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nances, and to adopt such measures surrendering themselves to the dis respecting them, as exigencies shall rection of foreign and domestic facbe found to require; the preserva- tions, in opposition to their own tion of public credit, the regular government, they will forfeit the cxtinguishment of the public debt, honourable station they have hiand a provision of funds to defray therto maintained. any extraordinary expences, will, For myself, having never been of course, call for your serious at- indifferent to what concerned the tention. Although the imposition interests of my country, devoted of new burdens cannot be in itself the best part of my life to obtain agreeable, yet there is no ground and support its independence, and to doubt that the American people constantly witnessed the patriotism, will expect from you such measures fidelity, and perseverance of my as their actual engagements, their fellow-citizens on the most trying present security, and future interest occafions, it is not for me to hesi. demand.

tate, or abandon a cause in which Gentlemen of the Senate, and my heart has been so long en. Gentlemen of the House of


Convinced that the conduct of Representatives,

the government has been juft and The present situation of our coun- impartial to foreign nations; that try imposes an obligation on all the those internal regulations, which departments of government, to a- have been established by law for dopt an explicit and decided con- the preservation of peace, are in duet. In my situation an exposition their nature proper, and that they of the principles by which my ad- have been fairly executed, nothing ministration will be governed, ought will ever be done by me to impair not to be omitted.

the national engagements, to innoIt is impossible to conceal from vate upon principles which have ourselves, or the world, what has been so deliberately and uprightly been before observed, that endea- established, or to surrender in any vours have been employed to foster manner the rights of the govern and establish a division between the ment. To enable me to maintain government and people of the Uni- this declaration, I rely, under God, ted States. To investigate the causes with entire confidence on the firm which have encouraged this attempt and enlightened support of the nais not necessary; but to repel by de- tional legislature, and upon the cided and united councils, insínua- virtue and patriotism of my fellow- . tions so derogatory to honour, and citizens. JOHN ADAMS. aggressions fo dangerous to the constitution, union, and even independence of the nation, is an indifpenf- To the Address of this House to the Preable duty:

fident, in Anfover to his Speech, which It must not be permitted to be

was little more than an Echo of it, the doubted whether the people of the

following Answer was returned. United States will support the go- : I RECEIVE with great satisvernment established by their vor faction your candid approbation luntary consent, and appointed by of the convention of Congress, and their free choice; or whether, by thank you for your assurance that



the interesting subjects recommend- Melage received by the House of Reed to your confideration shall re- presentatives from the President, on the ceive every attention which their 12th of June, 1797. importance demands; and that your co-operation may be expected in

Gentlemen of the Senate, and those measures which may appear

Gentlemen of the House of necessary for our security or peace.

Representatives, The declaration of the Represen

I HAVE received information tatives of this nation of their fatis, from the commissioners appointed faction at my promotion to the first on the part of the United States, office in the government, and of pursuant to the third article of our their confidence in my sincere en- treaty with Spain, that the running deavours to discharge the various and marking of the boundary line duties of it with advantage to our between the colonies of East and common country, have excited my

Weft Florida, and the territory of most grateful fenfibility.

the United States, have been de. I pray you, Gentlemen, to be. layed by the officers of his Catho. lieve, and to communicate such as- lic Majesty, and that they have desurances to our constituents, that clared their intention to maintain no event which we can foresee to his jurisdiction, and to suspend the be attainable by any, exertions in withdrawing of his troops from the discharge of my duties, can af. military posts they occupy within ford me so much cordial satisfac- the territory of the United States, tion as to conduci a negotiation until the two governments Thali with the French Republic, to a re-, by negotiation have settled the moval of prejudice, a correction of meaning of the second article refçrrors, a diffipation of outrages, an pecting the withdrawing of the accommodation of all differences, troops, garrisons, or settlements and a restoration of harmony and of either party, in the territory of affection, to the mutual satisfaction the other; that is, whether when of both nations. And whenever the Spanish garrisons withdraw, the legitimate organs of intercourse they are to leave the works stand fhall be restored, and the real sen- ing, or to demolish them; and, untiments of the two governments - til by an additional article to the can be candidly communicated to treaty, the real property of the ineach other, although strongly im- habitants shall be fecured, and likepressed with the necessity of collect- wise until the Spanish officers are ing ourselves into a manly posture sure the Indians will be pacific. of defence, I nevertheless entertain The two first questions, if to be an encouraging confidence that a determined by negotiation, might mutual spirit of conciliation, a dif- be made subjects of discussion for position to compensate injuries, years; and as no limitation of time and accommodate each other in all can be prescribed to the other (a our relations and connections, will certainty in the opinion of the produce an agreement to a treaty Spanish officers that the Indians consistent with the rights, duties, will be pacific) it will be impofiiand honour of both nations. ble to suffer it to remain an obsta

(Signed) JOHN ADAMS. cle to the fulfilment of the treaty United States, June 3, 1797.

on the part of Spain. ,



To remove the first difficulty, I titles in claims of land, whether have determined to leave it to the of individuals or companies, or to discretion of the officers of his claims of jurisdiction of any indivi- . Catholic Majesty, when they with dual state. draw his troops from the forts with

JOHN ADAMS. in the territory of the United States, either to leave the works standing,

United States, June 12, 1797. or to demolish them; and to remove the second, I shall cause an Meffage from the President of the United assurance to be published, and to be

States to Congress. particularly communicated to the

Gentlemen of the Senate, and minister of his Catholic Majesty,

Gentlemen of the House of and to the Governor of Louisiana, Representatives, that the settlers or occupants of the lands in question, shall not be dis

THE whole of the intelligence turbed' in their possessions by the which has for some time been re. troops of the United States, but, ceived from abroad, the correspondon the contrary, that they shall be ence between this government protected in all their lawful claims: and the ministers of the belligerent and to prevent or remove every powers residing here, and the ad. doubt on this point, it merits the vices from the officers of the United consideration of Congress, whe- States, civil and military, upon the ther it will not be expedient im- frontiers, all conspire to hew, in a mediately to pass a law, giving very strong light, the critical fitu. positive assurance to thofe inhabit. ation of our country. That Con. ants, who by fair and regular gress might be enabled to form a grants, or by occupancy, have ob- more perfect judgment of it, and tained legal titles, or equitable of the measures necessary to be ta. claims to lands in that country, ken, I have directed the proper ofprior to the final ratification of the ficers to prepare such collections treaty between the United States of extracts from the public corres: and Spain on the 25th of April, pondence, as might afford the clear. 1796.

eft information. The reports made This country is rendered pecu- to me from the secretary of state, liarly valuable by its inhabitants, and the secretary at war, with a col. who are represented to amount to lection of documents from each of nearly four thousand, generally them, are now communicated to well affected, and much attached to both houses of Congress. I have the United States, and zealous for desired that the message, reports, the establishment of a government and documents, may be considered under their authority.

as confidential, merely that the I therefore recommend to your members of both houses of Conconsideration, the expediency of gress may be apprised of their concreating a government in the dif- tents before they should be made tri&t of the Natches, similar to that public. As soon as the Houses established for the territory north- Thall have heard them, I shall fubwest of the river Ohio, but with mit to their discretion the publicacertain modifications, relative to tion of the whole, or any such parts



of them as they shall judge neces- satisfactory explanation respeing sary or expedient for the public it, your committee fent for the origood.

ginal letter, which accompanies this JOHN ADAMS. report. United States, July 3, 1797.

Two fenators, now present in the

senate, have declared to the comReport of the Committee of the Senate ito mittee, that they are well acquaintthe Senate

, on the 6th of July, 1797) ed with the hand-writing of Mr. to whom was referred a Letter * from Blount, and have no doubt that this W. Blount, Esq. one of the Senators letter was written by hiin. Your from the State of Tennessee.

committee have examined many

letters from Mr. Blount to the se. THAT Mr. Blount having de- cretary of war, a number of which clined an acknowledgment or cienial are herewith submitted, as well as of the letter imputed to him, and the letter addressed by Mr. Blount having failed to appear to give any to Mr. Cocke, his colleague in the

senate, * The following is a copy of the Letter. Dear Carey,

Col. King's Iron-works, April 21: I wished to have seen you before I returned to Philadelphia ; but I am obliged to return to the setfion of Congress, which commences on the 15th of May.

Among other things that I wished to have seen you about, was the business of Captain Chisholm, mentioned to the British ininister, last winter, at Philadelphia.

I believe, but I am not quite sure, that the plan then talked of will be attempted this fall; and if it is attempted, it will be in a much larger way than then talked of: and if 'the Indians act their part, I have no doubt but it will fucceed. A mar of consequence has gone to England about the business; and, if he makes arrangements as he expects, I hall myself have a hand in the business, and probably shall be at the head of the business on the part of the British.

You are, however, to understand, that it is not yet quite certain that the plan will be attempted; yet you will do well to keep things in a train for action in cafe it should be attempted ; and to do so will require all your management. I say, will require all your management, because you must take care, in whatever you say to Rogers, or any body else, not to let the plan he discovered by' Hawkins, Dinsmoor, Dyers, or any other person in the intereit of the United States or Spain.

If I attempt this plan, I fall endeavour to have you and all my Indian country and Indian friends with me; but you are now in good business I hope, and you are not to risk the loss of it by saying any thing that will hurt you, until you again hear from me. Where Caprain Chisholm is I do not know, I left him in Philadelphia in March, and he frequently visited the minister, and spoke upon the subject; but I believe he will go into the Creek nation, by way of South Carolina or Georgia. He gave out that he was going to England, but I did not believe him. Among other things that you may lafely do, will be to keep up my consequence with Watts, and the Creeks and Cherokces generally ; and you must by no means say any thing in favour of Hawkins; but, as often as you can with safety to yourfelf, you may teach the Creeks to believe that he is no better than he should be. Any power or consequence he gets will be against our plan.

Perhaps Rogers, who has no office to lose, is the best man to give out talks against Hawkins. Read the letter to Rogers, and, if you think it beft to send it to him, put a wafer in it, and forward it to him by a safe hand; or, perhaps, you had



senate, and to this committee, re- Cherokee nation of Indians, and specting the business now under an affıstant in the public factory ať consideration; and find them all to Tellico Block-house: that Hawkins, be of the fame hand-writing with who is so often mentioned in this the letter in question. Mr. Blount letter as a person who must be has never denied this letter, but, brought into suspicion among the on the other hand, when the copy Creeks, and if possible driven from transmitted to the senate was read his station, is the superintendent of in his presence on the 3d instant, Indian affairs for the United States he acknowledged, in his place, that among the southern Indians; Dinhe had written a letter to Carey, of smore is agent for the United States which he had preserved a copy; but in the Cherokee nation; and Bycould not then decide whether the ers, one of the agents in the pubcopy read was a true one. Your lic factory at Tellico-Block-house. committee are, therefore, fully per- The plan hinted at in this extrasuaded that the original letter, now. ordinary letter, to be executed unproduced, was written and sent to der the auspices of the British, is Carey by Mr. Blount. They also so capable of different constructions find that this man, Carey, to whom and conjectures, that your

commitit was addressed, is, to the know- tee at present forbear giving any ledge' of Mr. Blount, in the pay decided opinion respecting it; exand employment of the United cept that to Mr. Blount's own mind States, as their interpreter to the it appeared to be inconsistent with



better send for him to come to you, and speak to him yourself respecting the state and prospect of things. I have advised

you, in whatever you do, to take care of yourself. I have now to tell you to take care of me; for a discovery of the plan would prevent the fuccess, and much injure all the parties concerned. It may be that the commissioners may not run the line as the Indians expect or with ; and in that case, it is probable that the Indians may be taught to blame me for making the treaty:

To such complaints against me, if such there are, it may be said by my friends, at proper times and places, that Doublehead confirmed the treaty with the President at Philadelphia, and received as much as 5000 dollars a year, to be paid to the nation, over and above the first price. Indeed it may with truth be said, that though I made the treaty, I made it by the instructions of the President; and in fact it may with truth be said, that

. I was by the President instructed to purchyale much more land than the Indians would agree to sell.

This sort of talk will be throwing all the blame off me upon the late President; and as he is now out of office, it will be of no consequence how much the Indians blame him. And among other things that may be laid for me is, that I was not at the running of the line, and that if I had been, it would have been run more to their satisfaction. In short, you understand the subject, and must take care to give out the proper talks to keep up my consequence with the Creeks and Cherokees. Can't Rogers continue to get the Creeks to defire the President to take Hawkins out of the nation? For if he stays in the Creek nation, and gets the good-will of the nation, he can and will do great injury to our plan.

When you have read this letter over three times, then burn it. I shall be at Knoxville in July or August, when I will send for Watts, and give him the whiskey I promised.

I am, &c.


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