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PROTESTANT INTELLIGENCE. One great object of the Protestant Advocate has been to convey information, concerning the Roman Catholic Question, to the minds of the people in general. A large proportion of the public bad fallen into the error of supposing that the religion of Rome had altogether changed its nature ; that its obnoxious decrees and canons had become obsolere ; that its intolerant principles bad been ameliorated, either by the operation of Christian charity, or in consequence of the liberal spirit wlrich is the distinguisbing characteristic of these enlightened days ; that the Pope had lost his power, or at least that his Holiness had ceased to exert it in foreign countries, to the prejudice of independent princes, and the subduction of a moiety of their subjects' allegiance; and that, therefore, the time was arrived when all restraints should be abolished, and all distinctions done away; and that as an identity of principle pervaded all bosoms, those barriers erected by our forefathers against Popery, might be levelled with the ground, and the Papists might be admitted into cur Parliaments and our councils, if not within the rails enclosing our communion-tables; and allowed to comojand our fleets and armies, to distribute justice from our supreme tribunals, to pronounce the law of equity, to keep the conscience of a Protestant King, nay, even to be seated on the throne once abdicated by a Popish monarch. The eyes of the good Protestants of this United Kingdom are now open to the dangers which surround them. The false pretences, and the hollow pronuises of Papists have been exposed. The Question is now better understood. The people are no longer in danger of being " destroyed for lack of knowledge." The Editor of the Protestant Advocate has received many letters congratulating him on the success of his endeavours, and encouraging him to unabating exertion by many most cheering commendations. He knows bow short his performance has fallen of the views which he had formed;
easy it is to plan, how difficult to execute; he is fully aware how little he has yet been able to accomplish, and how much remains to be done. He fondly hoped that, in the space of six months, this publication might have embraced every topic, and have put his fellow-countrymen, generally, in possession of all the main points at issue between Papists and Protestants. He once was extravagant enough to imagine (before experience corrected his sanguine suppositions), that he should be able to detail the substance of each interesting work on the subject, as soon as it issued from the press. Here he has suffered grievous disappointment. Incessant reading, noting, writing, consulting of authorities, verifying of quotations, resorting to libraries, tumbling over bulky volumes, and
all the toil of a practical scholar, in defiance all the while of alarming symptoms of ill health, and a great deal of professional labour at an advanced period of life,-have not enabled him to realize the expectations wbich he formed in September last.-Still he has had a great consolation in the midst of bis anxieties - and this is, that the chief cause of all his solicitudes has been the abundance of Protestant publications. That has happened again which took place in the reigo of James II. The learned bave employed their acquirements in giving information to their brethren ; multitudes of small tracts have appeared; and the Question has been discussed with as much zeal, and ability, as much temper and discretion, and as much spirit and vigour as adorned the period which be has mentioned, and of which Burnet speaks in such high terms. The Editor begs leave, therefore, to mention some pamphlets of great importance, which have been recently published, and to refer his readers to them for such information as he has not yet found either time or room to communicate. And liere be most earnestly begs to be understood, that in mentioning some tracts, he means not to insinuate that those which are unmentioned are of small worth. He selects the titles of many excellent works, without much regard to date, without any idea of flattering the authors, whatever rank they may bold either in the Church or State, or in the republic of letters; whether they have often appeared before the world, or whether the spur of the present occasion has stimulated them to brave, for the first time, the criticisms of some, in the hope of instructing orhers.
Į. “ Letters on the religious and po.itical Teners of the Roman Hierarchy,
addressed to the Rev. Dr. Troy, titular Archbishop of Dublin, ly the Rev. IV. Hales, D.D.” &c.
In this publication the reader will see a stupendous display of erudition, combined with a thorongh knowledge of the present controversy. Dr. Hales writes with a liveliness peculiar to himself and has a most happy talent at exploding fallacies, and counteracting the various arts of “ those who lye in wait io deceive." His general knowledge of history, and his particular acquaintance with that of Ireland in all ages, gives him vast advantage over his antagonists. His personal knowledge of the leading agitators in the Sister Kingdom is of excellent use to him. These Letters are here collected together in one publication from the several numbers of the Anti-Jacobin, where they originally drew the attention, and commanded the approbation, and convinced the understandings of all onprejudiced readers.
2. A plain Statement of the Roman Catholic Question, by the Rev. Thomas
Le Mesurier, M. 4. Reclor of Haughton near Darlington, &c. , M. Le Mesurier is a complete master of this momentous question... He has again and again refuted the arguments and exposed the bold assertions of Dr. Milner and other Champions of the Romish Cause. In this Pamphlet, we admire the luminous arrangement of matter, and the natural and unforced way in which he introduces, in a condensed form, every topic worthy of consideration; not a sentence seems out of its place.-- A. second edition of his former tract-"A Serious Examination of the Roman Catholic Claims, as set forth in the Petition now pending before Parliament ; first published in 1805," was printed last year. We most earnestly recommend a perusal of them both to all persons who wish to acquire a competent knowledge of the matters in dispute.-We sincerely congratulate this ornament of our Church on bis new desigoation-Rector of Haughton, late of Newnton Longville. We are happy to see merit rewarded. This furnishes another proof of the Bishop of Durham's attention to the preferment and promotion of learned men. Haughton, is a Rectory in his lordsbip's gift. Church patronage cannot be lodged in better hands. 3. " A Refutation of the Second Part of the Book entitled, a Statement of
the Penal Laws which aggrieve the Cntholics of Ireland, with Com. mentaries, in which the several Falsehoods, Misrepresentations and Impostures of this pretended Statement are set forth, and the Insolence, Malignity and sedicious Tendency of the whole exposed; by Detector."
The Refutation of the first part was published in 1812, and that of the second is drawn up with equal ability. The Penal Statutes have been long since repealed. All that now aggrieve the Roman Catholics of Ireland are these restrictions, that they are not eligible to thirty-two places of high im. portance in the executive government of the State ; and that they may not sit in Parliament. -The two tracts intituled “ Refulation," &c, should be read by every body who would appreciate justly, Popish Ambition, and Protestant Forbearance ; or would witness the triumph of Truth over Falsehood. 4. “ An Essay on the comparative Numbers of Protestants and Roman
Cu!holics in the United Kingdom, in which the true Grounds of Protestant
We are much inclined to believe, that this little tract is written. by the author of the “ Refutation." He completely exposes the prevalent vulgar errors respecting the number of Papists, whom, our readers will be pleased to remember, we have ever held to be over-rated. They are proved to be in the proportion of two to one-(not five or six to one) to the Protestants of Ireland ; and hardly to bear the ratio of one to six in respect of the Protestants of the United Kingdom. Ascendancy, however, should not depend on numbers alone, but on talent, information, rank, property, industry, &c. and these are all in favour of the Protestant Ascendancy in Ireland ; how the matter stands in Great Britain we need not say. S. “ A Protestant and Papist's Manual, containing 1. a Protestant's
Reasons for the Independence of the Ancient British Church ; 2. a Roman Catholic's Reasons why he cannot conform to the Protestant Religion, examined and answered; 3. a short View of the Differences belween the Churches of England and of Rome."
This tract contains a fund of most useful information for all classes of readers. His lordsbip's name does not appear on the title-page, but it is? well known to be written by the Bishop of St. David's, and indeed is recognized as such in the next article. The learned will read it with great satisfaction, and the unlearned will see the specific differences existing be. tween the Protestants and Papists, and will be armed with such answers to the plausible partizans or insinuating propagators of Popery, as will bafile all their attempts to overturn bis religious principles. 6. “ The Protestant Retrospect ;-by the Bishop of St. David's."
In this very small tract, we are presented with the result of much recondite learning, and laborious research. It is admirably adapted to general use, and should be liberally distributed by those whose object it is to inform the bulk of the people. Its price is 3d. and our publisher supplies copies at £1. per hundred.
N. B. This List will be continued.
PROTESTANT PETITIONS. Petitions during this last month have been voted and presented with such rapidity, that we have found great difficulty in taking an account of them. The number and weight of these most important documents, which have occasioned us no small labour, we trust will cperate very powerfully in that quarter for which they are immediately intended-tho two houses of parliament we mean... The clergy and laity of Chichester have petitioned, as bave the dean and chapter of Ely; the archdeaconries of Norwich and Norfolk; the dean and chapter of Salisbury; the clergy of lfills ; our friend Oinos llatpidos has favoured us with a letter on the pains taken by certain great men of " the Talents'" ministry, to render the intentions of those who attended the county meeting abortive. The archdeacon and clergy of Berks hare petitioned ;-as have also the archdeacon and clergy of Sarum; the dean and chapter of Ereter, and, we believe, the whole clergy of that diocese, where a fabricated counter-petition was set up, not containing, it is said, the name of one clergyman of the Established Church in the district. The mayor and borough of Leeds have petitioned ; of what passed in that great town we have a very full account in the Leeds Intelligencer of Feb, 1. Wm. Hey, Esq. made an excellent speech in favour of petitioning; he was more than an hour on his legs ; Mr. Tottie opposed the petition ; Mr. Coulman animadverted on Mr. Tottie's address, which was supported by Mr. Tennant; Mr. T. Sadler, however, took an opportunity, in seconding the petition proposed, to make a speech of a most superior cast, in which he spoke in the highest terms, of the great scholars and enlightened statesmen who first proposed the restrictions on Papists. The result was just what might have been wished. “ The minority was numerous enough to prove that every exertion had been used to oppose the Protestant interest; but it was overpowered by such an overwhelming majority as ought to set the question, in the borough of Leeds, at least, at rest for ever." May such a majority quiet the hearts of Protestants, when the sense of Parliament shall be taken upon it!- Bath has petitior.ed, as has Beverley; -Huddersfield; an individual, one Æneas M'Donnell, at Huddersfield, has presented a counter Petition. -The town of Cambridge bas petitioned;-Wenlock ;--Great Torrington ; -several of the clergy of the diocese of Carlisle ;-the town of Chester ;Winchester ;-the freeholders of Oxfordshire ;--the county of Flint, with 4,000 names affixed to the petition;-St. Allan's ;-Wurrington;-Harwichs diocese of Bath and Wells ;-Ipswick ;--N. B. Mr. Whitbread presented a petition from Ipswich in favour of the Roman Catholic claims, signed by six persons ;-the dean and chapter of Hereford ;-the archdeaconry of Chichester ;- the county of Anglesea ;-the mayor, corporation, and inhabitants of Colchester ;-the clergy of the archdeaconry of Colchester ; the clergy of the archdeaconry of St. Allan's; -the clergy of the archdeaconry of Middlesex ;-the French Episcopal Church in London ;-the inhabitants of London and Westminster, 60,000 persons ;-the ward of Billingsgate ; --the parish of St. George, Hanover Square; the dean and chapter, archdeacon, and clergy of the cathedral church and diocese of Worcester ; Mr. Hornyold, of Blackmore Park, attacked the terms of their petition in a letter which appeared in the Worcester Herald; but he was answered by Mr. Denham J. J. Cookes, the week following in the most able style. In this, as in numerous other instances, the efforts of those who espouse the cause of the Papists, baye only ended in complete discomfiture. We here beg to