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existed before the events to which they have been referr'd) is so far from being made matter of objection, that the necessity (u) thereof is contended for, in order to make the prophesies of the Old Testament reach the end for which they were design'd. The great clearness of prophesies has ever been deem'd a mark among intelligent people, whether believers or unbelievers in prophefy, that they have been made after the event; and thus from their great clearness, as well as from other topicks, almost all criticks now condemn the present collection of Sybilline oracles as forg'd.

If the reader desires farther fatisfaction, that the literal, obvious, and primary sense of this prophefy relates to Isaiah's own son, or not to Jesus, I refer him to (2) GROTius ; to (x) Huetius (who confirms his explication with the autority of Eusebius, BASIL, JEROM, Cyril, THEODORET, and Procopius ;) (9) to CASTALIO; (2) to EPISCOPIUS; to (a) CurCELLÆUS ; to (1)

HAMMOND;

(u) Montagu's Afts and Monuments, &c. c. 2. Sect. 2. &c. Augustin De Doctr. Christian. l. 2. C. Ş. Stanhope, Ib. p. 110--32. Jenkins's Reason. of Christ. Vol. 2. p. 159-170.

(w) Grotius in Matt. & Ifaiam, (x) Huetii Demon. Evang. p. 352---355. Huetiana, p. 206. (y) Castalionis, Biblia. . . (z) Episcopii Inftit. I. 3. C. 13. Sect. 14. . ;.,

(a) Curcellai Inftit. p. 220.
(6) Hammond's Annotations, &c.

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HAMMOND; to (c) Nicħols ; to (d) S1 MON ; to. (e) Le Clerc; to (f) LAMY ; to (8) KIDDER ; (who, tho he endeavours in many pages to prove the words of ISAIAH applicable to the birth of Jesus in their literal fense, yet confesses there are very confiderable difficulties in the matter, and after all is forc'd to have recourse to type and allegory); to our learned and ingenious commentator (b) WHITE; and even to (i) Mr. WHISTON himself, who shows the words of Isaiah not to be applicable to Jesus's birth in their literal sense, according to the present text of ISAIAH; which is deem'd by all christians, but himself, the trile text of ISAIAH, ;

2. Again, St. Matthew gives us another prophesy, which he says was fulfill d. He tells us, that Jesus was carry'd into Egypt, from whence he return'd after the death of HEROD, (k) that it might be fulfill'd which was Spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying , *« Out of Egypt have I call’d my «c°fon.” Which words being word for word in Hoseah, (l) and no where else to be found

(c) Nichols's Confer. with a Theift, Vol. 3.
(d) Simon Hift. Crit. du N. Teft. c. 21.
(e) Le Clerc Nov. Teft.
(f) Lamy Harmon. p. 36. -

(g) Kidder's Dem. of the Meffias, Vol
p. 292, 309, &c.
. (6) White's Comment. on Isaiah.
(i) Whiston's Ejay, &c. p. 229, &c. i.i!
(k) Matt. a. 15.

( Hof. II. 1,

in the Old Testament, are suppos'd to be tas ken from thence; where, according to their obvious sense, they are no prophefy, but relate to a (m) past, action, and that to the calling the children of Israel out of Egypt as, I think, is denied by few. This passage therefore, or, as it is stil'd, prophesy of HoSEAH is said by learned men to be mystically or allegorically apply'd in order to render MATTHEW's application of it just; and they say, all other methods of some learned men to solve the difficulties arising from the citation of this prophesy, have prov'd unfuccessful.. .

3. MATTHEW fays, (n) Jesus came and dwelt at Nazareth, that it might be fulfill do which was spoken by the prophets, saying, “ He shall be call'd a Nazarene." Which citation does not exprelly occur in any place of the Old Testament, and therefore the Old Testament cannot be literally fulfill'd therein.

4. Jesus says of John the Baptift, (0) This is the Elias that was for to come : Wherein he is suppos'd to refer to these words of MALACHI, (p) “ Behold, I will send you Eli“ JAH the prophet, before the coming of the

“ great

(m) See Whifton's Le&. p. 12. Ib. Esay, &c. p. 88, &c. Simon Hift. Crit. du N. Teft. c. 21. p. 260. Cunæus. Rep. des Heb. Vol. 1. p. 376. Huetii Dem. · Evang. p. 730. (n) Matt. 2. 23." (0) Matt. 11. 14.

) Mal. 4. 5.

a great and terrible day of the Lord;" which, according to their literal fenfe, are a prophefy, that ELIJAH or ELIAS was to come in perfon, and therefore were not literally but mystically fulfill'd in John the baptift. 1199

15. Again," Jesus in cites 'this prophesy of ISATAH, (). By hearing, ye shall hear ce and shall not understand," and he assures us, that it was fulfill'd in his time in thofe to whom he spoke in parables; tho' it is manifest; that, according to the literal sense, it relates to the obstinate Jews; who liv'd in the time of ISAIAH

In fine, the prophesies cited from the Old Testament by the authors of the New, do fo plainly relate, in their obvious and primary fenfe, to other matters than thofe which they are produc'd to prove ; that to pretend they prove, in that sense, what they are produc'd to prove, is, (s) to give up the cause of christianity to Jews and other enemies thereof; who can fo easily show, in so many undoubted instances, the Old and New Teftament to have no manner of connection in that respect, but to be in an (t) irréconcileable ftate.

Nay si Nay, this inconsistency is shown to their hands by the most learned men of the Christian Church; who, according to Mr. WHISTON, (u) have taken no small pains to show, that the apostles arguments from the Old Testament are not grounded on the literal sense thereof. Grotius (w) shows this of most, if not all, of the prophefies and citations quoted from the Old in the New Teftament. DODWEL (x) in a posthumous work, does (with the learned () Sir John MARSHAM) refer even the famous prophefy in Daniel about the weeks to the times of Antiochus EPIPHANES; wherein he shows, that the expressions taken from thence by (2) Christ, and urg'd by him as foretelling the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans, have only in a secondary sense a respect to that destruction. And that famous, paslage in the pentateuch, (a) A. prophet will the Lord God raise up unto thee, like unto me; to bim Sall je hearken ; (which some interpret literally to mean Jesus Christ, and which (6) Luke in two places refers to as E

i Matt. 13. 34, 35.:.. (y) Ifa. 6.9.'!. (3) Cunens Rep. des Hebr. 1. 3. é. 8. Vol. 1. p. 3:2, &c. Simon Bibl. Crit. Vol. 4. p. sizi Ib. Hift. Crit: du Nov: Teft. c.21, & 22.

(1) Whiston's EjJay'; &c. p. 282.

spoken

(u) Whiston's Ejay, &c. p. 92. Ib. Lectures, p. 13 19, 20, 38, 47, 48.

(w) Grotius in Novuin Teftamentum. (x) Apud Brookesby's Dodwel's Life, p. 508. (y) Marsbam Canon Cronicus; &c. p. 508- 576. (2) Matt. 24. (a) Deût. 18. i 5; 18. :, 6) Acts 3. 22. & 7.376

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