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Edinburgh Magazine,

OR;
LITERARY MISCELLANY,

For NOVEMBER 1790.

With an Eat View of RAVENSHEUG# Castle, by KIRKCALDIE *.

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CONTENTS: .

Page Register of the Weather for No. 290. Account of the Discoveiy of a Extracts from Mr Burke's Letter : Sixth and Seventh Satellite of , on the Revolution in France, 296. the Planet Satnrn, with Re: On the Theology of the Sixth marks on the Construćtion of

Book of Virgil's Eneid; by Dr . its Ring, &c.; by William Her.

Beattie, (concluded) 297. fchel, LL.D.F.R.S. 333 Description of an Elephant Hunt Account of the Strata and Volca

in Abyssinia; by Mr Bruce, 302 nic Appearances in the Western Mr Brúce's Conversation with the Islands of Scotland; by Abraham King of Sennaar, on his return . Mills, Efq;

341 from Abyffinia,

306 Account of the Proceedings of Two Letters from Sir George E the Chatelet, with regard to the therege, Minister at Ratisbon, Duc d'Orleans,

346 1688, to George Duke of Buck Account of the Progress made in ingham during his retirement in Rebuilding the College of EdinYorkshire,

310. burgh, extracted from the MeDothe Origin of Sepulchral Rites, 316 dical Commentaries for the year Letter from Abbé Tefta to M. de 1790,

348 la Lande, on the State of Natu: Review of New Publications; 351 ral Philosophy at Rome for the The History of Nicolas Pedrosa, two last Centuries, and on the and his Escape from the Inquicoodemuation of Galileo, 321 lition in Madrid,

353 Means of destroying Insects, or Poetry,

preventing their Increase, 326 Monthly Regifters
DO VOL. XII. No: 713

361

Belonging to Sir James StClair of Dyfart.

State of the BAROMETER in inches and decimals, and of Farenheit's THER.

MOMETER in the open air, taken in the morning before sun-rise, and at noon ; and the quantity of rain-water fallen, in inches and decimals, from the October 3ist, to the 29th of November 1790, near the foot of Arthur's Seat.

Weather...

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Shower.
Rain.
Showery
Ditto.

Clear.

0.05.

Thermom. Barom., Rain.
M. . N.
46 29.54

28.86 0.17
29.25 *0.03
29.45 0.04
29.5.25
29.56 --
29.1825 0.12
29.675
30.
30.12
30.
30.05.
30.175
30.25
30.357
30.1
29.865
29.575
29.1
28.85 :

29.025
41 29.2

0.09
29.42
42 29.3875

29.363
29.121

0.28
45 1 29.85

30.16
35 30.5
36 29.8251
Quantity of Rain; 2.51

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Rain.
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Cloudy.
Clear.
Ditto.
Cloudy.
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Clear.
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Ditto.
Rain.
Ditto."
Ditto.
Clear.
Ditto.
Rain.
Ditto.
Clear.

0.21

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1.35

Dino.

Ditre.
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THE Author begins this celebra- ture, which is wisdom without reflec

I. ted performance with some ani- tion, and above it. A spirit of innor madversions on the Constitutional and varion is generally the result of a felRevolution Societies of London, and fish temper and confined views. Peocautions the French Gentleman, to ple will not look forward to pofterity, whom the letter is addressed, from fup- who never look backward to their anposing that their Resolutions contain cestors. Besides, the people of Engthe sentiments of the people of England well know, that the idea of inheland. He then proceeds to examine ritance furnishes a sure principle of with extreme severity, the famous “Dif. confervation, and a fure principle of course on the love of our country” transmission ; without at all excluding preached by Dr Price, at the diffen- & principle of improvement. It leaves ting meeting house of the Old Jewry, acquisition free; but it secures what is on the Anniversary of the Revolution acquires. Whatever advantages are last year. He dwells particularly on obtaioed by a state proceeding on these three positions maintained in that dis- maxims, are locked falt as in a fort course, namely, that by the Revolu- of family settlement; grasped as in a. uion we have acquired a right, 1. To kiod of mortmain for ever. By a con choose our own governors ; 2. To ca. ftitutional policy, working after the pain fbier them for misconduct ; and, 3. tern of nature, we receive, we hold, To frame a government for ourselves. we transmit our government and our These doctrines he controverts with privileges, in the faise manner in which great earneftness; and having, from a we enjoy and transmit our property and retrospective view of the history of our our lives. The institutions of policy, Constitution, endeavoured to prove the goods of fortune, the gifts of Prothat it was amended and confirmed, vidence, are hapded down, to us and not altered, at the Revolution, he thus from us, in the same course and orproceeds :

der. Our political system is placed in “ You will observe, that from Mag- a juft correspondence and symmetry na Charta to the Declaration of Right, with the order of the world, and with it has been the uniform policy of our the mode of existence decreed to a conftitution to claim and affert our permanent body composed of transitory liberties, as an entailed inheritance parts; wherein, by the disposition, of derived to us from our forefathers, a ftupendous wisdom, moulding togeand to be transmitted to our posterity; ther the great mysterious incorporation as an estate specially belonging to the of the human race, the whole, at one people of this kingdom without any re- time, is never old, or middle aged, or ference whatever to any other more ge- young, but in a condi'ion of unchangeDeral or prior right. By this means, able constancy, moves on through the our conftitution preserves an upity in yaried tenour of perpetual decay, fall, so great a diversity of its parts. We renovation, and progresion. Thus, by baye an inheritable crown; an inheri- preserving the method of nature in the table peerage ; and an house of como conduct of the state, in what we immons and a people inheriting privi- prove we are never wholly new; in what leges, franchises, and liberties, from a we retain we are never wholly wbsolete. long lioe of ancestors.

By adhering in this manner and on those " This policy appears to me to be principles to our forefathers, we are the result of profound reflectio' ; or guided, not by .he superitition of antirather the happy effect of following na- quarians, but by the spirit of philoso

002

phic

phic analogy: in this choice of inheri. “You might, if you pleased, have tance we have given to our frame of profited of our example, and have gi. poli'y the image of a relation in blood; ven to your recovered freedom a cor. binding up the constitution of our coun- respondent dignity. Your privileges try with our dearest domestic ties; though discontinued, were not lost to 'adopting our fundainental laws into memory. Your conftirution, it is true, the bofom of our family affections; whill you were out of poffelhon, sufkeeping insepa able, and cherishing fered waste and dilapidation ; but you with the warmth of all their combined poffefsed in some parts the walls, and and mutually reflected charities, our in all the foundations of a noble and state, our hearths, our sepulchres, and venerable castle. You might have reour altars. .

paired those walls ; you might have Through the same plan of confor- built on those old foundations. Your mity to nature in our artificial institu- constitution was suspended before it tions, and by calling in the aid of her was perfected; but you had the ele unerring and powerful inftincts, to for. ments of a conftitution very nearly as tify the fallible and feeble contrivances good as could be wished. In your of our reason, we have derived several old states you possessed that variety of other, and those'no small benefits, parts corresponding with the various from considering our liberties in the descriptions of which your community light of an inheritance. Always act. was happily composed; you had all ing as if in the presence of canonized that combination, and all that oppolifore-fathers, the spirit of freedom, lead, tion of interests, you had an action ing in itself to misrule and excess, is and counteraction which in the natu, tempered with an awful gavity. This ral and in the political world, from idea of a liberal descent inspires us the reciprocal fruggle of discordant with a sense of habitual native dignity, powers, draws out the harmony of which prevenis that upstart infolence the universe. These opposed and conalmost inevitably adhering to and dif- ficting interests, which you consider gracing those who are the first acquir. as so great a blemish in your old and ers of any diftin&ion. By this means, in our prefent constitution, interpole our liberty becomes a noble freedom. a salutary check to al precipitąte refoIt has a pédigree and illustrating an- lutions : They render' deliberation a cestors. It has its bearings and its en- matter not of choice, but of neceshty; figos armorial. It has its gallery of they make all change a subje&t of cond portraits ; its monumental inscriptions; promise, which naturally begets moits records, evidences, and titles. We deration ; they produce temperaments; procure reverence to our civil inftitu- preventing the fore evil of harh, crude, tions on the principle upon which na- unqualified reformations; aed rendering rure teaches us to revere individual all the headlong exertions of arbitrary men; on account of their age ; and power, in the few or in the many, for on account of those from whom they ever impracticable. Through that diare descended. “All your fophifters versity of members and interests, ge cannot produce any thing better adap- neral liberty had as many fecurities as ted to preserve a rational and manly there were separate views in the levefreedom than the course that we have ral orders; whilft by presling down pursued, who have chosen our nature, the whole by the weight of a real mo rather than our speculations, our breasts narchy, the separate parts would have rather than our intentions, for the great been prevented fiom warping and itas. conservatories and magazines of our ting from their allotted places. rights and privileges.

You had all these advantages in

your

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