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senate, and to this committee, re- Cherokee nation of Indians, and specting the business now under an assistant in the public factory at consideration; and find them all to Tellico Block-house: that Hawkins, be of the same hand-writing with who is so often mentioned in this the letter in question. Mr. Blount letter as a person who must be has never denied this letter, but, brought into suspicion among the on the other hand, when the copy Creeks, and if possible driven from transmitted to the senate was read his ftation, is the superintendent of in his presence on the 3d instant, Indian affairs for the United States he acknowledged, in his place, that among the southern Indians; Dinhe had written a letter to Carey, of smore is agent for the United States which he had preserved a copy; but in the Cherokee nation; and Bycould not then decide whether the ers, one of the agents in the pubcopy read was a true one. Your lic factory at Tellico-Block-house. committee are, therefore, fully per- The plan hinted at in this extrasuaded that the original letter, now ordinary letter, to be executed unproduced, was written and sent to der the auspices of the British, is Carey by Mr. Blount. They also so capable of different constructions find that this man, Carey, to whom and conjectures, that your commitit was addressed, is, to the know- tee at present forbear giving any ledge' of Mr. Blount, in the pay decided opinion respecting it; ex and employment of the United cept that to Mr. Blount's own mind States, as their interpreter to the it appeared to be inconsistent with


better send for him to come to you, and speak to him yourself respecting the state and prospect of things.

I have advised you, in whatever you do, to take care of yourself. I have now to tell you to take care of me; for a discovery of the plan would prevent the fuccess, and much injure all the parties concerned. It may be that the commissioners may not run the line as the Indians expect or wish; and in that case, it is probable that the Indians may be taught to blame me for making the treaty:

To such complaints against me, if such there are, it inay be said by my friends, at proper times and places, that Doublehead confirmed the treaty with the President at Philadelphia, and received as much as 5000 dollars a year, to be paid to the nation, over and above the first price. Indeed it may with truth be said, that though I made the treaty, I made it by the instructions of the Prefident; and in fact it may with truth be said, that I was by the Prefident instructed to purchale inuch more land than the Indians would agree to sell.

This sort of talk will be throwing all the blame off me upon the late President; and as he is now out of office, it will be of no consequence how much the Indians blame him. And among other things that may be laid for me is, that I was not at the running of the line, and that if I had been, it would have been run more to their satisfaction. In short, you understand the subject, and must take care to give out the proper talks to keep up my consequence with the Creeks and Cherokees. Can't Rogers continue to get the Creeks to desire the President to take Hawkins out of the nation? For if he stays in the Creek nation, and gets the good-will of the nation, he can and will do great injury to our plan.

When you have read this letter over three tiines, then burn it. I shall be at Knoxville in July or August, when I will send for Wates, and give him the whis." key I promised.

I am, &c.


the interests of the United States your house, to impeach William and of Spain; and he was therefore Blount, a member of the senate, anxious to conceal it from both. and to inform you, that they will But when they considered his at- exhibit, in due time, articles of tempt to seduce Carey from his impeachment against him, and make duty as a faithful interpreter, and good the same. I am also comto employ him as an engine to manded to demand that the said alienate the affection and confidence William Blount be fequeftered from

of the Indians from the public offi- his seat in the senate, and that or• cers of the United States residing ders be taken for his appearance to among them; the measures he has answer the charges which they shall proposed to excite a temper which bring against him. must produce the recall or expul- On Saturday, July 8, a motion : fion of our fuperintendent from the was put and carried for the expulCreek nation; his insidious advice fion of Mr. Blount. tending to the advancement of his own popularity and consequence at Authentic Documents, laid before Congress the expence and hazard of the good by the President of the United States. opinion which the Indians entertain of this government, and of the

Note from the British Minifier. treaties subsisting between us and R. LISTON presents his respects them, - your committee have no to Colonel Pickering, secretary of. doubt that Mr. Blount's conduct state.' has been inconsistent with his pub- When you first mentioned to fic duty, renders him unworthy of me the suspicions expressed by the a further continuance of his present Spanish minister respecting an expublic trust in this body, and pedition supposed to be preparing amounts to a high misdemeanor. on the Lakes, with a view to attack - They therefore unanimously re- the Spanish posts in Louisiana, I commend to the senate an adoption took the liberty of observing to you, of the following resolution : that I had no knowledge of any

Refolved, That William Blount, such preparations, and did not be Efq. One of the senators of the lieve they existed. United States, hath been guilty of I have since requested informaa high misdemeanor, entirely in- tion on the subject from the goverconsistent with his public trust and nor-general of Canada, and his Ma. duty as a fenator of the United jesty's secretary of state ; and I have States.

authority to assure you, that no ex:

pedition of the nature of that alOn Friday July 7, the following Message luded to, has been or is intended

was received by the Senate from the by the British government. Indeed, House of Representatives.

the impropriety of violating the

neutral territory of the United Mr. President,

States, is an objection of fufficient I AM commanded by the Houfe magnitude to induce the King's of Representatives, in their name, minifters to reject any fuch plan, and in the name of the people of were it fuggested to them. the United States, at the bar of Puladelphia, June 19,


Note from the Secretary of State :0 Mr. that the means proposed for carry Lifton.

ing it into execution could not biit Department of State, Philadelphia, be highly detrimental to the United July 1, 1797.


I have the honour to be,
YOUR note of the 19th of the

with great respect, Sir, last month, alluding to the suspici

Your moit obedient servant, ons expressed by the Spanish minis

TIMOTHY PICKERING. ter, respecting an expedition sug- Robert Liflon, Esq. Envoy Exgeited to be preparing at the Lakes traordinary and Minifter against the Spanish poits in Louisi- Plenipotentiary of his Brio ana, I laid before the President of tanni, Majesty to the Unite the United States, who received ed States. great satisfaction from your affurance that no such expedition has been Reply of Mr. Lifton. or is intended by the British govern.. R. LISTON presents his refpects ment.

to Colonel Pickering, secretary of Will you permit me to inquire ftate. whether you can give any informa- I have had the honour of receiv. tión concerning any other project ing your letter of yesterday. of an expedition against any part In the course of last winter, some of the dominions of Spain, adjacent persons did actually propose to me to the territory of the United States, a plan for an attack on the Floridas, where or from whence any co-ope- and the other possessions of his Caration was contemplated ? I am tholic Majesty adjoining to the teraware of the delicacy of this in- ritories of the United States. quiry ; but the frankness of our The general outline of the project verbal answer, formerly relating to was, that the expedition should be the alleged expedition from Cana- undertaken by a British force fent da, and the assurances in your note by sea, and seconded by a number above mentioned, lead me to hope of men resident within the limits of that you

will not deem the present the United States, who, I was afinquiry improper; and the proofs fured, would be willing to join the you have uniformly given of respect King's standard, if it were erected to the rights and interests of the on the Spanish territory. United States, authorize the further I inforned the projectors that I hope, that you will feel yourself at could not give any encouragement liberty to communicate any infor- to a plan of this nature ; and I par mation you possess, which on this ticularly stated two objections to it; occasion may concern their tran- the impropriety of any measure that quillity and welfare; and I beg you tended to a violation of the neutrato be assured that 'it is on this ground lity of the United States, -and the only that I would make the inquiry. inhumanity of calling in the aid of I will add, however, that it is not the Indians : a circumstance hinted the result of suspicion, but of infor- at in the conversation that had taken mation (in which your name is in- place on the subject. troduced) that some project of the I conceived it to be my duty, kind has been contemplated, and however, to mention the bufiness


in my correspondence with my fu- legislature at · fome other place. periors; and I lately received an This measure it was desirable to aanswer, acquainting me that his void, because it would occafion Majesty's ministers did not think much public inconvenience, and a proper to give any countenance to considerable public expence, and the proječi. The two objections add to the calamities of the inhabitabove alluded to (which I had of ants of this city, whose sufferings course insisted on in my report) are must have excited the fympathy of stated as sufficient reasons for its re- all 'their fellow-citizens. There, jection.

fore, after taking measures to as. You must allow me, Sir, to de- certain the state and decline of the cline entering into any further par- fickness, I postponed my determiticulars : on the one hand, because, nation, having hopes, now happily although I have all along suspected realised, that, without hazard to the that the persons who proposed the lives or health of the Members, plan to me, might not improbably Congress might assemble at this be employed by the enemies of place, where it was next by law to Great Britain, to endeavour with meet. I submit, however, to your finister views to insinuate themselves consideration, whether a power to into my confidence; yet as these my poftpone the meeting of Congress, surmises may be false, 1 should not without passing the time fixed by be justified in betraying the secrets the constitution upon such occaof men who may have meant me fions, would be a useful amendment well; and, on the other hand, be- to the law of One thousand seven cause, however loose the principles hundred and ninety-four. Altho' of these speculators may have been I cannot yet congratulate you on on the subject of the law of nations the re-establishment of peace in (as it regards the duties of neutra- Europe, and the restoration of feculity) none of them, in their inter- rity to the persons and properties courfe with me, ever expressed sen- of our citizens from injustice and timents that were in any degree violence at sea, we have, neverthehostile to the interests of the United less, abundant cause of gratitude to States.

the Source of benevolence and inPhiladelphia, July 2.

fluence, for interior tranquillity and personal security, for propitious

seasons, prosperous agriculture, proAddress of the President of the United ductive fisheries, and general im

States of America to Congress, on provements: and, above all, for a opening the Seffion, November 23.

national spirit of civil and religious Gentlemen of the Senate, and liberty, and a calm but steady de

Gentlemen of the House of termination to support our love-

reignty, as well as our moral and

religious principles, against all open I WAS for some time appre- and secret attacks. hensive that it would be necessary, Our Envoys Extraordinary to on account of the contagious fick the French Republic embarked, ness which affected the city of Phi- one in July, the other in August, ladelphia, to convene the national to join their colleagues in Holland. VOL. XXXIX.


I have

I have received intelligence of the fo diminished, and the law of naarrival of both of them in Holland, tions has loft so much of its force, from whenee they all proceeded on while pride, ambition, avarice, and their journey to Paris, within a few violence, have been so much unredays of the 19th of September. strained, there remains no reasonWhatever may be the result of this able ground on which to raise an mission, I trust that nothing will expectation that a commerce, withhave been omitted on my part to out protection or defence, will not conduct the negotiation to a fuccefs- be plundered. ful conclusion, on such equitable The commerce of the United terms as may be compatible with States is essential, if not to their exthe safety, honour, and interests of istence, at leaft to their comfort, the United States. Nothing in the their growth, prosperity, and happimean time will contribute 10 much ness; the genius, character, and liato the preservation of peace, and bits of the people are highly comthe attainment of justice, as a mani- mercial; their cities have been festation of the energy and unani- formed and exist upon commerce : mity, of which, on many former our agriculture, fiflieries, arts, and occasions, the people of the United manufatures, are connected with States have given such memorable and dependent upon it. In short, proofs, and the exertions of those commerce has made this country retources, for national defence, what it is, and it cannot be destroywhich a benevolent Providence has ed or neglected, without involving kindly placed within their power. the people in poverty and distress.

It may be confidently asserted, Great numbers are directly and that nothing has occurred since the folely fupported by navigation. adjournment of Congress, which The faith of society is pledged for renders inexpedient those precau- the preservation of the rights of tionary measures recommended by commercial and seafaring, no less me to the confideration of the two than for those of the other citizens. Houtes, at the opening of your late Under this view of our affairs, I extraordinary session. If that fyf- should hold myself guilty of a netem was then prudent, it is more so gleet of duty if I forbore to recomú HOW, as increasing depredations mend that we should make every strengthen the reatons for its adop- exertion to protect our commerce, tion..

and to place our country in a suit. Indeed, whatever may be the if- able posture of defence, as the only fue of the negotiation with France, sure ineans of preserving both. and whether the war in Europe is I have entertained an expectaor is not to continue, I hold it most tion that it would have been in my certain, that permanent tranquillity power, at the opening of this teiand order will not soon be obtain- fion, to have communicated to you ed. The state of society has fo the agreeable information of the long been disturbed, the sense of due execution of our treaty with moral and religious obligations fo his Catholic Majesty, respecting the much weakened, public faith and withdrawing of his troops from our national honour have been so im- territory, and the demarcation of paired, respect to treaties bas been the line of limits: but, by the latest


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