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order what highway will not return a Reverend Dr M.Laughlin, Roman congenial echo? What hovel, where Catholic Bishop of the diocese (Donevillany festers and riots throughout gal), after the usual tirade,—“congrathe day, to burn and murder through tulated the meeting on uniting to prothe night, will refuse the soft vibra- claim their eternal hatred to tithes, and tion? What most brutish and crimi. their fixed determination never to denal portion of a savage populace will not sist from legal and constitutional agi. give its sacred pledge, knife in hand ? tation, until in name and substance The system is now in the act of being they have done away with that bloodpropagated round the whole wild cir- stained impost!” (Cheers.) " He rose," cumference of Ireland. The cliffs and he said, “ for the purpose of proposing caverns of Innishowen, well known as as a toast the sentiment given by that the most lawless district of the country, immortal Prelate, Dr Doyle, now no the virtuous and enlightened district of more. • May their hatred of tithes be Innishowen, notorious for the haunt of as lasting as their love of justice.' smugglers and the manufactory of con- What can be more abominable than traband whisky, is the spot from which all this? The whole body of the Ro. the latest martyr has raised his voice mish clergy have, a dozen times over, in the great cause. A meeting of the declared, in the most solemn, public, whisky distilling rabble was held in and spontaneous manner, that they the beginning of the month, to pro. would conscientiously obey the law claim “the national horror of the new for the protection of the Establishment; Tithe Bill." That bill is now law. their bishops especially had pledged But the enlightened patriots of Innish- themselves to avoid all public exciteowen are not to be dictated to on such ment on the subject; and this was the subjects, and they have been too long bargain made at the time of the emanaccustomed to settling the law in their cipation. The oath of every Papist own way, to be taugbt it now by the in Parliament, whether Peer or Comlegislature. The immediate object of moner, since 1829, is,-" I do swear rabble sympathy was an individual who, that I will defend, to the utmost of my having been a soldier, and from a sol. power, the settlement of property with. dier having become a Popish priest, is in this realm, as established by law; now desirous of figuring as an agitator. and I do hereby disclaim, disavow, At a dinner, held after the meeting, and solemnly abjure any intention to this man's grievances were made the subvert the present Church Establishtheme, in a health “ to the soldier, the ment, as settled by law within this patriot, the scholar, the gentleman, and realm. And I do solemnly swear that now the Tithe Victim," followed by the I never will exercise any privilege to tune of the “ Minstrel Boy.” The Min. which I am, or may become entitled, strel Boy accordingly rose, overflowing to disturb or weaken the Protestant reliwith sensibility, indignant for bis injur. gion,or Protestant Government in this ed country, proud of his incarcerated kingdom ; and I do solemnly, in the self, and avowing his “determination” presence of God, profess, testify, and against tithes, with his advice to the declare, that I do make this declaralandlords to follow his example. All tion, and every part thereof, in the men can perfectly comprehend the ad- plain and ordinary sense of the words vantage of keeping money in their of this oath, without any evasion, equi. pockets, which they have promised to vocation, or mental reservation whatpay to others, and we have no doubt ever." that the whole body of the Popish Now, after this oath, and the speeches peasantry will fully coincide in the of such men as we have just given, conscientious propriety of refusing to what can be done with the Papist ? pay any body, including the landlords Prelate,priest, and layman have bound as well as the church.
themselves by the oath of their parliaBut a graver example remains; the mentary representatives ; for it was soldier and priest may be left to the on that condition only that emancipaconfusion of ideas generated by his tion was given. No remonstrance was double profession and his dinner, but made against the oath on the Papist what are we to say of the formal and part at the time, and it was, in fact, voluntary declaration of his ecclesias- the chief " security" which they themtical superior? This person, whom the selves bad offered some years before. journal in qnestion calls the Right If there is meaning in words, the Papists are bound, both in and out of but another of the lies that faction and Parliament, never to disturb or wea- Popery perpetually spread. Is it not ken, much less to rob the Establish- known to every Papist in Ireland that ment. The refusal to pay their tithes he is not the payer of the tithe? Is it is palpably the intent to destroy the not notorious, that even so late as the Church, for unless its ministers can beginning of the present century, live by it, the Establishment can never nineteen-twentieths of the land of Iresee another generation. What is the land were Protestant property; that necessary conclusion, but that such there was scarcely an instance of a men are not to be bound by oaths. Roman Catholic in possession of land, And what is the next conclusion, but almost the whole gentry of Ireland that they must be stripped of all means being Protestant, while the peasantry of doing public mischief by exclusion alone were Papist? Who of them vir. from all public power.
tually pays the tithe? not the Papist On those points all disguise is at an peasant who has no land, but the Proend. In the debate on Mr Ward's testant gentleman who has. If, since radical motion for “ appropriation” the last twenty years, Roman Catholics (July 2), Mr O'Connell spoke out, have begun to purchase land, they have and gave the answer which we have purchased it liable to tithe, and have been giving for him since the first got it so much the cheaper for the liamention of the subject. He daringly bility. The Papist peasant rents his declared that the total abolition of acres so much the cheaper for the tithes in Ireland, was the only measure tithe. He perfectly well knows that which Popery would accept; that the he has to pay it when he takes these “ appropriation” of a surplus to in- acres, and he is even so far from feel. duce an acquiescence in the payment ing any reluctance to taking them thus, of tithe was a price which the Irish on the score of his religion, that he people would no longer suffer. “ For notoriously prefers them to land tithehis part he never knew Ireland in such free, and this from the equally notordanger. If something were not done ious fact, that while he must pay the to satisfy the people, collision, he fear- landlord more for the latter, and the ed (!), would take place. The insur- landlord will make him pay to the last gents might indeed be defeated, but shilling, he can in most instances hablood and misery would follow still.” rass the clergyman or excite his comHe further declared that the people passion into remitting a large part of were now meeting in tens and twenties his just demand. Yet we hear conof thousands, going straight to the tinually the same fraudulent fallacy point, demanding the entire abolition repeated, that the Papist is the payer of tithes. “ I vote against the mo- of what not one Papist in ten thousand tion," said the Agitator, “ that I may ever has paid, and that his conscience carry out its principle of appropriation, is hurt by supporting a Church which not partially, but fully. In England he does not support." When do we and in Scotland the tithe is paid to the find him shrinking with a righteous clergy by the people ; in Ireland by a sensibility from the taking of tithe small part of the people. The Catholics lands ? Never; he actually takes them outnumber the Protestants by more in preference to all others. And this than five millions and a half."
gross falsehood and virulent folly is And this is the man who solemnly poured into the national ear, night by swore at the table of Parliament that he night, and it is upon the testimonies would not in any way whatever injure of men capable of using statements at or disturb the Established Church. once so mischievous and so shallow, Yet here we have him the unblushing that the nation is called on to abolish advocate of its utter robbery, and, by Protestantism in Ireland. consequence, of its inevitable ruin. We next have Mr Shiel proclaimAnd those Roman Catholics who meeting the “peril of Ireland.” How long to threaten England by the suggestion is it since this man and his abettors of their factious priests and other vil- proclaimed its tranquillity ? “ Lord lains, are the men who have pledged Mulgrave had conciliated, smoothed themselves a hundred times to abstain down, and softened every thing." religiously from the slightest injury to Never had the wheels of the state mathe Protestant Church. As to their chine run on such level ground before. feeling the tithe a grievance, this is The magnanimous mercy of the noble Lord, guided by the legislative wis- And this rabble disdain of the legis. dom of the general “ pacificator," had lature, this insult to the law, and this gone forth establishing a new era in rebellious determination to pay neither the land.
clergyman nor landlord, is the work of “ Major sæculorum volvitur ordo.”
conciliation on the holy five millions
and a half of the sons of Papistry! The hills and valleys of Irish turbulence And these are the men whose reprehad been taught to smile, the voice of sentatives we are to receive as our law. discord had subsided into a whisper, makers—whose pledges we are to adand all was the promise of one great mit whenever it suits their purposes to political jubilee ; and, upon the give them—and whose promises we strength of those tidings, Lord Mul- are to see broken on the most essential grave comes over and is made a Mar- points of national existence—and have quis! Mr O'Connell takes the draft no other remedy than in shrugging up of the Queen's speech from the hand our shoulders and begging of them to of his Cabinet of menials and indorses make more. it with “ tranquillity," and the whole And is England come to this ! tribe, in the new livery of loyalty, Proud, powerful, honest England ! bring the offering of “a people's heart" But the malignity of the faction is to the coronation!
not left to surmises. In the late meetAnd what now is declared to be the ing at the Royal Exchange in Dublin, truth? Why; that every syllable of Mr O'Connell pronounced that Lord this paradisaic description was false- Howick, “whose name, he further dethat, while they pronounced Ireland clared, ought to be written in letters to be calmness itself, it was boiling of gold, had declared the most liberal with rage—that, when the word “tran- and comprehensive views on the quesquillity” was written, it ought to have tion of the Irish Church." He furbeen written, not with ink, but with ther pronounced that “the Tithe blood—and that, instead of the subsi. bill had passed with no good feature dence of the troubled waters in that but the 25 per cent-a mere bite out of soil of insurrection, a catastrophe the cherry, and the buying off of the more sweeping than any of its old in- arrears. The bill was most unsatis. flictions was hurrying on by the hour factory, and he took it as a mere in-that, not merely the horizon was stalment.” He then came to language clouded, or the tide swollen, but that which we are persuaded that no man the fountains of the great deep were but Mr O'Connell would use, or could broken up, and the land on the point use with impunity :of being submerged. Let us hear Mr “ The minority in the Commons was Shiel, one of those orators at whose lips too large against us, and the House of the silver trumpet was once most sil. Lords was too dishonest to afford us very. “I think,” he exclaims,“ that any hope of justice.
The course you are now speaking of Ireland as in against Ireland was decided at Apsley a state of perfect tranquillity. You House, with the odious Duke of Welshould remember that, for the last six lington in the chair-that man withyears, Ireland has been agitated. out a single virtue—that most ludicrous (Loud ironical cheers from the Oppo- of mankind." sition.)
« Ireland is in a Having thus bemired the man who state of extreme confusion! And, if made such sacrifices to bring him and the Right Honourable Baronet (Peel) his fellows into parliament; that fatal in 1835 admitted that it would be im- concession, without which we should possible to collect the arrears of tithe, have seen those abominable ruffians and offered a million of English money either sunk in the obscurity suited to to pay the arrears, has the evil since their talents, or suffering the punishsunkinto such insignificant dimensions? ment due to their crimes ; this man No. I call on you to legislate with a pours out his whole gall in an appeal view to the actual state of the country. to the rabble :You have said you are giving a great “ There is now,"says he,“no chance bonus to the landlords. I contend of amelioration for Ireland. The that you are charging them 75 per Ministry are unable to obtain reform ; cent, for not one fraction will they be and the Tories are determined to go able to recover from their tenants in backwards, and take from the Irish various parts of Ireland.”
much of what they possessed. Under such circumstances, to whom should know that you threatened violence ? they appeal? What could the Throne, Again, your ready answer is- Ay, the Ministry, and the Lord-Lieutenant but I never was guilty of it?' But if do to right them? No! they had no ex- actual outbreak be a crime the threat trinsic aid. They should rely on them- is a crime also ; and although you selves!” Concluding with the old may fortunately have eluded the fulwatchword:
filment of your threat you are no less
a criminal." “Hereditary bondsmen, know ye not,
Mr Roebuck then quotes one of the Who would be free, themselves must strike
debates on the Coercion Bill. The the Wow!"
cry of · Order, order, having risen It happens, by a curious coinci
on some outrageous expressions from dence, that we are furnished with a
O'Connell, he exclaims, " We are running commentary on the Agitator's seven millions,' &c., are we tamestyle, by a brother agitator. On the ly to submit? No, sir. We will not principle of the old proverb, Mr Roe. submit- we will resist this atrocious, buck is precisely the man “ to catch" this Algerine enactment. (Cries of Mr O'Connell. We thus leave the order, order.) Sir, I am not out of hired agent of the Liberals of Canada order. I am speaking on behalf of my to translate for the British public the country-of Ireland, upon which you true meaning of the hired agent of the have trampled for seven centuries, but Irish priests. Mr O'Connell, especially upon which you shall trample no sensitive to the charge of poltroonery, longer.' Here a member rose to orhaving attempted, in one of his der: "The hon. and learned Member speeches, to throw the failure of the for Dublin is threatening the House, Canadian rebels on their embarking in and is, I submit, out of order, and open hostilities, the little Canadian violating the rules of this House.' Agent thus tears the disguise off the Mr O'Connell (with a sudden lowerMan of the Rent. Papineau and ing of his voice and affected humility the rest were guilty of holding sedi- of manner), threats I have used tious meetings, and forming military none. I should never dream of using companies, spite of the executive.” threats to Englishmen.' (Roars of So says the instrument of Father laughter from all parts of the House, M•Hale. “Now pray,” replies Roe and cries of oh! oh!) “ Is not this a buck, “who set them the example faithful picture of what has often ocof holding meetings in spite of the curred in the House of Commons, to executive ? • Ah but, you answer, say nothing of your Irish effusions ?" "I never called together military The conclusion of the letter settles companies ?' This, sir, allow me to the question at once of the Irish Agisay, is miserable skulking. Have not tator and the English Cabinet. the meetings held by you been deemed 1833 your language to the Canadians so dangerous that they were put down would have been different. At that by. act of Parliament? Why were period you did not rule over Ireland ; they dangerous !
Do you suppose an obsequious Cabinet did not gratify that it was the mere Irish rhetoric your personal vanity at the expense of that overflowed at these meetings your country and ours. that created alarm ? You and your But now times are changed. Ireland, brother orators might have harangued indeed, has not better laws now than till doomsday had you not got toge- then ; but Mr O'Connell and Mr ther multitudes, and excited passions O'Connell's friends are favoured by that portended actual outbreak-rebel- the existing Ministry. The burning lion, or, if it please you more-revo. patriots have tasted of the good things lution ! Have I not heard you, times which patronage offers, and the fever beyond number, say, . We are seven of their indignation has cooled. Their millions?' Have I not heard signifi- country still suffers, but they are proscant allusions made to those Scottish perous gentlemen. England combroadswords which won a national plains, but Mr O'Connell and his church for Scotland ?' Did all those friends are comfortable. sayings mean nothing but peace? In short, the price of your support has Was there no threat lurking beneath ? been discovered ; it is being duly paid Did not every man who heard you by the Government, and you are daily
earning your very honourable Minis- pable not to be generally admitted terial wages. I am, sir, your obedient Mr O'Connell declared Ireland to be servant,
in a state of the greatest excitement, “ J. A. ROEBUCK. nearly bordering on insurrection. He “ August 4."
said that Ireland was in a most danger.
ous state, and that he was not sure but If we wanted fuller evidence of the that the holding up of a finger would fallacy of the Mulgrave tranquillizers, cause a revolt, in which 10,000 men we have the evidence of irresistible would join. We believe that the facts. Thus we have Lord Brougham, 10,000 was a mere mistake of the rein his speech on the Irish Poor-Law porter ; for ten times the number Bill (July 9), stating, that it is wholly would be the more probable amount, impossible to believe those protesta- and it will be ten times that too if we tions. “ He had been led to believe," leave Ireland in the hands of Popish said he, “ that there never had been faction for a twelvemonth longer," a condition of the country so complete, So much for his Lordship’s facts. But prosperity so unbroken—such undis. we must beg leave to decline adopting turbed peacefulness as reigned over his remedy. What is that remedy? the kingdom of Ireland under the Go. Having gained nothing but disturvernment of my noble friend (Mul bance by concession, let us go on grave). But what was his astonish- conceding. Having only inflamed ment to receive such letters as those the insolence of faction by submitting which he would read to their Lordships, to its demands, we must now try to and which came from a strong sup- subdue it by submitting still more ab. porter of the Government. In one of jectly to still more exorbitant dethese the writer said, “I am quite dis- mands. Having given Popery the heartened and disgusted with the state power of attacking the Church, let us of the people of Ireland. I am asto- lower its hostility by giving it the pownished at the change which has taken er of trampling on that Church. But place among them during the few this eccentric peacemaker pushes his years that I have been absent; for discovery still farther, and exhibits now the whole country is disturbed by his grand politico-theologico-statistico dangerous and desperate assassins, panacea, in the shape of—what? A against whose outrages the law is salary, from the public purse, for the completely powerless.' (Hear, hear.) Romish priesthood. “Let your LordWhat hope, then, had the Government ships," said the noble and learned of pacifying them by a Poor- Law Lord, “pass the Tithe Bill, the Irish Bill? Why, if they gave them in Corporation Bill. But there is one addition a Municipal Bill, and another thing more, without which all will be for the total abolition of tithe, it would fruitless. There must be a provision not have the smallest effect upon them. for the Roman Catholic clergy. I I have had also another letter,” said would say to them, • One priest shall Lord Brougham, “in which it is stat- have L.100 a-year, another L.150, ed, “You can scarcely conceive the bishop L.300, an archbishop L.450, desperate state of this country. The or some such amounts ! I would fact is, that no man's life is worth an say, here is the money. hour's purchase, and a reign of terror take it? You have opposed this prois established which every one feels, vision, you bave not forfeited your and is alarmed at.' And yet if re- consistency, you still retain the confi. wards of L.1000 were offered," ob- dence of your flocks, but here is the served his Lordship, "they would be money, a grant from Parliament, and of no avail, for the parties were afraid after this, though not in the babit of to prosecute. Within the last ten indulging in predictions, he felt satisdays, contrary to the general testi. fied that all the priesthood would immony presented to their Lordships mediately come into terms." about the tranquillity of Ireland, Mr are rather less than his lordship in O'Connell, who had extraordinary in the habit of indulging in predictions, fluence in that country, and who would but we are perfectly safe in predicting not admit the fact—who would not feel to him that his panacea would be reinclined, from his political and personal ceived by the whole Popish clergy as feelings, to express it, were it not a direct insult; that it would be thrown wrung from him by truths too pal- in the noble legislator's teeth without