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ease and idleness then succeeding, the —The time when this happened, the population will increase, till the demon season of the year, and the probable of war tempts the young men to escape causes which have produced the from their peaceful ennui, by rushing change, are required ? into those iscenes of hardihood and 2. One of the Stephens' is said to death, in which the abounding popu- have put the New Testament into verses lation is consumed. The population while on a journey. What is meant of France, if more employed in com- by,“ on a journey ?” By these verses, merce and colonies, would probably the sacred volume is undoubtedly more find a vent for their energies, less de- easy for reference; but, in many structive to the neighbouring nations, places, the sense has been materially than what they have for some centuries injured by this accommodation. I have called the “ love of glory.

an octavo Greek Testament, CamIt may be argued, that to have no bridge, 1632, which secures the referCorn Bill, might infallibly ruin Eng- ence, without injuring the sense. The land, unless public granaries were figures are placed in the margin, by always supplied with two years' corn. the side of the passages, while the But if the superior fertility of southern text remains unbroken. Is there any countries supplied corn, so as to occa- English edition printed in this mansion us to discontinue home-sowing ner? It might be an improvement for sale, a war, which cut off this sup- retain the paragraphs into which the ply, would only revive English agri- sacred books are divided. culture so, as to produce a supply of 3. In a list of the late Dr. Burney's wheat towards the end of the second Works, is one, entitled, “ Appendix year, if there were a sufficient portion in Lexicon Græco-Latinum a Joan: of seed to spare from the granaries for Scapulâ, constructum a Burneio, Lond. that purpose, when the lands were 1789.” Will some one of your correrestored, by a due preparation, to re- spondents favour me with a plan of this ceive it.

work through the Imperial Magazine? The standard price of the Corn Bill, for opening the ports, should then be fixed so low, as to leave each nobleman and' landholder the rental they The steam ship Savannah, Captain had about thirty years ago; affording Rogers, a vessel of 350 tons, built the farmer a clear third-part of the upon the most beautiful model, arrivproduce of his land for himself, one ed at Liverpool on Sunday, 20th of third for his landlord, and one third June, 1819, from Savannah. Her desfor tithe, taxes, labourers, and ex- tination is to St. Petersburg ; but, in penses. This price would be nearer consequence of her wanting fuel, she 50 than 80 shillings; but if it were put in here. During the first 18 days fixed at 60s. by an amendment of the of her passage from Savannah, the present Act, great general advantage people on board made use of the steam must follow, and the independence of engine only, to propel the vessel. She England on foreign supply remain un-made land in 21 days.

She is fitted shaken.

H. up with accommodations for 60 cabin

passengers. This steam-vessel, which is the first that ever crossed the Atlan

tic, was built at New York, for the SIR, June 10, 1819.

purpose of conveying passengers to

and from the old world. Prior to her By inserting the following queries, to undertaking this perilous voyage, a which I shall be exceedingly glad if trial was made from New York to Sasome of your ingenious correspond- vannah; and such was her expedition, ents will give replies, you will greatly that she went to Staten Harbour, and oblige your's, most respectfully, returned, in one hour and fifty mi

Φ. nutes. She is calculated to bear twenty 1. Every one must have noticed the inches of steam, and is said to excel weak vegetation of the Lime Tree. It every other vessel of this description is said, that, a few years since, they hitherto built. She is fitted out and were blasted throughout England in furnished in a most elegant manner. one night, and that they have never There are thirty-two state rooms. Her since recovered their primitive vigour. cabins are on an entire new plan;

STEAM VESSEL FROM AMERICA.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE IMPERIAL

MAGAZINE.

the

397 Emigration to South America.- Commercial Retrospect. 998

accommodation for the ladies being as that in which they are about to enwholly distinct from those of the gen- gage. The making and the repairing tlemen. Captain Rogers, by whom of public roads, the levelling of hills, she is commanded, is considered as the draining of morasses, and the culone of the first engineers in the United tivation of waste lands, would furnish States.

ample means of subsistence, if due

encouragement were given. EMIGRATION TO SOUTH AMERICA, A great number of volunteers, to the FOR COLDS AND COUGHS. amount of nearly 300, are now in Li- Take half a pound of the heads of the verpool, ready to embark for South large white poppy, without any of the America, to join the Independents. seeds, the heads just ripe, and modeThey are waiting for orders of embark- rately dried; put them into three ation, and are to act under General quarts of boiling water; let them boil Devereux. With the exception of a gently till the liquor is reduced to one few non-commissioned officers, none quart; squeeze the poppies well in among them have uniforms. It is, a cloth, to drain out the liquor; boil however, presumed, that every thing the liquor again slowly, to one pint, is prepared, and that, as soon as they and strain it; then add to it a pint leave this harbour, they will appear in of white wine vinegar, and one pound their proper regimentals.

of raw sugar; let them boil gently In Ireland, on Saturday the 12th to the consistence of a syrup; then instant, upwards of 140 volunteered add thereto spirit or elixir of vitin Colonel Eyre's regiment, to serve riol, to make it gratefully acid.—The in the same independent cause. These dose for adults is, one or two teamarched from Dublin to Warren Point, spoonsful, but never exceeding three, to prepare for embarkation. Their on going to bed. If the cough conuniform is green.

tinues violent, two more may be taken It is a melancholy consideration, the following morning. One dose that so many fine athletic men should sometimes cures, two generally, and be compelled thus to leave their coun- it is never necessary to employ it more try through want of employment, or than thrice. For young children, one that they should be placed in such a , tea-spoonful is sufficient.—Many persituation as should tempt them to em- sons have been cured of coughs and bark on such a desperate adventure, colds by the above syrup.

COMMERCIAL RETROSPECT FOR JUNE, 1819. Tre Committee of Finance having now closed their labours, and the long-agitated question respecting the resumption of cash payments being now settled by Parliament, we had formed hopes, that our trade and commerce would have felt some of the beneficial effects resulting from the confidence which has already invigorated the public funds. As yet, such has not been the case : the manufacturing districts, have, in many instances, had great numbers of workmen partially or wholly thrown out of employ; and the depreciation of many staple articles has been greater than during any period of the late war. It is to be hoped, ihese disastrous circumstances may not long continue, and the unemployed workmen will find a subsistence in the labours of the harvest; against the close of which, we trust, a revival may take place, as, by the last accounts from the Continent, a considerable demand for colonial articles bad arisen"; and when the interior of Germany begins to provide itself for the ensuing winter, we may reckon on a farther improvement in the demand for colonial produce and twist. This will eventually bave a beneficial influence on our own manufactures; and it is worthy of remark, that the quantity of cotton taken weekly out of our market, has been as great as usual : the quantity on hand is now 180,000 bales, of which 70,000 are East Indian. Prices are fully įd. per lb. lower than in the preceding month. Sugars are also a shade lower: this remark will equally apply to every article of colonial produce. The new Act for the consolidation of the Customs has given a temporary impulse to some dry-saltery articles, which are subjected to bigher rate of duty ; such as shumac and madders. The Corn Market has not recovered from its languor, although advices respecting crops, both at home and abroad, are not so favourable, as respects some species of grain. Ships have declined in value, and freights are barely paying owners ; several vessels have been chartered to carry troops from this port, to join the Spanish Patriots : the vessels clear out for some of our West India Islands, such as I'rinidad, &c. The emigration from this port to the United States and to British America is on a larger scale than ever known before.

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PROVISIONS.

8. d. 8. d. Prices of Coal 1 Ton af 2340]b. Beef new, u tierce 93 0 a 1000

Wigan

...................... 158.60. barrel 600

Country ..................... 100 Butter, y cwt.

80 0 82 0 Cork dry 3rds. new

pickled new ands. 92 0 Belfast dry new...... 960

Prices of Sundries at the following Newry do.....

none.

places in America. Pork, Irish, brl. 800 90 0

Philadelphia, 24th May,

BARK Quercitron, ton.. dollars 50 Number of Bank- FLOUR, wh. P.S. F. barrel Average Prices rupts in Gazette.

Do...... fine..

64
of Sugar.
May 29 ........21

New York, 21st May..
June 1..........13

FLOUR, wh. superf. v brls. dol. 64a71 26th May 418.10d.

COTTON, Uplands, h. cents 164 17

5..........16 2d June 42 1

Savannah, 21st May. 8......

10 9th - 39 21

12.... 29 COTTON, Uplands, pib. cts. 184 a 16th 37 54

Sea Island ........45 15..........14

494 FLOUR, 4 barrel....dollars 7 -19.... 22

8 Charleston, 17th May. Total.. 125

16 COTTON, Uplands, y tb.cts. 13

Sea Island ......35 374

RICE, 100tb.......dollars 3
Prices of Bullion - London, June 18.
Portugal Gold, in Coin.... É3 198. od.
Foreign Gold, in Bars
New Doubloons.....

List of Vessels Arrived. Cleared New Dollars

05 04
From West India and Bri-7

for sea. Silver, in Bars, Standard .. 0 5 24

tish Settlements in 26 38

North Amesica
Prices of Stock, June 19.

East India and Africa 2 3 Bank Stock...

.219
Brazils

7 3 Cent Reduced ........ 6844 681 United States ...42 36 3 Cent Consols..

Ireland

118 4 Cent Consols..... 66 87

Europe and all

58 89 50 Cent Navy Annuities ..

other Parts Bank Long Annuities .. 16 1-16th Omnium ....dis...

Total.. 236 288 Consols for Acct......

AMERICAN FUNDS. 3 y Cents New 6 P Cents ......

Course of Exchange, in London,

98 100 (The above with Div. from 1st April.)

June 18. U.S. Bank Shares . £23 - £234 Amsterdam

....... 11 11 C.F. With Dividend from 1st Jan. Do. at sight

11 8 Rotterdam

11 12

Antwerp... Rates of Insurance, Liverpool London.

....... 11 15 Hamburg

35 0 To West Indies cent. 258 od 258 Od Altona.

35 1 U. States of America 25 27 Bremen British America

30 Paris 3 days' sight, francs 34 50 Brazils

30 33

Do... East Indies ........ 63

francs 24 80 63

Bourdeaux, do... francs 2480 Coast of Africa...... 42 42 Frankfort on the Main ..144 Gibraltar .......... 20 20 Madrid

37 Mediterranean...... 30

30
Cadiz ..............

374 France and Holland 15 9 786d15 Bilboa.

364 Baltic

20 - 15 9
Barcelona

364 London

15 9
Seville..

361 Ireland West Coast 15 9 15 9 Gibraltar

334 East Coast.. 15 9 15 9 Leghorn ..

571 Genoa ..

46 Liverpool Exports of British Manufac- Venice, Italian Liv. 261

Malta

50 tures, from 2012 May to 21st June.

Naples.. Cotton Stuffs 189319 pcs...567270 yards.

407

Palermo Woollen do... 32337

200 oz. 1847 Lisbon ....

54 Flannel ...... 246787

55 Linen Cloth..

Oporto..
6023
5422
Rio Janeiro

605 Hardware

.6671 cwts.
Dublin...

14 Tinplates

964 bxs.

Cork Bar and Bolt Iron ........

144 497 tons. Earthenware.

.2474crates Refined Sugar

117 cwts White Salt to Foreign Parts 19124 tons. Ireland...

285 Rock Salt to Foreign Parts 3231 Ireland

1356 Coals to Foreign Parts .... 1386 chal. Ireland ........

3241

}..

SUGAR, y cwt.

8. $. Muscovado, dry brown 57 62

middling 64 72 good

60 85 fine

86 90 Refined, Dble.Loavs 6.a 7th. 130 140

Single do. 10-141b. 100 110
Lar.Lmps. 46-50lb. 90 96

Canary do. 24-281b. 108 114
MOLASSES, British ...... 34
RUM, gallon, 16 O. P. 38. 3d. a 3s. 4d.

Leewards, common : 2 2 4 BRANDY, Cognac.... 49 50 GENEVA...

3 4 3 6 COFFEE, Ucwt.

8. West India ordinary

60 65 middling

90 98 fine

110 115 MAHOGANY, V foot, 8. d. 8. d. Honduras

1 4 al 6 St. Domingo

1 5 2 2 Cuba

15 1 9 COTTON, lb. Sea Isl.

2 3 2 10 ordinary to middling 19 2 2 Bowed, Georgia.... 0 11 1 03 New Orleans

011 1 3 Pernambucco ...... 14 1 64 Maranham

1 3 14 Bahia .............. 13 1 5 Domingo

011 1 1 Barbadoes

11 1 24 West Indies

1 0 1 2 Surat

0 6 09 Bengal

054 0 7 DYE WOODS, y ton, £. s. £. $. Barwood, Angola .... 7 0 a 80

Gaboon .... 6 0 7 0 Fustic, Cuba.......... 90 10 0

Porto Rico.... 7 0 8 0

Jamaica ......6 0 8 0 Logwood, Campeachy 7 0 7 10

Jamaica.... 6 0 6 10

Honduras,.. 6 5 6 10 Nicaragua Wood,

..26 0 28 0 large solid.. small

...16 0 17 0 TOBACCO, lb. 8. d. 8. d. James River

...0 34 ao 8 stemmed.

06 08 Rappahanock

....0 34 06 stemined... 0 6 07 Kentucky

........0 3£ 0 6 ASHES, y cwt. Ist, Pot, fresh, U. S. 400 a 41 0

Montreal ..390 40 0 American, 1st, Pearl 45 0 47 0 TAR, P barrl. Stockholm 16 0 17 0

Archangel 17 0 18 0

American 15 0 16 0 RICE, y cwt. American, duty paid, S

40$. a 45$. East India

16 18 HIDES, Y 1b. Buenos Ayres 6d. a 74d.

West India 5 6 BRIMSTONE, y ton, £. 8. £. s. rough

.24 0 a 25 0 SHUMAC, Pcwt. 8. d. s. d. Sicily

..200 a 220 HEMP, v ton,

£. s. £. s. Petersburg clean 47 0 a 48 0

Riga Rhine ......48 0 50 0 FLAX, ton,

St. Petersburg 12-head 950 HOPS, in bgs. Kent, new 6 15

8 10 Sussex .. 5 12 7 0 In pockets, Kent.. 6 15 8 0

Sussex 6 0 7 5 TALLOW, \ 111b.

d. $. d. Russia Y. Candle 67 0 a 68 0

Brazil ...... .68 0 70 0 PINE TIMBER, cub ft.

American ........ 1 11 2 0
Baltic

2 7 2 9 OILS, 4 tun, Olive.... £80 0 a 82 0

Seal .38 0 42 0

Cod ......36 0 38 0 Greenland Whale....35 0 36 0

Palm ....44 0 48 0 Linseed,¥ gall... 38. 6d. a 3s. 8d. Rape ...

4 2 4 4 Turpentine, pcwt.63 0 64 0 SALT PETRE,Pewt.300 34 0 GRAIN

. d.

8. d. Barley, Enri P 60h. 4 3 a 5 o

Irish & Foreign 3 3 4 0
Beans, Engl. par...400 45 0

Foreign ....38 0 40 0
Flour, w barrel,
American, sweet 38 0 34 0

sour., 22 0 31 0 Oats, Engl. 45lb. 3 2 3 6

Irish & Foreign 2 9 3 3
Wheat, Engl. 70tb.10 6 10 9

Irish.. ... 9 0 9 9
Dantzig ....10 4 10 6

.... 25

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Peas.

48s 3d 49 49

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Beans.

498 4d 50 1

25s id

Liverpool Imports, from the 20th May

to the 21st June. Sugar, 4519 hhds.--838 tces.--251 brls.

- 551 boxes.-70 cases. Coffee, 746 brls.---661 tces.-563 casks.

--3243 bags. Cotton, West India, 2383 bales.-138 bgs. -American, 17517 bales.-3672 bags.

Brazil, 3522 bgs.- East India,859 bales Corn, Wheat, 5879.-Barley, 4693.

Oats, 24188.—Beans, 6274.–Peas, 420.

-Rye, 379.-Malt, 2555 qrs. Rum

822 punch Tobacco

367 hhds.

184 bales Rice

867 tces.

3005 bags Flour

7826 brls. Fustic..

267 tons Logwood

472 Brimstone Shumac.

1320 bags Ashes...

3350 bris. Tar.....

1373

Average Prices of Grain for the 12 Districts.

Rye. Barley. Oats.

40s 60 39 10

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381

Printed by H. Fisher, Liverpool, Printer in Ordinary to His Majesty.

THE

Imperial Magazine ;

OR, COMPENDIUM OF RELIGIOUS, MORAL, & PHILOSOPHICAL KNOWLEDGE.

THE VALUE OF A BOOK IS TO BE ESTIMATED BY ITS USE."

JOURNAL OF A VOYAGE TO THE tainous parts were still enveloped in HEBRIDES.

mists. The appearance of the land, as

well as that of the opposite coast of [Continued from Col. 311.]

Kapdale, a district of Argyleshire, was Thursday, June 30.--About four in low, rocky, and barren; some small the morning we passed the Mull of rugged islands were all that we could Cantyre, without experiencing any in- observe to the southward; but on the convenience from the rapidity of its north, a confused group of fantastic tide, being favoured with a moderate rocks occupied the foreground, and breeze; and stood away on a long the distance was terminated by the stretch to the coast of Ireland. At blue mountains of Mull. seven we were about three miles dis- At eight, we reached Loch Crinan, tant between the Red Bay and the where we came to an anchor. Fairhead, in the county of Antrim, After breakfast we went on shore, to and had a full view of the coast, stretch- see the western extremity of the canal, ing, with various headlands, far to which commences at Loch Gilp; little, the southward. The country seemed however, was yet done, and its inhilly, but not barren; the rocky parts tended course only was pointed out and summits of the hills only being to us. uncultivated. The Fairhead appeared The appearance of the loch is exextremely bold; the summit lofty, tremely wild; the hills that environ craggy, and perpendicular, for about it are rugged in the highest degree, half its height, and then shelving though small patches of vegetation abruptly to the sea. The island of have crept in between each sterile Rathlen extended to the northward, knoll; but the rocky and barren islands with an exact similarity of form on the which lie off its entrance, and the freeastern end.

quent craggy lumps that rise in every Having approached near the coast, direction, give it the appearance of a we tacked, and stood away for the country destroyed by some violent sound of Jura. About noon, we were convulsion of nature. abreast of a bold rocky headland, the On the northern side, on the edge southern extremity of Isla, forming one of an abrupt cliff, stands the ancient side of the deep bay of Loch Indaal. castle, or rather fortified house, of The mistiness of the day, however, Duntroon, late in possession of Mr. prevented our seeing much of the Campbell, but now in that of Mr. island, though we were delayed by Malcolm, who lately purchased the calms near its eastern coast for the estate. About 1500 acres of this is a greater part of the day.

moss, which this gentleman has now Jura, from the same cause, was begun to improve, with every probatotally invisible: the clouds seemed to bility of all the success which such rest on the surface of the ocean, and undertakings deserve. excluded every view of the island; The application of property in works though sometimes, from dark gloomy of such public utility, is certainly departs, they gave indication of the serving of the highest praise; and it is Highlands which they concealed. a pleasing consideration, to see this

Ås we could not venture on any har- improving system spreading on every bour on this coast, from the lightness side, rescuing immense tracts from of the wind, and the strength of the useless barrenness, and diffusing fertide, we stood away, during the night, tility and plenty, where pining want up the sound of Jura.

and wretchedness only prevailed. Friday, July 1.- In the morning, we There is a great degree of similarity were able to discern some of the lower in the hills about this place; a kind of parts of the island, but the more moun- rocky belts run directly across, at short No. 5.-VOL. I.

2 D

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distances from each other, forming | cent state; and however much we small hollows between them, which, wished to behold some of its awful by this natural high fence, are well effects, yet the prudence of our capguarded from the bleak sea-breezes, tain kept us at a wary distance. Some and appear very fertile. This unifor- rocky islands lay off the entrance, of mity prevails on each side the loch, as the most rugged and dreary appearwell on the lower as the higher emi-ance, shattered by the tempestuous nences, and seems quite peculiar to seas which roll through this dreadful the place.

gulf. The sides are abrupt and rocky, Saturday, 2d.—The morning was ex- and scem to deny all shelter to the untremely wet and lowring, but it cleared fortunate mariner, whose vessel should up towards the afternoon, and at four be swallowed in the vortex. we weighed anchor, and beat to the At nine we reached black Mullbay, northward against a head-wind. Part in the small island of Loing. of the highlands of Jura was now visi- Sunday, 3d.- In the morning we went ble; but the Paps, as they are termed, ashore on the island, which, though were still covered with a heavy stratum uneven, does not rise to any considerof clouds.

able degree of elevation ; it seemed We passed the entrance of the dan- well covered, and displayed some gerous gulf of Coryvrekan, lying be- corn-fields, in a high state of cultivatween the northern end of Jura, and tion. the high rocky island of Scarba ; as From hence we had a fine view of much the terror of the neighbouring the sound, scattered over with innunavigators of the seas, as Charybdis merable small rocky islands of the was of old; and the description which most rugged and fantastic shapes. Homer has given of the one, might, Behind these, the bold cliffs of Mull with little variation, suit the other. formed a grand back-ground, deliDire Scylla there a scene of horror forms,

cately coloured by the intervening air; And here Charybdis fills the deep with storms : and these again were surmounted by When the tide rushes from her rumbling caves,

the high hills in the interior of that

island. They toss--they foam-a wild confusion raise,

The sea appeared finely tintLike waters bubbling o'er the fiery blaze:

in some parts, stretching in gleams Eternal mists obscure the aerial plain,

of the most lively green, in others, And high above the rock she spouts the main !

indicating the vicinity of shoals and When in her gulfs the rushing sea subsides,

rocky ground, and again catching, in She drains the ocean with the refluent tides;

detached parts, the purple reflection of Deep, wondrous deep, below, appears the ground. the surrounding cliffs.

Pope's Odyssey, From the higher grounds we had a But the dangers of Cory vrekan need distant prospect of Colonsa and not the amplification of poetry to ren- Oransa, just peeping over a low point der them more terrible than they really in Scarba. The latter island appear

The agitation of the waters in ed like an immense hillock, wild, rugthe tide of flood, which here sets out-ged, and barren. wards, and which, in great storms, In the afternoon, we visited the runs at the rate of fifteen miles in an remains of a Danish fort on the eastern hour, when meeting with the heavy side of the island. It was built with swell of the Western Ocean, is dread-dry stones, and is of an oval figure, ful; and the whirlpools are tremendous. measuring about 14 yards by 24 in the Their roaring, it is asserted, may be clear. The situation is one of the heard at an inconceivable distance; highest, and commands a full view of and the ordinary current runs with all the coasts, except the northern. such rapidity, that it requires a very On the side where the approach is less brisk gale to save a vessel, when it difficult, there appears the remains of once gets within the sphere of its ac- a double ditch, or entrenchment. tion.

These forts were very numerous: We heard divers tales of the jeo- from this station, the situations of two pardy and terror of mariners, who had more on the opposite main land were with great difficulty, from the attrac- pointed out to us. Whether they were tion of its vortices, escaped the dangers erected by the Danes, whose name of being drawn within them.

they bear, or by the inhabitants of the We saw it only in that time of the islands, to check their frequent in tide, when it was in its most quies-roads, and form a temporary place of

The rough rock roars; tumultuous boil the waves :

ed;

The rock rebellows with a thund'ring sound

are.

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