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fifteen days for Europe, and the sale of merchandise or captured vefseas on her coasts, and those of sels shall be severely prohibited. Africa on this side the equator : The French Republic shall observe forty days after the faid exchange the same regulations with respect for the countries and feas of Ame. to ships of war, cruisers, or prizes rica and Africa beyond the equator, belonging to the European powers and three months after for the couns with which Her Moft Faithful Matries and seas Gituated to the east- jesty may enter into war. ward of the Cape of Good Hope. VI. Her Most Faithful Majesty

III. The ports, towns, places, or acknowledges, by the present treaany other territorial possessions of ty, that all the territories situated to cither of the two powers, in what- the north of the limits hereinafter ever part of the world, which are mentioned, between the polleffions occupied or conquered by the troops of the two contracting powers, beof the other, shall be reciprocally long in full property and loverestored within the periods above. reignty to the French Kepublic: mentioned, without either compen- renouncing, as far as need be, as sation or indemnity being required. well for hertelf as her successors, all

IV. Her Most Faithful Majesty the rights to which she might preengages to observe the most exact tend upon the laid territories, under neutrality between the Republic and whatever title, and particularly in the other beiligerent powers. A virtue of the eighth article of the similar neutrality shall be observed treaty concluded at Utrecht, the 11th by the French Republic, in case of of April, 1713. The French Rea rupture between Portugal and any public reciprocally acknowledges other European power. In conse- that all the territories situated to quence, neither of the two contract- the south of the said line, belong to ing parties, during the course of the Her Moft Faithful Majesty, in conpresent war, shall furnish to the formity to the treaty of Utrecht. enemies of the other, in virtue of VII. The limits between the two any treaty or ftipulation whatever French and Portuguese Guyanas (public or secret) any fuccours in shall be determined by the river troops, lips, arms, warlike ammu- called by the Portuguese Calmeme, nition, provisions, or money, under and by the French Vincent Pinson, whatever title or denomination. which flows into the ocean above

V. Her Most Faithful Majesty the North Cape, about two degrees shall not admit into her great ports and a half southern latitude. They more than six armed tips of warshall follow the said river to its belonging to any one of the belli. source, and afterwards a right line gerent powers, nor more than three drawn from the said source towards into her smaller ports. The prizes the west, as far Rio Blanco. made by their ships of war or re- VIII. The mouth, as well as the spective cruisers shall no more be whole course of the said river Calreceived into her Majesty's ports, meme or Vincent Pinson, belong than the cruisers themselves, unless in full and entire sovereignty to the it be in cases of tempeft or immi- French Republic, without, howevnent peril, and then they shall de- er, the subjects of Her Moft Faithpart as soon as the peril is paft. All ful Majesty, established in the envi



rons to the south of the said river, on other provisions and merchanbeing prevented from using it free- dises of the fame kind imported by ly, and without being subject to the other nations. duties of entrance, course, and wa- 3d. That nevertheless the French ter-duty.

Republic not being able to offer to IX. The subjects of Her Moft Portugal but a price extremely low Faithful Majesty who are settled to for its wines, and being unable to the north of the frontier line above compensate by the introduction of marked, shall be free to remain there, French cloths into that kingdom, obeying the laws of the Republic, things shall reciprocally remain, or to withdraw with their effects, with respect to those two articles, or to sell the lands belonging to in their present state. them. The facuity of retiring and 4th. That the duties of custom selling their moveable or immove- and others upon provisions and able effects, is reciprocally reserved merchandise of the soil and manuto the French who may be settled factures of the two powers, shall be to the south of the said frontier line. reciprocally regulated upon the fame The exercise of the said faculty is footing as with regard to other most limited to one, and the other to favoured nations. two years, reckoning from the ex- 5th. That out of the duties thus change of the ratifications of the regulated, there shall be allowed a French treaty:

drawback in favour of merchandises X. There shall be negotiated and the produce of the soil or manufacconcluded as soon as possible be- tures of the states of each of the tween the two powers, a treaty of two powers, provided they are imcommerce founded upon equitable ported in national vessels on account basis, and reciprocally advantage- of the merchants to whom they beous. Until it is concluded, it is long, and fent in right of the ports agreed,

of Europe, on the one hand, to the ift. That the commercial relations ports of Europe on the other. The shall be re-established immediately amount of these drawbacks, as well after the exchange of the ratifica- as the kinds of merchandises to tion, and that the citizens or sub- which they shall apply, to be regujects of each of the two powers shall lated by the treaty of commerce to enjoy in the territories of the other be concluded between the two all the rights, immunities, and pre- powers. rogatives enjoyed by the most fa- 6th. That further, all the stipulavoured nations.

tions relative to commerce inserted 2d. That the provisions and mer. in preceding treaties concluded béchandises, the produce of their foil tween the two powers shall be

proor their manufactures, shall be re- visionally executed, wherein they spectively admitted, if the provi- are not contrary to the present sions and merchandise of the same treaty. kind of other nations are, or shall XI. Her Most Faithful Majesty afterwards be admitted ; and that shall admit into her ports the French the said provisions and merchan- ftips of war and merchanțmen, undises shall not be subject to any pro- der the same conditions as the ships hibition which shall not equally fall of the most favoured načions are ad1


mitted. The Portuguese vessels XVI. The peace and good friendshall enjoy in France the most exact tip re-established by the present reciprocity.

treaty between the French Repub. XII. The French consuls and lic and Her Most Faithful Majesty, vice-consuls Thall enjoy privileges, are deelared to extend in common immunities, prerogatives, and juris to the Batavian Republic. dictions, as they enjoyed them be- XVII. The present treaty shall fore the war, and as they are enjoy- be ratified, and the ratification exed by the most favoured nations. changed in two months, reckoning

XIII. The ambassador or minif- from this day. ter of the French Republic at the Done, performed, concluded, court of Portugal, shall enjoy the figned, and confirmed, to wit, same immunities, prerogatives, and by me Charles Delacroix, by privileges as French anballadors the seal for foreign affairs, and enjoyed previous to the war.

by me the Chevalier d'Aran. XIV. All the French citizens, as jo, by the seal of my arms, at well as the individuals composing Paris, the 23d Thermidor, the establishment of the ambassador fifth year of the French Re. or minister of the councils, and public, answering to the 10th other agents accredited and ac- of August, old style. knowledged by the French Repub. (Signed) lic, shall enjoy in the states of Her CHARLES DELACROIX. Most Faithful Majesty the same li- ANT. D’ARANJO DAZEVEDO. berty of worship as is enjoyed by the 'moft favoured nations in this

The Executive Directory agrees to respect.

sign this present treaty between Her The present, and two preceding Most Faithful Majesty the Queen articles, fhall be reciprocally observ- of Portugal, negotiated in the name ed by the French Republic with re. of the Republic by citizen Charles gard to the ambafiadors, minifters, Delacroix, Minister Plenipotentiaconfuls, and other agents of Her ry, invested with powers to that efMost Faithful Majesty.

feet by a decree of the 30th last XV. All the prisoners made on Mellidor, and charged by his inboth sides, including marines and structions. sailors, shall be given up in a month, Done at the national palace of reckoning from the exchange of the the Executive Directory, the ratification of the present treaty, on

2.1th Thermidor, 5th year payment of the debts they ihall have of the Republic, one and incontracted during their captivity.

divisible. For the sake of The sick and wounded shall conti

expedition, nue to be taken care of in the re- (Signed) REVELLIERE LEPAUX, fpective hospitals : they shall be

President. given up immediately after they By the Executive Directory,

LAGARDE, Sec. Gen.*

Convention * The Executive Directory, however, by a decree of the 26th O&tober, declared this treaty null'and void. The following is a copy of the decree :

« The

are cured.

Convention concluded between General power in Europe, which is the

Buonaparte and the Marquis of Men- French Republic: in fine, whereas fredini, on Behalf of the Grand Duke these infringements of the neutralof Tuscany.

ity display a tendency hostile to the

French Republic, and contrary to ist. THE Grand Duke shall pay the good understanding which ought 800,000 livres, as an indemnity for to fubfift with Lombardy, the Gethe expences of the French garri- neral Administration resolves as fola son at Leghorn.

lows : 2d. General Buonaparte promises ist. All the inhabitants of the to withdraw that garrifon, confift- bailiwicks of Belinzona and Lugaing of 1600 men, and on whose de

no, who shall appear on the terriparture the Grand Duke will pay tory of Lombardy unprovided with 1,200,000 livres more to the French passports of the Lombard constitutRepublic.

ed authorities, fhall immediately be

arrested as suspected persons, conDeclaration of the General Administration ducted beyond the frontiers, and, of Lombardy.

should they return again, be treated

as fpies of the hostile powers, and WHEREAS, notwithstanding the declaration of neutrality of the Hel. judged by martial law.

2d. All the Swiss barges, on Vetic Republic, the inhabitants of board of which Austrian deferters the bailiwicks of Lugano and Be- shall be found, are to be confiscated, linzona have openly favoured the and their masters judged by militadesertion of the Austrian prisoners; whereas money, boats, and clothes ry law as persons recruiting for the

enemy: are procured, and roads pointed out

3. As long as the agents of Austo them to join their armies; whereas the magistrates permit Austrian ing himself an imperial commision

tria, especially one Andreazzi, calland English emissaries to reside in


Thall not be banished from those those bailiwicks, from whence they endeavour to disturb the internal from Lombardy thall be prohibited.

countries, the importation of corn tranquillity of Lombardy; whereas the principal magistrate at Lugano has dared to compel by force Tome

Ratisbon, February 19th, 1797. Lombards who resided in that town THE impending new campaign to lay aside the cockade of the first has been officially announced io the


“The Executive Directory, considering that the Queen of Portugal, instead of fending a pure and simple ratification of the treaty of peace concluded with the Executive Directory, in the name of the French Republic, on the 23d Thermidor, 3th year, within the two months allowed by that treaty, has put her principal strong places into the hands of the English army, decrees as follows:

The treaty between the French Republic and the Queen of Portugal,concluda ed on the 23d Thermidor, 5th year, and not ratified on the part of her faid Majesty, is declared to be of no effect.

“The minister for foreign affairs is charged to notify to M. Aranjo Dazevedo, Minister Plenipotentiary of the Queen of Portugal, to quit the territory of the Republic without delay.

(Signed) “ LA REVELLIERE LEPAUX, President,".

diet of the empire. The declara. Buonaparte, General in Chief of the tion made on the 14th instant, on Army of Italy, to the People of Cathe part of the Emperor, to the rinthia. three colleges of the empire, con- General Quarters at Clagenfurt, tains, amongst others, the following paffage :

April ift. The states must have acquired the THE French army does not most perfect conviction from many come into your country to conquer events, especially from the hostile it, nor to effect any change in your sentiments expressed by the enemy religion, manners, or customs. It against the integrity of the empire, is the friend of all nations, and parthat it is become unavoidably ne- ticularly of the brave people of cessary to make greater efforts, and Germany. to lose no time in straining every The Executive Directory of the nerve to support his Imperial Ma- French Republic have spared no jesty in the generous patriotic re- pains to bring to a termination the solution of employing all his forces calamities which defolate the Confor the welfare of the Germanic tinent. Resolved to be foremost empire, and the preservation of its in the accomplishment of this plan, constitution, with all possible vigour, they sent General Clarke to Vienand with farther sacrifices of his re- na, as a Plenipotentiary, to comsources.

mence negotiations for peace;

but The Emperor then demands of the court of Vienna refused to all those states who wish for the hearken to them : it has ever been farther protection of the imperial declared at Vicenze, through the arms, the speedy furnishing of their medium of M. St. Vincent, that it quintuple contingent of troops, who did not acknowledge the French are to join the army of the empire Republic. General Clarke dewithout delay; to furnish alto the manded a passport, to go to speak contingents in money, and the ar- to the Emperor himself; but the rears of the Roman months, in or- ministers of the court of Vienna, der that the effective force may be dreaded, with reason, that the moseasonably known before the open- deration of the propofitions which ing of the impending campaign, he was charged to make, would inwhich is to be carried on with the fluence the Emperor to conclude a greatest energy

peace. These ministers, corrupted The Emperor concludes his de- by Englimh gold, betrayed Germany claration by itating,

and their prince, and are as reluctHis Majesty the Emperor and ant to negotiation as the perfidious King, considering the immense ef- islanders who are the horror of all forts of the enemy, and the viciffi- Europe. tudes of the war which have hither- Inhabitants of Carinthia! I to taken place, will find it impossi- know it, you detest, as much as us, ble to avert the hostile dangers both the English, who are the only which threaten the Germanic con- gainers by the existing warfare, and stitution, and the prosperity of cer- your minister, who is told to them. tain districts of Germany, unless his If we have been at war for fix co-states will grant him the most ac- years, it is contrary to the wishes tive support.

of the brave Hungarians, of the


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