Billeder på siden
PDF
ePub

handsaws, was discovered partly in and 19th volume of the Medical Repository. partly without the body. The instru- This valuable journal of medicine and ment was surrounded by a hard substance natural science was commenced in 1797, of newly formed bony matter on every and has been regularly continued, side, except at the sternum or lower Dr. Mitchill also offered to the consideshell, where the sharp end, intended to ration of the Lyceum a letter and plant, perforate a wood handle, had worked its forwarded by Mr. Elijah Hawley, of way through for about an inch below the Ridgeway, Genesee County, NY. The belly shell, where it stuck out. The file vegetable was stated to be a sovereign rewas corroded. almost to smoothness, medy against the bite of the rattle snake. within the osseous cyst, by a coloured The same gentleinan offered on the same and nasty fluid. The tortoise was ap- authority a plant capable of drawing a. parently in good health and very fat. blister equally as well as cantharides. Judge Singleton Mitchell, from whom Dr. Eduy presented from Mr. H. P. the specimen was obtained, supposes the Fleischman, through his friend Dr. Spaltile to have been greased, which induced ding, a skin, supposed to be of the anaconthe animal to swallow it.

da, with some reptiles, &c. from DemaMr. Bunting, from Putnam County, rara. N. Y., presented some fine specimens of Mr. Clements presented a vespertilis Molybdena iron and steel tyle from that Neo Eboracensis. neighbourhood.

Mr. Rafinesque read some observations Dr. Akerly laid before the Society a on the Botany of the South West shores unolliscous animal, taken from the ocean, of Long Island, in which he affirms that and presented by Capt. Cahoone of the he collected there in August last, about Revenue Cutter.

120 species of plants, among which sereSitting of August 25. ral, such as the Baccharis halimifoliu, Mr. Baudoine presented an unknown Ammi capillaceum, Cenchrus tribuloides, insect in the state of Caroa.

&c. were not known to grow so far Dr. Mitchill presented a stone axe, North, and 56 are new species, omitted in used by the natives of Shelter Island. Pursh's Flora of North America. He has

Dr. Mitchill presented, from Dr. De besides discovered several pew genera of ring, clam shells which had been found sea-grapes, whieh he calls Diplocea, Bein digging a well, at Shelter Island, 40 lotropis, Critesia, &c.—He has also obSeet below the surface of the earth, and served many new objects of Zoology, just before water was reached.

particularly a new genus of Fish which he Dr. B. P. Kissam presented several in- calls Opsanus apalocerus, and six new teresting ancient relics, from the ruins of species which he names Raja biloba, R. Carthage, Pompeii, &c.

latifiima, R. pustulata, R. odaular, AnMr. Daudoine offered specimens from guilla blephura, Clupea neglecta. the marl pits of Monmouth, New-Jersey, He afterwards read the Preamble of his presented by Dr. Win. Vandeventer of Flora of Louisiana, a new work which he New-Brupswick.

is going soon to publish. It includes more Dr. S. Akerly read a memoir on the than 400 species, of which 196 are new Ilirudo gallinacea, a species of leech in- species! and as many as 35 genera are Testing the trachea of chickens, and caus- introduced for the first time in the Flora ing a disease called the gapes. It is cured of the United States, of which 30 are new by the operation of tracheotomy.

species. Among the new species, there Dr. Mitchill laid on the table a speci- are not less than 15 new trees, 18 new men of the liahis spicata from his own shrubs, 16 useful economical plants, and Garden. It is said to be useful in the colic more than so highly ornamental for garand gravel.

dens. This work will afford a valuable Dr. Akerly read an account of a rock addition to the knowledge of American found in the hill at Corlear's Hook. plants, and Botany in general. Mr. Pierce read a memoir on the geo

Sitting of Sept. 8. logy and inincralogy of Rockland Coun Dr. S. Akerly read a report on the ty, Exc.

plant presented, at the last meeting, in the Sitting of Sept. 1. name of Mr. Hawley. Dr's. Miichill and Akerly reported that Mr. Clements offired to the inspection the animal presented by Capt. Cahoone, of the Society a living specimen of the at a late meeting, was the aphrodita acum Lacerla alligator. leata.

Dr. Townsend presented some speci. Dr. Mitchill, in behalf of Felix Pascha- mens of the warlike instruments of the lis, M.D. presented the 1st oumber of the Aborigines. found at Flushing, Long. VOL. 1, NO. VI.

: 1

Island ; also a specimen of steatite from of caterpillars which feed on the Kalmic the same place.

latifolia, -also four insects. Mr. Biglow presented a specimen of Dr. S. Akerly presented a caterpillar, natural magnet from Schooley's moun- which feeds upon the weeping wiltain.

low, in the state both of chrysalis and Mr. Rafinesque presented specimens caroa.

Ant. 9. LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE.

GREAT BRITAIN.

on the botanical, chemical, and medical CIR John Sinclair is preparing for the properties of the Fucus edulis of Lin. D press a Code of Agriculture, com- 1816. By Dr. Griffin."_" On pulmonapiled from the reports from the different ry Consumption. 1816. By Dr. Delacounties of England and Scotland, made field”_" On the influence of the passions to the Board of Agriculture, and from in the production and modification of communications received by that Society Disease. 1816. By Dr. Townsend." from individuals. The County reports of " On Mercury. 1816. By Dr. J. W. England have been published in 47 vo- Francis.” lumes, 8vo. and those of Scotland in 30" We notice also summary reviews of more. The communications form 7 von “The Journal of Science and the Arts, lumes, 4to. The aggregate expense of &c. No. IV. 1817. London ;" and these publications has amounted to “ Philosophical Transactions of the Roy£200,000.

al Society of London, for the year 1816. Another Encyclopædia is announced, Part 1:"" under the title of Encyclopædia Me tropo- . We were much pleased to see an exlitana, to form 24 vols. 4to. published in cellent review of “Observations on the half volumes.

climate in different parts of America, comA general History of the Quadrupeds pared with the climate in corresponding of America, illustrated by coloured plates parts of the other continent, &c. 1811. from original drawings, is preparing for By Dr. Hugh Williamson," our learned publication. .

fellow-citizen. Of this work the ReviewMemoirs, with a selection from the er speaks in terms of applause, and procorrespondence and other unpublished nounces the arguments conclusive, with writin's of Mrs. Elizabeth Hamilton, will which the author advocates his opinions, shortly appear.

especially those which relate to the origiFRANCE.

nal population of America. The Society for Elementary Instruction, He introduces the work by saying that lately held a public meeting at the Hotel “it is highly interesting, abounding in exde Ville of Paris. It appears that the cellent observations and remarks.” And Lancastrian System has made great pro- concludes by assuring his readers, that gress in the capital and provinces during this American Work decidedly merits the the past year. In Paris there are 15 study of those who take an interest in the schools in full activity ; one of them has History of Man, and of the Earth. $33 scholars.

The celebrated Göthe has resigned the GERMANY.

management of the Theatre at Weimar, The Medico-chirurgical Gazette, for because he would not consent to the apMarch and April, 1817, conducted at pearance of a quadruped performer on Salzbury, in Germany, by Dr. John Ne That stage, in the Dog of Montargis. pomuck Ehrhart, has been received in

PRUSSIA. New-York.

In the University of Berlin, there are 'In this periodical work, which is edited upwards of one hundred professorships, in an able manner, we find short reviews and lectureships, embracing every branch of twenty-four medical dissertations (La- of literature and the sciences. In this tin,) from the University of Vienna. number, the subdivisions are, of course, Though some of these are said to be gooi, included. yet upon the whole the Reviewer seems The most eminent talents are liere emto regard with a more favourable eye, pluyed, and this institution is graced by several New York Inaugural Dissertations. a constellation of some of the most leartiHe had received the following :-“ Oi ed men in Germany. Eupatorium perfoliatum of Linnans. For the use of the professors and stu 18.15, By Dri Anderson." An Essay dents, there are, aitached to the Universi

ty, the royal library; a botanical garden, from the Bowdoin funds for prize disseran anatomical museum ; a well furnished tations. general Museum, containing specimens To George Otis, A. B. a first premium in the various departments of natural his for a dissertation on “ The use and netory, artificial curiosities, &c. &c.

cessity of Revelation." This grand institution appears to be as To George Bancroft, Senior Sophister, complete as the present state of human a second premiuin, for a dissertation on knowledge and means will admit. . * the same subject.

The university will be greatly benefited To John Everett, Junior Sophister, a by the very extensive and viduable collec- first premium, for a dissertation on “The tion of minerals, which the late Professor peculiar genius of Shakespeare." Werner, the celebrated geologist, be- To John II. Wilkins, Junior Sophister, queathed to the king of Prussia.

a second premium for a dissertation on

the same subject. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

James Eastburn & Co. of New York, LECTURES IN THE AMERICAN MUSEUM. are now preparing for publication, Man

The opportunity which the American deville, a' Novel, by William Godwin ; Museum affords, of combining amuse Dictionary of all Religions, by Hannali ment with instruction, is about to be im- Adams, 5th edition, newly arranged, and proved, for the honour of the institution very much enlarged: Sacramental Adand the gratification of our citizens. dresses, by the Rev. Henry Belfrage; Some of the Societies of the New-York Female Scripture Biography, with an Esinstitution have appointed lecturers on say on what Christianity has done for different branches of science, and some Woman. By the Rev. F. A. Cox ; The have discourses occasionally delivered at Good Grandmother and her Offspring, their meetings-but they are heard only by Mrs. Hofland ; The Selected Beauties by the scientific gentlemen who compose of British Poetry, with Lives of the Pothese societies. We are informed that ets, and Critical Dissertations. To which Mr. Scudder, for the purpose of making is prefixed, an Essay on English Poetry. his Museum more extensively useful, has By Thomas Campbell, Esq. author of engaged a professional gentleman to de- “ The Pleasures of Hope,” &c. liver a course of Lectures on Natural His K irk & Mercein, of New York, are tory, in the Museum, during the ensuing preparing for the press, and will speedily season. They will embrace a general publish, in one large octavo volume, a view of the animal creation, and the spe- new and valuable work, to be entitled. cimens in the Museum will be used in il- A Geographieal and Statistical view of lustration of the subjects under discussion. the United States of America, forming a The lectures will be delivered in the even- condensed picture of their natural and aring, two or three times a week, and com- tificial Boundaries and Productions, their mence the latter part of October or begin- Population, and Political Importance and ning of November.

Relations-together with a Geographical From our acqurintance with the gentle- and Statistical View of South America; man who will deliver the lectures, we to which will be added, the Emigrant's feel the assurance of a large audience; Travelling Companion, to the Western and it is to be hoped that Mr. Scudder Country--the whole to be embellished will reap the full benefit of his exertions with two elegant original Maps of the and endeavours to please. The large United States and South America, drawn room in the upper apartments of the Mu- from the latest and best materials extant, seum will be fitted up for the accommo- projected and engraved expressly for the dation of attendants upon the lectures. Work. By William Darby, author of a FLORA NOVANGLICA.

Statistical Survey and Map of Louisiana. We understand that a Flora of the -In press, Placide, a Spanish Tale, from New-England States, containing a sys- the French of Madame de Genlis ; The tematic and enlarged description of the Balance of Comfort, or the Old Maid and verctable productions of this section of Married Woman, a Novel, by the author our country, has been for some time in of Paired-not Matched; Memoirs of preparation, and is now in a state of for- my Literary Life, and Memoirs by S. T. wardness. The work will be the joint Coleridge, Esq. production of Dr. Bigelow and Francis Messrs. Kites, of Philadelphia, and Kirk Boot, Esq. of Boston.

& Mercein, of New York, have in press, BOWDOIN PRIZE DISSERTATIONS. the Memoirs of the Rev Claudius Bucha

The Corporation of Harvard Universi- nan, D. D. By the Rev. H. Pearty have this year assigned four premiums son.

ART. 10. REVIEW AND REGISTER OF THE FINE ARTS.

REVIEW.

This great artist was born in Rhode THE first exhibition of the American Island, previous to its becoming a sover

1 Academy of the fine Arts, was perhaps eign and independent state, and was early the most impressive and delightful scene of sent to Europe for education. He was the kind which the western world had en- several years a student under the direcjoyed. All was new, all was brilliant, and tion of West, and had become as early much was excellent. The great pictures as the year 1784, one of the first portrait of Mr. West and his son, the beautiful painters in England. He returned to his pictures of Messrs. Stewart, Trumbull, native country about the year 1790, as and Smirk, the exquisite Cupid of Mire we believe, and has resided successively nard, with many specimens by elder art- in New-York, Philadelphia, Washington ists, all fresh, and to our eyes adorned in and Boston. His last picture, the portheir newest gloss, at once dazzled, de- trait of Mr. Munroe, is said to evince the lighted and instructed us. The second full possession of his uncommon powers, exhibition gave us again some of the larg- and we hope, as the corporation of this cst and best pictures, and a variety of city have voted a portrait of the chief excellence besides, which was altogether magistrate of the Union, they will not new. But the largest and best pictures neglect the opportunity they now have were the same as in the first, and these of procuring one from Stewart. filled the most conspicuous situations ; No. 5. Mademoiselle de Montespan the first coup d'ail had no longer novelty and Cupid. Mignard. Our readers will to recommend it, and the public cried out remember the beautiful sleeping Cupid “the second exhibition is not so good as the which was one of the principal ornaments first," although intrinsically, we believe it of the first exhibition painted by this was better, The third exhibition is now master. The picture before us is the porbefore us; all is new, much is excellent; trait of a beautiful woman, who is followbut we feel, by their absence, the logs and ing, though with hesitation, a boy with a the value of the large pictures which had torch. The colouring and finish are adby their continued presence satiated us mirable, though injured by time and igbefore. “Where is the Lear and Ophe- norance. The picture has originally been lia," is the general cry, after the first im- oval, probably to suit the architectured pression of novelty on entering the gal- arrangement of some palace. It has lery is worn off, and curiosity is satisfied been increased to a parallelogramn by the by an examination of the many beautiful addition of corners, painted by an infeand curious specimens of the art now rior hand. This trick, by extending a piece presented.

of light-coloured drapery too far, injures Although we do not intend to follow the grace of the figure. It is, however, the order of the catalog!e in our remarks an admirable specimen of the art. Pierre on the pictures of this exhibition, we be- Mignard was born at Troyes in Chamvin with the portrait of Washington bypaigne, in 1610, and died in Paris in 1694. G. Stewart, because it is the first object He studied at Rome, and resided there which strikes the eye on entering, and many years painting history, and is parbecause it is unrivalled in excellence. ticularly celebrated for his figures of the

Mr. Stewart possesses more of the ma- Virgin. At the court of Lewis the 1411, gic of the art than any painter, whose he was a favourite of the monarch, and works we are familiar with, but it is a of course fortune's favourite ; he was the magic which proceeds from a combina friend of Boileau, Racine, Moliere, and tion of genius and kuowledge. He was La Fontaine. He painted the king's a favourite pupil of West, and although portrait 10 times, and as a matưer of he adopted a style of pencitling and co- course, every courtier, male and female, lourive materially different from his mas- sat to Mignard. He ornamented several ter, he knows and acknowledges his obli- of the public buildings of Paris with hisgations to a man, than whom none ever torical or allegorical subjects. more liberally encouraged the young and No. 22. Hagar, the Angel, and Ishineritorious artist. This picture of the mael in the Desert. Trevisani. This is great and beloved Washington is far su- a painting of uncommon merit. The perior in attitude, composition, colouring drawing, grouping and expression are all and likeness to the one exhibited in this admirable. gallery last spring. It is indeed one of No. 15. A crucifixion with a great the wonders of the art.

number of figures. Bertholet Flamach

This is a picture of great knowledge of Nos. 6 and 7 are two highly finished composition, poetical imagination and pictures by Le Clerc. No. 7, is by far strong feeling. There is sublimity in the the best. disposition of the subject and in the over- a, No. 187. Fisherman on a beach. Morspreading darkness which is approaching land. This painter is among the inost to veil the awful scene. The women have celebrated of the English school, (for notgrace and dignity, and the Magdalen em- withstanding the pretensions and affectabracing the cross, has a pathetic expres- tions of the connoisseurs and painters of sion seldom exceeded. The officer's the old continent, England has a school of horse is bad. Flamael or Flemael was painters,) and is almost as well known born at Liego in 1614; he studied at among Englishmen as Westor ReyRome and Florence, in both which places nolds, though in reality as far removed he distinguished himself. On his return from them in attainments as an artist as in to his native country he painted a cruci. the moral qualities, which give value to fixion which gained him the highest repu- the man. He excelled in painting, horses, tation. Most of his great pictures are at dogs, hogs, and pigs, with that class of Liege, but his Elijah and Elisha is at the human species who attend upon such Paris.

animals. He was born in 1764, and died No. 61. Animals and Landscape. T. B. in a sponging-house, in 1804, after a life Huet. This uncommonly fine picture of unpitied poverty, debasing dissipation, has a group of sheep and goats with and brutal sensuality. The rapidity oi trees in the foreground and a distance of his execution was such, that when he had buildings, landscape and sky painted in a become known and esteemed as an artist, masterly manner.

fortune and faine were within l.is grasp, No. 24. A Domestic Scene. A lady but his vices made him an easy prey of with a guitar, other figures well disposed greedy picture dealers, who grew rich and naturally employed. Garnseret. This upon the creation of his genius, and have beautiful picture will repay any attention him gin in return. His farm-yards, fishthat may be bestowed upon it.

ermen or smugglers on the sea coast, and No. 33. Battle piece. De la Lande. similar scenes from nature, are not to be Seldom have we seen the strife of battle, excelled. The female figure in No. 178, the infliction of wounds, misery and is defective in drawing. death upon human beings, more justly de- No. 95. Portraits of children. C. lineated than in this highly finished pic. Leslie. We turn eagerly from contemture. The wounded Cavalier in front, plating the character of Norland, to a the dead man a little further off, and the name which suggests the idea of an ingedead horse beyond him, are particularly vious youth, urged on to excellence by fine.

filial piety and commendable ambition. No. 33. Storm at Sea. Vanderveld. We witnessed the first efforts of Mr. Les The name of this Dutch artist is so inti- lie when a shop-boy in Philadelphia ; We mately associated with objects of this des- had an opportunity of calling public atcription, that to say a Vanderelde is equi- tention to his Trial of Constance, afterhe valent to saying a sea piece, and not only had become a student in London and in denotes the kind but the excellence of the pupil of West, ever ready to forward the picture. No. 18 is by the same master. efforts of youth, and it is with pleasure Ile lived in the seventeenth century, and we now see the proof in this lovely group is said to have exposed himself to the of more matured talents and extensive danger of several sea fights for the pur- knowledge in the art. As children are pose of study, and to have employed among the most beautiful objects of nahimself when surrounded by all the hor ure, as they are everin motion, and every rors of conflicting navies in composedly motion is richingrare, so are they the most drawing on paper the appearances around difficult subjects for the parintil' which can him, insensible to personal danger. be presented. Dii in proportion to the

No. 52. The Quack Doctor. Hems- difficulty, soi the reward when stress kirk. The expression of the principal attends upen the client. And Mr. Leslie figure is inimitable. This painter lived is successful. We do not mean to sas from 1645 to 1704, and was the delight that his picture is " that faultles monsier of his countrymen of Holland. He paint which the world neer saw" before, but ed with equal success in England. As it that it eviners a knowledge of design and was his custom to introduce himself in colouring, with a power of expression, bis pictures of fairs, &c. we may proba- and a possession of genius rarely the lou bly see Heniskirk in his own Quack Doc of any individual, and encouraging us to tor,

hope bichi achiprements from a artis:

« ForrigeFortsæt »