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tay, there is more care and trouble in keeping an estate, than getting il; as for the gout, there may be some trouble in getting it, tho' that is mixed with pleasure too, but no man is put to the least care and trouble for the safe keeping of the gout; he may endure misery enough indeed, if he seeks to the physician for the cure of it. You cannot be always young and handsome; but gouty once, and gouty ever; thence came the proverb, Drink claret, and have the gout; and drink no claret, and still have it:' The gout, it is true, is the reward of some works, but there is no forfeiting it, and therein it is preferable to a crown imperial. Possibly a wise and worthy person may secure his virtue against dangerous temptations, but then he must be always on his guard; but let him take as little care of himself as he pleases, he shall never have the less gout for his loose way of living. But, possibly, it may be objected, That the gout, curing other diseases, and not being to be cured itself, becomes an encouragement to intemperance and lust. The kustful and intemperate drink, and love on, reckoning that the gout will carry off the evil consequences of wild excess, and foolish passion. Now, I will not lye for the gout, as much as I honour it: If it were not for this one. -abatement, it were physick for an angel. But, that the reader may not reproach me for a gross philosophical error, I declare, that I do not mean, for the spiritual substance of an angel, for that, I well know, needs no physick, of one sort, or other; but for the corporeal vehicle, which an angel may chance to assume; which vehicle, being rectified by the gout, may, with less trouble, be actuated by the angel.

Sir, I thought to have taken a longer view of the excellency of the noble gout, from this sublime ascent, which represents it with its greatest advantage, the advantage of being incurable. But, alas! the violent paroxysm, which I have laboured under for these three short days and nights, abates; the intenseness of my pains considerably remits, and therefore I am forced to break off abruptly; for I am sensible, that no man can do honour to the gout by a just and adequate panegyrick, but he that, at the time of writing, feels it in extremity.




To all Pharmaceutick Residentiaries in Town or City; also to all

strolling Practitioners and Impostors.

Gentlemen, IF this letter shall happen in any measure to spoil your trade, heaven make me thankful; for well I know, that yours is the very trade of two farnous princes, that have, by one method or other, sid out of the way very great numbers of men.

A malefactor, condemned to die, ought to be free from all manner of insults as he goes to execution. I know it, and therefore do not dedicate this letter to you, by way of insult, but friendly to mind you, that, since your unrighteous trade is broke or breaking, you would timely belhink yourselves, what honest employment you may be fit for. If you will take my advice, you shall travel ; for, to your sorrow, you bave known an over-grown farrier, from abroad, make a great doctor in England; why should not you make as good farriers abroad, as they do doctors here? This is certain, like true farriers, you have prescribed to many a weak man, a medicine for a horse; so then, for the materia medica, it is the same, nothing will be troublesome and uneasy to you, in your new profession, but that you shall never get as much by practising on the spavin as the gout; but you must be content with less earnings. What! you cannot, in conscience, expect as much for killing a horre as a man.

To this change of your profession, not only the discovery of the frauds and dangers thereof, but also the name of your great patron, Hippocrates, invites,- -what are you more than he? Come, come, τόνομα και τέχνην μεταμείψατε, change name and profession, better a murrain among horses than a plague among men,

Having thus obliged you, gentlemen, in an epistle dedicatory, by minding you of the imminent decay of your practice upon hu. man bodies, and teaching you how to make the best of a bad market, by trying experiments upon horse-flesh; I hope you will make me that grateful return, as to prevent the obligation I confer on you from turning to my prejudice; therefore, if any gouty person that may happen to malign you, shall object against me, and say, I had better have made a forlorn regiment of you, and sent you to have been knocked on the head in Flanders, than given you a license to kill horses, remember to say this for yourselves, and your benefactor, “That, when the devils were ejected out of human bodies, they were suffered to enter into swine.'






IN THE YEARS 1657 AND 1658,




London, 1699. Quarto, containing Sixteen Pages.

CROMWELL being confirmed in his protectorship by parliament,

concludes a league offensive and defensive with the King of France, conditionally, that the Protector should assist the French with six-thousand men, and that they should be put into possession of Mardyke and Dunkirk, when taken. But Cromwell's great aim, in this league, was, to destroy the children of Charles

the First, and their adherents. So, In consequence of this treaty, James Duke of York, and all others

that adhered to the fortune of the Stuarts, had notice to leave France; and Cromwell sent his six-thousand soldiers, who, as it plainly appears from all, but especially from the following account, wrought wonders in that expedition, not under the command of Reynolds and Lockhart, two successive ambassadors at the court of France, as Rapin and most historians have erroneously recorded, but under that brave soldier, Sir Thomas Morgan; as this intripid general has avouched under his own

hand. I shall say no more of the value of this piece of history, without

which the memoirs of those times are imperfect, but conclude

this introduction with the publisher's advertisement. Sir Thomas Morgan, says he, drew up the following relation at a

friend's desire, who was unwilling that posterity should want an authentick account of the actions of the six-thousand English, whom Cromwell sent to assist the French against the Spaniards, and thought the right they did their country, by their behaviour, might make some amends for the occasion of their being in thai service. It had been printed in the last reign,* if the authority of it had not interposed, because there was not so much said of some,t who were then in the Spanish army, as they expected;

• Of K. James II.

+ The Duke of York, the Earl of Bristol, &c.

and is published now, to let the world see, that more was owing to our countrymen, at the battle of Dunkirk, tban either • Monsieur Bussy Rabutin, or + Ludlow, in their memoirs, do allow. The former, by his manner of expression, seems contented with an opportunity to lessen their merit; and, being in the right wing of the French, while this passed in the left, comes under the just reflexion, he himself makes a little after, upon the describers of fights, who are particular in what they did not see; and, whether the latter was misinformed, or swayed, by his prejudice, to sihose that were engaged to support the new-erected tyranny, is left to the reader to judge. It may not be improper to add, that these papers came to the publisher's hand, from the gentleman, at whose request they were wrote, and to whom Sir Thomas Morgan confirmed every paragraph of them, as they were read over, at the time he delivered them to him: which, besides the unaffected plainness of the stile, may be urged for the credit of the narrative, since Sir Thomas was intitled to so much true reputation, that he had no need to grasp at any that was false.

Jan. 24, 1698.

THE "HE French King, and his eminence the Cardinal Mazarine,

came to view the six-thousand English near Charleroy; and ordered Major-general Morgan, with the said six-thousand English, to march and make conjunction with marshal Turenne's army, who, soon after the conjunction, beleagured a town, called St. Venant, on the borders of Flanders. Marshal Turenne having invested the town on the east-side, and Major-general Morgan, with his sixthousand English, and a brigade of French horse on the west, the army incamped betwixt Marshal Turenne's approaches and Majorgeneral Morgan's; and, being to relieve Count Schomberg, out of the approaches of the west-side of the town, Major-general Morgan marched into the approaches, with eight-hundred English. The English, at that time, being strangers in approaches, Major-general Morgan instructed the officers and soldiers to take their places by fifties, that thereby they might relieve the point to carry on the approaches, every hour. In the mean time, whilst we besieged the town, the enemy bad beleaguered a town, called Ardres, within five miles of Calais. In the evening, Count Schomberg, with six noblemen, came upon the point, to see how Major-general Morgan carried on his approaches; but there happened a little confusion, by the soldiers intermingling themselves in the approaches, so as there was never an intire fifty to be called to the point. Count Schomberg and his noblemen taking notice thereof, Major-general Morgan was much troubled, leaped upon the point, and called out fifty to take up the spades, pick-axes, and fascines, and follow him: But so it happened, that all in the approaches leaped out after him, the enemy, in the mean time, firing as fast as they could. Major

• Part II. p. 135.

+ Part II. p. 561.

Part II. p. 139.

Part II. p. 496.

general Morgan, conceiving his loss, in bringing them again to their approaches, would be greater, than in carrying them forward, passed over a channel of water, on which there was a bridge and a turn-pike ; and, the soldiers crying out, • Fall on, fall on,' he fell upon the counterscarp, beat the enemy from it, and three redoubts; which caused them to capitulate, and, the next morning, to surrender the town, and receive a French garison; so as the sudden reduction thereof gave Marshal Turenne an opportunity afterwards to march and relieve Ardres.

The next place Marshal Turenne besieged was Mardyke, taken, in twice eight and forty hours, by the English and French. After the taking whereof, Major-general Morgan was settled there, by order of the French king and Oliver, with two-thousand English, and one-thousand French, in order to the beleaguering Dunkirk, the next spring.

The rest of the English were quartered in Borborch. For the space of four months, there was hardly a week, wherein Majorgeneral Morgan had not two or three alarms by the Spanish army. He answered them all, and never went out of his clothes all the winter, except to change his shirt.

The next spring, Marshal Turenne beleaguered Dunkirk on the Newport side, and Major-general Morgan on the Mardyke side, with his six-thousand English, and a brigade of French horse. He made a bridge over the canal, betwixt that and Bergon, that there might be communication betwixt Marshal Turenne's camp and his. When Dunkirk was close invested, Marsbal Turenne sent a summons to the governor, the Marquis de Leda, a great captain, and brave defender of a siege; but, the summons being answered with defiance, Marshal Turenne immediately broke ground, and carried on the approaches on his side, whilst the English did the same on their's; and, it is observable, the English had two miles to march every day, upon relieving their approaches. In this manner the approaches were carried on, both by the French and English, for the space of twelve nights; when the Marshal Turenne had intelligence that the Prince of Conde, the Duke of York, Don John of Austria, and the Prince de Ligny were at the head of thirty-thousand horse and foot, with resolution to relieve Dunkirk.

Immediately upon this intelligence, Marshal Turenne and several noblemen of France went to the King and Cardinal at Mardyke, and acquainted his eminence therewith; and desired bis Majesty, and bis eminence the Cardinal, to withdraw their persons into safety, and leave their orders: His Majesty answered, “That he knew no better place of safety, than at the head of his army; but said, it was convenient the Cardinal should withdraw to Calais.' Then Marshal Turenne and the noblemen made answer, · They could not be satisfied, except his Majesty withdrew himself into safety; which was assented to; and the King and Cardinal, marching to Calais, left open orders with Marshal Turenne, . That, if the

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