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We landed without difficulty on quently seen, and the vegetable soil is the eastern side of Staffa, and on an a decomposed lava. In some places eminence, near the center of the we met with gravel containing pebiland, I observed the following bles of basaltes, of red granite, and bearings, The Dutchman's Cape of quartz, whose angles were worn N. W.-Cairnborough N. by W.- off, and they were become round and The Paps of Jura (over Mull) S. smooth. On the N.W. side, the cliff by W.

has lately given way; a large portion The greatest extent of the iNand is of it has lately fallen into the lea, and about one mile from N. E. to S. W. a ftill further part appears likely to and in one pare not more than a quar- follow it. ter of a mile from S. E. to N. W. On the island are two springs of It is tolerably level, the shore every excellent freih-water. There were where steep, and the cliffs formed by three houses (July 5, 1788) uninhabasalt pillars or rude lava. The usual bited ; and barley, oats, fax, and landing parts for boats is in a small potatoes, growing near the center, cove on the N. E. side of the island ; and good grass in several spots. When but we were assured, that there is no the crops are ripe, labourers are sent anchorage for vessels round its whole to gather them in; after which, thir. coast. On the south side, rising from ty head of cattle are sent to winter in a nearly horizontal bed of reddish the island, which, with a solitary stone, are beautiful basalt pillars of herdsman to attend them, continue considerable height, and standing ver- till feed-time the ensuing spring. tically; at a little distance are others In attempting to return to llay, after inclined, and others which are cur. having got within three miles of the ved, 'very similar to the ribs of a N.W. part of Colonsay, ay heavy gale Thip. 'I here are three caverns amidit of wind came on, which obliged us to

the basaltic pillars; the northernmost bear away, and take shelter in the = goes in to the eastward, how far I Bull Sound. The weather continuing know not; for, though we weot en- stormy, we landed, and walked to .. tirely round the island in our boat, Fidden, the house of Lieut. Colonel the tide was too high, and the swell Campbell, of the Plymouth division too great, to permit our entering any of Marines, who received us with the of the caverns without the utmost utmost cordiality, and hospitably enrisk; we therefore forbore to make so. tertained us foi five days, which we dangerous an attempt. One of the were detained by an adverse wind and caverns is now usually called Fingal's severity of weather. Availing our. Cave; but the school-master at Icolm- felves of this delay, and of Col. Campkill informed us, that the Erfę name bell's polite offer to be our guide, for it is Feio, which fignifies the me. we set out on foot with him and lodious or echoing cave. On the Lieutenant Stewart, to view the seam Dorthern part of the land, and at the of coal on the south side of Loch cuve where we landed, the cliffs are Leven. After passing some moory of coarse lava, without any pillars. ground, and continuing our route to. In some parts of the island the tops the northward for an hour and an of the pillars are standing bare; in half, we came to a spot where the cther parts the sur ace is formed by rock which puts up to the day is a a rude argillaceous lava, full of blad- laminated micaceous stone of the gneiss der-holes, some empty, others replete kind (Kirwan, p. 102.) and in anowith quartz crystals. Calcareous spar, ther half hour, near a small town on pebbles of indurated clay and Thoerl, the S.W. side of Loch Lyne, we were Jetached pieces of zeolite, are free fewn a quarry where the gneiss ran.

ges

ges N E. and S.W. and has a flight feet below the surface. At the backs hade to S.E. It is in ribs from two of the house, towards the fea, are to twelve inches thick, and is strati- cliffs of red granite, which extend fied by intermediate ribs of red graround to the Bull Sound. On the nite of about an inch thick. We cros- fhore are pebbles of basaltes, of grased Loch Lyne in a boat, and land- nite, and of gneiss; and from the ed on the rude mass of lava, which firm rocks we collected several specicontinues away to the N.E. by the mens of granite, in which the feldtown of Ardlun, and onwards to the fpath, quartz and black mica, are dif. S.W. side of Loch Leven.

feien ly blended' but without any In a fmall bay, about one mile to snoerl, the S. E. of Alulun Head, under a During our stay at Fidden, I bed of jointed lava, which has fome leaned from Mr Siewart, that Roos resemblance of pillars, and just at Mull, which is the N.W. part of high-waier maik, is de bead of coal, Muli, is chiefly ied granite: in the ex ictly twelve inches thick, int: rmix. southern part of the illand is very fine ed with file or bituminous Thistus white frcete ne, and between that and (Kirwan, p, 89.) dipp og 5. E. towards the granite all whynstose. The the Loch one yard in threr : there is illind of Lismor, in the sound of noi any inrervering fu stance b treca Muli, is entirely limeft ne, excepto the coalind the superi cumbent Java, ing where it is ci offed by the W'bya which contains mary bladder holes. Dykes. In the island of Ulva are Beneath the coal is alto lava without pillars somewhat resembling those of any intervenin; marier. About twen Steffa, but of a paler colour.-Canty yards to th: NW. the coal again na aiso is basaltic, and resembles Staffa. appears in the cliff, but is not more - The Duchman's Cape has rude pil than frim eight to ten inches thick. lars.-Carnborough the same. DunHere are tumblers of various sizes, vegan in the ille of Skye has bafalsca tered on the shore. Amongst them tic pillars, fimilar to Staffa.-O are some referibling the Derbyshire the south-west lide of the isle of Egg toar store ; and a thuri distance inland is a curious cavern. (to the S.W.) are rude masses of lava, We ag in embarked for Ilay; but, itaning up at day, not unlike the it being calm, and the tide against us, grea: Whyn Dykes of Ilay. In the were obliged to anchor; and we landLoch, and at some distance from the ed on an island which forms the S.E. opposire a re,' there ftood, within point of the found of Iona. From the memory of man, an i. fulated the point, which is a bare rock of red pillar of coal, from which the coun- granite, broken and jointed in every fry people were accustomed to pro- dire&ion, I observed the following cure a lupply for smiths ufe ; but the bearings. lcolmkill Church N.N.E. quantities they carried away, and the - The northermoft part of Staffa, continual walhing of the lea, have over the N.E. point of the found of now entirely removed it.

Luna, N E. by N.-Tie south Pap We returned to Fidden House, of Jura, over Colonsay, S. which is fituated on level ground The upper surface of the granite, near the sea, and near a small Loch, even in the very higheft part, is all which affords a harbour to small vefe convex, which seems to prove, that sels, but is dangerous to enter. The by some convullon is has been thrown flat country in front of the house is up from the bed of the ocean. which, entirely composed of sea sand, includ. by long washing over it, had preriing tells ; when dug into, ficth ously worn down its subftance at the water is constantly found at a few edges of all its numerous joints. OG the east lide of the point, and on the apparently of chert. Being quite west lide of a little bay, where the calm, we rowed along srore, passed the granice cliffs are at lealt fifteen yards entrance of Loch Tarbut, and obperpendicular, we discovered a Whyn served several Whyn Dykes, or lava Dyke, or vein of lava, about two feet veins, running into the sea. The wide, included in a vertical fiffure Paps of Jura were mostly covered by Tanging S.E. by E. and N.W. by W. the fog ; but which breaking away Going round to the oppofite side of at intervals gave us a view of their the bay, we found the lava on the lofty summits, and of the narrow cliff ranging as above ; but the vein, ftripe of rock mentioned by Mr Penor Whyo Dyke, much smaller, be. nant (Voyage in 1772, p. 217.) caling only from eight to ten inches be. led the side of the Old Hag, to which tween the granite sides, which seemed is annexed a curious legend ; buc to continue closing ; nor could it be which, in reality, appears to be the feen on the main land of Mull, which surface of a Whyn Dyke, running · was at no great distance. The fiffure, down the fide of the cherty Moun which includes the lava, is, where tain. After entering the found of first discovered, wider than the vein Ilay, observing a very confiderable of làva it contains, which therefore Whyn Dyke, or vein of lava, On the stands wholly detached from the Jura fhore, we landed, and found it S.W. side. The lava and fissure range range N.N.W. and S.S.E. Ic is of quite through the point ; and to the a dark colour, and compact texture, N.W. by W. on the opposite side of and in some parts will give fire with a small found or inlet, it appears on a steel. Near to this Whyn Dyke is a rocky. illand, divided into two veins, red argillaceous substance, Itrongly ftill keeping nearly the same direc- impregnated with iron, and containtion.

ed in an inclined stratum, varying About 6 yards to the westward of the in thickness, and terminating in a caJava vein, or Whyn Dyke, is an im- vern, whose sides and roof are of the mense fiffure in the granite, ranging fame substance, but wonderfully bro. N. by W. and S. by E. It is from ken and thrown into every direction; nine to ten feet wide, and, by estic as is the including chert, amongit mation, about an hundred and twen- which we found some that is brecty feet deep. At the northern ex- ciated. trémity, near the top, two stones are Soon after we returned to our boat. fufpended in a moft extraordinary man- 'a squall of wind came on, a'tended ner between the lides : the under one with heavy rain, which almoft wholis fixed, and upon that the other ap- ly obscured each fhore, and contis pears to lie loofe. There is a large nued till we landed at Freepoit, wet cavern in the western side of the and fatigued, but highly gratified by fissure, and a corresponding fissure is the recollection of the many curious seen on the oppofite Thore.

objects we had visited during our In the evening, when the tide fa. excurfion. . toured us, we failed. The night It having been considered as very proved calm and foggy, and in the extraordinary, that a bed of coal morning we found ourselves near the should be found, as at Ardlun, in. west coast of Jura; to the northward cumbent upon, and surmounted by of Loch Tarbut. As we approach- a mass of lava ; I was induced to ed the shore, we found it rocky for look into some of the authors who the distance of a quarter of a mile have treated of volcanic countries; from the cliffs, which are low, and and find there are many instances of

Xx Vol. XII. No. 75.

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coal

coal in the vicinity of lavas, though which is not attracted by the magI have not met with any precisely fie net, and of which I only procured tuated like the coal at Ardlun. half a grain, of a yellowish brown

May not the coal found at Ardlun colour, from twenty grains of the be an indurated bitumen, wbich, ex- crude subitance. uding in a liquid state from the in- The learned Bishop of Landaff, in cumbent matter, penetrated the ar- the third volume of his Chemical gillaceous Thistus, which previously Essays, in his Essay on Bitumens conftituted the intervening stratum (p. 6.) supposes that, under certain between the lava? It has some of the circumstances, naphtha, petroleum, properties of jet ; the specific gravity and asphaltum, might be produced of that which we procured is 1,284; by a kind of Subterraneous diftillait is of a gloffy black, its fracture tion, and might impregnate the poglassy and conchoidal, does not foil rous sirata of several kinds of lones the fingers when handled, and when and earth. Consider then, whether warmed by friction will attract light the substance I have been describing bodies, Placed wir a red-hot iron it may not have been produced in that decrepitates, emits a dense smoke manner, since it is included within a which has a refinous finell, becomes mass of matter which carries every thoroughly ignited, bursts into fl.me, appearance of having formerly beep and yields an impalpable refiduum, acted upon by fire.

Account of the Proceedings of the Chatelet, with regard to the Duc d'Orleans

THE criminal proceedings of the deposed, that he heard some of the : 1 Chatelet of Paris, on a denun. women loudly cry out, “ We shall eiation of what happened at Versailles chop off her head (the Queen's,) and on the 5th and 6th of Oétober, 1789, make a fricassée of her heart and lihave been published at last, by order ver!” of the National Afiembly, and are M. Brousse, a Lieutepaot of the the topic of general conversation. Mayor of Paris, heard two women, ; There are three hundred and three reinrned from Versailles, diftinily depofitions, forming two volumes in utter thefe words : “ Ah, Louifon? fnall octavo. By them it appears, had we got in our hands le petit Mits that the principal inciters of the rie Antoinette, we hould have made whole were the Duke of Orleans, her dance comme il faut."--" Aye!” Mirabeau the elder, and de la Clos; replied the order ; " me is the on!, the last in woman's clothes. One of caufe of all our sufferings.'' the deponents, M. Pelletier, declared M. Roufile, a physician of Parise to have heard Mirabeau say to Mou- and his colleague, M. Rahe, depos wer, whom he wished to gain to his fed, that they had been spoken to conparty, a How Glly you are, my dear cerning the enrolling a new body of friend! did I ever iell you we niuit Guards, and giving the Regency to have no King ? certainly we must have the Duke of Orleans, when the King one ; but of what consequence is it should be gone to Metz, -to sou that it should be Louis XVI.or M. Bremost, an Advocate in ParXVII? would you have us always be liament, said, he heard Tome of the gorerned øy a child?

poisurdes (fish-women) voci sously M. Miomandre, a life-guardman, addre's these words to the Queen's

colis: tloset: « There lives that infernal switch he was playing with; a large w ; we must carry her to Val cockade in his bat; and was laughde Grace," (a convent.) Other wo- ing all the while. James Denislep men, of the same itamp, added, and Anthony Hudeline, my bro* We do not want her body; we ther's servants, were with me at the muft only carry her head to Paris." fame window."

M. Girin, à captain of infantry, M. da Virieu, Member of the Naremarked, that it was publicly re- tional Aslembly, in a conversation he ported on Monday the 5th of Octo- had with Count Mirabeau about the ber, 1789, that M. de Mirabeau the improbability of the House of Orleans elder was seen in the afternoon with ever coming to the throne, declared a naked sabre in his hand, encourag. that the Count answered him thus : ing the soldiers in the Flanders regi. “ It may not be so improbable as ment against their officers, and afo you think; the plethoric ftate of his suring them, that the life-guards were Majesty and of Monsieur, which may murdering fome of their comrades, Ahorten their lives; reduces this migh&c. This deponent, however, ac- ty question to the existence of the knowledged that Count de Gama- Dauphin, who is but a child."'--"But che, who resembles Mirabeau, bad Countd'Artoisand histwo kons!" "He diten been mistaken for the latter on and his children may be looked upon that day.

as fugitives, and, after what has hapAnne Pottevin, the landlady of the pened, they must remain exiled from Warsaw Ho:el at Paris, pofitively their country for at least ten years." ailerted, that Mirabeau, who owed “ What do you think of the Duke of her about two hundred louis d'ors, Orleans' character?"" " His timidity had often promised to pay her when has marred all his great views ; ve he should be Prime Minister.-" The wanted to have him Leu enant-Ge. time is not far off," said he to her on neral of the kingdom ; it is his own the 12th of July.

fault if he is not, for we had prep.:red E izabeta Nolle, first chambcrmaid his leifun for him, and taught him of her Majesty, deposed, that, on whai to say. He was to have been the nights of the 5th ard 6th of Oc. mediator between the King aod the tober, the law fome vilains attempt town of Paris, on condition he should ing to enter the Queen's apartment; be named to that important place ; bat that thereupon the entered precipitate. in his way to the Council fe hesita:ly into her Majesty's bedchamber, ed, did not dare :o enter, and beghelped her to put on her bed gown god leuve of the King to go to Eig. and stockings, and led her, with land." Madame Anyne, another chamber- Couot St Aulaire deposed, that on maid, to the King, by a secret paf- the fatal night he went to the Daufaze.

phin's apartment, and having Naked Viscount de la Chatre, a Member the Margnis de Touzel, and laced of the National Assembly, declared, a bougie at the bed's feet, he said, that he heard from his own room at “ You have not a moment to lole; Versailles the shouts and cries of carry the Dauphin to the King." “ Vive le Roi d'Orleans !That he M. Dgone, Member of the Na. faw from his windows that Prince at tional Asienibiy, faw, on the 6th of the same time passing by the troops,and Ozo'er, the Queen, Madame Clizacoming from the Place des Armes, beih, the Prin.ess Royal, and the where two of the life-guards had been Dauphin, in one of the chambers of just murdered. “ The Duke bad in th: Chateau. The Dauphin, playing bis hand,” says the deponeai," a wito his lifter, said to his Manma,

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