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All these charges are entirely new, schoolmasters to New South Wales and all, with very many more that and Canada ; the appointment of might be named, go to the payment of placemen in all new settlements, as new placemen. We find an annual South Australia, Graham's Town, grant in the estimates of this year of New Zealand, &c., the management of L.50,000 for the purposes of Irish the emigrant agencies, for which ParBoard of Education ; in 1836, the liament votes nearly L.2000 a year, sum voted was only L.35,000. Ano- and the patronage of the whole estather charge of a peculiar nature is blishment at St Helena, which the L.13,000 for Law Expenses, which Government of this country has reappear to have increased L.3000 in a cently taken from the hands of the single year; while Lord Palmerston's East India Company. All this patronofficial charge is an increase of age is new, and now for the first time L10,000 on the charge of two years enjoyed by a colonial secretary, in back. The expenses of Canada are addition to the patronage of the West increased exactly L.500,000, while Indies, Canada, New South Wales, the grant to the church in that colony and all our other colonies as before. is reduced by about three thousand At home, the Whigs have had an pounds. Some of the usual miscel. increase of patronage to an immense laneous estimates against which the extent from their Factory, Poor Law, Whigs used formerly most loudly to Municipal Corporations, Registration, protest, are now under their superin- Tithe, Prisons, India Charter, Banktendence raised to an extraordinary ruptey, Imprisonment for Debt, Irish height. The Consular department Constabulary, Irish Poor Law, Crifor 1838, is L. 107,993 ; the repairs of minal Court, and Real Property Acts. palaces, gardens, and public buildings, The system of centralization has been L.74,986 ; the convict establishment carried out to a very great extent, and in New South Wales L.235,000 ; the at every step of its progress fresh charge for printing L.197,796. Many patronage has been thrown into the other charges to which Mr Hume and hands of the Government. In Irethe rest of the Whig-Radicals used to land especially, jobbing of the grossest object altogether, are continued by the description has been carried on, and present ministers, contrary to their re- in all parts of the United Kingdom peated professions and promises. What money has been squandered on comhas induced them of late to acknow- missions of heterogeneous characters. ledge the propriety of a grant of Not content with his share of this paL.35,900 a year for secret service tronage, the Marquis of Normanby money ; and what has caused their has thought proper to assume the opposition to cease to that large vote office of appointing the Sheriffs at his of nearly 70,000 a-year to Irish cha- own discretion, in direct contravention rities which the much abused Tories of the law. Revising barristers, comused regularly to obtain ? These missioners, either hand-loom or educamiscellaneous estimates have been tional, or ecclesiastical, or municipal, rapidly on the increase from the day or boundary; inspectors of prisons ; Lord Melbourne came into office, and superintendents of factories; assistant have placed immense means in the poor-law commissioners ; registrars of hands of the Ministry for corrupt pur marriages and deaths; paid recorders; poses. They have increased, because official assignees, now appear in every the influence and patronage of the corner of the country, and increase Government has been widely extended and multiply with alarming rapidity. under all sorts of pretences, and in Next year we are to have a rural conevery possible direction.
stabulary force, with some thousands In the colonial department, Lord of new places, and, if possible, a new Glenelg has the patronage derived mode of managing counties, and a from the new magisterial system in complete tribe of stipendiary magisthe West Indies to which L.69,000 is trates. So numerous indeed are the annually voted ; he has the appoint- placemen in these pure, no-patronage ment of the managers of the L.30,000 days, that, as Mr Sydney Smith sagely a-year voted for negro education; the declares, the onus of proving he is not patronage of a few snng foreign jobs one now rests upon every honest man; like the Malta commission ; the ap- and seriously, this is not so very much pointment of the new chaplains and exaggerated, when it is considered that in addition to all these new places, the also, secondly, of the number of ele. Customs and Excise still remain with vations during the glorious forty their 10,000 places. In olden times, years, a very large number were ministries were quite content with made for public services, without any, these sources of patronage, and with the sliglitest reference to political the army, navy, and colonies ; but opinions. Such was the case with now things are quite altered; commis- the peerages of Nelson, Collingwood, sions, and all the other new places we St Vincent, Duncan, Wellington, have named, have sprung up to keep Combermere, Lynedoch, Abercromthese liberal and enlightened reform- by, Beresford, Hill, Hutchinson, Rod. ers in office. At the present moment ney, Hood, Keith, Gardner, Gambier, our army is larger than it has been Exmouth, and many more. Taking for years; our navy employed is very these circumstances into account, it much augmented; and yet neither nor will be found that, during the sway of both satisfy the Whig-Radicals; they the Tories, from 1784 till the time the go on creating place after place, and Whigs came in separately in 1830, with a sinking revenue increasing con- the number of peerages made, with a siderably the public expenditure. view to political purposcs, was singu
The patronage of a ministry con- larly small and limited. What, then, sists not, however, principally in shall be said of the Whig-Radicals, places, however important--for ho who, after deploring the increase of hours, peerages, promotions, and ri. 150 peers in forty years, although bands remain to be noticed. The scarcely fifty were elevated for mere Whigs are very fond of charging Parliamentary purposes, have not upon Mr Pitt and his party the hei: allowed eight years, since 1830, to nous offence of having so increased pass without creating upwards of the peerage between 1780 and 1823, sixty new peerages for their partithat it was augmented in that time saus ? On looking over a list of the from 225 to 378 persons. Lord John Whigs in the House of Lords, who Russell, in the essay from which we do not altogether number more than have quoted our motto, makes a great 140 (minors included), we find the point of this matter. Now, we admit following connected with the Admi. 150 peers is a large number to have nistration, or bound to it by important been created in forty years ; but, at obligations. We beg our readers to the same time, it is but fair to add notice that these are exclusive of peers that the period to wbich we allude, who have relatives in the Ministry, though comparatively short, was the as the Dukes of Bedford and Norfolk, era during which this country made the Marquis of Anglesea, Lords Rosegreater strides than she had ever ac- berry, Seaford, Bessborough, and complished before, and during which Carlisle ; and to remember also the her opulence and grandeur rose to an vast influence of many of the noble. unexampled pitch. Three hundred men whom we shall mention-an inand seventy-eight peers, in 1823, bore fluence, in the lower House, far more a less proportion to the number of in- important and more destructive of the flurntial proprietors in the country, independence of Parliament, than their than two hundred and twenty-five did own votes in the House of Lords. in 1780. Moreover, it must be remembered, when Lord John Russell
Placemen. brings forward this charge, that seve- Earl of Albemarle, Master of the ral of these new peerages were Whig Horse. creations, prior to 1784, when Mr Duke of Argyle, Lord Steward. Pitt came into office, and, in 1806, Lord Auckland, Governor of India. when all the talents reigned ; and Lord Byron, Lord in Waiting. *
• In bewailing the influence of the Crown, Lord John Russell mourns the sad fate of a Lord of the Bedchamber, dismissed by the Ministry, in 1822, for his vote on the Malt Tax. What will he say now, having been a member of the Cabinets that dismissed Lord Howe from his office of Chamberlain to the Queen, and Lord Charles Fitzroy from his place of Treasurer of the Household, for no greater offence? It is to be regretted that his lordship ever became an author ; he has done damage to no one but his publishers and himself.
Marquis of Conyngliam, Lord Cham- Bishops Durham, Chichester, Salisberlain.
bury, Hereford, Norwich, Litchfield, Lord Cottenham, Lord Chancellor. Ripon, and Ely. These also can have Earl of Durham, Dictator of Canada. no great hostility to the Melbourne Earl of Errol, Master of the Buck. Government. Here, therefore, are hounds.
thirty-six Whig.enlightened Liber. Lord Erskine, Ambassador to Saxony. als accounted for ; the subjoined lists Lord Falkland, Lord in Waiting. will go far to make up the sum total of Lord Foley, Captain of Gentlemen at Whig-Radicalism in the House of Arms.
Marquis of Ailsa.
Earl of Camperdown. Lord Howard De Walden, Ambassa- Duke of Cleveland. dor to Lisbon.
Earl of Ducie. Earl of Ilchester, Captain of Gentle- Earl Granville. men Pensioners.
Earl of Zetland. Marquis of Lansdowne, President of Earl of Durham. the Council.
Earl of Effingham. Duke of Leinster, Chief Commissioner Earl of Lovelace. of Irish Education.
Earl of Litchfield. Earl of Litchfield, Postmaster.Ge. Duke of Sutherland. neral.
Marquis of Westminster. Viscount Duncannon, Lord Privy Earl of Yarborough.
Seal. Viscount Melbourne, First Lord of Whig-Radicals who have been ele. the Treasury.
vated to the British peerage by the Earl of Minto, First Lord of the Whigs. Some of these had Irish Admiralty.
peerages before. Marquis of Normanby, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
Lord Bateman. Lord Plunkett, Lord Chancellor of Lord Belhaven. Ireland.
Lord Brougham. Lord Ponsonby, Ambassador to Tur- Earl Bruce. key.
Earl of Darlington. Viscount Torrington, Lord in Wait. Lord Carew. ing.
Earl of Charlemont. Marquis of Winchester, Groom of Lord Cloncurry. the Stole.
Lord de Manley. The fifty members we mentioned Lord Denman. in the House of Commons as being Lord Dinorben. placemen, only divided among them Lord Duncannon. about L.120,000 a-year ; but here are Lord Falkland. no more than twenty-eight "pure old Earl of Fingal. Whigs," who receive the small sum Lord Glenelg. annually of L.180,000! Who will Lord Godolphin. doubt the zeal of these noble lords in Earl of Gosford. favour of the existing government? In Lord Hatherton. addition to these twenty-eight persons, Marquis of Headfort. the following members of the right re- Lord Howden. verend bench in England have to thank Earl of Kintore. the Whigs for their clevation. The Lord Kinnaird.
One or two peers are meutioned twice, first as placemen, and afterwards as hav. ing received promotions in the peerage, or elevaticn to it. But this is merely done for convenience' sake, and only shows that there are some held by a double bond-both of interest and gratitude.
Dukes of Somerset and Norfolk, and Lord Lismore.
the Earl of Carlisle, have their sons in Earl of Leicester.
the Ministry, and thereby are bound Earl of Leitrim.
indirectly to assist it, and are interest. Lord Lovat.
ed in its preservation. Earl of Ludlow. Earl of Meath.
Dukes. Lord Methven.
SOMERSET. NORFOLK. Lord Mostyn.
Effingham. Albemarle. Lord Sudeley.
SCARBOROUGH. Earl of Uxbridge.
Charlemont. Camperdown. Marquis of Tavistock.
Lovelace. Lord Western.
CARLISLE. Lord Wrottesley.
Ilchester. Lord Vane.
Barons. Derby, who were elevated to the peer- Melbourne. Stafford. age previously to their accession to Lismore.
Methuei. their present dignities ; and when to Falkland. Sudeley. these we add also all the Papist peers Langdale. Mostyn. in Parliament, who are indeed the na- Montfort.
SAYE AND SELE. tural allies of the present Ministry, Foley.
Brougham. and the minors, there remain very few Cottenham. Hatherton. Whig noblemen who can be consider- De Mauley. Plunkett. cd independent in their support of Gardner.
Vernon. Lord Melbourne's cabinet. Still fewer Holland.
Wrottesley. are those giving a zealous or constant Glenelg.
SEAFORD. support to it who can be considered Poltimore. LILFORD. unfettered. Some may allow the pre- Howden. Bishop. mier the sanction of their names and Carew.
Hereford. do no more, others may remain neu- Vaux. tral, and hesitate to declare for the other side ; but we repeat, few, very Here, then, are fifty-four noblemen few, are those who are at once zealous voting on an important question, and and independent. We will illustrate only nine of them are not dependent this fact by one instance of recent oc- for favours or place; only six even of currence. On the 3d of August, the that number being completely free! House of Lords divided on Lord Fitz- How carnestly desirous these Whigs gerald's amendment to the Irish Tithe have proved themselves not to swamp Bill. The number of Conservatives or degree the peerage! How chary was seventy-eight, of Whigs thirty- of using "the influence of the Crown !" seven, and there paired off in favour They have only made sixty peers in of the minority seventeen; making a eight years ; they have only pitchtotal of fifty-four in favour of the Mel. forked that moderate number to swell bourne Ministry. The following is their miserable minority. We questhe list of them; those who are not tion much if without those sixty men placemen and have not received their in buckram, their largest minority, on peerages from the Whigs we print in the most important divisions in the capitals; there remain only nine inde. Upper House, would be forty ; and pendent men ; and even of these the we own, when we consider the vast
machinery and means of corruption despise these puppets of statesmen now in use, and in unscrupulous hands, when we find them, with an hypocrisy we feel that the House of Lords has a only equal to their avarice, pretend to high title to credit ; seeing that de- a superiority of public virtue, and spite all temptation to tergiversation keep more honourable men than themand to submission to the Whigs, the selves out of office, under the frauduindependent unpaid Conservative ma- lent pretext that in so doing they are jority, so far from dwindling away, is saving the country from unprincipled increasing year by year. Whatever and corrupt rulers. Like Judas, they may be done in the House of Com- keep the bag, and they keep it for mons by baronetcies, ribands, commis- themselves. And these, forsooth, are sions, peerages, exorbitant estimates, the men who prated about " the infludomestic or colonial jobs, and aug- ence of the Crown," who deplored mented patronage, we cannot but re- the increase of the peerage, and who joice, then, that we have yet a bul- bragged that they would carry on Gowark, and a remnant of an indepen. vernment on pure principles, without dent Parliament; and, therefore, patronage! These, too, are the Lithough a minister like Lord Mel. berals, the men of purity and economy, bourne may be enabled to realize Lord the reformers of abuses, the opponents John Russell's portrait, and compel of corruption, peculation and intrigue. the Sovereign to retain him by hold- They have descended gradually down. ing in terrorem the threat of a factious wards till they can exist only by purmajority in the House of Commons- chasing the smiles of a mendicant at ready one year to sanction and the the expense of the patronage of Irenext to abandon an appropriation land, and by widening the circle of clause--there is at present no pros- Ministerial influence through every pect of the same threat being employ- artifice the most corrupt Minister of ed with reference to any man's power ancient days invented or employed. in the House of Lords. But that this To this have they come at last, with prospect continues to us, is no fuult of all their fine professions; their essays Lord Melbourne's, and is no oversight on English Government; their articles of the Whig party. Both have done in the · Edinburgh Review ;' their motheir best to extend corruption into tions on the influence of the Crown; the Upper House, but hitherto they and their calculations of the extent of have signally failed. It only remains patronago fresh in the recollection of for the people of the country to coun- the people they have deluded. Yet teract the insidious and more success. what care they for the memory of the ful attacks on the independence of the past or the shame of the present hour, House of Commons, by watching par. so long as they can cling to places and rowly every job; by rejecting every pocket pay? They have deluded the perpetrator at the poll; and by add. nation, but even more to that nation's ing contempt to rejection in the case disgrace than their own. What exof every member who has sold his vote cuse has any man for allowing himself for a baronetcy, or his silence for a to be duped by a Palmerston, taken in brother's promotion. Such men there by a Melbourne, or entrapped by a may be, even in the Reformed Parlia- Glenelg? ment; such men there must be, for But then, perhaps, we may hear we can never believe that independent some Whig, blinded to all sense by or honest men would go down night party spirit, and ignorant of all necesafter night to the House of Commons sary information, put in here a claim to cheer a demagogue like O'Connell, for mitigation of censure, by assertiog or to support a Ministry that tempts that if hundreds of oflices have been the scorn of Europe. We can believe created (as no one will ever deny), this of none but the venal, and, there many have been abolished. It is some. fore, when we discover Whig-radical times the pleasure of Wbig journals corruption, we easily account for its to prate boldly about reductions and necessity, while we heartily despise retrenchments, and so forth. Now we the Ministers who will stoop to hold are quite content to take the issue on office on such mean and trembling this point, and to enquire into these grounds, that nothing but venality can boasted and patriotic proceedings. uphold, and none but the selfish de- We hear of reductions made by the fend them. Ştill more heartily do we Whigs. We ask, what have they re