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same calamity. However, the thought of the proposer arose from a very good motive, and the parcelling of ourselves out, as called to particular acts of beneficence, would be a pretty cement of society and virtue. It is the ordinary foundation for mens holding a commerce with each other, and becoming familiar, that they agree in the same sort of pleasure ; and sure it may also be some reason for anity, that they are under one common distress. If all the rich who are lame in the gout, from a life of ease, pleasure and luxury, would help those few who have it without a previous life of pleasure, and add a few of such laborious men, who are become lame from unhappy blows, falls, or other accidents of age or sickness; I fay; would such gouty persons administer to the necessities of men disabled like them. selves, the consciouíness of such a behaviour would be the best julep, cordial, and anodyne in the feverith, faint and tormenting vicissitudes of that miserable diftemper. The same may be said of all other, both bodily and intellectual evils. These classes of charity would certainly bring down blessings upon an age and people; and if men were not petrified with the love of this world, againit all sense of the commerce which ought to be among them, it would not be an unreason. able bill for a poor man in the agony of pain, aggravated by want and poverty, to draw upon a fick alderman after this form : Mr. Bafil Plenty, SIR,

OU have the gout and Alone, with fixty thousand pound flerling ; I have the gout and stone, not worth one farthing ; I shall pray for you, and difre you would pay the bearer twenty sillings for value received

from, Cripple-Gate, Aug. 29, 1712.

Your humble servant,

Lazarus Hopeful. The reader's own imagination will suggest to him the reasonableness of fuch correspondences, and diversify

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them into a thousand forms ; but I shall close this as I
began upon the subject of blindness. The following
letter seems to be written by a man of learning, who
is returned to his study after a fufpence of an ability to
do so. The benefit he reports himself to have received,
may well claim the handsomeft encomium he can give
the operator.
Mr. SPECTATOR,

Uminating lately on your admirable discourses

on the pleasures of the Imagination, I began to consider to which of our senses we are obliged for the greatest and most important share of those pleasures ; and I foon concluded that it was to the fight : That is the sovereign of the senses, and mother of all the arts and sciences, that have refined the rudeness of the uncultivated mind to a politeness that diftinguishes the fine fpirits from the barbarous gout of the great vulgar and the small. The fight is • the obliging benefactress that befows on us the moft

transporting sensations that we have from the various ' and wonderful products of Nature. To the fight we • owe the amazing discoveries of the height, magni

tude, and motion of the planets ; their several revo• lutions about their common centre of light, heat and * motion, the sun. The fight travels yet farther to the ' fixed ftars, and furnishes the understanding with solid

reasons to prove, that each of them is a fun moving on its own axis in the center of its own vortex or turbillion, and performing the same offices to its de

pendent planets, that our glorious fun does to this. • But the inquiries of the fight will not be stopped

here, but make their progress through the immense • expanse of the Milky Way, and there divide the • blended fires of the Galaxy into infinite and different • worlds, made up of distinct funs, and their peculiar • equipages of planets, till unable to pursue this track

any farther, it deputes the imagination to go on to

new discoveries, till it fill the unbounded space with • endless worlds.

• The fight informs the statuary's chisel.with power ! 10 give breath to lifeless brass and marble, and the

painter's

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• painter's pencil to fwell the flat canvas with moving

figures actuated by imaginary souls. Mufick indeed

may plead another original, since Jubal, by the dif• ferent falls of his hammer on the anivil, discover'd

by the ear the first rude mufick that pleas'd the ante• diluvian fathers; but then the fight has not only re• duced those wilder sounds into artful order and har.

mony, but conveys that harmony to the most distant

parts of the world without the help of found. To • the fight we owe not only all the discoveries of phi• lofophy, but all the divine imagery of poetry that

transports the intelligent reader of Homer, Milton, and · Virgil.

As the fight has polished the world, so does it supply • us with the most grateful and lasting pleasure. Let

love, let friendship, paternal affection, filial piety, and conjugal duty, declare the joys the fight bestows on a meeting after absence. But it would be endless to enumerate all the pleasures and advantages of fight; every one that has it, every hour he makes use of it, • finds them, feels them, enjoys them.

• Thus as our greatest pleasures and knowledge are • derived from the fight, so has Providence been more • curious in the formation of its feat, the eye, than of the organs of the other fenses. That ftupendous • machine is composed in a wonderful manner of mur"cles, membranes, and humours. Its motions are ad.

mirably directed by the muscles ; the perspicuity of • the humours transmit the rays of light; the rays are * regularly refracted by their figure, the black lining

of the sclerotis effeétually prevents their being con• founded by reflexion. It is wonderful indeed to con' fider how many objects the eye is fitted to take in at

once, and succeslively in an instant, and at the same • time to make a judgment of their position, figure, or • colour. It watches against our dangers, guides our • steps, and lets in all the visible objects, whose beauty • and variety instruct and delight.

• The pleasures and advantages of fight being so great, the loss must be very grievous ; of which Mile ton, from experience, gives the most sensible idea,

both

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both in the third book of his Paradise Lost, and in his « Sampson Agonistes.

To Light in the former.

Thee I revifit safe,
And feel thy sov’reign vital lamp; but thou
Reviht'A not these eyes, that roll in vain
To find thy piercing ray, but find no dawna

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And a little after.

Seafons return, but not to me returns
Day, or the sweet approach of ev'n and morn,
Or fight of vernal bloom, or summer's role,
Or flocks or herds, .or human face divine ;
But cloud instead, and ever-during dark
Surround me : From the chearful ways of men
Cut off, and for the book of knowledge fair,
Presented with an universal blank
Of Nature's works, to me expung’d and raz'd,
And wisdom at one entrance quite fout ont,

Again in Sampson Agonistes.

But chief of all,
Olofs of hght! of thee I most complain;
Blind

among enemies ! O worse than chains,
Dungeon, or beggary, or decrepid age !
Light, the prime work of God, to me is extinci,
And all her various obje&ts of delight
Annullid

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Still as a fool,
In pow'r of others, never in my own,
Scarce half I seem to live, dead more than half :
O dark ! dark! dark ! amid the blaze of noon :
Irrecoverably dark, total eclipse,

Without all bopes of day.
• The enjoyment of fight then being so great a blessing,
• and the lois of it so torrible an evil, how excellent

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and valuable is the kill of that artist which can restore

the former, and redress the latter? My frequent peru. fal of the advertisements in the publick News Papers

(generally the most agreeable entertainment they af

ford) has prelented me with many and various benefits of this kind done to my countrymen by that skilful

artist Dr. Grant, her Majesty's oculitt extraordinary,

whose happy hand has brought and restored to fight • several hundreds in less than four years. Many have • received fight by his means who came blind from their

mothers womb, as in the famous instance of Jones of

Newington. I myself have been cured by him of a • weakness in my eyes next to blindness, and am ready • to believe any thing that is reported of his ability this

way ; and know that many, who could not purchase • his affistance with money, have enjoy'd it from his

charity. But a list of particulars would swell my let

ter beyond its bounds, what I have said being suffi• cient to comfort those who are in the like distress, • fince they may conceive hopes of being no longer • miserable in this kind, while there is yet alive fo able o an oculift as Dr. Grant.

I am tbe SPECTATOR's humble servant, T

PHILANTHROPUS,

Tuesday,

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