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urges upon the International Medical Congress the necessity of organizing an International Commission, having for its object to devise a plan for uniform means, instruments, scales, and clinical observations, and to report on the same at the next meeting of the International Medical Congress.


In taking the floor of this Congress I must express to you my heartfelt gratitude for the honor you have conferred on the profession of my country by naming me, as one of its representatives, Honorary President of this vast and intelligent body of medical men convened from all parts of the world, where the glorious principles of medicine are taught and practiced.

The remarks of my friend and colleague, Hon. Dr.Adrian, cover nearly all that is to be said in behalf of a uniformity of measures. I wish, however, to urge, in behalf of my constituents, the absolute necessity and great advantage to be derived from a uniform system of weights and measures.

This want has long been felt by the profession in America; and in a country so rapid in its progress, the wonder is that a more advanced system has not been adopted. This may be accounted for, in part, on the ground that America naturally follows in the footsteps of the mother country; but the time has now come when parent and offspring must no longer remain in opposition to the metric system. We might just as well set ourself in opposition to gravitation, except that we can, as two great nations, delay and retard a matter of human progress while we could not retard gravitation.

When I say that I am heartily in favor of the metric system, I think that I represent the sentiment of my countrymen in the medical profession. We desire to see it introduced into our country as rapidly as it can be done wisely. Our colleges and high schools all teach it, and should be earnest advocates for its more permament introduction into our public schools, since all such reforms must be forwarded by incoming generations, leaving the old system to die out gradually with the generations as they pass away.

There is no longer any doubt with us in regard to the metric system. For there are, at present, many of our best manufacturing chemists, among whom I might instance E. R. Squibb, M.D., of Brooklyn, N. Y., who have for many years used the system for all nice work.

Nearly all of our best men regard the metrical system as well assured and secured upon the safe ground; first, of the growing necessity for something better than the old system; and second, that it is very much better, and probably quite good enough for the next two thousand years; and it has been as a system, so well constructed, and so well matured, that in less than eighty years, or two generations, it has had inherent force enough quietly to obtain the approval of a large majority of civilized nations, and is favored, if not adopted, by the best educated classes of all nations.



At a Banquet given in London, October 2, 1875, by the Masonic Lodge over which the Prince of Wales presided, to Hon. Dr. J. A. Adrian, and Dr. Ed. C. Harwood, American Delegates to and

Honorary Presidents of The International

Medical Congress, in Brussels,

Belgium, September, 1875.

From the London Freemason.

Worshipful Master and Brethren :


Wherever I go, my own country, in England, on the Continent of Europe, in the halls of science, or at the social banquet, I always find myself overshadowed by my brother, friend, companion and colleague, Dr. J. A. Adrian, who has just spoken. These circumstances and the lateness of the hour will preclude any extended remarks on my part.


It is with no ordinary degree of self-congratulation that we find ourselves surrounded by so many brethren of the mother country; and especially so, as we have met with such magnificent hospitality and such warm and cordial greeting among Believe me when I tell you that warm is the heart that feels, and willing the tongue that speaks, and yet I cannot express acceptably the feeling emotions that come welling up from the deepest fountains of the heart in response to the warm and fraternal greeting which you have extended to us on every and all occasions. There is indeed a bond of union between brethren however distant; there is a common tie that comes up, unbidden, from the deepest fountains of the heart in response to those great and glorious principles of Freemasonry. And what are the great tenets of Freemasonry?

I answer, brotherly love, relief and truth.

By the exercise of brotherly love we are taught to regard the whole human species as one family—the high, the low, the rich and the poor, as created by one common parent, and placed upon the same theatre of action, are to support and protect each other. These in connection with the three great theo 1

gical virtues-faith, hope and charity—are the golden links of that chain which binds earth to heaven-man to God.

The strongest ties of fraternal feeling should ever exist among Masons of the mother country and those of America. And, brethren, did we but realize in all its force the fact that we are indeed brethren, and with the feelings and emotions and impulses which should move a brother earnestly to promote each other's welfare and best interests, this world of ours would soon present a spectacle of bliss that even angels might wish to come down, make and call their own.

Freemasonry in all its parts is an organization of principles brought from the highest source of human reason and divine revelation, and in their practical exhibition and moral influence, of untold value to the human family.

Looking from its throne of brightness upon man in all its natural and assumed depravity, and regarding him in the light of a glorious future, not only as a social being connected by ties and impulses to his fellow man, but also as an immortal being, linked with beings of a higher source and a life that knows no ending; an institution invested with attributes of such glorious consequences; and in the plenitude of that power, tearing down the bulwarks of human misery and awakening in the heart of man new thoughts, new hopes and new desires, and telling him that he may be not only happy, but how to make others happy, it is an organization that must flourish. It is the cause of civilization, virtue, religion and human happiness. Wherever its empire has been established, its reign has been marked with numberless blessings and its votaries made to rejoice in a cause which has done so much and is destined to accomplish still more for poor humanity. In conclusion let me offer as a sentiment "The Brothers of the Mother Country and those of America--now and forever-one and inseparable."



Twenty-seventh Annual Meeting, Held in the City of Philadelphia, June 6th, 7th, 8th, and 9th, 1876.


The delegates to the International Medical Congress at Brussels reported as follows:—

Mr. President and Gentlemen of the American Medical Association:

At the last meeting of your honorable body, held at Louisville, Ky., May 4 to 7 inclusive, 1875, the following resolution offered by Dr. EDWARD SEGUIN, of New York, was adopted, viz.:

"Therefore, the American Medical Association resolve to nominate new delegates, commissioned to again advocate in Europe the unity of clinical observation, and charge them to report progress, in brief, at the meeting of 1876."

In accordance therewith, the following gentlemen were commissioned as such delegates; namely,

Drs. H. D. HOLTON, of Vermont; A. E. M. PURDY, H. B. SANDS, JOHN DRAPER, J. C. HUTCHISON, E. C. HARWOOD, of New York; H. R. STORER, and L. F. WARNER, of Massachusetts; E. T. EASLEY, of Texas; J. A. ADRIAN, of Indiana; and JOHN MORRIS, of Maryland.

Arriving at Brussels, Belgium, the American delegation was found to consist of only two members, Drs. J. A. ADRIAN, of Indiana, and E. C. HARWOOD, of New York. They felt great regret at not finding a larger number present.

They were received with distinguished consideration and marked courtesy by the International Medical Congress, there convened on the 19th day of September; and as soon as their presence was officially announced to that body, they were enthusiastically and unanimously made Honorary Presidents.

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