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Jacol Frederie Amthor: they who en- are not for the poor but for the rich. joyed the privilege, received their din. This young divine received, from ner and supper gratis; while others, home, bacon from Bilboa, smoked who could not claim this privilege, tongues froin the fat oxen of Jutland, paid, for the same meals, six groats a oysters, lobsters, cod fish, muscles, week.

from Kieler, red-herrings from BerGay and happily passed our time gen, dried salmon from the Elbe, and away at the university, for two years, the most exquisite wines, even Cape during which I did not once overstep wine. my

allowance: and, so far from con- These, and many other similar comtracting debts, I found myself, at the modities were consumed in the comend of that time, in possession of a pany of the most learned men, who, small sum which I bad saved out of in return, were constantly exbaling my allowance. I resolved, therefore, the inost profound science. With together with my companion, to make every morsel the worthy A. M. swala journey, during the holydays, to lowed some learning, and with every some of the neighbouring universities; glass of wine it gently flowed into and I must here describe an adventure him. Thus he became a man of the which will appear to him to be alto- newest and best taste, and received, gether as laughable as it was to me, of course, the highest place in the but which, however, had a certain new creation of Masters of Arts. (legree of irifluence upon my after From gratitude, he could not now life. At least, the friendship which I do less than give a noble treat, 10 here contracted with a Hamburger noch not only all the new 1. M.'s was the innocent cause of my making were invited, but also other persons a longer stay in that town when I noted for learning. This poble banafterwards visiter it, on account of quiet was given at the inn where I had that friend, than I should have done, put up. The little gold lace which and thus the ground-work of my sub- surrounded my waistcoat, and the in. sequent travels was laid.

formation that I was a student froin I happened to arrive at one of these Jena, induced the company to invite universities just at the very time when me and my travelling companion, and there was a general promotion of we did not hesitate to accept the inNagisiri Artium, with great public. vitation. We found there the most ceremony. Among these Masters agrecable society, the most exquisite there was one of most singular cha- food, and the best wine. racter. As it is in general young and Every individual of the assembly not very opulent clergymen who re- exerted bimself to the utmost in the ceive this dignity, it is, usually, con- promotion of harmony and delight.

ferred upon them without much ex- Alter the coffee had been taken, and . pense.

This time, however, there a few hours bad been spent in cardwas one among them who was the playing, the table was again resumed. wonder of the moment. He was a Atter i he first cravings of hunger had rich merchant's son from Hamburg, been satisfied (also good digestion atbut, too imbecile in mind to carry on tended to) and the fumes of the wine the extensive trade which his father had ascended into the head, then the had established. Arithmetic was too intellectual powers began to display intricate for him, and when he had to themselves in full splendor. write a letter, he could not command Nothing was now to be heard but any of his thoughts. As he was un- criticism, literature, ancient and mofit for every thing else, therefore, bis dern, eastern and western, old gems, father let bim study theology! statues, pictures, and urns; and also

There are many books of instruc- obscure passages in ancient writers, tion now written 10 teach young, which were inmediately explained. people learning by the means of These topics were discussed by those

This gentk man was of the first rank. They who could learned, however, by an easier me-- not join in suci discussions, shewed thod, but which required money,- their learning, together with their Those pla;ful instructions, iso, which fine taste, in another manner. They are contained in ciemiary books, bad roniancas, comedies, collections



of poetry, &c. in their pockets, which ing to me that any one should find they drew forth, and now read one, any obscurity in this passage. How and now another verse, with affected coinmon is it to mention only a part admiration, as something very beau- of a thing, and to leave the rest to titul. One of them happened to have be comprehended. We invite a pera picturesque description of the high son to take a mouthful of supper, Helvetian Alps, in which one verse but mean the whole meal. I have (the rest I forget, as well as the con- lived with a person under the same nexion) concluded thus,

roof, means I have lived with him in Where the hills bear horns." the same house. So, in the above

mentioned verses, horns are meant to At these words the reader was ensaptured : and he exclaimed, in order represent herds of cattle. I would

paraphrase, therefore, these words,to shew it, Oh, what a picture !

where the hills bear horns, in this whst a thought! what a magnificent manner : “ where, on the lofiy Alps expression!

herds of kine, in the hope of finding One of the company was not pru- good grass and herbage, pasture; dent enough to conceal bis ignorance, This elucidation of the passage he and he eagerly asked, what that supported by an example in the Engmeant,-where the hills bear horns, lish language, which is so nearly reThey were astonished: however, the lated to the German, where 'horn enraptured reader himself was not likewise signifies borned cattle; for, able to solve the question.

horn-money implies money which is question went from one to another: paid for horned cattle that go into the it reached certain gentlemen who re

pasturage of another, for example, in presented themselves as being critically skilled in six or eight foreign any of the king's forests.

Another said, “ It is most evident languages, and claimed the power of being able to give explanations or in- bear refers to some plant or vegetable

to my apprehension that the word terpretations in each of these lan- which grows upon ihe hills of Helguages. A venerable elder said, “ the words in other words, that corn grows upon

vetia : the field bears corn, signifies, are very clear. The poet represents the field. The horns which we find a lofty country of rocky bills, on


the Swiss mountains will there. which there is no earth, but where, fore mean trefoil, (hornerklee): the instead of trees and grass, there grows sense, accordingly, is," where the hills & sort of horus." To this it was re

bear clover.” plied, that no one had ever yet dis

A third contradicted this explacovered such hilis. He auswered, nation, and maintained that the mean"such hills might be, however, and ing was petrified ammon's horn; and perhaps the poet himself had seen this many more offered their conjecsuch.' On the rocks of the Red Sea rural readings. The last suggested there grew a similar substance, which that the whole passage was undoubtresembled the horns of a stag, namely, ediy an interpolation by some ignothe coral tree: so, something of the rant person ; and if he had 10 supersame kind might grow upon ihe lotiy intend a new edition of the poem, le hills of Swis-erland.” As he saw would leave it out aliogether, that this explanation did not give much atisticiion, he turned roud to

[To be continued.] his neighbour, full of vexation, and uttered a bilier reprehension of the incredulity of the present world.

Tue ABSENT-MINDED MAN: A re “Formerly,” he exclaimed, " young

ligious Character, sketched from porn believed things when old men

Real Life. told them to them ; but now, they all TEE abvent-minded man is perknow better, although the old ones This contenant other members had studied and thought longer than of society, not only the most use», they had."

but the most disagreeable. For whale The young Masters of Arts next ever may be the subject of discussion, spoke. 1 be first said, " It is astonish- let wito will compsoe the assembly, though the orator's words re-echoed and ask him what he is thinking of, through a profound hall of silence;- and he will answer you with comthough his language might draw tears posure, “ Nüthing.". Nothing does from the stout beart of a villain : On he think upon; nothing can be know; him, alas! it ali avails nothing. and Oh! may be always keep that

His behaviour, in mixed company, nothing to himself, and thereby he must appear in a truly singular light will never injure his neighbour. to the eye of a stranger: he in gene

Alas! I have seen this character ral sits as one unconcerned, and amidst the wreck of misfortune, be. amuses himself by thrumming his fin- neath a load of sorrow enough to gers against the sides of his chair, or make the strongest heart weak, and humming the last hymn that woke drive the feeling mind to utter dishim tron; a sound sleep at his chapel. traction. I have marked his wretched

In the company of young people consort (lovely in tears) weeping at he is both rigid and absurd, and jeit- his bedside in the utmost agony of lous to the extreme. They must despair, dreading each revolving hour neither whisper nor laugh, because that brought the approaching morn, he immediately suspects that he is the I have traced on his brow the features subject of their innocent festivity.- of indifference: I have seen hiin lay They must not converse on any sub- down bis head on the pillow of réject whatever, religion only excepted; pose, and, ere two nioments had for so chaste are his ears (let'thcir elapsed, drop off in a profound sleep. language be ever so pure and virtuous) And if this be not the summit of that I have seen him (for the smallesi human happiness, ye sage philosounsuspected offence imaginable) rise phers, if this question will bear detiand silently withdraw, as a darksome nition; tell me, in the name of one cloud that leaves a summer sky, even who is greater than you are, what it when the very peace of his family and may be? friends depended thereon : in short, In answer to the interrogations of he is not content to let others partici· those who perhaps may ihink this pate in that pleasure which he him- reasoning of mine unnaturally exself cannot enjoy:

travagant, all that I can say is, if I The abseni-minded mar is gene- have exaggerated, Nature has, in this rally an eternal enemy to books, for instance, exaggerated also. this good reason, he does not under.

RUBEN VERITAS. stand them; and, should you wish to Le berett of his company, you cannot Homerton, July 11, 1810. do a better thing than sit down to read, for he will cell you it is wicked,

On the NAVIGATION of the that, if you must read, read (says he)

ROMAXS. the Bible. Well, reader, thou shalt do so; thou shalt sit Jown to the table

(Concid-d froni Vol. xiul p. 199.] and peruse the word of God, and ere OME tine had now elapsed, when thou hast read for the short space of the Romans were engaged in a a quarter of an hour, it will act as a war against Philip king of Niacedoni, cradle that rocks the infant babe to who, seconded by Jannibal then an alumber.

exile from his country, had collected To bold conversation will a man an enormous Meet for the purpose of possessed of an absent mind were wresting from the Romans their mavain; you might as well correspond ritime superiority: but, being vanwith a sbadow, and answer the echoes quished, in the year 510, by the Con. ofthy own voice: for instance, should sul Quirtius Flaminius, he sued for poui, in the course of your digressio!, pence; one of the conditions of which on a sudden stop short, occasioned by was, that he should deliver to the the inatteniion of your auditor, he Reinans all his covered gallies, and will start as it were from a dreani, shouid preserve only a few brigantires. and ask you, with seeming surprise, He was, however, allowed to keep what you was speaking ot: again, on one prodigious galley, for the sole the other hand, take him unawares, reason that its magnitude rendered it absorbed in thought a: he may appear, uscless. It was, nevertheless, afterwards in.ave use of for the purpose of tories of Cilicia. The son of Antioconducting to Rome Paulus Emilius, chus, Antiochus Eupator, having, in the conqueror of Perseus, the son of the sequal, infringed the treaty, the the same Philip. It was actually in Romans burnt all his vessels. this war against Philip that the Romans Hannibal, having retired to Prusias, began to interfere in the affairs of king of Bythynia, who was at that Greece, and, by the great advantages time engaged in a war against E1which tbey derived from it, to lay the menes, king of Pergam, an ally of the foundation to that extensive power to Romans, made use of a singular strawhich they afterwards attained. tagem in the battle which the fleet of

Antiochus, king of Syria, commonly Prusias, commanded by Hannibal bimcalled the great, having rendered hin- self, fought with that of Eumenes :alf formidable by sea, excited the Having filled a number of earthen jealousy of the Romans; and he, ou vesse is with fire-works, he ordered his part, had long turned his eyes on them to be thrown into the enemy's the encreasing naval power of the fieet in the heat of the combat, which Romans, which it was his ardent de- so discomtited and dismayed the sailors sire to check, ere he himseit fell a of the feet of Eumenes, that, although victim to it. Urged by this reason, superior in force, it fied in the greaiest and excited by Hannibál, who, whic disorder. ihersoever be went, breathed his ha- Perseus, king of Macedon, son of tred against Rone, and joined to the Philip, baving formed a secret alliance solicitation of Thoas, king of the Eto- with the Carthaginians, made great lans, Antiochus declared war against preparations for ihe war wbku lie reRome; but which utterly failed on solved to wage against the Romans, account of his irresolution and inca- and his first ain was to destroy their paciiy. He was entirely defeated by naval superiority. For ibis purpose ine Consul Acilius Glabrio; and in he equipped a great number of vesthe saune year, that is, 503, Livius sels; and, as the fleet of the Romans assumed the command of the Roman was at that time in a very bad situation feet, to which Antiochus opposed one to oppose him, they devised every mehundred vessels, under the command thod of placing it on the most fúrmie of Polyxenidas, who was detealed by dable footing, and to increase the the Romans on the coasts of lonica. number of their sailors, which, unPuis xenidas, however, gained his re- fortunately at this juncture, was very venge; for he surprised, near the small. island of Samu04, the feet of the Rio. Perseus baring been defeated on dians, joined 10 a part of thai of the land by the Consul Paulus Emilius, Romans, and captured ( weniy vessels, near Pýdua in Macedon, he Hed to which he conducted to Ephesus. Emi- she island of Samuihracia. Octavius lius Regillus having, however, suc- immediately followed him with his ceeded to the command, he, with a fleet, and having taken bin prisoner, fleet of eighty sail, conquered, near he delivered him to laulus Emilius, to Myonnesus, the feet of Antiochus who loaded him with chains and composed of one hundred covered conducted hiin in triumph to Rome. gallies, and commanded by Hannibal All the vessels of Persens, the greater and Polyxenidas. The Romans cap- part of which were of the large t size, tuired thirteen yessels, and burnt and were captured and conductelio Rome. funk the remainder. Antiochus bay. This triumph was one of the most suinz heen atterwards defeated on Jand perb, which had been ever witnessed, by Domitius, or rither by the tivo and is celebrated by all the historians. Scipios, peace was accorded to him The triumph of Panlus Emilius was only upon the conditions that he followed by Ilie naval triumph of Ocshould abandon all that part of Asia tavius, and that of Anitius, who had situate between the sea and Mount conquered and taken prisoner GenTaurus, to retire within his kingdon, tius king of Illyria, an ally of Perseus. and to deliver to the Romans all his The success of this war was so rapid, ve-sels of war, retaining only ren bri, that it was tinished in thirty days. gantines, and which on no pretence Anitius, having made a descent in Were to sail beyond the two promon, Dlyria, after having gained soine ad

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vantage over the Mlyrian fleet, obliged famous city, which contained 700,000
Gentius to surrender at discretion, inhabitants, and mistress of 300 cities
with liis wife, his children, his brother, in Africa.
and all the nobility of his court. They In the same year, the city of Co.
were conquered, and carried prisoners rinh, most povertul by its situation,
to Rome, before it was scarcely known and which had attracted almost the
that the war was commerced. The whole commerce of Asia and Europe,
Romans, who paid little attention to having maltreated the deputies of the
commerce, were at a loss in what Roman senate, shared the same fate
manner to employ the number of as Carthage. It was pillaged, burnt,
vessels which they bad captured; and entirely destroyed by Muminius,
they therefore distributed 220 brigan- and was afierwards rebuilt by Julius
tines of the fleet of Gentius amongst Cæsar, who converted it into a Ro-
the inhabitants of Corfu, of Apol- man colony.
lonia, and Dyrrachium.

The Romans, however, could not The Carthaginians, however, me- boast of the same success against the ditated on re-establishing their marine, pirates of the Balearean Islands, who, and collected a great quantity of ma- concealed by the rocks, laid in wait terials for that purpose. The senate for, attacked, and pillaged every vesof Rome became alaimed, and, in the sel which came within sight.' The year 605, the commencement of the Cretans rendered themselves still third Punic war, declared war against more formidable to the Romans, in the Carthaginians. A most powerful the war against Mithridates, to whom armament was in mediately sent forth, the.Cretans were allied. Antonius and the fleet, under the command of the son of the Orator and the father the Consul Marcius, was composed of the Triumvir, was often defeated ef above 200 vessels of different di- by the Cretans, on account of which

The Carthaginians, re- he died of grief and shame. Q. Meduced to extremity, submitted, with- tellus, however, conquered them, and out reserve to the Romans, who be- made himself master of their whole gan immediately to burn all the Car- island. In the mean time, Mithri. thaginian vessels, and then selected a dates, supported by the Pirates, connumber of hostages from the most tinued to wage a bloody war against opulent of the inhabitants of Cartbage. the Romans. He had rendered him. They then made known to them that self the arbitrator of all the east, and it was the resolution of the senate to he was regarded as its deliverer from destroy their city, and to transport all the Roman scourge. His fleets cover, the inhabitants to a considerable dis- ed the Mediterranean, and the coasts tance up the country. The Cartha- of Italy trembled at his name. Sylla ginians exasperated and driven to de- and Lucullus were sent to fight him. spair, then formed the resolution of He threw himself into Pitano, a city defeoding themselves, and to perish of the Trvad, in which he was les rather than behold the destruction sieged, on the land-side, by Fimbria. of their city. Scipio besieged them He had no other means of safety than by land and sea, and destroyed their his fleets, and he therefore gave his port. But they immediately formed orders for all of them to repair to another, from which 120 armed ves- Pitano. Fimbria sent intelligence of sels were soon despatched, and which this circumstance to Lucullus, who, were built in the short space of sixty being unwilling to owe any of his days. With this new fleet they attack- success to Fimbria, contented hiniself ed that of the Romans, and burnt a wiiba attacking and conquering two part of it; which success, however, fleets of Mithridates. did not prevent Carthage from being Archelaus, afterwards the comman. taken, ransacked, and burnt by Scipio dant-general of the fleets of Mithridaafter a war of five years, and in the tes, won by the solicitations and bribes 700th year of the foundation of Rome. of Lucullus and Murena, surrendered The Romans considered the vessels a part of his fleet, betrayed his master, which they had taken of such trifling and entered into the service of his value, tliat they burnt the whole fleet onemy. Howerer the Consul Cotta, of the Carthaginians. Thus fell that being too hasty in attacking Mithri

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