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Normal School, was selected as assistant in the High

John P. Harmon, who about 20 years ago was suSchool.

perintendent of Lincoln county, Kansas, died at his

home at Vesper, on March 5. An Ann Arbor University student, Miss Lois Janes, committed suicide a few days ago. It is believed that

Supt. J. E. Klock, of Leavenworth, has been reoverstudy had unbalanced her mind.

elected; salary, $2,400. He begins his fifth year at

Leavenworth. Dr. R. G. Boone of the Michigan State Normal is to have charge of the school of methods at Bay View

Prof. Harry P. Judson is promoted to head profesthis summer.

sor of the department of political science, Chicago In Covington, Ky., Prof. Warfield has been re-elected University. superintendent for four years at a salary of $2000.

Miss Anna M. Rodgers, of Goodville, 'Lancaster The Commonwealth says he has labored to the best of county, has been employed by Prof. D. F. Detter, to his ability for the welfare of the schools.

assist him in his Summer Normal at Berrysburg, H. Olcott, superintendent of the Ishpeming public Dauphin county. schools, has sent in his resignation to the school Supt. O. I. Woodly is elected Supt. of Schools at board to take effect in June at the expiration of the Menominee, Wis. school year. Owing to his advanced years Mr. Olcott Prof. J. T. Whittaker, the new teacher of Latin and deems

a rest expedient. Mr. Olcott first en- Grammar in the Central State Normal School, is from gaged as a teacher fifty-three years ago and during Bellwood, Pa. Mr. Whittaker holds diplomas from that time has labored continuously.—Moderator. a state normal and from Franklin and Marshall Col.

In the latter part of April, Prof. and Mrs. Barnes, of lege. Professors Anderson, Singer and Eldon will Stanford, left for a vacation in Europe. The Profes- also assist during the spring term. sor has been working at high pressure during the past

James Hobbs Hansen, LL. D., principal of Coburn
Classical Institute, one of the most celebrated educa-

Valuable Hints. tors of New England, died April 21. He had been

Do not ask questions in rotation. failing gradually for months. He was born in China,

Do not point to the pupil you wish to answer, while Me., in June, 1816. He was author of preparatory giving the question. Latin prose books, including an edition of Cæsar's

Do not even look fixedly at the pupil whom you wish Commentaries, Sallust's Cataline, and Cicero's Ora- to answer, while giving the question. tions and Letters.

State questions to the class as a whole. Ask one memSupt. W. M. Davidson has been re-elected to serve

ber for the answer.

Do not wait an instant for the answer, when reviewing a third year at Topeka.

most subjects. Mr. E. H. Gerhart, of Lincoln, Lancaster county, a

Do not look steadily at the pupil who is answering. graduate of Millersville State Normal, is now teach

Do not repeat a question to oblige those who are inating in Schuylkill Seminary, Fredericksburg, Pa.

tentive. Prof. Shortlidge, who is probobly the most noted

Be sure to ask questions of those who are in the slightest patient under treatment at the Norristown

degree inattentive. In

--Jas. C. HUGHES. sane Asylum, is gradually going into dementia. He

Doctors Differ. grows stronger physically, but degenerates mentally. Prof. H. K. Bender has been elected vice principal serious counsels expended upon them. Reading or tell

"I am quite sure that many trifles are not worth the at Pen Argyl. His acceptance will cause a vacancy ing a story, for instance, has become as grave a matter as

. in the principalship at East Bangor.

choosing a laureate, and many a mother must look

two years.

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aghast at the conflicting admonitions bestowed upon her: figures. Do not attempt more than this in one lesson.Read fairy tales. Don't read fairy tales. Read about Popular Educator. elves. Don't read about ogres. Read of heroic deeds. Don't read of bloody battles. Avoid too much instruction. Educational Intelligence. Be as subtly instructive as you can. Make your stories long. Make your stories short. Work the moral ip.

PENNSYLVANIA STATE NORMAL SCHOOL EXAMINALeave the moral out. Try and please the older children. Tions. The annual examinations of the several State

TIONS— Try and charm the younger ones. Study the tastes of Normal Schools will be held as follows: boys. Follow the fancies of girls. By degrees the har

June 4th, 2 P. M. assed parent who endeavours to obey these instructions

West Chester.-Principal Eckels, Supts. Slotter, will cease telling stories at all, confident that the task,

Robb. which once seemed so simple and easy, must lie far beyond

June uth, 9 A. M. her limited intelligence."'-Agnes Repplier, in the N. A.

Edinboro.—Principal Lyte, Supts.Bigler, Missimer. Review.

Mansfield.-Prin. Ehrenfeld, Supts. Meylert, Keeler. How to Teach Fractions.

Kutztown.-Prin. Eldon, Supts. Weiss, Raub.

June 13th, 9 A. M. Fractions must be taught objectively. Start with some- Slippery Rock.-Prin. Benedict, Supts. McCollough,

, thing familiar to the child. Show the meaning of the Luckey. word. How many children have heard of a fractured leg June 18th, 9 A. M. or arm? Instantly some hands will go up. What does it Bloomsburg.-Principal Waller, Supts. Arnold, Oberinean? That some part of the limb has been broken. Call

dorf. attention to the words fragile, easily broken; fragment, East Stroudsburg.—Principal Philips, Supts. Harrison, a part of something broken off. Notice that you have Phillips. awakened thought, and given a new meaning to a word,


Millersville.-Prin. Maltby, Supts. Gardner, Buehrle. which a moment before, was associated only with the idea June 20th, 9 A. M. that it meant something about figures. Now take the word Lock Haven.-Prin. Welsh, Supts. Youngman, Bodler. itself; from frangere, fractum, to break, ion, the act of; the Shippensburg.-Prin. Bible, Supts. Zumbro, Potts. act of breaking; therefore a fraction must be a part of some- California. ---Prin. Davis, Supts. Berkey, Tombaugh. thing. Take two apples; cut from one a small piece; a sec. June 26th, 2 P. M. ond piece a little larger; cut the remaining portion in two. Indiana.-Prin. Hancher, Supts. Leech, Jackson. Hold up any of these pieces. What part of the apple is Clarion.- Prin. Albro, Supts. Putnam, Hughes, this? The children will be puzzled; perhaps someone will venture to say it cannot be named because the pieces are The Pacific Educational Journal says: "Of 350 pupils in not even. Now take the second apple; cut it exactly in the Los Angeles normal only 35 are men. In the profeshalf, hold up one part. What is it? Now the hands go sion of teaching it appears that man is slowly but surely up. Cut it again into four equal parts—what is each part losing his supremacy. Unless a very radical change takes called? Why can we speak of the parts of the second ap- place within the next decade or so, the "village schoolple as we could not of the first? Because the second one master will have become an extinct creature, along with has been cut into equal parts. Then you see, that a frac- the mastodon and dodo." tion must not only be a part of something, but in order to be named it njust be an equal part. You have now devel- Ishpeming, Mich., has more than one hundred applicants oped the definition of a fraction, and you are certain the for the position of superintendent. children understand what it means.

The next step is to express and write quantities of frac- The meeting of Missouri State Teachers' Association to tions. The apple is cut into two equal pieces. Hold up be held at Pertle Springs, June 19, 20, 21, ought to be a one-name it. Ans. 12. Who will express it in writing ? great success. President Henning W. Prentis is working Cut into thirds, fourths, eighths, name each piece as it is energetically to make it a large gathering. A most attracheld up; write it. In this way familiarize the children with tive program has been prepared and the railroads offer the written work, and make this work mean more than bare lowest of rates,


Philip D. Armour denies that he intends to give $500,- nations. He will hold two examinations for primary 000 to found a school for manual training in San Fran- teachers at the county seat, and five for such as have never cisco similar to the Armour Institute in Chicago.

taught. The number of applicants will be limited each

time to twelve, the capacity of his office. He does this to On March 21, a public school in South Evanston, Ill., enlighten the work of the regular examinations over the burned. Several of the children were seriously injured in country and to enable him to examine primary teachers attempting to escape.

and beginners differently from other teachers.- Gazette.

Harvard's athletic field contains over 100 acres.

Almost every one is aware of the fact that when a tree

is cut down, its age can be determined by counting the The trustees of the University of Denver are arranging rings, each of which represents one year's increment, but to pay off the remaining indebtedness of the university, closer observers find in the irregularities of these rings and though the obligations are not due.

and other signs a very faithful register of climatic and

other conditions in any given year during the whole period Ontario has but one teacher to every 250 of her popula- of growth. The years of small rings, that is of little growth, tion. This means an average of fifty-seven pupils to each

were either very dry, or the tree was exhausted by bearing teacher.

an exceptionally heavy fruit-crop. The broad rings indiBy the will of the late Mrs. Harriett Hayden of Boston, cate abundant rain and good growing conditions.

Brownher entire estate is given to Harvard College in trust to ish spots on the cut surface, looking as if they were wormestablish “the Lewis and Harriett Hayden Scholarship for eaten, are evidence of a severe winter, the young sapwood Colored Students." The income is to be used for the benefit formed in summer having been partly destroyed by severe of needy and worthy colored students.

cold, and the injured part covered over with sound wood

the next year. The year may easily be fixed by counting A co-operative book buying association has been formed

buying association has been formed the rings from the outside. If the layers of wood are not at the University of Wisconsin.

of uniform thickness all round they afford evidence that

at this stage of growth there were conditions which hinThe faculty of the University of Pennsylvania give dered its growth on one side. The spread of its roots or credit for work done on the college papers.

branches has been arrested, perhaps by a neighboring tree.

The number of layers showing this irregularity indicates A $750,000 building is to be erected by the University the number of years during which the tree was exposed to

the unfavorable conditions. The sludent of forestry may of New York, on its present site.

learn lessons of practical value in the management of forOn Tuesday evening, June 12, the Literary Societies, of ests, by a careful study of the annual rings. Roanoke College, will be addressed by Hon. Chas. Emory Smith, LL. D., of Philadelphia.

Teachers in Hamburg, Germany, receive from $11 to

$28 per month. Toddles—"Papa, I've found another word that's all wrong.”

According to the Chairman of the Glasgow School Papa—"Well, Toddles, what is it ?”

Board, school accommodation has increased 50 per cent. Toddles-"Why, it's buttermilk. The idea of taking over the whole of Scotland and 70 per cent. in Glasgow all the butter out of the milk; and then calling it butter during the last forty years. milk. When it comes from the cow it's buttermilk, seems to me."

A bill has been introduced in the New Jersey Legislature Papa—"Well

, and what would you call it afterward?" | fixing a penalty of $25 to $100, or imprisonment of from Toddles—"Butterless milk, of course.”—Harper's Young thirty days to one year for college hazing. People.

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Superintendent Brecht, of Lancaster county, P., will

Of the 3000 students now enrolled at the University of

, . make a new departure this summer in holding his exami- Berlin, 800 are Americans.

S2 =


The University of Wales now has a royal charter, by

SOLUTION. which, for the first time, degrees in music are to be granted Let S = side of base, then to women. Why the fair sex, who in many departments of


S2 = (490)2 + the art have long held a pre-eminent position, should have

2 been debarred so long from musical degrees is not clear

480200 sq. ft. = area and the fact is the more remarkable, inasmuch as the only

Area 11.025+ acres. lady who at present is a Doctor of Music is the Princess of

J. M. PEOPLES. Wales, who received the degree honoris causa at the Royal

Answered also by T. A. Hartman. University of Ireland, some years ago.

We are asked to scan the following, which we do as Oxford has 22 colleges and has 12,000 students, including well as our type will permit. graduates and undergraduates.

And the night shall be filled with music;

And the cares | that infest | the day, Two men were expelled by the students of Vanderbiit

Shall fold | their tents like the Arabs, University for cheating in examination.

And as silently steal away.

The prevailing foot is anapestic. Ed. Cornell has abolished examinations.

50. Analyze, A new dormitory will be erected at Exeter.

"But who the melodies of morn can tell?”

But Tufts College deserves universal praise for the heroism of its faculty, in expelling several of the students for their

who 1

+ part in a disgraceful hazing incident.-N. E. Journal of

can tell | melodies the Education.

of morn? Amen, Brother Winship. We know nothing about this

But is an introductory conjunction.

S. B. case beyond what your note above quoted contains; but the authorities of any institution who will teach any "unlicked

QUESTIONS TO BE ANSWERED. cubs” among their students the essential difference between fun and barbarism, deserves universal praise, in 52. Near my house I intend making a hexagonal seat these times,—and yet they are doing no more than their around a tree, for which I have procured a plank 16% plain duty.- Public School Journal.

feet long and uin. wide; what must be the outer and in

ner length of each side of the seat that there may be no State Supt. W. N. Sheats, of Florida, is moving the loss in cutting up the plank?

B. professional standard of his teachers upward. He is now perfecting a plan to establish this year about five perma

53. In the center of a pond of water oft. deep, the nent summer schools, of not less than two months' dura- bottom of which is a horizontal plane, stands a tree 100 ft. tion, with a regular graded course of study, extending from high; the tree breaks oft, falls over with the one end resting

a year to year, and leading up to First grades and State on the stump and the other at the bottom of the water, so certificates.

that the distance from the measure on the surface of the For larger salaries or change of location, address Teach-water, to the piece broken off is 2oft. What is the height

of the stump and the piece broken off?

B. ers' Co-Operative Association, 70 Dearborn St., Chicago Orville Brewer, Manager.

54. Analyze,

"I found my book growing dull." B. A. O. Query Column.


55. Analyze,

"You may inagine me sitting there."


49 If one of the Egyptian Pyramids is 490 feet high, each side being an equilateral triangle, and the base a square, what is the area of the base ?

56. Analyze,

“Paul was now about to open his mouth. B. A. D.



it LoY AND SOIENTIFIO children entering Boston schools had never seen a robin,

18 per cent had never seen a cow, some thinking it as big PATENTS.

as their thumb or the p cture, ihus making mere verbal cram of all instruciion about milk, cheese, butter, leather,

etc. Over 60 per cent bad seen growing corn, NOTICE TO INVENTORS.

blackberries, or potatoes; 71 per cent did not know beans

-even in Boston; and in 109 other topics primers generThere was never a time in the history of our country ally presuppose the percentage of ignorance of nature was when the demand for inventions and improvements in the such as to give pathos to the ideas of some, that good arts and sciences generally was so great as now. The con-people, when they die, go into the country. Urban youth veniences of mankind in the factory and work-shop, the now rarely feel the healthy old pagan love of nature. but household, on the farm, and in official life, require contin

get it, if at all, from secondary sources. More country life ual accessions to the appurtenances and implements of in contact with God's primitive revelation in nature will each in order to save labor, time and expense. The polit- lay better foundations both for science and Christian charical change in the administration of government does not

acter. The latter will not then be jeopardized by a little affect the progress of the American inventor, who being muddle about Trinity, miracles, or inspiration, because on the alert, and ready to perceive the existing deficiencies, religious life will not build on the sand. — President G. Standoes not permit the affairs of government to deter him

ley Hall, in the May Forum. from quickly conceiving the remedy to overcome discrepancies. Tuo great care not be exercised in choosing a

THE PROFITS OF GRANT'S “MEMOIRS."'- Never competent and skillful attorney to prepare and prosecute there a more brilliant success following such labor. No an application for patent. Valuable interests have been book written in this country has ever returned such a large lost and destroyed in innumerable instances by the employ- reward. At the time of this writing the Grant family has ment of incompetent counsel, and especially is this advice received from the royalties paid by the publishers of the

work, over four hundred and forty thousand dollars, and applicable to those who adopt the "No patent, no pay the sale still goes on. The cheaper edition, which the pubsystem. Inventors who entrust their business to this class lishers are now about to bring out, may result in another of attorneys do so at imminent risk, as the breadth and phenomenal sale, so that it is within the range of possibilstrength of the patent is never considered in view of a quick ity that the Memoirs" may yield in the neighborhood of endeavor to get an allowance and obtain the fee then due. three-quarters of a million of dollars to General Grant's THE PRESS CLAIMS COMPANY, John Wedderburn, heirs. From an article on “General Grant's Greatest General Manager, 618 F street, N. W., Washington, D.C., Year," by T. C. Crawford, in McClure's Magazine for May. representing a large number of important daily and weekly papers, as well as general periodicals of the country, was instituted to protect its patrons from the unsafe methods BRUSHING THE TEETH.--The proper way to brush and heretofore employed in this line of business. The said clean the teeth is to brush from the gums downward, for Company is prepared to take charge of all patent business the upper teeth, and from the gums upward, for the inentrusted to it for reasonable fees, and prepares and pro:e ferior or lower teeth, writes W. Irving Thayer, D. D. S, cutes applications generally, including mechanical inven in an article on “Saving the Teeth” in the May Ladies' tions, design patents, trademarks, labels, copyrights, inter - Home Journal. ferences, infringements, validity reports, and gives espec It is not less important to brush downward on the palaial attention to rejected cases. It is also prepared to enter tine-roof surface of the upper teeth, and upward on the into competition with any firm in securing foreign patents. lingual-tongue side of the lower teeth, that is to say, brush Write for instructions and advice.

the inside of the teeth as carefully as the outside.
618 F Street.

DEAFNESS CANNOT BE CURED by local applications P. O. Box 385.

Washington, D. C.

as they cannot reach the diseased portion of the ear. There is only one way to cure (leafness, and that is by constitutional

remedies. Deafness is caused by an inflamed condition of Literary Notes.

the Eustachian Tube. When this tube is inflamed you have a rumbling sound or imperfect hearing, and when it is en

tirely closed, Deafness is the result, and unless the inflamCOUNTRY LIFE, THE SANE EDUCATOR.- Now, instead mation can be taken out and this tube restored to its norof living in the country alone with nature half their lives, out of ten are caused by catarrh, which is nothing

but an in

mal condition, hearing will be destroyed forever; nine cases knowing, feeling, loving her, men are born and die in flamed condition of the mucous surfaces.

** We will give One Hundred Dollars for any case of Deafness cities, always with their kind, and as careless as ignorant caused by catarrh) that cannot be cured by Hall's Catarrh of all nature's ways. Some years ago, by careful individ- Cure. Send for circulars; free.

F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O. ual study, I found that 60 per cent of the six-year-old (7*Sold by Druguists, 75c.

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