Billeder på siden

Amara, a mountain where | Argo, a mythical vessel that

the Abyssinian kings kept their children safe. amarant, properly an adj., unfading, iii. 352. amarantine, unfading, (amaranth is a flowername), xi. 78.

Amazons, a race of female warriors.

carried the heroes in search of the Golden Fleece. Argob, later called Trachonitis, a volcanic region in Bashan. Argus, a guardian set by Hera to watch Io; he had eyes all over his body. Hermes sent him to sleep with the music of his pipe and killed him. Ariel, 'lion of God.' Aries, the Ram, a sign of the Zodiac.

ambrosia, 'immortality,' the
mythological food of the
gods, v. 57.
ambrosial, immortal, ii. 245.
Ammon, a god who had an
oracle in Libya (Jupiter
Ammonian Jove, a Libyan
deity. Alexander the
Great liked to be thought
the son of this deity, and
there was a legend to that

[blocks in formation]

Arimaspian, a
tribe of one-eyed men,
supposed to steal gold
from the griffins, who dug
it up.
Arioch, 'fierce lion.'
Armoric, Breton.

Arnon, river forming the
boundary between Moak
and Ammon.
Aroar, a city on the Arnon.
Ascalon, one of the five chief

cities of the Philistines. Ashtaroth, pl. of Ashtoreth (Astarte), the female deity of the Phoenicians or Canaanites.

Asmadai, a name of Asmodeus.

Asmodeus, an evil spirit who loved one Sara. She wedded seven husbands, all of whom Asmodeus killed. Then Tobias, son of Tobit, wedded her, and instructed by Raphael, burnt the heart and liver of a fish, at smelling of which Asmodeus fled away to Egypt, where he was bound by Raphael.

aspects, technical term in astrology, the relations of planets by which they can send forth their influence. They are Conjunction, Sextile, Square, Trine, and Diametral or Opposition. (1) Also called Synod when two planets are in one line; (2) when two are distant by a sixth part of the Zodiac; (3) when two stars look at each other at an interval of three signs; (4) when their distance is a third of the circle; (5) when opposite, distant by half a diameter. (Quoted by Masson.) Asphaltic pool, the Dead

Šea, i. 411. Aspramont, a town in the Netherlands. Astracan, a city on the Caspian.

Astræa, Virgo, one of the signs of the Zodiac. Astarte. See Ashtaroth. Atabalipa, Emperor of Peru,

subdued by Pizarro. Atlantean: the Titan Atlas was fabled to bear heaven upon his shoulders. Atlantic sisters, the Pleiades, daughters of Atlas. Atlas Mountains, in N.-E. Africa.

attrite, rubbed, x. 1072. Auran, a district E. of Jordan. Aurora, goddess of dawn. authentic, original, iv.

five chief cities of the Philistines.


Azores, a group of islands in

the Atlantic.

Asotus, Ashdod, one of the

Baalim, pl. of Baal, 'lord,' a title of Canaanite gods. Babel, Babylon, i. 694. Bacchus, god of wine. Bactria, a part of Persia. Barca, a Greek colony in N. Africa.

Basan, a large and fertile

district E. of Jordan, still full of ruined cities. base, a skirt forming part of a knight's costume, ix. 36. bearth, produce, ix. 624. Beelzebub, 'lord of flies,' a name of the sun-god, by the Jews supposed to be chief of the evil spirits, Beersaba or Beersheba, southernmost place in Palestine, by the desert. Behemoth, a huge creature described in the Book of Job, probably rhinoceros or hippopotamus, vii. 471. Belial, not really a proper name, but a word meaning 'wickedness.' He here appears as a personification of cowardice and vice. Bellerophon, mounted upon Pegasus, slew Chimæra the monster. He also did other feats, but at length being hated of the gods, wandered alone over the Aleian field. The tradition followed by M. relates that he tried to fly to heaven on Pegasus, but Zeus sent a gad-fly which stung Pegasus, and Bellerophon was thrown.

[blocks in formation]

Scipio Africanus was his


Carmel, a mountain-promontory S. of the plain of Jezreel. Casbeen, Kazvin, in N. Persia.

Casius, a mountain range on the borders of Egypt and Arabia Petræa.


Castalian Spring, Delphi, and another in Daphne, which see. Cathay, includes the E. part of Siberia. Allusion is made in x. 291 to the supposed N.-E. passage. causey, causeway, x. 415. Centaur, a sign of the

Zodiac (a monster, half man, half horse). cerestes, horned snake, x. 525.

Ceres, goddess of agriculture, etc., mother of Proserpine. Cerberean: Cerberus was a three-headed dog that guarded the entrance to Hades.

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

Damiata, a city in Egypt, Damietta (Tamiathis), at the mouth of the Nile. Dan, a holy place in the extreme N. of Palestine: here Jeroboam set up a golden calf and another in Bethel.

Danaw, the Danube. Daphne, a grove sacred to Apollo.

Darien, isthmus between N. and S. America. Deccan, S. of India. Delia, Artemis (Diana), the goddess of the wild woodland, huntress; born in Delos, hence the name. Delos, a small island in the centre of the Cyclades. It was called out of the deep by Neptune's trident. At first it floated, but was after fixt to the bottom with chains of adamant, to form a safe place for Leto to be delivered of Apollo.

Delphi, a famous sanctuary and oracle of Apollo, on Mt. Parnassus. Demogorgon, 'master of the fates' (Greene), a powerful and malignant being: not actually named before the fourth century A.D. The word is probably a corruption of δημιουργός, confused with Gorgon. derive, turn aside, x. 77, pass on, x. 965. descant, properly a partsong; used by M. of an elaborate melody of many notes, iv. 603.

Deucalion, and his wife

Pyrrha, were the only survivors of the flood in Greek mythology. Themis directed them to throw behind them the bones of their mother. be

Judging these to stones, and their 'mother' Earth, they threw stones thus: which became men and women.

dipsas, a snake whose bite caused torments of thirst, x. 526.

Dis, a Latin name of Pluto, king of the underworld. discontinuous: a wound was defined as a 'solution of continuity,' vi. 329. discover, reveal, xi. 267. dispense, or dispensation, a licence granted by the Pope to break certain laws, iii. 492. divine, prophetic: ix. 845. Dodona, a famous and ancient oracle of Zeus, in Epirus.

Dominic founded the order of the Black Friars. Dorian mood, or mode, a severe and warlike style of Greek music. Doric: the Dorians were a Greek tribe. Dothan, near Samaria; thither the Syrian King set an army to apprehend Elisha. Dryad, tree nymph.

Earth-born, an epithet of the giants in Greek mythology: who were sprung from the earth,

and rebelled against Zeus, but were defeated. Ecbatana, summer capital of the Persian kings. eccentric, away from the centre, i.e. from the earth, iii. 575.

ecliptic, the sun's orbit about the earth, iii. 740. El Dorado, 'the Golden' Land.

Eleale, a town in Moab (E) A'al): its ruins still remain. Eli's sons, Hophni and Phinehas: see I Sam. ii. 12 ff.

elixir, properly the philosopher's stone, also used of the water of life, iii. 607. ellops, a sca-snake (the word means dumb), x. 525.


Elysium, the abode of the happy in Hades. embattled, in battle array, i. 129. embryon, developed. emmet, ant, vii. 485. Empedocles, a Greek philosopher (fl. 444 B.C.), who leapt into the crater of Etna, hoping that it would be thought he had been caught up among the gods. But one of his sandals was thrown up, and revealed the truth. empiric, one whose knowledge is based not on principles but on experience, v. 440. empyrean, heaven, the fiery region of æther, ii. 771. empyreal, fiery, i. 117.


« ForrigeFortsæt »