, either froin inattention or false delicacy, confide, without inspection, in the care of any man. Ile has becn known, at the house of a friend, when he has thought his beast in any degree neglected, to strip and througbly clean him with his own hands, thus administering at once to the comfort of his horse, and reproof to the servant of his friend ; and even in his prayers he was accustomed, especially in his journies, to pray for the strength and support of his animal, us addressing a God whose care and providence extenced to all his creatures.
Mr. Scott was also a real gentleman : he may have been indebted to the army for some of his exterior graces; but his principles were formed in the school of Christ. Bis politeness was therefore not insincerity, but the effect of a true and Christian benevol nce, In short, Mr. Scott was throughout a real and not a fictitious character ; - every action was a display of life and feeling!
THE WOMAN OF CANAAN.
Thoughts on Matt. xv. 21. The adorable Jesus went about doing good, healing all that were oppressed by the Devil; he sought occasions to give men to see and feel the effects of his divine power, for the establishment of his gospel, and the communication of spiritual blessings, to pesishing sinners. He travels unto the coasts of Tyre and Sidon ; there he meets a deeply afflicted parent, whose daughter was in a most distressing condition. Maternal sym, pathies are not to be described, whether they are pleasing or painful; children are often insensible to parental anxiety, and remain so, until they become parents the selves; and then frequently it is too late to correct errors, which, if healed in time, might have contributed to the comfort of their parents, sinking under the pressure of age, ani difficulties occasioned by the improprieties of their offspring. But as the first sin began with parents, and as they communicate its principles to their
children, so children through all succeeding ages, · have by the just dispensations of God, been the unnatural correctors of their sinful progenitors.
This afflicted mother was a foreigner ; but she was instructed into the truths of God, and had profited by the advantages of her local situation, where the heavenly lamp was not to be extinguished till the gospel-day dawned, and the shadows receded. Soine about this once highly favoured spot had knowledge; others united with their knowledge a general profession, and became proselytes of the gate; and others went further, and entered into full communion with the Jewish church. This should encourage hope and expectation, that the fulness of the Gentiles shall be gathered in, and the broken bough of the Jewish church be restored.
This stranger had a daughter under the immediate power of Satan; her indisposition suited his Satanic enpire. He has an infernal pleasure in human misery ; the tender mother deeply partook of her daughter's woe ; she prays, “ ( Thou incarnate Jehovah, thou who art David's Lord, and yet David's Son, afford thy gracious relief! I believe that thy power is infinite, and thy grace is free; prove thy compassion, and have mercy upon me!". Heartfelt prayer, though apparently neglected and discouraged, will in the issue prevail; it reaches God's throne, it enters his attentive ear, - it touches his compassionate beart; he smiles approbation, - bis power is engages, and his hand gives relief. "I have heard thee concerning this thing. As yet she seems neglected ; " he answered her not a word.”
• Behind a frowning providence
Ile bides a smiiing face.” Joseph spake roughly to his brethren, yet he turned aside and wept ; she might be ready to say “ Call me not Naomi ; call me Marah ;" there is much bitterness in my allotment. Our Lord's silence was designed to draw forth more of her heart ; to prove her real character as a strong believer ; and to exemplify the riches of his wisdom, power, and grace.
The disciples show more concern for her than our Lord; they became her alvocate; they little thought he himself was advoc cating her cause with his Father, under all these discouraging appearances ! The love of Jesus is not to be doubted under the worst of outward calamities, or the decpest darkness we may experience. The disciples say." Send her away,” grant her request, for “ she crieth after us;" but our Lord's answer was more discouraging still; he seems to cut off all kjer hopes: “ I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel ;” my mission is only to the Jews. She was not ignorant of ihis; but she knew his sovereignty ; that his power was unlimited, and that its exertions were only circumscribed by his covenantrule. She un ierstood the extent of that, as reaching to the Gentile world, and on that ground she founil a firm standing.
She urges her case again:“ she worshipped," and prayed “ Lord help me!” thou very Jehovah incarnate, be my help! She changes her language ;--it is not “ thou Son of David;" her faith rises higher; she views him as God over all, blessed for ever. It is a great mercy to be satisfied that Jesus is the Al. mighty God, willing to save, yea, eager to save the perishing and applying soul. Her faith produced this adoration.
She directs her prayer for mercy. “Ilave mercy on God be nierciful to me a sinner! I am a miserable sinner, a wretched mother; my daughter is a most distressed object : I suffer in all her sufferings. O compassionate Jesus, grant relief, and show thy character as able and willing to save! The word mercy is taken from the propitiatory, or the mercy-seat that was sprinkled with blood, to shew that there was no mercy for sinners but through the blood of Jesus.-The publican so prayed, "Be propitious unto me!" while in the temple he by faith looked within the vail; so does this distressed woman; and does not ask for arbitrary, or uncovenanted mercy, but the grace and favour secured by the blood of him to whom she prayed.
In appearance, the miserable is denied mercy by the most merciful; and probably the first case he ever objected to; if so, this must have been the more trying to her faith. However, all this only serves to increase her importunity. She wanted the provision Jesus had to give ; but she is told, “ It is not meet to take the children's bread and cast it to dogs:" - It is unfit to give the blessings of the covenant to the Gentiles, who are out of the Jewish charch:-“ Without are dogs;” so they were esteemed. She well understood our Lord's meaning, and being taught by a degree of the same wisdom by which he spake, he acknowledges its justice and propriety. 6° Truih, Lord; yet the dogs cat of the crumbs which fall from their master's table.” She knew the plan of the covenant of grace, revealed in the first promise, illustrated by types and sacrifices, explained in the con. tinued ministry of the prophets, and all substantiated in Jesus ; the Holy Spirit was upon her, testifying to her that Jesus was the promised and expected Saviour. Jesus heard the voice of his own Spirit in her, and she prevailed ; her daughter was healed; she was made happy: Jesus bore testimony to her singular knowledge and faith, while he displayed his own matcliless love, power, and faithfulness.
1. Here is an extraordinary testimony, borne by a very unexpected person, to the Messiah as the light of the Gentiles, and the glory of his people Israel ; while those of his own nation despised and rejected him, “ He came to his own, but his own received him not; but to as many as received him, to them gave he the privileges of his children; a new birth ; adopted them into his family, and bestowed on them the inheritance of grace here, and glory for ever,
2. We learn the power and perseverance of paternal anxiety for the good of children.
3. That there is no case so distressing but Jesus can relieve it: he heals all manner of diseases, and suits all cases. His infinitely gracious variety of character qualifies him for every work needful for any sinner's salvation, or the comfort and blessedness of any of his people. Fear not; only believe.
4. Faith, founded on the irue character, promises, and power of the Lord Jesus, will conquer all difficulties ; increased discouragements will but increase its excrtions, and exemplify its glory and virtue. * 5. The issue will prove successful and triumphant,
-as in this case Jesus is glorified, the daughter is healed, and the mother is happy. Wooburn.
UNCONSUMED. * Heb ii.
EXPLANATION OF 1 TIMOTHY I. 20.
REQUESTED BY A CO & RESPONDENT.
Of whom is Hymeneus and Alexander; whom I have delivered
unto Satan, that they may learn not to blaspheme.
Sr. Paul is bere animating the evangelist Timothy to maintain the truth of the gospel at Ephesus, in opposition to some false teachers who had crept in there, and who taught differently from the inspired apostles of Christ. Instead of inculcating the "love" of God and man, proceeding from "a pure heart," directed by“ a good conscience,” and nourished by an “unfeigned faith” in gospel doctrine *, they had insisted upon “ fabulous traditions,"invented to prove that men could not be saved unless they obeyed the law of Moses; and they had dwelt on' uncertain genealogies," which occasioned “dis- .. putes” and prevented « edification.” Of this description were two members of the church at Ephesus, who had set up themselves as teachers t, viz. Hymeneus and Alexander I, whom,
* Ver 5.
on the copper
+ Ver. 7. # Hymeneus was probably the same person mentioned by St. Paul in his second epistie to Timothy (ii. 17) who affirmed, that “ the resurrection had already taken place,” meaning a spiritual resurrection ; and that no other was to be expected ; and Alexander was probably sinith,” complained of in 2 Tim.iv. 14, who “ had done many ill offices" to the apostle, by stirring up others against him. There is reason to fear that he continued an incorrigible enemy to the gospel; for St. Paul adds,“ The Lord reward him,” or “ The Lord will reward him, according to his works.” This wicked man seems to have taken an active part in the riot at Ephesus, in wbich the apostle's life was so much endangered.
on account of their obstinate persistence in wilfully corrupting the gospel, the apostle, by virtue of his authority from Christ, had “ delivered to Satan;" that is, had delivered up to the power of Satan, who was permitted to inflict upon them bodily pains and diseases, that, by so severe a discipline. they “ might be taughi” (Tardeubwon, taught by chastisement)“ not to blaspheme, - not to revile Christ, or his doctrine concerning the salvation of the Gentiles : - by feeling the dreadful consequences of their crimes, they might desist from their pernicions tenets.
We have a similar phrase in 1 Cor. v. 4, 5, “ In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, when ye are gathered together, and my spirit, with the power of the Lord Jesus Christ, to deliver such an one (as the incestuous Corinthian) unto Satan, for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus." This must be understood of the act of excommunication, performed by the whole church, according to the authority of Christ, and agreeably to the direction of the apostle, who was inspired by the Holy Spirit to give the order for it. This offender was to be “ delivered unto Satan;" that is, expelled from the family or kingdom of God, of which he was unworthy, and sent back, by this exclusion, into the family or kingdom of Satan, to share in all the miseries of bis usurped dominion. The excluded person is thus deprived of all the advantages of church communion (by which inen are, instrumentally, defended from the snares of the Devil) and given over to the enemy. By“ the destruction of the flesh," many of the fathers understood the weakening or wasting of the body by some painful diseasel; but Beza and many others think that the destruction of the offender's pride, lust, and other fleshly passions is to be understood. In whichever way, however, it is taken, the design was corrective, “ that the spirit might be saved in the day of judgment.”
But when St. Paul says of Hymeneus and Alexander,“ I have delivered them upto Satan,” we are not to consider it as the ordinary act of excommunication, which, according to 1 Cor. Vi 4, 5, must be the act of the church, assembled in the name of the Lord Christ; but as the act of the apostle himself, by the authority and under the immediate direction of the Lord, for it was done without the knowledge or concurrence of the church at Ephesus, who were probably first informed of it, through Timothy, to whom this epistle is addressed.
These passages serve to shew is the great importance both of gospel-truth and gospel-holiness; and that those who obstinately and grossly depart from either, are no fit members of a gospel-church.
# See 1 Cor. xi. 30, 32.